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Annual, is, like the “ Amulet," especially designed to establish and BRITISH BEAUTIES.-During the latter period of the nominal illustrate the connexion between polite literature and religion. The reign of the late King, his present Majesty, anxious to perpetuate embellishments are to be selected principally from Scriptural sub- the remembrance of a galaxy of fernale loveliness which the peculiar jects, and the work is to be edited by the Rev. Thomas Dale, M.A. position of the British Court had placed comparatively in the shad, -Another new Annual is announced, to be called by a name which was pleased to commission a distinguished female miniature-painter we think highly objectionable-Emmanuel. We are told in the pro- with the task of forming a gallery of beauties for his private cabinet; spectus, that the distinguishing feature of this publication will be its and thus the charms of many of our fairest contemporaries, which endeavoar to diffuse and maintain, in its various compositions of were not gifted with Hebe-like properties sufficiently tenacious to reprose and verse, sound principles of religion and virtue, its govern- main unimpaired for the advantage of his future Court, have been, ing rule being that which pervades the doctrines of the established at least, rendered permanent by the favour of his Majesty's selection, church. The Rev. W. Shepherd, Author of “ Clouds and Sunshine," | in order to advance the claims of the regency against those maintainis to be the Editor. We are sorry he has christened his bantling by ed by Grammont, or rendered immortal by Lely, Vandyke, Kneller, a name which we think far too sacred to be so used.-Friendship's or Reynolds. But the gallery formed by Mrs Shee, horever various Offering is to be published on the 31st of October, and it is confident- and exquisite in its exhibition of female loveliness, is but a shadow ly expected will be still superior to any of the former volumes of the of that which the highest coteries of the present season might have series. Its embellishments will consist principally of choice speci- consigned to the canvass. mens of the British School, both of painting and engraving.- The Theatrical Gossip.-A new piece, after the manner of the FreiWinter's Wreath is to appear on the 1st of November, and will con- schutz, entitled “ Der Vampyr," has been brought out with great tain thirteen highly-finished line engravings on steel, together with success at the English Opera House. It is an adaptation from the contributions from Mrs Hemans, Miss Mitford, Miss Jewsbury, Der German by Planchè, and the music is by a young composer of much went Conway, Hartley Coleridge, and many other persons of emi. promise called Henrich Marschner. The piece is likely to have a nence.--Mr Ackermann announces his intention to aid another to decided run, and in some of the scenes is said not to be unworthy of the class of Annuals for youth, under the title of Ackermann's Juve- Weber.—The on dits relative to Covent-Garden are as rarious as they nile Forgel-me-Not. It is to contain eight beautiful engravings, and are uncertain and unsatisfactory. Among them are the following:contributions from a number of popular writers, among whom are That the company will keep together, and engage the Haymarket the Ettrick Shepherd, Montgomery, John Clare, and Miss Landon. Theatre; that they will disperse, and some of them take up with
The Second Volume of Guy Mannering, being the fourth in the engagements at the Minors; that Elliston has it in contemplation to series of the new edition of the Waverley Novels, has just appeared. engage several of them, and make a vigorous start at the Surrey. It contains a few notes of an interesting kind, and a frontispiece of In the meantime, the properties of the Theatre are actually adver: 3 great merit by William Kidd, very cleverly engraved by James tised to be sold by public auction, under the distress for the taxes the Mitchell. The subject is the game at High Jinks. Each figure is and rates; and if the proceeds are not sufficient for that purpose, full of character and humour, and the whole are grouped in a man- remainder must be got out of the materials of the building! It is ner that would not disgrace Wilkie. We cannot say so much for the said that the number of persons dependent for their support on this vignette by Cooper, R.A. It represents Hatteraick burking Glossin; Theatre amounts to no less than seven hundred. Mr Price of Drury: the figures are heavy, and the countenances very unmeaning. The Lane has accepted a new tragedy from Miss Mitford, in which Young first volume of the Antiquary will be the next of the series, to which, and Miss Phillips will sustain the principal parts. Price has also rewe understand, a curious introduction is prefixed.
engaged Braham, who will not, however, appear till after Christmas, We understand that the forthcoming Volume of Constable's Mis- We do not hear that he has determined on setting bis face against cellany will contain an “ Autumn in Italy, being a Personal Narra- the plan of engaging the principal performers by the night, as was tive of a Tour through the Austrian, Tuscan, Roman, and Sardinian reported at the close of the season. On the contrary, it is said that States, by J. D. Sinclair, Esq."
