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FERENCE.

because now-a-days young ladies must never have been done, had he left his study, his walk, or even his fishingchildren ; and all the little games which involve forfeits rod, for this pious and momentous duty ? These obare strictly forbidden, because it sometimes happens, that, servations do not militate against occasional and unavoidin paying the forfeits, young masters salute their neigh- able relaxations of the nature mentioned, but they are bours. This is indeed frightful!!! But with all our pointed directly against a routine, or almost continuous respect for the morality of the age, we question if the succession, of such unhallowing avocations. In order to young ladies who have been brought up upon the new visit the sick, therefore, as the sick ought to be, and have a plan,-never having played at any game of forfeits in right to be visited, the minister should have his soul their lives, nor having read the history of Prince Desire, habitually and daily disciplined to holy and pious reflecwho did not discover that his nose was a league and a tion—to those views of Christianity which can with safety, half long, until, being betrothed to a Princess, he wished and at the same time with comforting, be submitted to to salute her through the bars of his prison, are more per- the startled and doubting soul. The varieties of cases fect patterns of modesty than their mothers were before which occur in the course of medical practice, require them. Away with this canting and foolery! Let chil- every variety of treatment; and the skill of the physician dren be children, not ridiculous caricatures of matrons is never more exhibited than in his discovery or diagnosis and divines. Let them romp, and laugh, and be merry; of the disease, and in the applicability of the remedy take away from childhood its mirth and its festivities, and which he sees it proper to apply; and thus, too, it is what is there left to it ?

with the spiritual patient and the spiritual physician. In these chapters, as far as they have gone, the prin- One patient will require encouragement, whilst another ciple has been attempted to be elucidated, that we must ought to be cautioned against self-reliance and spiritual not, in education, depart from the invariable order which pride. One will require doctrinal explanation, whilst nature has established in the developement of the faculties. another must be extracted from the mists and meshes of We shall probably take a future opportunity of discuss his own distorting and perverting imagination. To one, ing that second principle from which the Sensibles have milk, to another, stronger drink, must be given ; and of all departed, viz. that education must not run counter to, but this the visiting minister is instituted, by reason and by aust be in agreement with nature, in the varied distribution law, the judge. Woe assuredly unto him, if, from a haof her endowments.

bitual unfitness for such nice and difficult discernments, he mistake and mistreat the cases before him,apply seda

tives instead of stiinulants, or caustic instead of soothing RECOLLECTIONS OF A PARSONAGE.

restoratives! When the immortal and unalterable inteA CLERGYMAN'S DUTY AT SICK-BEDS-FEMALE INTER

rests of men are concerned, a faithful messenger of God will undoubtedly act with carefulness and solicitude,

well knowing that to injure or risk the interests of anThe visiting, and comforting, and praying, with the other's soul, is fearfully to hazard his own. sick and the dying, is assuredly the most solemn and im- Thus far I am inclined to go, but no farther; nor can portant part of a minister's daily duties ; a duty which I see the propriety or the safety of a practice, which has implies constant residence, and, what is of still weightier of late years become more general than formerly,--that, concern, a soul disciplined and attuned to the hallowed namely, of lay visitations, and of lady visitations in doctrines of the Cross. There is no reason, assuredly, particular. Now, let me not, in an age of womankind, why a clergyman should not enjoy the ordinary pleasures, when the whole sex is combined, as it were, into one relaxations, and amusements, of society ; but there are excitement on the score of religion, be mistaken. Lamany very urgent reasons to prevent him from habitu- zarus, when sick, was nursed by his sisters, Martha and ally moving under the influence and excitement of such Mary; but we do not read of these good and pious ladies pursuits and enjoyments. It is not that by such indul- travelling out of their own house, or out of the precincts gences he shall be prevented from, or unfitted for, the dis- of Bethany, to exhibit their philanthropy and ghostly charge of the Sabbath duties which await him. The consolation. mind which has been distracted through the week, may Every clergyman will be delighted to find, that the be rallied and harmonized against Sabbath, and the week- soft part of female benevolence has preceded him in the ly dole of preaching be served out to a listening and de- habitation of poverty and distress. Woman never can, vout congregation, without any perceptible diminution of and never will, look more lovely than, when seated by energy or effect. But the visitation of the sick and the the bed of the sick, she holds up the cup of comforting dying presents a duty of a different character, and one which her own benevolent heart has procured, to the which can never be duly and effectively discharged by parched lip of a suffering parent, or to the pale lips of a one whose soul is habitually abroad in a world of vanity,– half-famished family. And in cases where spiritual adby one who permits his heart, and his memory, and his vice or consolation is solicited, it would be fastidious to imagination, to be agitated and engrossed by this world's refuse to educated and zealous women, on any clerical excitements.

