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Pro. Cease to lament for that thou canst not help, And study help for that which thou lament'st. Time is the nurse and breeder of all good. Here if thou stay, thou canst not see thy love; Besides, thy staying will abridge thy life. Hope is a lover's staff; walk hence with that, And manage it against despairing thoughts. Thy letters may be here, though thou art hence; Which, being writ to me, shall be deliver'd Even in the milk-white bosom of thy love'. The time now serves not to expostulate : Come, I'll convey thee through the city-gate; And, ere I part with thee, confer at large Of all that may concern thy love-affairs : As thou lov'st Silvia, though not for thyself, Regard thy danger, and along with me.

Val. I pray thee, Launce, an if thou feest my boy, Bid him make haste, and meet me at the north-gate. * Pro. Go, firrah, find him out. Come, Valentine. , Val. O my dear Silvia ! hapless Valentine !

(Exeunt Valentine and Protheus. ? Laun. I am but a fool, look you; and yet I have the wit to think, my master is a kind of a knaye : but that's all one, if he be but one knave. He lives

not Even in the milk-white bosom of thy love.) So in Hamlet:

" These to her excellent white bosom, &c.” Trifting as the remark may appear, before the meaning of this. address of letters to the bofom of a mistress can be understood, it should be known that women anciently had a pocket in the fore part of their stays, in which they not only carried love-letters and love tokens, but even their money and materials for needle work. In many parts of England the rustic damsels still observe the same practice; and a very old lady informs me that she remembers when it was the fashion to wear very prominent stays, it was no less the custom for stratagem or gallantry to drop its literary favours within the front of them. STEEVENS. 13 Laun. I am but a fool, look you; and yet I have the wit to think my master is a kind of knave: but that's all one, if he be but one KNAVE.] Where is the sense ? or, if you won't allow the speaker that, where is the humour of this speech ? Nothing had

not now, that knows me to be in love : yet I am in love; but ? a team of horse shall not pluck that from given the foot occafion' to suspect that his master was become double, like Antipholis in The Comedy of Errors. The lat word is corrupt. We should read .

.. ; . Deus if he be but one KIND.. He thought his master was a kind of knave; however, he keeps himself in countenance with this reflection, that if he was a knave but of one kind, he might pass well enough amongst his neighbours. This is truly humourous. WARBURTON.

This alteration is acute and specious, yet I know not whether, ja Shakespeare's language, one knave may not fignify a knave on only one occafon, a single knave. We ftill use a double villain for a villain beyond the common rate of guilt. Johnson.

This 'passage has been altered, with little difference, by Dr. Warburton and fir Tho. Hanmer,--Mr. Edwards explains it,« if he only be a knave, if I myself be not found to be another." I agree with Dr. Johnson, and will support the old reading and his interpretation with indisputable authority. In the old play of Danion and Pythias, Aristippus declares of Carifophus, “ you lose money by him if you fell him for one knave, for he serves for twayne.

This phraseology is often met with : Arragon says in the Mere cbant of Venice:

* With one fool's head I came to woo,

6 But I go away with two.Donne begins one of his sonnets :

"I am two fools, I know,

« For loving and for saying fo, &c.” And when Panurge cheats St. Nicholas of the chapel, which be vowed to him in a storm, Rabelais calls him “ a rogue-a rogue, and an half-Le gallant, gallant et demy." Farmer. Again, in Like will to Like, quoth the Devil to the Collier, 1587;

“ Thus thou may'st be called a knave in graine,
“ And where knaves be scant, thou may'st go for twayne."

STEEVENS. Again in Chapman's Two wise Men and all the rest Fools, 1619:

" I desire no more cunning than I now have, and I'll serve you still and set up for myself; for I had rather be a double krave than a single fool." MALONE. .

3 a team of borfe shall not plack-] I see how Valentine suffers for telling his love-secrets, therefore I will keep mine close. Johnson. * Perhaps Launce was not intended to Thew so much sense; but here indulges himself in talking contradictory nonsense.**



me; nor who 'tis I love, and yet 'tis a woinan: but whạt woman, I will not tell myself, and yet 'tis a milk-inaid : yet 'tis not a maid, for the hath had goffips 4 ; yet 'tis a maid, for she is her master's maid, and serves for wages. She hath more qualities than a water-spaniel which is much in a bare christians. Here is the cat-log (Pulling out a paper] of her conditions. Imprimis, She can fetch and carry : Why, a horse can do no more : nay, a horse cannot fetch, but only carry ; therefore, is she better than a jade. Item, She can milk, look you; A sweet virtue in a maid with clean hands.

Enter Speed.
Speed. How now, fignior Launce? what news with

your mastership?
Laun. 5 With my master's ship? why, it is at sea.