Vestris and Liston are both to receive enormous sums under this A new monthly periodical is about to appear under the title of ruinous system. It may be stated, in illustration of this system, and The London University Magazine. It is to be supported chiefly by
as one of the dramatic miracles of the day, that Laporte has not lost the students of that University, and will be strictly a literary and
much, if any thing, by the Italian Opera during the last season. scientific miscellany. It will contain, according to the Prospectus,
When it is considered that the house overflowed almost every night, “ Reviews of New Publications, Matters of Science, Critical and
this fact becomes particularly worthy of attertion.-The Duke of i other Essays, Sketches of Character, Satires on Men and Manners, Sussex, who appears fond of theatricals, has engaged a box during Literary and Scientific Intelligence, occasional Reports of the Pro
the season at the Surrey Theatre.-A Mr Simpson, a clergyman in sessors' Lectures, a Monthly Summary of the Proceedings at the Uni- Derby, has been foolish enough to write a letter to Miss Foote, ado versity, and Miscellaneous Intelligence connected with it, allowing, vising her to leave the stage, which Miss Foote has answered, through besides, a voluminous et cetera for subjects which may not be in- her mother, in rather a sharp style. A young lady, named Huddart
, cluded under any of these heads."
has made a great sensation in Dublin in the character of Mrs Oakly, Mortality, a Poem, in three Parts, by T. Cambria Jones, will in the “ Jealous Wife."- The Theatre Français, in Paris, has at shortly make its appearance.
present in rehearsal an almost literal translation of Shakspeare's A Topographical and Historical Account of Methodism, in York- “Othello," by M. Alfred de Vigny. The French must be much shire, is preparing for publication.
changed, if they can tolerate the burking of Desdemona.-The drama Dr Shirley Palmer will shortly publish Popular Illustrations of is in a very quiescent state here. Medicine and Diet, illustrating the principal existing causes of disease and death. BOTANY.--A Flora of British North America, illustrated with
TO OUR CORRESPONDENTS. figures of nondescript, or rare species, by W. Jackson Hooker, LL.D, is in the press. Also, a Flora Devoniensis, or a Descriptive entitled “Wat the Prophet,” shall appear in our next. We have also
The interesting and highly original sketch by the Ettrick Shepherd, Catalogue of Plants growing wild in the county of Devon, arranged
to acknowledge the receipt of a very amusing parody by the Shepherd, both according to the Linnæan and natural systems, with an account which shall likewise have a place next Saturday. of their geographical distribution, &c., by the Rev. J. P. Jones and
The paper on “Mottos" wil Mr J. F. Kingston.
be inserted.--"A True Sectsman" A society has been formed at Brussels, similar to our Diffusion of although he may occasionally choose desipere in loco. We have
need have no doubt of the patriotism of the person alluded to, Useful Knowledge Society, for the express purpose of publishing read " A. B, C.'s” tour with pleasure ;-it lies for him at the pub good works at a cheap rate. It proposes to publish twelve volumes
lishers'.-The verses by " Musicus” of Greenock are not witbout per annum; and every subscriber of six florins yearly is entitled to a copy of each. The Application of Morals to Politics, and Schlegel's keith. - In the Adieu
to Ancient Smoky,"
by « Philo-countribus-i8
merit.—We may probably make some use of the lines by "C.” of DalHistory of Ancient and Modern Literature, are already published. A new German Journal, entitled, Periodical Review of the Juris
summerosus," the following are the best lines :prudence and Legislation of Foreign countries, is announced at
The hum of men hath ceased within thy walls, Heidelberg. The editors are in communication with the principal
The dancer's foot hath left thy stately halls; lawyers in France, England, Italy, Denmark, Russia, the Nether- The starlight eyes thy gardens have deserted; lands, and Switzerland, with a view to make their countrymen ac- Thy carpets are rolld up: thy rugs inverted; quainted with all the works on legislation published in these coun
Thy windows closed ; thy doors all lock'd and chain'd; tries.