grounds of inadequacy, the pleasure of doing, or at least The minister has an engagement abroad, or is engaged of attempting, in this way, to do good. But woman at home with what is called “ company;" I care not (and I am sure I will be pardoned the averment by all how sober, or how respectable ; but still, as company, who can appreciate my sincere feelings of respect and rethey imply a certain degree of abstraction from serious gard for the kindly and noble motives by which, even on and sober reflection. The cloth has been removed, the such occasions, she is manifestly influenced) does not alglass has circulated, the hilarity has commenced, and the ways stop here; instead of waiting for the call to advise host, warmed with animal spirits, has gone forth on a and to console, she not unfrequently volunteers ber exsea of distraction. At this critical moment, a card or hortations and expostulations—she dives with a dangerous a verbal message announces the request of a poor dying anxiety and hardihood into the mysteries of the human fellow-creature for spiritual direction and comforting. I heart, at all times dark and mysterious, but particularly ask, in what frame of mind will the clergyman, thus situ- so when distracted and darkened by afliction-conscious ated, leave the table and the company—whether in a pre- hope and fear--confidence and despair. It is on such pared state of Christian knowledge and feeling, or under occasions that, as commissioned delegates of heaven, we something like a spirit of disappointment and regret, that would say, even to the fairest and the most heaven-like the call has been so inconveniently timed ?-and I ask in messenger whom we might surprise thus intervening addition, whether he will be disposed to lend that patient betwixt us and our flocks_our Hocks, whom we have investigation to the case—to the soul's inward mournings watered, it may be, and pastured for years,—“Stand by ! and feelings, which he might, and probably would have the physician who is regularly instructed and practised, is surely preferable, in such difficult cases, to the said to myself, “ They may look at it if they please.” I unprofessional self-recommended comforter." I once resolved, however, not to walk as if I were conscious encountered the presence of a very well-meaning person, that I wore a new coat. I assumed an easy, good-huat the bed of a boy of seven years, who was apparently moured, condescending kind of air; and the expression dying of a fever, and whose reason did but imperfectly of my countenance seemed benevolently to indicate that minister to his perception of those around him. The I would have addressed a few words to an old friend, lady hung, at the risk of an infectious disease, over the even although he appeared in a coat that I had seen him bed of the sick child, exclaiming from time to time, with in six months before. I did not wear my Indian handan intensity of voice and mental anxiety which alarmed kerchief in my breast; for I look upon that as a strata. me for her own intellect, Oh, tell me, my boy-my gem to which men should resort only when the front dear boy-oh! tell me, have you any hope—have you parts of their coat get threadbare. I put my handkerany hope ?” I say, that on this occasion I did right, as chief (it is real India, and I have only one of the sort,) the clergyman of the parish, in clearing the house, and into my coat pocket, and I allowed one of the yellow even the parish, of such injudicious comforters.

corners to hang out as if by accident. I occasionally con An old man of ninety, the greater part of whose life veyed it from my pocket to my nose ; but, when I re. had been spent in the eldership, and in full communion placed it, a yellow corner, by the same accident, always with, and regular attendance upon, the church, came at hung out. last to be placed upon his deathbed, and, unhappily for At the corner of Castle Street, several porters touched himself, under the mistaken solicitudes of a young lady, their hats to me; and two maid-servants, who were whose zeal was at least a match for her knowledge. The standing at the top of their area-stair, looked after me elder's mind seemed completely made up upon his spirit- till I was out of sight. When I came to where the ual condition; nor did he shrink from expressing, in the coaches are, opposite the Assembly Rooms, three or four most becoming and humbled manner possible, his confi- men asked me if I wanted a coach ; but, though the comdence in the mercy of that God who had made, preser- pliment rather pleased me, I declined their offers in a ved, and ultimately redeemed him, and whose blood was dignified and gentlemanly manner. Just as I passed capable of procuring the remission of his many sins. Gardner's shop, or between that and M‘Diarmid's, an This state of mind, which appeared to me the most de individual, rather shabbily dressed, whispered in my ear, sirable imaginable, did not exhibit the same aspect to my -“ Any old clothes to sell

