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Pro. The fringed curtains 5 of thine eye advance, And say, what thou seeft yond'.

Mira. What is’t ? a spirit ? Lord, how it looks about ! Believe me, fir, It carries a brave form :- But 'tis a spirit. Pro. No, wench; it ears, and sleeps, and hath

such senses As we have, such : This gallant, which thou seest, Was in the wreck; and, but he's something stain'd With grief, that's beauty's canker, thou might'st call

A goodly person : he hath lost his fellows,
And strays about to find them.

Mira. I might call him
A thing divine ; for nothing natural
I ever saw so noble.
Pro. It goes on, I fee,

[Aile. As my soul prompts it :-Spirit, fine fpirit, I'll free

thee Within two days for this.

Fer. 6 Moft sure, the goddess On whom these airs attend !-Vouchsafe, my prayer

May : 5 The fringed curtains, &c ] The same expression occurs in Pericles Prince of Tyre, 1609. W

her eyelids “ Begin to part their fringes of bright gold.” STEEVENS.

6 Moft sure, &c.] It seems, that Shakespeare, in The Tempeft, hath been suspected of translating some expreflions of Virgil ; , witness the O Dea certe. I presume we are here directed to the paffage, where Ferdinand lays of Miranda, after hearing the fongs of Ariel :

Moft sure, the goddess

On whom there airs attend! And so very small Latinis fufficient for this formidable translation, that if it be thought any honour to our poet, I ain loth to deprive him of it ; but his honour is not built on fuch a sandy foundation. · Let us turn to a real trarllator, and examine whether the idea might not be fully comprehended by an English reader, fuppofing it necessarily borrowed from Virgil. Hlexameters in our own language are almost forgotten; we will quote therefore this time from Stanyhurst: D 2

66 O to


May know, if you remain upon this ifland;
And that you will some good instruction give,
How I may bear me here : My prime request,
Which I do last pronounce, is, o you wonder !
If you be maid, or no?

Mira. No wonder, fir;
But, ? certainly a maid."


1 O to thee, fayre virgin; what terme may rightly be fitted ? " Thy tongue, thy visage no mortal frayltie resembleth.

" -- No doubt, a goddeffe !” Edit, 1583. FARMER. 1- certainly, a maid.] Nothing could be more prettily imagined to illustrate the fingularity of her character, than this pleasant mistake. She had been bred up in the rough and plaindealing documents of moral philosophy, which teaches us the knowledge of ourselves; and was an utter stranger to the flattery invented by vicious and designing men to corrupt the other sex, So that it could not enter into her imagination, that complaisance, and a desire of appearing amiable, qualities of humanity which The had been instructed, in her moral lessons, to cultivate, could ever degenerate into such excess, as that any one should be willing to have his fellow-creature believe that he thought her a goddess, or an immortal. WARBURTON

Dr. Warburton has here found a beauty, which I think the author never intended. Ferdinand asks her not whether she was a created being, a question which, if he meant it, he has ill ex. pressed, but whether she was unmarried; for after the dialogue which Prospero's interruption produces, he goes on pursuing his former question.

O, if a virgin,

I'll make you queen of Naples. Johnson. A passage in Lilly's Gallathea seems to countenance the present text, “ The question among men is common, are you a maide ?"

yet I cannot but think, that Dr. Warburton reads very rightly, • If you be made, or no.” When we meet with an harsh expression in Shakespeare, we are usually to look for a play upon words. Fletcher closely imitates the Tempest in his Sea Voyage : and he introduces Albert in the same manner to the ladies of his Desert Island.

6 Be not offended, goddesses, that I fall

“ Thus prostrate,” &c. Shakespeare himself had certainly read, and had probably now in his mind, a passage in the third book of the Fairy Queen, between Timias and Belphæbe,


Fer. My language! heavens !
I am the best of them that speak this speech,
Were I but where 'tis spoken.

Pro. How ! the best?
What were thou, if the king of Naples heard thee?

Fer. A single thing, as I am now, that wonders To hear thee speak of Naples : He does hear me; And, that he does,' I weep : myself am Naples ; Who with mine eyes, ne'er since at ebb, beheld The king my father wreck’d.