Thy stairs unwash'd; thy brazen doorplates stain'di The Geographical Society at Paris has awarded its annual medal
While ugly housemaids, in possession placed, for the most important geographical discoveries and labours to Cap
With greasy watchmen junket, drink, and waste; tain Sir John Franklin ; and decreed honourable mention to be
Or wrights and painters,-nuisances abhorr'd !made of Dr John Richardson, who accompanied him in his northern
With brush and hammer, o'er thy dwellings lorda expedition.
A review of Low's History of Scotland is in types.
The Cherokees inhabit the northern parts of Georgia
and the Alabama territory, and the southern borders of AMERICAN NEWSPAPERS.—The Cherokee Phænir. New Tennessee. Their number is between fifteen and twenty
Echota. From March to August 1828.— The New thousand; and their existence, as a free and independerit York Evening Post. For July 1829. New York. nation, has been acknowledged in several treaties with the Michael Burnham & Co.
Americans. The government of the United States, how
ever, has for several years evinced a considerable anxiety The two newspapers, to files of which we refer at the to remove them farther back ; but the Cherokees seem head of this article, scarcely resemble each other in any determined to make a stand, and, as it is the policy of the thing except the circumstance of their both being newg- Republic to avoid coming to extremities with their impapers. The one is the first literary and intellectual ef mediate neighbours, it is not unlikely that they will ultifort which has yet been made by a young state just start-mately be allowed to remain where they are. From ing into an independent existence, and anxious to throw whatever cause, the Cherokees have exhibited a greater off the barbarism of ages; while the other is the regular- willingness to tread in the footsteps of improvement than ly systematised production of a large city, long accustomed any of their Indian brethren, and they have not been to such conveniences, and to be viewed more as an ordi- without their reward. Having, in the first place, prenary mercantile speculation, than as a symptom of any vailed upon themselves to give up the wandering habits fresh accession of mental or physical vigour. We shall which, for the most part, characterise the other Indians, keep this distinction in view in the remarks we are about and having built in their own district one or two small to make on these separate publications, speaking of the towns, of which New Echota is the principal, they soon one with that grave interest which naturally attaches to made considerable progress in husbandry and domestic it, and treating the other with less ceremony, as being manufactures, the fruitful nature of their country affordprincipally useful to us for the glimpses it affords of the ing every convenience for the former, and their own quick manners and habits of the worthy citizens for whose espe- ingenuity speedily initiating them in the latter. So far cial accommodation it is published.
back as the year 1810, we learn, by Warden's “ Statistical Among the public measures creditable to the humanity Account of the United States," that, besides a great stock of the United States, the means they have employed of cattle, horses, hogs, and sheep, they had 500 ploughs, for the civilization and protection of the Indian tribes, 1600 spinning wheels, 467 looms, 3 saltpetre works, 50 the original inhabitants of that vast continent, should not silversmiths, and numerous mills of different kinds. This be overlooked.