, sir ?" I answered “ No!" female assistant; she spoke long and earnestly “on par- rather gruffly; for my first impression was, that a kind ticular grounds of assurance," and particular dates of con- of sneer was intended at my new coat ; but, on reflection, version and regeneration. This at once bewildered and I feel convinced that these old-clothes-men only address terrified the poor elder, and it was not without some dif- persons of gentlemanly appearance ; and therefore I take ficulty that I was enabled to restore him to that comfort- this opportunity of publicly expressing my regret for my able frame of mind, from which, by such, to say the least severity to the individual in question, who, I am sorry to of it, rash and uncalled-for interposition, he had been repeat, was rather shabbily dressed. Hitherto I had met driven.

with little to ruffle me. I could multiply instances, but these are sufficient to Just as I turned into South Hanover Street, I rubbed illustrate my meaning—a meaning, which leaves to real against a white phantom, who passed on as if nothing and unassuming piety a field of usefulness and benevo- had happened, but who left the whole of my right arm lence at once inviting and extensive, and which only and shoulder covered with flour and dust.

The daring hedges it out from such cases as, from their very nature, villain was a baker, and, with a ruthless barbarity wore are capable of being misunderstood and mismanaged. I thy only of a lineal descendant of the murderer Haggart, am no enemy to religious zeal, in woman particularly. he had attempted to destroy for ever my coat and my I think that when such zeal is chastened by good feeling, happiness. Fortunately, an obliging footman, who was and directed by good sense, it is the loveliest feature in near me at the time, seeing my distress, lifted his hand, her countenance—the brightest ornament in her dress— and, by a pretty violent application of it to my back and the most graceful movement in her daily walk. It is, side, succeeded in restoring me to comparative peace of indeed, twice blessed, both in respect of others and her- mind. I got into Prince's Street. The sun was shining self. I would wish merely to brighten the flame, by re-brightly; all the world was abroad; but I did not meet moving the snuff-to trim the lamp into undimmed with one whose coat was so new as my own.

I felt my splendour, by double-refining the oil by which the flame superiority ; I perceived that I was an object of universal is supported.

T. G. attention. I don't know how many black eyes glanced

sunshine into mine; I cannot recollect the number of blue oglers that stole my heart at every step. Opposite

Blackwood's shop, a gentleman, in a blue surtout and MY NEW COAT.

green spectacles, stopped me, and, addressing me in French, gave me to understand that he was a Spanish refugee

very poor and very miserable—and that, as he had been I NEVER was so miserable in all my life, as the day informed I was celebrated for my charitable actions, he I put on my new coat. My misery was heightened hoped I would afford him a little assistance. I was raby the circumstance, that I expected to be particularly ther pleased with the stranger's address ; but how he happy. I put it on after breakfast. It fitted me ex- came to be informed that I was celebrated for my chariceedingly well, and I have rather a handsome figure—at table actions, I confess I cannot very well comprehend; least, so my tailor tells me. I had been reading Miss for, with the exception of a penny I threw to a little boy Landon's Improvisatrice ;" but the moment I put on who continued scraping on the fiddle under my window my new coat, I found that my thoughts wandered to one day after dinner when I was falling asleep, I do not Princes' Street, and I could no longer participate in the think I have given away a farthing in charity for the sorrows of her heroine. I buttoned my new coat ; for last nine months. The Spanish refugee, however, in the greatest natural philosophers inform us, that we should green spectacles, had done me the honour to single me always wear a new coat buttoned, that it may get a habit out, probably in consequence of the air of distinction of sitting close to the body. I buttoned my new coat, which my new coat gave me, and it would have been and sallied forth. I passed through the western divisions very inhuman in me not to have presented him with of George Street. It struck me that there was an un- half-a-crown. He received it with much gratitude, and usual number of ladies at the windows. I did not care. I went on towards the Calton Hill. I was sure that my new coat had a fashionable cut; so I Passing the Waterloo Hotel, I encountered a cloud of