Mira. Alack, for mercy!
Fer. Yes, faith, and all his lords; the duke of

And his brave son, being twain.

Pro. The duke of Milan,
And his more braver daughter, could controul thee,
If now 'twere fit to do't : At the first fight

(Aside to Ariel, They have chang'd eyes :--Delicate Ariel, I'll set thee free for this. A word, good fir; I fear, you have done yourself sone wrong'; a word

Mira. Why speaks iny father so ungently? This Is the third man that I e'er saw; the first, That e'er I figh'd for: pity move my father To be inclin'd my way!

" Angel or goddess! do I call thee right?

“ There-at she blushing, said, ah! gentle squire, · “ Nor goddess I, nor angel, but the maid

" And daughter of a woody nymph,” &c. Farmer. * And bis brave son, being trvain.] This is a slight forgetfulness. Nobody was left in the wreck, yet we find no such character as the son of the duke of Milan. THEOBALD.

controul thee.] Confute thee, unanswerably contradict thee. JOHNSON.

"I fear you have done yourself, some wrong :-) i. e. I fear that, in asserting yourself to be king of Naples, you have uttered a falshood, which is below your character, and consequently injurious to your honour. So in the Merry Wives of Windsor " This is not well, master Ford, this wrongs you."


Fer. O, if a virgin,
And your affection not gone forth, I'll make you
The queen of Naples.

Pro. Soft, fir; one word more.
They are both in either's powers : but this swift bu.

finess I must unealy make, left too light winning Aside. Make the prize light.-One word more, I charge

That thou attend me : thou dost here usurp
The name thou ow'st not; and hast put thyself
Upon this island, as a spy, to win it
Froin me, the lord on't.

Fer. No, as I am a man.
Mira. There's nothing ill can dwell in such a

temple :
If the ill fpirit have so fair an house,
Good things will strive to dwell with’t.

Pro. [To Ferd.) Follow me.-
Speak not you for him ; he's a traitor. Come,
I'll inanacle thy neck and feet together :
Sea-water shalt thou drink, thy food shall be
The fresh-brook muscles, wither'd roots, and hulks
Wherein the acorn cradled: Follow.

Fer. No;
I will resist such entertainment, till
Mine enemy has more power.

[He drawi's, Mira. O dear father, Make not too rash a trial of him, for 2 He's gentle, and not fearful.

Pro. What, I say, My foot my tutor ?-Put thy sword up, traitor; ? He's gentle, and not fearful.] Fearful signifies both terrible and timorous. In this place it may mean timorous. She tells her father, that as he is gentle, rough usage is unneceffary, and as he is brave, it may be dangerous. Fearful, however, may fignity formidable, as in K. Hen. IV. .

“ A mighty and a fearful head they are ;”. and then the meaning of the passage is obvious. STEEVENS.


Who mak'st a shew, but dar'ít not strike, thy con

Is so possess'd with guilt: 3 come from thy ward;
For I can here disarm thee with this stick,
And make thy weapon drop.
Mird. Beseech you, father!
Pro. Hence; hang not on my garments,

Mira. Sir, have pity ;
I'll be his surety.

Pro. Silence : one word more Shall make me chide thee, if not hate thee, What, An advocate for an impoftor ? hush! Thou think'st, there are no more such shapes as he, Having seen but him and Caliban; Foolish wench! To the most of men this is a Caliban, And they to him are angels.

Mira. My affections Are then most humble; I have no ambition To see a goodlier man. · Pro. Come on ; obey : {To Ferdinand.7 4 Thy nerves are in their infancy again, And have no vigour in them.

Fer. So they are : My spirits, as in a dream, are all bound up. My father's loss, the weakness which I feel, The wreck of all my friends, or this man's threats, To whom I am subdu'd, are but light to me, Might I but through my prison once a day Behold this maid: all corners else o' the earth Let liberty make use of; space enough Have I, in such a prison.

Pro. It works : Come on.

3 — come from thy ward;] Defist from any hope of awing me by that posture of defence. JOHNSON.

* Thy nerves are in their infancy again,] So Milton, in his Masque at Ludlow-Castle. " Thy nerves are all bound up in alabaster.” Steevens.


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