It is true, that they have wrested from was only a beginning; and, during the last nineteen years, these Indians a country which was once their own, and their progress has been great. They have established a releft them only remote districts, for which, as yet, the con- presentative constitution,—they have framed a code of laws, querors do not find any immediate use; but, having thus they have set a-going schools for the education of their attained their own ends, and secured their own settlement, children,—and, above all, they have directed their attenthey have, in most cases, been desirous of wounding as
tion to the art of printing; and, in February 1828, the little as possible the feelings of the native tribes. Thinned first number of a weekly newspaper, called the Cherokee as their numbers are, and broken as is their spirit, by the Phænix, was issued from the press of New Echota, printed annihilating warfare so long carried on against them by partly in the ancient Cherokee character, and partly in the Spaniards, little cause has the American government English for the benefit of the whites, with whom they now to fear even their combined efforts, were it possible are a good deal intermingled. This newspaper, a file of that any combination for political purposes could be en
which now lies before us, has been carried on ever since, tered into among them. It is only on the extreme bor- and we cannot help regarding it as a highly curious and ders of the American territory-principally on the north- interesting publication. It is supported almost exclusively east and south--that Indians are now to be found; for by native Indians, by persons whose copper-coloured comwherever the destruction of game consequent on agricul- plexion has been supposed to indicate an inferior mental tural industry has taken place, the natives, finding the capability, yet who are no sooner placed in circumstances means of subsistence become insufficient, have sold their of a more favourable nature than those to which they lands
, tract after tract, and retired to remoter parts. The have been hitherto accustomed, than they proceed to the tribes, of which there is a considerable variety, are all in- display of as much talent as could be expected from any dependent of each other, and, though probably descended other body of men whatever. It is certainly something from one common origin, speak different languages, and
new in the annals of literature, to find literary essays in but rarely enter into confederations or alliances. We print, the real and only names of whose authors would at have at present to do only with that tribe which appears
one time have smacked so much of the mokassin and tomato have been making, of late years, more rapid progress to
hawk. These names are such as Little Turtle, Head wards civilization than any other the tribe of the Che- Thrower, Sleeping Rabbit, Raccoon, Slim Fellow, and
Young Chicken. Yet these, and such as these, are the
contributors to the Cherokee Phænix, which newspaper, The tribe which ranks next to the Cherokees in civilization, is we hesitate not to say, is conducted with a manly spirit, that of the Mohawk Indians, on the Grand River in Upper Canada. Besides having schools and places of Worship, many of their can read
a philosophical temperance, and a literary ability, that and speak English with fluency.
would do no discredit to any of our European Journ:
We shall give a short account of the manner in which its by a Roman Pontiff, but by the Creator, when the first incontents are divided and arranged.
habitants of Georgia came into this country, and it is well The paper, which is a folio sheet of the ordinary size, known that this possession ever since has been permanent. contains four pages, with five columns on each page. At We have not yet seen a Georgian permanently occupying
any part of the Cherokee nation; and, in fact, none have the top of the first column of the first page, the Editor's ever attempted to settle in it without being driven out by orand Publisher's names are given in these words :-“ Edi- der of the United States government. It would seem rather ted by Elias Boudinott ; Printed weekly by Isaach Har- curious, and not a little mortifying, if the declaration of ris, for the Cherokee Nation.” The first page is, for the these men, for it is nothing more, was admissible, that the most part, chiefly occupied with additions, alterations, and rightful owners should be driven from their possessions amendments, to the Cherokee laws, as resolved on by the with the point of the bayonet. “ National Committee and Council,” and printed both in considered insolent, and the reason of this insolence is as
“ The determination of the Cherokees not to remove, is English and Cherokee. The second page is devoted to cribed to the protection of the United States. It is true, the communications, which are sometimes in English, some- general government has greatly befriended the Cherokees; times in Cherokee, and sometimes in both; they are often and it is well for them, for, had it been otherwise, they exceedingly sensible, though of course mostly of local in- would most assuredly have been devoured fifty years ago.