A FRAGMENT.

dost, which I did not at all like, but which I was philocopher enough to submit to in silence. Severer evils were awaiting me. After I had ascended the hill, the day saddenly overcast ; big, heavy drops of rain began to fall -faster and faster_till a thunder-shower came tumbling down with irresistible violence. Good Heaven! rainthunder-rain upon a new coat--the very first day I had ever put it on! I turned back-I ran–I flew_but in vain! Before I could reach the nearest place of shelter, I was completely drenched. I could have wept, but I was in too great agony to think of weeping. When I got to the east end of Princes' Street, there was not a coach on the stand. I might have gone into Barry's or Mackay's, but it would have been of no use,—I was as tret as I could be. I walked straight home through the splashing streets. I do not think that I was in my right reason. I was to have dined out in my new coat, and now it would never look new again! It was soaked in water. I put my hand in my pocket mechanically to take out my silk handkerchief—I don't know why; Heaven and earth! it was gone; my pocket had been picked! I had lost mynew silk handkerchief. The horrible conviction flashed upon me that the Spanish refugee in green spectacles, who had complimented me on my charitable actions, and to whom I had given half-a-crown, took it from me.

I reached home, more dead than alive. I threw off my coat, and sent it to the kitchen to be dried. My cook is a very good woman, but she is rather fat. I sat by myself, meditating upon the uncertainty of human life. My reserie lasted a long while. Suddenly an odour like that of a singed sheep's head reached my nostrils. I started up ; in a moment the fatal truth crossed my mind; I rushed into the kitchen; my cook was fast asleep; and may coat was smoking before the fire, burned brown in a dozen different places, with here and there several small holes. I seized a carving knife to stab the cook to the heart; but, in my impetuosity, I tumbled over a kitchen tuh, and as I fell, my head struck with a bump upon the cook's lap. She started up, and, calling me a “base monster," fled from the kitchen as fast as her dumpy legs could carry her dumpier carcass. I thought of committing suicide ; but just at that moment the chambermaid came to tell me that the tailor had called to know how I liked my new coat. I pushed my arm through one of the holes that had been burned in the back of it,—tottered into the dining-room where he was waiting for me,—and fell in a swoon at his feet.

Mr Robert Southey-
He is rather mouthy;
His poems are very long,
And mostly very drouthy.

There's one Wordsworth by name,
A poet of some fame,
And none by line or letter
Knows the Worth of Words better.
If he were not so affected,
He would not be so neglected ;
But let them say what they can,
There is something in the man.
I write this paragraph at him
To hinder folks to laugh at him.

Mr Professor Wilson,-
People won't have their fill soon
Of all that he can write,
And of all he can indite;
For his soul is a moon-streamer,
And a very glorious dreamer !

There's his friend, the Ettrick Shepherd,
Who is spotted like a leopard,
With faults and beauties mix'd,
And but little room betwixt :
He's as vulgar as a sailor,
And conceited as a tailor ;
But no more with him I'll meddle,
For he plays upon the fiddle.

There's one Allan Cunninghame,
Who is mentioned by fame;
But I'm sorry I scarce know of him
So much as I would show of him.
I have only seen his tragedy,
Right clever, though quite mad she be,
And some ballads, which I know
Are but rather so and so;
For he uses terms too holy
For a strain of mirth and folly.

But too long I have neglected
One who long will be respected,
For a poem I love well
On the Warning of Lochyell;
And there's likewise one on Hope,
Where he gives his muse some scope ;
But Gertrude of Wyoming
Is but a sickly thing.

There are poets of great fame,
Which I scarcely know by name;
Such as Mr Moore or Little,
Who seems to have been kittle
When the lasses were concern'd,
Which can easily be learn'd.
From spontaneous confession
In the turn of his expression.

There's a chap I fain would mangle,
With a name like a triangle
A poet most profound,
If poetry is sound;
But, for all the world, one I call
With a tinkling harmonical ;-
That man's common sense to gather
Goes beyond the length of my tether.

Willie Aitchison (deil tak’ him!)
Still raves of one John Malcolm,
And his verses o'er does blunder,
In a voice like rolling thunder ;
Now, I could him allow
To talk well of tarry woo,
Which would be a deal discreeter
Than to turn a bad repeater,
And pretended judge of metre.

