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Sil. And duty never yet did want his meed: Servant, you are welcome to a worthless mistress.
Pro. I'll die on him that says so, but yourself,
Sil. That you are welcome ? • Pro, s No; that you are worthless.
Enter Servant. 6 Ser. Madam, my lord your father would speak with you, Sil. I'll wait upon his pleasure. [Exit Şery.] Come,
I'll leave you to confer of home-affairs;
Exit Silvia and Thurio. Val. Now, teil me, how do all from whence you came ?
Pro. Your friends are well, and have them much commended.
Val. And how do yours?
Val. How does your lady ? and how thrives your love?
Pro. My tales of love were wont to weary you; I know, you joy not in a love-discourse.
Val. Ay, Protheus, but that life is alter'd now :, I have done penance for contemning love; 7 Whose high imperious thoughts have punish'd me
s No; that you are worthless,] I have inserted the particle no to fill up the mcasure. Johnson.
o Thur, Madam, my lord your father - ] This speech in all the editions is afsigned improperly to Thurio; but he has been all along upon the stage, and could not know that the duke wanted his daughter. Besides, the first line and half of Silvia's answer is evidently addressed to two persons. A servant, therefore, must come in and deliver the message; and then Silvia goes out with Thurio. THEOBALD.. . 7 W hose high imperious - ] For whose I read those. I have contemned love and am punished. Those high thoughts by which I exalted myself above human passions or frailties, have brought upon me fasts and groans. JOHNSON,
With bitter fasts, with penitential groans,
Pro. Enough; I read your fortune in your eye : Was this the idol that you worship so ?
Val. Even fhe; and is she not a heavenly faint ?
Pro. When I was sick, you gave me bitter pills; And I inuft minister the like to you.
Val. Then speak the truth by her; if not divine, Yet let her be 9 a principality, Sovereigii to all the creatures on the earth,
Pro. Except my mistress.
Val. Sweet, except not any;
Pro, Have I not reason to prefer mine own?
hared to the che liturs to
8 no woe to his correction ;] No misery that can be come pared to the punishment inflicted by love. Herbert called for the prayers of the liturgy a little before his death, saying, None to them, none to them. JOHNSON.
The same idiom occurs in an old ballad quoted in Cupid's Wbir. ligig, 1616: " There is no comfort in the world .
“ To women that are kind." MALONE. 9-a principality,] The first or principal of women. So the old writers use fiate. “ She is a lady, a great state." Latymer. “ This look is called in ftates warlie, in others otherwise." Sir T. More.
Val. And I will help thee to prefer her too :'
Pro. Why, Valentine, what braggardism is this
Val. Pardon mo, Protheus : all I can, is nothing
Pro. But she loves you ? -
My foolish river flions are so hug
i fummer-fwelling flower,] I once thought that the poet had written summer-smelling ; but the epithet which stands in the text I have since met with in the translation of Lucan, by Sir Ar. thur Gorges, 1614, b. viii. p. 354:
" no Roman chieftaine should
“ But shun that fommer-fwelling shore." The original is, “ - ripasque æfiate tumentes," 1. 829. May likewise renders it fummer-swelled bairks. The summer-fwelling flower is the flower which swells in summer, till it expands itself into bloom. STEEVENS,
2 She is alone.) She stands by herself. There is none to be compared to her. JOHNSON,
Determin'd of: how I must climb her window;
Pro. Go on before; I shall enquire you forth :
Val. Will you make haste?
.Is it mine THEX, or Valentino's praise,] Here Protheus quero tions with himself, whether it is his own praise, or Valentine's, that makes him fall in love with Valentine's mistress. But not to insist on the absurdity of falling in love through his own praises, he had not indeed praised her any farther than giving his opinion of her in three words, when his friend asked it of him. In all the old editions we find the line printed thus :
It is mine, or Valentino's praise?
Is it mine EYE, or Valentino's praise? Protheus had just seen Valentine's mistress, whom her lover had been lavishingly praising. His encomiums therefore heightening Protheus's idea of her at the interview, it was the less wonder he should be uncertain which had made the strongest impression, Va. lentine's praises, or his own view of her. WARBURTON. 4 a waxen image 'gainst a fire,] Alluding to the figures made by witches, as representatives of those whom they deligned to torinent or destroy. STEEVENS,
And that I love him not, as I was wont :
That thus without advice begin to love her?
With more advice, is on further knowledge, on better confideration. So in Titus Andronicus :' .. " The Greeks, upon advice, did biry Ajax." · The word, as Mr. Malone observes, is ftill current among mere cantile people, whose constant language is, “ We are advised by letters from abroad," meaning informed. So in bills, the conclu-, fion always is _“ Without further advice." So in this very play:
« This pride of hers, upon advice, &c." So in Measure for Measure:
" Yet did repent me after more advice." STEEVENS. € 'Tis but her picture --] This is evidently a flip of attention, for he had seeni her in the last scene, and in high terms offered ber his service. JOHNSON.
I believe Protheus means, that, as yet, he had seen only her outward form, without having known her long enough to have any acquaintance with her mind. So in Cymbeline :
* All of her, that is, out of door, most rich! : . " If she be furnish'd with a mind so rare, &c.” Again, in the Winter's Tale, act II. sc. i : ..." Praise her but for this her without-door forin.”