On the third page we have the Editor's leading But it is not true that they have become insolent from this article, followed by such a selection of public news from fact. They have been respectful to their Great Father, and American and British papers as may be supposed to be refused to sell their country to him. But is it a críme to most interesting to his readers. As a specimen of the refuse to sell one's property? Is an inferior person accountEditor's style, and of the firm and manly spirit in which ed guilty when he conscientiously with holds his possessions he writes, being in some sort the representative of his na- from his superior? In this land of liberty he certainly ought tion, we shall extract one of his articles upon the subject not to be. We claim the privilege of free men, and wish of the encroachments which the neighbouring state of
to have the right of disposing of our lands to the United Georgia appears anxious to make upon the Cherokee ter
States, when, and in what way, we please. Query: If
the lands, now in the peaceable possession of the Cherokers, ritory; and we are sure it will be read with pleasure : * * Cherokee lands,” • Georgia and the Cherokees,' Geor- it that money is appropriated, commissioners appointed,
are absolutely the property of the state of Georgia, why is gia rights,' &c. are now becoming popular topics of edito- and proffers made, to purchase these lands? There is somerial talk in some of the Georgia papers, and they are certainly well suited to that boisterous kind of genius which where a manifest inconsistency.” has been frequently exhibited in Milledgeville. If the edi
The tone in which these remarks are written would do tors of the Statesman,' and the Southron,' are to be honour to any people ; and the recollections they are caltaken as a fair specimen of the advocates of the right of culated to cherish in the breast of the Indians, of their Georgia to lands now occupied by the Cherokees, we should ancient privileges, cannot but have the effect of inspiring rather apprehend that this controversy will not be impro- them with that virtuous pride, which is the best incenved. And to suppose that the lands in question will be at- tive to exertion. The Indian knows, and ought to know, tained by means of such language as has been exhibited in the that whatever the Americans may have done for the counreport which we have published, and such language as we continually notice in the papers, would be to deceive oneself, and try, it once belonged exclusively to his ancestors, who reshow an utter ignorance of the spirit of the times. It will be ceived it as a gift from the “ Great Spirit.” One of their doing an injustice to the United States to have the most distant popular traditions runs thus :—“ The white people came idea that she will be influenced to redouble her exertions to in a great canoe. They asked us only to let them tie it purchase the Cherokee lands, merely by boisterous and fre- to a tree, lest the waters should carry it away ;-We conquently unbecoming language ; and unless we are very sented. They then said some of their people were sick, much deceived, the Cherokees will not be influenced to and they asked permission to land them, and put them move a step towards the setting sun by such means. If
under the shade of the trees. The ice then came, and the state of Georgia ever attains her wishes, it will be by fair and friendly means, when the United States shall
pur- land to build wig-wams for the winter ;-we granted it
they could not go away. They then begged a piece of chase, and the Cherokees voluntarily relinquish, the country, and receive an equivalent. But it is expected they will to them. They then asked for some corn to keep them act independently for themselves as freemen, and as the from starving ;-we furnished it to them, they promising rightful owners of the land. We are aware that force is to go away when the ice was gone.
When this happentalked of, but it is nothing more as yet; and it is our opied, we told them they must go away with their big canoe ; nion that it will not be carried into effect, either by the but they pointed to their big guns round their wig-wams, United States or the state of Georgia. This great nation, and said they would stay there, and that we could not this land of the oppressed, this land of civil and religious liberty, will not disgrace itself, by driving away with the make them go away. Afterwards more came. They point of the bayonet a few handfuls of Indians; and for brought spirituous and intoxicating liquors with them, of what? For a small tract of country, and because these In- which the Indians grew very fond. They persuaded us dians, by their smallness, are unable to defend it. It will be to sell them some land. Finally, they drove us back, from more honourable, and highly more becoming, if those who time to time, into the wilderness, far from the water, and wish to make the Cherokee question a matter of private the fish, and the oysters. They have destroyed the game ; conversation and public harangues, will pay attention to decorum and propriety of language. This would be the
our people have wasted away, and now we live miserabest course; for if their cause is just, it will not require in- bly, while they are enjoying our fine and beautiful countemperate language to disclose the truth, and if their cause try.” Simple as this narrative is, we suspect it is not is unjust, which we rather think is the case, they will be very far from the truth ; and, seeing the injustice that saved from much mortification.