I have lately heard some raillery
Of a poet, Mr Sillery,
A name the most egregious,
And a poet most outrageous,

ORIGINAL POETRY.

THE BARDS OF BRITAIN.

By David Tweedie. [We have a shrewd suspicion that Mr David Tweedie has had less to do with the following composition than our friend the Ettrick Shepherd, through whom the manuscript reached us. -Ed. Lit. Joar.)

We begin with Sir Walter Scott,
Who is, and yet is not,
A poet of the first note;
Yet I think it has been his lot
Some things to have wrote
That will never be forgot.

There's that mighty Lord of Byron,
Who is like a red-hot iron,
Or, as in Scripture told,
Like Ephraim of old ;
One side with passions burn'd,
Like a cake that is unturn'd,
And the other cold as leaven
Unto either earth or heaven.

And Kennedy and Motherwell,
Who seem to know each other well.
Then of one Bell I've heard,
A chap that wears a beard,
A freak that's rather drollish,
And shows the man is foolish.
But the names that stand around me
Of rhymers quite confound me;
And some patience I must crave,
Ere I either damn or save.
Bad luck to every creature here,
That wants a spark of nature here;
And, for all their fume and trouble,
Can raise naething but a bubble.

Of all the poetations,
In the monthly publications,
And the sickening verbalities,
That fill up the annualities,
The best that we can say,
They are poetry of the day,
And quite sufficient whereof
For the day is the evil thereof;
But I think of all the women's,
I like that of Mrs Hemans ;
For I fear that L. E. L.
Is a moorfowl of the fell,
That pretty bird of game,
Which is devilish hard to tame;
But for verse emphatical,
Jacky Baillie beats them all.

* Now begging pardon of the whole
Whom I have brought into my scroll,
I sign myself, lest there should need be,
And they should think I were ill-deedie,
Their humble servant,

David TWEEDIE,
July 16th, 1829.

that many enquiries having been made when a third series of Whims and Oddities would come forth, in order to allay such doubts, for the future, it has been determined by the author, that the work in question shall become periodical. In this periodical he will aim at creating a laugh from year to year. The work is to be strictly usserious, and will take its Chance with Hurst of 65, St Paul's Churchyard.

Historical Recollections of Henry of Monmouth, the Hero of Agincourt, and other eminent characters, are announced.

We understand that the Transactions of the Plinian Society of Edinburgh will speedily be published.

PhiloSOPHICAL TABLES.—This is a brochure from the pen of the learned author of the Contest of the Twelve Nations, and is meant as supplementary to that work. We have looked over these Tables with considerable interest, and recommend them to the attention of the antiquarian and the scholar.

Dr Hamilton, Professor of Mathematics in the Marischal College, Aberdeen, and author of the well-known treatises on Finance, the Sinking Fund, &c., in opposition to the calculations of Dr Price, died at Aberdeen on the 11th inst. in the 87th year of his age.

Theatrical Gossip.-Cimarosa's fine opera of “ Matrimonio Segreto," has been revived at the King's Theatre. Sontag, Malibran, and Zuchelli, sustained the principal parts with great applause. --Liston is now playing at the Haymarket.-A new farce, called “ Incog, or What's in a Name ?" has failed at the English Opera House." The Sister of Charity," by Banim, supported by Miss Kelly's acting, still continues to be the great attraction at this theatre. -Mr Matthews, the comedian, who is making a provincial tour with Yates, on their way to France, was nearly killed on the stage at Ply. mouth, a few days ago, by the unexpected fall of the curtain, which struck him on the head, and rendered him insensible for an hour and a half. He has since recovered, and resumed his performances. Miss Mitford's tragedy of “Rienzi” has been very successfully per. formed at Dublin. This lady has very nearly finished another Tragedy, which is to be acted at Drury Lane in the early part of the ensuing season, Miss Phillips and Young sustaining the principal parts. -Miss Foote, whose retiring from the stage has been formally abnounced at least half-a-dozen times, is still playing in the provinces, and is about to visit Liverpool.-T'he English Company has come menced its season in Paris; Mrs West is their principal female actress, Miss Sinithson having not yet joined them.-We observe that the Liverpool papers contradict the report, that Madame Caradori received only £35 at her benefit there. They state that she was engaged for thrce nights, and that the least receipt on any one night was upwards of £100. They also mention that their theatrical season has not been an unfavourable one.-Nothing new in the dramatic world is stirring in this quarter of the island.

