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discovered to the duke'. Blood was one of the committee. But, notwithstanding this intelligence, the duke owed his preservation to his own vigilance ; for the day pitched upon to seize him and fui prize the castle was the tenth of March, of which he had notice; but the conspirators altering the time, and fixing it on the fifth, his informer was ignorant of the change till near the hour of its designed execution. The duke, however, was on his guard; of which the traitors having some in. formation, the attempt was not made. Some of them fled, and others were taken.

In the year, 1670, the duke's unalterable zeal for his niajesty's service, engaged his protection of the Irish Remorstrants. These were the Catholics who opposed the violences of the pope's nuncio; but the Anti-remonstrants prevailing by the support of the English ministry, that which the duke had, offered others, was the ground of general hatred which the Irish Roman-catholics bore his

grace. In the year 1677, the duke of Ormond was for the third time, declared lord lieutenant of Ireland. He was received by the university with all poffible demonftrations of respect and esteem by that learned and loyal bodys and with very great ceremony by the earl of Essex, who was to resign the sword to him. Soon after his arrival, he laid the foundation of the great hospital for soldiers ; erected Charles-fort, to secure the harbour of Kinsale ; and employed the greatest part of his time in


detecting frauds in the revenue ; which, as also the forces of the kingdom, he considerably augmented for the security thereof.

His majesty, at this time thinking to gain over his enemies, took the method to make them more formidable, by putting them into the posts of power and credit ; to which end

defired the duke to resign his poft of lord. teward of the houshold. The account of the popith-plot being sent by his grace, with its extending to Ireland, and a design upon his own life, occafioned his issuing proclamations necessary for the security of that kingdom, and taking other proper methods to that end. Though the duke used very necessary precautions to prevent the threatened commotions, yet his moderation not agreeing with more violent tempers, a design of affaflinating his grace was strongly ramoured, and letters to that purpose dropt in the streets, in hopes that his own security might push him on to severi. ties ; but his firmnefs of mind was not to be fhaken ; and he made use of no harsher means than what were recessary, had the imaginary danger been real ; except against Tories, or common robbers and murderers, in the perfons of their relations, who protected or cons cealed them.

The lord Shaftsbury (to whose views the duke, in retaining the government of Ireland, was a main obstacle) in a speech to the lord's house, infinuated that his grace was popishly inclined. This attack from him made the


duke's friends apprehend farther designs against him, and give him their advice to come to England. He accordingly wrote to Mr. feo cretary Coventry for his majesty's permission : but the answer his majesty gave, was, He had one of his kingdoms in good hands, and was resolved to keep it so. It was, however, reported that the duke was to be removed; and lord Arlington aked his majesty, If such a report was true : he answered, it was a damned lie; and, that he was satisfied while he, the duke of Ormond, was there, that kinga dom was safe.

The king, convinced, to demonstration, of the design of setting up a commonwealth a fecond time, resolving to exert himself, would have brought lord Shaftspary to his tryal; but the grand-jury refused to find the bill upon the strongest evidence.

This infamous partiality, however, swered the king's views, by opening the eyes of the people, which was so fatal to the Republicans that they could never recover the blow. His majesty's resolution to affert his authority, extricated him out of all his diffi- 1 culties, and lessened those under which the duke had long struggled ; and, as the ferment abated in England, the people's minds were quieted in Ireland; where, all being hushed into a calm, his grace had an opportunity, the king having fent for him, to cross to England, leaving his son, the earl of Aran, lorddeputy


He received the compliments of, and presents from, every town through which he paffed. from Chelter to London ; into which he was ushered by a great number of persons of distinction. In his entry he was attended by twenty seven coaches and fix, three hundred gentlemen on horseback, five of the king's trumpets, the ferjeant-trumpet, and a kettle drum. At court he met with an affectionate reception by his majesty, and was im. mediately sworn of the privy council.

The city of London had been poisoned with republican principles, and the dependance that fet of men had 'on juries, encouraged them openly to avow their designs to overturn the constitution. The duke was indefatigable in his endeavours to defeat the designs of the anti-monarchical faction. He saw nothing less than the whole conftitution at stake ; and these endeavours were not only well understood by, but extremely grateful to, bis majesty, who made him an English duke on the ninth of November.

In 1633, the Rye-house plot was the last recourse, after the faction had in vain tryed to get a parliament called before they had lost all influence. The king reflecting on the end designed by, and the generality of persons concerned in it, faid, in his reflections in the intended affaflination, That it was very strange beggars should contend for property, atheists for religion, and baftards for succeflion.


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On the ninth of April, this year, the cattle of Dublin was burnt; but the indefatigable care of the lord-deputy saved the magazine, and consequently the city from being buried in its ruins. The duke's lofs in furniture, &c. was very.considerable.

The king's affairs being so well established in England, that there was not any necesity for his grace's absence from his government, after two years stay at court, having, in June, received orders for his return, see out for Ireland; but his departure was, by the death of his duchess, retarded till Auguft.

No sooner had he left London, but he was attacked on some fuggeftions from colonel Talbot ; who made such a report to the king, that a general reformation in the council, magistracy, and army of Ireland, was determi. ned; and his grace, on the fifth of September, had a hint from Sir Robert Southwell of his removal. In October, the king intimated his pleasure on this head, and of lord Rochester's succeeding to his post.

On the sixth of February king Charles died; and the duke, four days after, being sent for, left Dublin' to proceed to England, having first caused king James to be proclaimed; and, as ordered, laia down his character; which was a treatment he had little reason to expect, and an indignity the late king would not have put upon him.

He set out for England, and on the road met the news of his regiment of horse being VOL. VII.



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