has been done them in time past, it surely becomes the “ It would appear from what had heretofore come to our white man's duty to treat the Indians now with all the knowledge, that the people of Georgia, we mean those who kindness in his power, especially when they show themare urging for the acquisition of the Cherokee lands, were selves so, willing and able to profit by that kindness. perfectly united, and that the foundation of their claim was well known, and harmoniously supported. The case, how. The fourth page of the Cherokee Phænir is devoted ever, seems to be different. While some are establishing principally to literature ; consisting, for the most part of their right to the lands in question from a grant of an Eng- extracts from American and British periodicals. It also lish sovereign, others merely laugh at this idea, and resort contains invariably a poem by Mrs Hemans, copied of to another equally as absurd, permanent occupancy.' course from some English publication. This lady seems What they mean by 'permanent occupancy,' we are not able to divine. It cannot be the common acceptation of the in her own country; and it certainly speaks well for
to be no less a favourite among the Indians, than she is word, for the Cherokees have most undoubtedly a stronger claim to this country, on the ground of occupancy, original dian dispositions, that her fine appeals to the natural feeland permanent occupancy, than any other people. They ings of the human bosom should be felt by them in their were in peaceful possession of their lands, given them, not ful force. The only other English poetry which we ob
kerve quoted, is an extract from Pollok's “ Course of other power ultimately removes the carcass of Turkey Time." The Cherokees, however, seem to have poets from Thrace, may perhaps for a period bend under the among themselves, for there are several original pieces in burden, meet at the commencement with impediments en that language, besides one or two poetical translations into masse, encounter famine and sickness in its progress ; but it from Watts's Hymns. We sincerely trust that this the event of a single pitched battle will be the coup de highly meritorious paper will go on steadily, and rapidly grace to Turkey, and the very fears of the invaded will increase in prosperity. A thousand difficulties must have accomplish the prediction of their expulsion from Euattended the commencement of such an undertaking; and rope.” “ I never questioned a Turk,” he adds,
on the of these some little notion may be formed, by the follow- stability of the empire, who did not state his conviction ing intimation in the twentieth Number :-“ We think of the fulfilment of the prophecy, that the Giaours were it necessary to inform our readers, that one of our hands to prevail over the true believers." has left us to see a parent who is dangerously ill, and per- Mr Madden resided for a long while in Constantinople, haps we shall not be able to issue our next Number until and the greater part of the first volume is occupied with the week after next. Our patrons will be pleased to re- a description of the present condition and manners of the member, that the location of our paper renders such fail. | Turks. He afterwards visited Egypt, the Red Sea, ures unavoidable, as it is not in our power, in cases like Nubia, and Palestine ; and the second volume contains the above, to procure substitutes.” The same Number many interesting details of his adventures in these councontains a modest and well-written appeal to the friends tries. We can at present make only one or two miscelof the paper, in which it is stated that its existence must, laneous extracts, which shall relate principally to the in a great measure, depend on the support received from Turks. We have already said that Mr Madden is no those who are not Indians ; and that, though as many admirer of this people, neither is he inclined to attach subscribers had come forward among the Indians as could much weight to the visions of the Philhellenists, as the be reasonably expected, yet that, to secure the continuance following passage regarding the warlike habits of the two of the conductors' labours without embarrassment, the list nations sufficiently proves : would have to be considerably augmented. We believe MILITARY Tactics of THE TURKS AND GREEKS.--"If this appeal produced good effects ; the paper continues to any one can believe such qualities as the Turks possess can be regularly published, and the Cherokee nation is quickly make virtuous citizens or good soldiers, I would only ask to
transport that person, for half an hour, to the spectacle of advancing in civilization, and in all the arts which em
an engagement between the Mahometans and the Greeks. bellish life.
After the dreadful note of preparation had long been heard, We must postpone the consideration of the New York he would find the two armies in the field, and at a conveEvening Post till our next.
nient distance from each other; he would find the Greeks, who are the most religious people in the world, posted pro
bably behind a church; he would observe the Ottomans, Trarels in Turkey, Egypt, Nubia, and Palestine, in 1824, who are the best soldiers in the world for a siege, affording
1825, 1826, and 1827. By R. R. Madden, Esq. their lives the shelter of a wood, or perhaps by a wall; and M.R.C.S. Two vols. London. Henry Colburn. he would expect to hear the thunders of the artillery'coin1829.
