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« In former times, admirals and generals have had success against France and Spain feparately; but this action at Vigo hath been a victory over them confederated together: you have not only spoiled the enemy, but enriched your own country: common victories bring terror to the conquered; but you brought destruction upon them, and additional strength to England. France hath endeavoured to support its ambition by the riches of India; your Success, Sir, hath only left them the burden of Spain, and stript them of the aslistance of it: the wealth of Spain, and ihips of France, are, by this vi&tory, brought over to our juster cause.' This is an action to glorious in the performance, and so extensive in its confequence, that, as all times will preserve the memory of it, so every day will inform us of the benefit.

• No doubt, Sir, but in France you are written, in remarkable characters, in the black list of those who have iaken French gold; and it is justice done to the duke of Ormond and your merit, that you should stand recorded in the registers of this house, as the fole intru. ment of this glorious victory. Therefore this house came to the following resolution :

6 Resolved, nemine contradicente, That the thanks of this house be given to the duke of Ormond, and Sir George Rook, for the great and signal service performed by the nation at sea and land, which thanks I now return you."

To which Sir George Rook answered in the following terms:

$6 MR. SPEAKER, I am now under great difficulty how to express myself upon this very occasion. I think myself very happy, that, in zeal and duty to your service, it hath been my good fortune to be the instrument of that which may deserve

your notice, and much more the return of

your

thanks. I am extremely sensible of this great honour, and shall take all the care I can to preserve it to the grave, and to convey it to my pofterity without spot and blemish, by a constant affeétion and zealous perseverance in the queen's and your service. Sir, no man hath the command of for. tune, but every man hath virtue at his will ; and, though I may not always be successful in your service, as upon this expedition, yet I may presume to assure you, I thall never be the more faulty,

" I must repeat my inability to express my felf upon this occasion ; but, as I have a due sense of the honour this house hath been pleased to do me, I Mall always retain a due and grateful memory of it ; and, though my duty and allegiance are ftrong obligations upon me to do the best in the service of my country, yet I shall always take this to be a particular tie upon me to do right and justice to your service upon all occasions.

On

On the thirteenth of November, Sir George was sworn of her majesty's most honourable privy-council. Sir George was very little at sea in 1703 ; he went out with a squadron of men of war in the beginning of the sum mer ; and having cruised in the mean time off Belle-isle, he put the country into an unfpeak: able confternation ; and, after having taken many prizes coming home from the Weit-Indies, returned to St. Helens, that the grand fleet, under the command of Sir Cloudelly Shovel, might be the sooner ready to fail for the Streights, where they did nothing memo. rable; so that Sir George was again appointed to command the feet that was to carry the new king of Spain over to Poriugal, then in alliance with us,

They encountered a most terrible storm in the beginning of the year, and were put back into the Channel ; however, they failed again on the twelfth of February, and, by the twenty fifth, gained the rock of Lisbon. The admiral, on board of whom the king of Spain was, in the Royal Catharine, failed up the river, being faluted by all the forts and castles with a triple discharge of the cannon, striking their flágs three several times before the fort. The fleet anchored below Belem, a league short of the king's palace.

All things, by the twenty-seventh, being ready for the king of Spain's reception on fhore, his majesty, on board the Royal Ca

tharine

I 3

tharine, with the rest of the men of war, came up the river, and anchored over again the royal palace, the castles on both sides the river continually firing. Between four and five in the afternoon, the king of Portugal, accompanied by the two princes, his eldest fons, with several persons of the first quality, embarked on a very

noble brigantine, rowed by forty men clad in crimson velvet, laced with filver, attended by the rest of the nobility, in barges and feluccas, and went on board the Royal Catharine.

When his majesty came by the ship's fide he ftruck his fiag; and when he came into the fhip, Sir George Rook ftruck his flag, and let fly his streamer, and faluted him with twenty. five

guns, which was taken by the whole fleet, and answered from on fhore. His catholic majesty received the king of Portugal at the ladder head, which, upon this occasion, was made very commodious, and waited on him to his cabbin, giving him the right hand whilft he was in the snip. After a thort stay there, the two kings went into the brigantine.

When they put off, both ships hoisted their flags, which had remained itruck while the king of Portugal was on board the admiral, and Sir George gave two falutes of twenty-five guns each, which were followed by the rest of the fleet,

The

The king of Spain had the right hand on board the brigantine, and both kings landed under a triumphal arch, which was erected at the head of a very magnificent bridge built for this purpose, and adorned with several, triumphal arches which, from the palace-gate, run a good way into the river. At their landing, the king of Portugal, giving the king of Spain the right, took him by the hand and led him out of the brigantine upon the stairs, and along the bridge to the palace ; the' no. bility, and the rest of the retinue, marching in a great deal of order; and thus they proceeded to the royal chappel, where Te Deum was fung for his catholic majeity's safe arrival. Thence the king conducted him to his bedchamber, and there took his leave of his ca. tholic majesty ; but returned soon after, accompanied by the two princes; and their majefties supped together in public.

But, not to digress too far, Sir George Rook, on the twenty eighth, fent rear-admiral Dilkes on fhöre 10 compliment the king of Portugal, to whom he was introduced by Mr. Methuen, her majesty's envoy-extraordinary, and was very kindly received : and, on the first of March, Sir George, and the rest of the officers of the feet, introduced by the English envoy, waited upon the king of Portugal, who received them with great expressions of kindness,

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