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while one upon another, and, after a pause, Monsieur de Witt gave me his hand; and, after a compliment upon the confidence he had taken in my face, and in the rest of my dealing since our first commerce, told me, that, if I would promise them what I had faid, en homme de bien, they would ask no farther alsurance of me; and, provided the treaty of Breda might be confirmed in the preamble of this, to take away all scruples of those articles being of less force than they were before ; for his part, though he could promise nothing what the states would resolve, yet he would promise that he and Monsieur Ilbrant would use their utmost endeavours, to induce them to proceed upon my propofition; and so we fell immediately to digeft our project of the whole treaty; for I made no difficulty of the confirmation proposed, knowing that new treaties use to begin by confirmation of the old.

I am the larger in this relation, that his majesty may know upon what reasons I engaged my word to them in this point ; and thereu pon may give me leave, without more circumstances, to be true to it, in case his majesty's pleasure in the point be dispatched away to me, upon the receipt of my former letter.

After this difficulty was well evaded, we found none but in this expression, “ In case our persuasions to Spain should not prevail, and we should come à la force & à la con. Arainte,” which I moderated at firft by the

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words, aux moyens plus efficaces,” for we drew it up in French. The other additions, or enlargements, I dare presume, his majesty. will not be difpleased with, no more than that article about Portugal, though I had no instruction in it. If I have failed in enlarging upon very short and hasty instructions, I molt humbly beg his majesty's pardon, because I am fore I kept myself as close as was possible to what I apprehended to be his majesty's sense upon the whole and every part.

That evening, being Saturday, or rather that night and Sunday morning, we agreed. upon the project in French, and gave order for the tranfiating of it into Latin; which was done, and perused by me, and agreed to between twelve and one that night, and engrossed by eleven next morning, being Monday ; and, at a meeting with the commission. ers, it jointly was figned and sealed, and mitually delivered between two and three that afternoon. After that our time was spent in comparing the instruments, and adjusting the fums computed as the value of the several aids.

After sealing, we all embraced with muchkindness and applause of my faying upon that occasion, A Breda comme amis, icy comme freres; and Monsieur de Witt made me a most obliging compliment, of having the honour which never any other minister had before me, of drawing the states to a refolution and conclufion within five days, upon a matter of


the greatest importance, and a Secours of the greatest expence they had ever engaged in; and all directly against the nature of their constitu. tions, which enjoined them recourse to their provinces upon all such occasions, and used to draw out all common deliberations to months delays ;

and added upon it, That now it was done, it looked like a miracle.

I must add tbree words to do him right in return of his compliment, that I found him as plain, as direct, and square in the course of this business, as any man could be; though often stiff in points where he thought any ad-. vantage could accrue to his country ; and have all the reafon in the world to be satisfied with him; and for his industry, no man had ever more. I am sure, for these five days at least, neither of us spent many idle hours, either day or night.

After the conclufion, I received yesterday the visits of all the public ministers in town, except the ambassadors, between whom and envoys extraordinary fome difficulties were arisen (they say, here first begun by Sir George Downing) which have in a manner spoiled all commerce.

None of the other failed to rejoice with me upon the conclusion of my business, and to express their adoring bis majesty's resolutions, which, in this conjuncture, they fay, have given new life to all the courts of Christendom, whose councils were before in the greatest perplexities and disorders that could be.


They say his majesty will bave the sole honour of giving either peace to Christendom or a balance to the wars ; and has shewn, that all must follow what he gives a head to. Much more of this kind I hear from all hands, and have no reason to doubt their meaning what they say.

Thus far I have given your lordship the smooth side only of this conclusion, and now you must receive the rough ; for having concerted with the commissioners, that Monsieur de Witt and I hould give part of our treaty (all but the separate articles) to the French and Spanish ambassadors. The first we performed this afternoon, the last we intend tomorrow morning.

The French ambassador had been much für. prized with our conclusion ; for, upon our first conference with the commissioners, he had said, “ Tout cela s'en ira en fumée, &


le roy son maitre s'eur mocqueroit." The day before our figning, being told we advanced very fast, he replied, “ Et bien, d'icy à fix femaines nous en parlerons;" relying upon the forms of the state to run the circuit of their towns.

Upon our giving him part of the whole business, he replied coldly, that he doubted we had not taken a right way to our end ; that the fourth article of the second inftrument was not in ternis very proper to be digelted by a king of twenty.nine years old, and at the head of eighty thousand men:


that, if we had joined both to desire his master
to prolong the offer he had made of a cessation
of arms till we propose ; and, withal, not to
move his arms further in Flanders, tho' Spain
fhould refuse, we might hope to succeed :
but, if we thought to prescribe him laws, and
force him to compliance, by leagues between
ourselves, or with Spain, though Sweden and
the German princes should join with us, he
knew his maller Ne flecheroit pas, and that
it would come to a war of forty years. From
this he fell warmly on the proceedings of the
ftates; saying, they knew his master's resolu-

those two points, neither to pro-
long the ceffation proposed beyond the end of
· March, nor to desist the pursuit of his con-
quests with his own arms, in case Spain con-
sented not to his demands within that term.
He said, his majesty, not being their ally,
might treat and conclude what he pleased,
without their offence; but for the states, who
were their nearest ally, to conclude so much
to his master's disrespect at least, and withoat
communicating with him, the ambassador, at
all during the whole treaty, he must leave it
to his master to interpret as he thought fit.-
Monsieur de Witt defended their cause, and
our intentions, with great phlegm, but great
feddiness; and told me, after he was gone,
: that this was the least we could expect at first
from a Frenchman; and that I should do well,
however, to give his majesty an account of it
by the first, that we put ourselves early in po-


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