Speed. Well, your old vice still; mistake the word : What news then in your paper ? :

Laun. The blackest news that ever thou heard'ft.
Speed. Why, man, how black ?
Laun. Why, as black as ink,

4 for the hath had gosps:] Gosips not only signify those who answer for a childin baptisín, but the tattling women who attend lyings-in. The quibble between these is evident. STEEVENS. s a bare christian.] Launce is quibbling on. Bare has two senses; mere and naked. In Coriolanus it is used in the first :

“ 'Tis but a bare petition of the state.” Launce uses it in both, and opposes the naked female to the water-spaniel cover'd with hairs of remarkable thickness.

STEEVENS. 6 In former editions it is,

With my mastership? why, it is at sea. For how does Launce mistake the word ? Speed asks him about his mastership, and he replies to it literatim. But then how was his mattership at sea, and on More too? The addition of a letter and a note of apostrophe make Launce both mistake the word, and sets the pun right: it • restores, indeed, but a mean joke; but, without it, there is no sense in the passage. Besides, it is in character with the rest of the scene; and, I dare be confident, the poet's own conceit.



Speed. Let me read them.
Laun. Fie on thee, jolt-head; thou can'st not read.
Speed. Thou lyest, I can.

Laun. Iwilltry thee:Tellme this: Whobegotthee? Speed. Marry, the son of my grandfather.

Laun. O illiterate loiterer ! it was the son of thy grandniother?: this proves, that thou can'ít not read.

Speed. Come, fool, come : try me in thy paper.

Laun. There; And 8 St. Nicholas be thy speed ! · Speed. Iinprimis, She can milk.

7- the fon of thy grandmother:] It is undoubtedly true that the mother only knows the legitimacy of the child. I suppose Launce infers, that if he could read, he must have read this well known observation. STEEVENS.

8 - St. Nicholas be thy steed!] St. Nicholas presided over seholars, who were therefore called St. Nicholas's clerks. Hence, by a quibble between Nicholas and Old Nick, highwaymen, in The First Part of Henry the Fourth, are called Nicholas's clerks.

WARBURTON. That this faint presided over young scholars, may be gathered from Knight's Life of Dean Colet, p. 362. For by the statutes of Paul's school there inserted, the children are required to attend divine service at the cathedral on his anniversary. The reason I take to be, that the legend of this saint makes him to have been a bishop, while he was a boy. At Salisbury cathedral is a monument of a boy bishop; and it is faid that a custom formerly prevailed there, of choosing, from among the choristers, a bishop, who actually performed the pastoral functions, and disposed of such prebends as became vacant during his episcopacy, which lafted but a few days. It is thought that the monument abovementioned was for some boy who died in office. See The Pokibumous Works of Mr. John Gregory, 4to. Oxon. SIR. J.HAWKINS.

So Puttenham, in his Art of Poetry, 1589: “ Methinks this fellow speaks like bishop Nicholas; for on Saint Nicholas' night commonly the scholars of the country make them a bishop, who, like a foolish boy, goeth about blessing and preaching with such childish terins, as maketh the people laugh at his foolish counterfeit speeches." STEEVENS.

In Hearne's Liber Niger Scaccarii, 1771, vol. ii. p. 674, and 686, we find that archbishop Rotherham bequeathed “a myter for the barne-bishop, of cloth of gold, with two knopps of silver gilt and enamyled.” And this was in a country village in York. Thire. TOLLET,


Laun. Ay, that the can.
Speed. Item, She brews good ale.

Laun. And therefore comes the proverb, -Blessing of your heart, you brew good ale %.

Speed. Item, She can few. .
Laun. That's as much as to say, Can she so ?
Speed. Item, She can knit."

Laun. What need a man care for a stock with a wench, when she can knit him a stock?.

Speed. Item, She can wash and fiour.

Laun. A special virtue'; for then the need not to be wash'd and scour'd..

Speed, Item, She can spin.

Laun. Then may I set the world on wheels, when The can spin for her living.'

Speed. Item, She hath many nameless virtues.

Laun. That's as much as to say, Bastard virtues ; that, indeed, know not their fathers, and therefore have no names.

Speed. Here follow her vices.
Laun. Close at the heels of her virtues.

Speed. Item, * She is not to be kiss'd fasting, in respect of her breath.

Laun. Well, that fault may be mended with a breakfast: Read on.

Speed. Item, She hath a 3 sweet mouth:

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Blefing o your heart, &c.] So in Ben Jonson's Masque of Augurs:

6. Our ale's o'the best,
" And each good guest

Prays for their fouls that brew it." STEEVENS. i k nit him a stock.) i. e. a stocking. So in Twelfth Nighi: " it does indifferent well in a fiame-colour'd stock.

STEEVENS. ? Nie is not to be kiss'd falling, -] The old copy reads, se is not to be fafling, &c. . The necessary word kisi'd, was first added by Mr. Rowe. STEEVENS. 3 Sweet mouth.] This I take to be the same with what is

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