• Here my verse changes.

LITERARY CHIT-CHAT AND VARIETIES.

TO OUR CORRESPONDENTS.

CAPTAIN BROOKE, who is already known as a Northern traveller, We cannot find room for the paper written in the style of the has ready for the press a volume of travels in Barbary and Spain. “ Economy of Human Lise."-We shall endeavour to comply with

A Manual of Art is preparing for publication, which will contain a the request of " A. L."-We have forwarded the communication of critique on seventy of the masters of the old school; and also a cata- “F. H.” to “ Lorma.” “F. H." should recollect that the songs were logue of upwards of two thousand of their principal paintings, on the only said to be “ Frenchified," not " Translated.” Continent and in England.

“ The Nightmare" is in types. We shall endeavour to find a place Mr William Hasking has in the press a Popular System of Archi

for the “ Lincs written by the Leithen.”—"J. C." of Glasgow had tecture, to be illustrated with engravings, and exemplified by refer. better send us one or two other specimens of his poetical abilities. ence to well-known structures. It is intended as a class, or text-book,

-The Lines by " J. R." will not suit us. in that branch of liberal education, and will contain an explanation

We regret to learn, that a communication forwarded to us through of the scientific terms which form its vocabulary, and are of constant Mr Sinclair, of Dumfries, by some accident never reached us. We occurrence.

shall be glad to hear from Mr Sinclair at his convenience
The Second Volume of Colonel Napier's History of War the
Peninsula, will shortly appear.
The Rudiments of the Anglo-Saxon Language, by Joseph Gwilt,

We have to apologise this week to our advertising friends for
Esq. are in the press
Sir R. Phillips announces a Standard Dictionary of Arts and postponing their favours, being anxious to overtake several literary

articles which have stood over too long. We shall not often infuinge Sciences, in which the authorities will be given for every definition ;

upon the space we set apart for them. and the text will be liberally illustrated with woodcuts.

We understand that the new work by Cooper, the American novelist, which will speedily appear, is to be entitled “The Borderers ; or the Wept of Wish-lon-Wish.” The name sounds rather oddly in Edinburgh: Published for the Proprietors, every Saturday Morning, English ears.

by CONSTABLE & CO. 19, WATERLOO PLACE; A Picture of Australia, comprising, in a small compass, all that is known of New Holland and Van Diemen's Land, is announced.

Sold also by ROBERTSON & ATKINSON, Glasgow; W. CURRY, Sir Walter Scott is employed on a Third Series of Tales of a Grand

jun. & Co., Dublin; HURST, CHANCE, & Co. London; and by father, which will relate principally to those stirring periods of Scotch

all Newsmen, Postmasters, and Clerks of the Road, throughout History, the fifteen and forty-five.

the United Kingdom. Besides her Book of the Boudoir, Lady Morgan is also preparing Price 6d. or Stamped, and sent free by post, 10d. for publication, the result of her Observations on Parisian Society and Manners, under the title of Sketches.

Mr Thomas Hood, in announcing his Comic Annual, mentions, Printed by BALLANTYNI & Co. Paul's Work, Canongate.

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LITERARY CRITICISM.

Let us not twit the Americans, then, with wanting as

yet what it has always taken ages to obtain a national The Atlantic Sourenir; a Christmas and New Year's Of- literature. They know well what they are about, and fering, for the Years 1826, 1827, 1828, and 1829. Phi- slowly and surely they are following out the natural order ladelphia. H. C. Carey and J. Lea.

of things. It is folly to say, as has been said, that the The Token; a Christmas and New Year's Present. Edit- Americans, being our descendants, and speaking our lan

ed by N. P. Willis. For 1828 and 1829. Boston. guage, and reading our classics, enjoy the same advantages S. G. Goodrich.

that we do, and ought already to be producing as many The Talisman, for 1828 and 1829. New York. E. literary characters as we ourselves. They are our descendBliss.

