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speak for them all in the conduct of our con. ferences; who, after a preamble of the usual forms and compliments, upon his majesty's happy dispositions to enter into a nearer alliance with the states upon the mentioned points, declared the same resolution in the states, and allowing our confidence by a defensive league for the basis of the rest, said, The states were very willing, de faire infuser les clauses pour la fouretè commune dans les articles de la me. diation ; and was large upon this argument, That the last being of very pressing hafte, as well as neceflity, and they having already order from their provinces to proceed upon it, they could not have the same powers upon the defensive, being a new matter, under six weeks or two months time ; but, as soon as they received them, would proceed to give their ambaffador in England powers to fall upon that treaty; which must, for a basis, have, at the same time, an adjustment of matters of commerce for his forementioned reasons.

I thought fit to cut this matter short, and told them dire&tly, I had no orders to proceed upon any other points, but in consequence or con unction of the defensive league ! in which I thought his majesty had all the reason that could be, both because he would not venture a war's ending in Flanders to begin upon England ; and, on the other side, knew the states, whose danger was nearer, would never be capable of taking any vigorous resolutions in

their neighbours affairs, till they were secure at home by his majesty's defence.

That his majesty thought the most generous and friendly advance that could be, was made on his side by his proposition, being himself so much more out of danger than they were, and so much courted to a conjunction with France to their prejudice, as well as that of Flanders ; that they had not made a difficulty of such alliances with princes, who had lately desmelees with them as well as his majesty ; and that, God be thanked, his majelty was not in condition to have such an offer refused by any prince or state of Christendom.

These were the sum of our discourses, tho' very long, and such as occafioned the commiffioners to withdraw thrice and consult together, though nothing was resolved, but that Monsieur de Witt and Monsieur Ibrant should spend the afternoon with me at my lodging, to endeavour the adjusting of circumitances between us, since we seemed to agree in subftance.

That conference ended, as I gave your lordfhip notice that evening, upon the point, that, initead of the province Schevelin, or any new adjustment concerning marine affairs; the states would proceed upon his majesty's project of a defensive league, provided the provisional articles in the Breda, treaty might be inserted and perpetuated in this ; and thereupon we hould expect his majesty's answer to what I should write that night.

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The next being Saturday morning, I de. fired arother conference with my two commil foners, but could not have it till the afternoon, they being to report that morning to the lates what had paffed the evening before. At our meeting after noon, they told me their communication of all to the Itates, and their lorda thips resolutions upon them, that it was necesfüry the articles provisional should be inserted in the treaty, so as I began to doubt a stop of all til his majesty's answer, which subjected all to uncertainties : I knew the French amballador was grown


ill humour upon my arrival, and fallen into complaints and ex. poltulation with several of the itates ; and the more because he could not see Monsieur de Witt from my coming over till that time, though he had often pressed it, and had an hour given him the next day, Monsieur de Witt having promised to see hiin as he went to charch alter noon.

Upcn this I knew likewise he had dispatched a courier to Paris, which I thought would make no delay, and therefore resolved to fall upon all the instances and expedients I could to draw up a sudden conclusion. I told them I desired it extremely, before I could hear again out of England, because I had left Monfieur Ruvigny very busy at my coming away, and not unbefriended; that I feared the same artifices of France to difturb us here; and perhaps Monfieur d'Etrades might, at his next meeting, endeavour to infusé fome jea.


lousies into them, by the relation of what had passed between your lord ship and Monsieur Ruvigny, three or four days after the date of my firtt instructions ; upon which I told them frankly (as his majesty gave me leave, what. had passed in that affair,

Monsieur de Witt asked me whether I could shew him the paper drawn up between you ; and knowing I had it not, defiring earnestly I would procure it him, assuring me no use should be made of it but by joint consent: but saying, nothing would serve so far to justify them, in case of a breach growing neceffary between them and France, I promised to: write to your lordship about it; which I desire you will please to take notice of.

I told Monsieur de Witt what confidence I had given his majeity of his fincere proceedings, and how I had been supported by your lord ihip in those suggestions, again it the opinion of some other great men: what advan-. tage these would take, if they saw our whole negotiation was stopped upon a thing that looked like a chicanery ; since articles provifional till new agreements, were, in effect as strong as perpetual, which might itself be changed by new agreements : that this would be elteemed an artifice of his, especially since he had declared, upon my asking him, that it was his own opinion, (and that he also would tell the itates so if they demanded it) not to conclude without insertion of those articles, which yet he could not deny to be of


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present force; for that they allowed ; but feemed to doubt, that, referring in the treaty of Breda to a new treaty, they would be invalidated if a new treaty should pass without their confirmation.

I found Monsieur Isbrant was content with my reasons, and said he would undertake his province should be fo; but Monsieur de Witt Jaid, Holland and Zealand would not. I told them, at last, that I was sure the states would not think fit to lose the effect of the league proposed upon such a point as this ; and that they intended only to have the advantage of seeing his majesty's resolution, in answer to my letter before they concladed, with resolutions, however, that this should not hin. der at laft, that I foresaw many things migbt arise in ten day's time, to break all our good intentions; and some more than I had told them, or could at present ; that, if they knew me, and how far I was to be trufted where I gave my word, I would propose an expedient to them ; but being- so new among them, I thought it was to no purpose:-there I paused. They desired I would propose however, and so I did; which was, that we should proceed to draw up the whole project, and sign as foon as was poffible ; and that, in case I afterwards received his majesty's leave, in answer of my Friday's letter, to insert those provisional articles, I would freely declare it to them, and insert them in a separate article, to be a part of the defensive league. They both looked a

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