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Of the LIFE of the
DUKE OF ORMOND,
TE left the marquis of Ormond at the
time of king Charles's restoration. On such an event as his majesty's trusty servants could not but meet the rewards due to the merit of Tach a long series of adverfity, with which, Supported by their loyalty, they had long struggled ; the marquis was sworn a member of the privy--council, made lordsteward of the houshold, lord-lieutenant of Somersetshire ; high-Iteward of Westminster, Kingston, and Bristol ; and restored to his dignity of chancellor of the university of Dublin ; and there he restored all such fellows as had been ejected for their loyalty.
His majesty gave back to him the county of Tipperary, together with the fame privil. ges and regalities which his family had, for some centuries, enjoyed with the other. He was, after this, created earl of Brecknock, and baron of Lanthony, in England; and, by that parliament, restored to his whole estate.
The marquis, foon after the restoration, found means to do a considerable and accepta
ble service to the English families in Ireland, by preventing the infertion of some clauses in the act of indemnity, which must have proved their ruin.
The king, in consideration of the marquis's services, wade him very liberal grants ; and, as his royal father had, in 1642, conveyed to the marquis, all the right, title, and interest, which the crown had, or might have, to the lands forfeited by the rebellion of the vassals of the said marquis ; of which grant had the marquis taken the benefit, it had been an immenfe improvement of his estate. The king's letters patent, which put him into the reft of his éftate, make honourable mention of his loyal and eminent services,
The pressage of wine, a perquisite belonging to the marquis and his family, as butler of Ireland, having been, during the usurpa. tion, charged with an impoft, the king or dered it to be taken off,
On the thirteenth of February, 1661, the marquis was joined with the duke of Alber. marle, and others, to determine the claims usually entered at coronations, preparations being at that time making for the king's. On the thirtieth of March, he was made duke of Ormond ; and, about that time, being cre. ated lord-high-steward of England, he affifted in that capacity at the coronation, on the twenty-third of April, and carried St. Edward's crown,
In the grand affair of the settlement of Ireland, the duke was inclined to do all pollible service to the Irish; but, as they not only rejected his advice, but even fell foul of bis character, he resolved not to intermeddle in that affair, and his name appeared not in any one committee to which it was referred, till after he was lord-lieutenant; which employment he accepted, after the duke of Albermarle had declined it, on account of the jaring interests of the different parties. It was the duke of Ormond's entire fubmiffion to the will of his master, which prevailed with him. to enter upon an employment, the inconveniencies of which he well foresaw; and, speak. ing of it to a friend, said, “ Beside many other unpleasant difficulties, there are two difadvantages proper to me; one of the contendi ing parties believing I owe them more kindness and protection than I can find myself chargeable with; and the others suspecting I retain that prejudice to them which I am as free from. This temper in them will be attended with clamour and scandal, upon my moft equal and wary deportment."
Four days after the duke of Ormond was declared lord-lieutenant, the agents of the parliament of Ireland had an audience of the king; when the bishop of Elphin, in the name of the lords, expressed their joy at the name. of a person of whom his lordihip gave the highest encomia, and under whose conduct,
he said, the kingdom of Ireland could not buç speedily flourish. Sir A. Mervin, in the name of the commons, also gave his majesty thanks for having named the duke to be lord-lieutenant ; and the news was received in Ireland with public rejoicings.
The parliament of Ireland, in 1662, confidering the great losses the duke had sustained by his services to the crown, and the expence which his grace must necessarily fall into, to fupport the dignity of his post, made him å present of thirty thousand pounds.
The king's marriage deferred the duke's departure for Ireland, to the beginning of Jaly, when he set out from London, and arrived in Dublin on the twenty-seventh of that month, where he was splendidly received And now all things relating to the government devolving upon him, what he had before feen was soon verified; for, though he acted with the strictest integrity and impartiality, and kept his master's service, yet he could not avoid the resentment of numbers, who applied to him for what he could not grant consistent with his duty. Whence arose new clamours, and his administration was not only rendered uneasy to him, but the course of his majesty's affairs was interrupted, by some who were favourably held at court.
An act of settlement, and some others, were passed on the twenty-seventh of Septeme ber, when he made an excellent speech, well
adapted to promote a mutual confidence, and a perfect harmony, between the king and his subjects ; which the two houfes defired might be printed.
One of the first things to which the duke applied himself, was the purging the army by dilbanding the disaffected. The Exchequer being empty, he paid their arrears out of his own pocket, as it was a service which admit. ed no delay.
The Fanatics in England, who meditated a new commonwealth, Hattered themselves with the alistance of these forces, and with the concurrence of the Presbyterians, discontented by the act of uniformity, and the resolution of the parliament to support the act, put the fe&taries upon making an insurrection, hoping Arength from Scotland, but more from Ireland, to support their attempts. Many of the Irish were, by the court of claims, to be repoffeffed of their estates; which making the adventurers and soldiers, every one for himself, fear being thrust out of the lands they enjoyed, occafiored great clamours against the proceedings of that court, and the designs of the government, and some of the most furious fpi. rits resolving to keep by the sword what estates they enjoyed, readily engaged with that party.
An insurrection was intended, a conspiracy formed, and a private committee appointed for conducting the affair ; but the whole was