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dy, more efpecially in procuring their charter and the only return he expected for his labour in this respect, was, the engaging the Company to come to some resolution in favour of the propagation of the gospel, by means of their flourishing factories in that part of the world; and, as a proof of his own inclination to contribute, as far as in him lay; for that purpofe, he caused five hundred copies of the Gospels and Acts of the Apostles, in the Malayan tongue, to be printed at Oxford, and fent abroad at his own expence, as appears from the Dedication prefixed by his friend Dr. Thomas Hyde, to that tranflation, which was published under his direction.

There came abroad, the same year, 'a Mifcellaneous Collection of his works in Latin, printed at Geneva, but without his knowledge, of which there is a large account given in the Philosophical Transactions. In 1678he communicated to Mr. Hooke, afterwards Dr. Hooke, the fhort Memorial of some Obfervations made upon an artificial Substance that shines without any preceding Illustration, which that gentleman thought fit to make public. He published, in the same year, his Historical Account of a Degradation of Gold, made by an Anti-Elixir. This made a very great noise both at home and abroad, and is looked upon as one of the moft remarkable pieces that ever fell from his pen, the facts contained in which would have been efteemed

incredible, if they had fallen from the pen of

any other,

In the

1680 he fent into the world the following tracts, viz. The Aieral Noctiluca, and a Process of a factitious self-shining Subfance; besides which, he published also fone fmall discourses upon different subjects. It was upon the thirtieth of November, in this year, that the Royal Society, as a proof of their juft sense of his great worth, and of the constant and particular services, which, through the course of many years, he had rendered to their Society, made choice of him for their President; but he being extremely, and, as himself fays, peculiarly tender in point of oaths, declined the honour done him, by a letter addressed to Mr. Profeffor Hooke of Grelham-college. He was also, within the compass of this year, a considerable benefactor towards the publishing Dr. Burnet's Hiftory of the Reformation, as he very readily was, on the like occasion, to every performance calculated for the general use and benefit of mankind.

In 1681, he publidhed his Discourse of Things above Reason; and the same year he was engaged in endeavouring to promote the preaching and promulgation of the Gospel amongst the Indians bordering upon NewEngland. In 1682, came out his New Experiments and Observations upon the Icy Noctiluca; to which is added, A Chymical Paradox, making it probable that their Principles


are transmutable, so that out of one of them others may be produced. The same year, he communicated to the public, The Second Part of his Continuation of New Experiments touching the Spring and Weight of the Air, and a large Appendix, containing several other discourses.

He published, in 1683, nothing that I find, except a short letter to the reverend Dr. John Beale, in relation to the making fresh water out of falt, published at the request of the patentees, who were embarked in Mr. Fitzgerald's project for that purpose, the proposals for which were addressed to Mr. Boyle ; and the author acknowledges therein the obligations he was under to him for his af. fiftance.

In the succeeding year, 1684, he printed two very confiderable works. The first was, his Menioirs for the Natural History of Human Blood; and his second, Experiments and Confiderations about the Porosity of Bodies, divided into two parts ; the first relating to animals, the second to folid bodies : and his works being now grown to a very considerable bulk, the celebrated Dr. Ralph Cudworth, whose praise alone was sufficient to establifh any man's title to fame, wrote to him in very pressing terms, to make an entire collection of

his several treatises, and to publish them in a body, and in the Latin tongue, in his own life-time, as well out of regard to his repu..tation, as to the general interest of mankind,


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and the peculiar fatisfaction to the learned world.

In 1635, he obliged the world with his Short Memoirs for the Natural Experimental History of Mineral Waters, with Directions as to the several Methods of trying them, including abundance of new and useful Remarks, as well as several curious Experiments. He gave

the world also, in the same year, another excellent work, entitled, An Effay of the great Effects of languid and unheeded Motion ; with an Appendix, containing an Experimental Discourse of some hitherto little regarded Causes of the Insalubrity and Salubrity of the Air, and it's Effects; than which none of his treatises were ever received with greater or more general applause. He pube lished, in the same year, A Dissertation on the. Reconcileableness of Specific Medicines to the Corpuscular Philofophy; to which is added, A Discourse of the Advantages attending the Use of Simple Medicines. To these Philofophical, he added a most excellent Theological Discourse, of the high Veneration Man's Intelleet owes to God, particularly for his Wifdom and Power ; being a part of a much larger work, which he signified to the world, to prevent any exception from being taken at the abrupt manner of its beginning.

At the entrance of the succeeding year, 1686, came abroad his Free Enquiry into the vulgarly received Notion of Nature; one of

be most important and useful pieces that ever fell from his pen; and which will be always


admired and esteemed by such as have a true zeal for religion and intelligible philosophy. In the month of June, the fame year, his friend Dr. Gilbert Burnet, afterwards lord. bishop of Sarum, transmitted to him from Holland, his account of his travels through France, Switzerland, and Italy; which were afterwards published.

In 1687, a work which he had drawn up in his youth, entitled, The Martyrdom of Theodora and Dydimia, came from the press to the hands of the public. In 1688, he obliged the world with a moft curious and useful treatise, entitled, A Disquisition into the final Causes of Natural Things; and whether, if at all, with what Caution a Natu. ralist should admit them. To which is added, An Appendix about vitiated Sight. In this piece he treats, with great judgment and pere ipicuity, many of the deepest and moft ab. Aracted notions in Philosophy and Religion, fo as to give fatisfaction to the candid, without running


offensive notions, in the opinion even of the most critical reader; which is a felicity, that, in cases of this nature, has very rarely attended the writings of any other author than Mr. Boyle; whole care was equal to his quickness, and whose caution hindered him from hazarding any thing that might shock weak minds, or tender consciences. In the month of May, this year, our author, however unwillingly, was

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