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THE LIFE OF
OCTOR JOHN TILLOTSON, archbishop mily antien dy of the name of Tilfton, of Til. fton, in Cheshire, the ancestor of which was Nicholas de Tilfton, lord of the manor of Tilfton, from whom descended Nicholas de Tilfton, in the ninth year of king Edward III. The doctor's father was Mr. Robert Tillotson, a considerable clorhier, of Sowerby, in the parish of Hallifax, in the county of York, where he was born, at a house called Haugh, about the end of September, or beginning
of O&tober, 1630; and baptized there on the third of October: his mother being Mary, (the daughter of Thomas Dobson, a gentle. mar of the same place) a woman of excellent character, but unhappy, for many years of her life, in the loss of her undertanding. Both his parents were nonconformists.
After he had, with a quick proficiency, paffed through the grammar-schools, and attained a skill in the learned languages, fuperior to his years, he was sent to Cambridge, in the year 1647, at the age of seventeen, and
are transmutable, so that out of one of them others may be produced. The same year, he communicated to the public, The Second Part of his Continuation of New Experiments touching the Spring and Weight of the Air, and a large Appendix, containing several other discourses.
He published, in 1683, nothing that I find, except a short letter to the reverend Dr. John Beale, in relation to the making fresh water out of falt, published at the request of the patentees, who were embarked in Mr. Fitzgerald's project for that purpose, the proposals for which were addressed to Mr. Boyle ; and the author acknowledges therein the obligations he was under to him for his af. fiftance.
In the succeeding year, 1684, he printed two very considerable works. The first was, his Menioirs for the Natural History of Human Blood; and his second, Experiments and Confiderations about the Porosity of Bodies, divided into two parts ; the first relating to animals, the second to folid bodies : and his works being now grown to a very confiderable bulk, the celebrated Dr. Ralph Cudworth, whose praise alone was sufficient to establifh any man's title to fame, wrote to him in very pressing terms, to make an entire collection of his several treatises, and to publish them in a body, and in the Latin tongue, in his own life-time, as well out of regard to his reputation, as to the general interest of mankind,
and the peculiar fatisfaction to the learned world.
In 1635, he obliged the world with his Short Memoirs for the Natural Experimental History of Mineral Waters, with Directions as to the several Methods of trying them, including abundance of new and useful Remarks, as well as several curious Experiments, He gave the world also, in the same year, another excellent work, entitled, An Essay of the great Effects of languid and unheeded Motion ; with an Appendix, containing an Experimental Discourse of some hitherto little regarded Causes of the Insalubrity and Salubrity of the Air, and it's Effects; than which none of his treatises were ever received with greater or more general applause. He pube lished, in the same year, A Dissertation on the. Reconcileableness of Specific Medicines to the Corpuscular Philofophy; to which is added, A Discourse of the Advantages attending the Use of Simple Medicines. To these Philosophical, he added a most excellent Theological Discourse, of the high Veneration Man's Intellect owes to God, particularly for his Wifdom and Power ; being a part of a much larger work, which he signified to the world, to prevent any exception from being taken at the abrupt manner of its beginning.
At the entrance of the succeeding year, 1686, came abroad his Free Enquiry into the vulgarly received Notion of Nature; one of
be most important and useful pieces that ever fell from his pen; and which will be always
admired and esteemed by such as have a true zeal for religion and intelligible philosophy. In the month of June, the fame year, his friend Dr. Gilbert Burnet, afterwards lord. bishop of Sarum, transmitted to him from Holland, his account of his travels through France, Switzerland, and Italy; which were afterwards published.
In 1687, a work which he had drawn up in his youth, entitled, The Martyrdom of Theodora and Dydimia, came from the press to the hands of the public. In 1688, he obliged the world with a moft curious and useful treatise, entitled, A Disquisition into the final Causes of Natural Things; and whether, if at all, with what Caution a Naturalift should admit them. To which is added, An Appendix about vitiated Sight. In this piece he treats, with great judgment and perfpicuity, many of the deepest and moft ab. firacted notions in Philosophy and Religion, so as to give satisfaction to the candid, without running
any offenfive notions, in the opinion even of the most critical reader ; which is a felicity, that, in cases of this nature, has very rarely attended the writings of any other author than Mr. Boyle ; whole care was equal to his quickness, and whose caution hindered him from bazarding any thing that might lock weak minds, or tender consciences. In the month of May, this year, our author, however unwillinglŷ, was