ants, it is true, and may certainly bless their stars that the Specimens of the American Poets ; with Critical Notices, English language is their mother tongue ; but they have

and a Preface. London. T. and G. Allman. become an independent people, entirely separated from us Poems. By James G. Percival, M.D. Two vols. Lon-by an immense ocean, and, as yet, have had little enough don John Miller,

time to think of how they are to gain a position in the

world at all, and scarcely any time to think of how they AMERICAN literature is as yet a very small thing. Nor are to maintain that position. But, short as their time do we say this as a reproach ; it is impossible that it could has been, they have made good progress towards getting be otherwise. A great nation has a thousand things to do things into a regular train ; and when once all the mabefore it can sit down and either write or read books. Li-chinery of their vast empire is properly fitted, there is terature is the offspring, not of civilization alone, but of a every reason to believe that it will proceed to work at a considerable degree of luxury. In the infancy of states, rate which will not lightly astonish some of the lazy pieces all classes are too much engrossed with the pressing affairs of worn-out clock-work, now feebly ticking and vibrating of the moment, to be able either to moralize or philoso- in the old world. Let but the "mighty heart” of that phize on paper concerning them. Laws have to be made, vast continent send forth the blood in free and healthy cirlands have to be cleared, cities have to be built, pro- culation through all its arteries and veins, and it will rise visions have to be procured, public officers have to be up the “ giant of the western wave,” to laugh, perhaps, elected, foreign and domestic enemies have to be held at at the feeble flights of our earlier and less concentrated gebay, and life must be one constant scene of activity and nius. Behind the Americans, as it were, lie all the lore bustle. What matters it to the inhabitants of such a state, and long-cherished associations of Asia, Africa, and Euthat the Egyptians were learned in astronomy thousands rope ; before them, is their own fresh, boundless, and magof years ago? Will the man who has read Homer and nificent land. They may cull what they choose from the Herodotus be able to open a store, or general wholesale past, they may mould it into any forms they please ; but and retail shop, with greater advantage to himself and the the power of creation is in the future ; and why should community ? Should Horace “ De Arte Poetica,” or Ci- they not " call spirits from its vasty deep ?” Why should cero against Catiline, be studied, by way of preparation they not find, by Ontario's shores, or on Chimboraco's for cutting down trees in the back settlements ? Will height, or by Mississippi's stream, or in New England's young ladies pore over fashionable novels, if there be not depth of forest, that for which our best and noblest have a single fashionable person in the place of their nativity ? long looked in vain-a new source of poesy_higher and Or will gentlemen delight in “ Tours to the Continent,” sublimer glimpses into the hidden mysteries of nature ? if their whole minds be taken up with the discovery of These reflections have been partly suggested to us by some practicable means of making a tour through their looking over the works whoge titles stand at the head of own estate? It is right that all young dynasties should this article. The Atlantic Souvenir, which has now existed have next to no literature, else it will be built on a sandy for four years, is a publication precisely similar in its plan foundation, and will not last above a dozen lustrums. and appearance to the Literary Souvenir of this country. It Look for the golden age in the literature of all countries, was the first of the American annuals; but both Boston and and it will be invariably found, that it is to be dated at a New York speedily followed the example of Philadelphia. period when the country had acquired stability and vigour Every article in these works, with the exception of one throughout all its ramifications. Intellectual pre-emi. or two minor pieces by Mrs Hemans, is the production nence has never yet been gained in any one instance, un- of Americans; and as the editors have followed the extil by its display of physical strength, resources, and ample set them in Great Britain, of endeavouring to colachievements, a nation has proved itself entitled to respect. lect contributions from all their most celebrated writers, It is only when the sword hangs upon the wall, that has these volumes afford a pretty fair specimen of what the flashed triumphantly over the battle-field, and when the Americans can at present do in this way. We are no gallant vessel lies idle in the harbour, whose thunders have great admirers of the intellectual strength even of our been heard afar upon the main, and when the peasant English annuals ; but, nevertheless, against the celebrated sleeps securely, and the wealth of the noble glitters unmo- names which they bring into the literary arena, we are lested, it is only then that the voice of song will be lis- afraid that those of Percival, Paulding, Bryant, Halleck, tened to in the valley, or on the green hill side, and that Barker, Sedgwick, Brooks, and Waln, make but a poor philosophy may be seen on the house-tops counting the appearance. It is hardly fair, however, to subject to so stars.

trying a contrast these Transatlantic authors. We shall

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