mence; but would he hear them without a parley? -Oh,
no! the ground is classic, and, like the worthies of Homer, At the present moment, when the attention of all Eu- the hostile heroes must abuse one another first; he would rope is directed towards the East, in consequence of the hear the noble Moslems magnanimously roaring, Come on, great struggle which is there taking place between two of ye uncircumcised Giaours ! we have your mothers for our the most unwieldy powers of modern times, the work of slaves. May the birds of heaven defile your fathers' heads; an intelligent traveller, who has had opportunities of in- of Themistocles, nowise intimidated, vociferating, “ Ap
come on, ye Caffres! Then would he hear the descendents vestigating the whole arcana of the Turkish character proach, ye turbaned dogs! Come and see us making wadand Ottoman policy, must be considered interesting and ding of your Koran; look at us trampling on your faith, valuable. Mr Madden's book answers, in many respects, and giving pork to your daughters! Greatly editied with this description, and supplies us with that species of in- such a prelude to the horrors of the war, he would at last hear formation we wish to receive. At the same time, with two or three hundred random shots, but he would look for the out entering into argument on the subject, we think it Mying, when the ammunition failed; and at night, when the
armies and he would not see them; he would observe stones right to take this opportunity of expressing a doubt, carnage ceased, he would hardly know whether to be asto(though we know it is in opposition to the received be- nished most at the cool intrepidity of the warlike Turks, or lief,) that the circumstance of a traveller in the East be at the great discretion of the patriotic Greeks. And he would longing to the medical profession is in his favour. In seek the returns of the killed and wounded ; and what with one respect it no doubt is an advantage, as it secures for the bursting of guns, and some unlucky shots, he would him occasional admission into private families, which he find half-a-dozen killed on either side, and he would see the might not otherwise obtain ; but has it not a tendency to people for the dead inen's
shirts ; and he would observe the
classic Greeks wrangling over the bodies of their own make him much better acquainted with one peculiar phasis amiable Turks cutting off the ears of their fallen countryof society than with any other, and that, too, the least plea- men, to send to Constantinople as trophies from the heads sing one? He sees disease in all its various shapes, and his of their enemies. And if he went to Napoli di Romania, mind naturally dwells upon the causes which have pro- he would hear a Greek Te Deum chanted in thanksgiving duced that disease.
Stories of private scandal, and fa- for the victory over God's enemies; or he would return by mily dissensions and quarrels, ending in brutal attempts Mosque, for the overthrow of the Infidels; at all events,
Constantinople, and hear the Prophet gloritied from the at revenge, thus become familiar to him, and the great he would be sure, on his arrival in England, to read in the stream of health, sound morality, and happiness, flows Times of the great victory achieved by the struggling Greeks, past him unregarded. It is for this reason that medical and in the Courier, of the signal defeat the Grecian rebels travellers represent in general, we think, the very worst had just sustained. And after the gentleman had wept or side of things;
and it is for this reason, we suspect, that laughed at the follies of mankind, he would have leisure to Mr Madden has, in the present instance, done barely contemplate the arrogance of the Turks, the effrontery of justice to the Turks. Mr Madden is, nevertheless, an
the Greeks, and the cowardice of both."-Vol. I. pp. 74-7. acute observer and a clever writer. Many of his re
At the present moment, when a hostile army is at its marks on the Ottoman dynasty are evidently founded on
very gates, our readers will peruse with interest Mr a comprehensive examination of the systein on which
Madden's it is built ; and politicians ought to have some respect paint the picturesque in all its loveliness, has but to gaze on
DESCRIPTION or CONSTANTINOPLE.“ Whoever would for the clear-sightedness of that individual, who, so far Stamboul from the sea. Whoever would pourtray the barback as the year 1825, expressed himself thus in a letter baresque in all its horrors, has but to land and wade through to the Earl of Blessington :—“ Russia, or whatever the abominations of Constantinople. It is not my inte
tion to repeat, for the bundredth time, the charms of the jestic, and his aspect noble: bis long black beard added to Bosphorus, to surfeit you with the praises of its fairy sce- the solemnity of features, which he never relaxed for a nery, of its smiling shores, studded with enchanting kiosks, moment; and while all around were convulsed with laughand graced with lotty Minarets and splendid Mosques. All ter at the buffooneries of a Merry Andrew, who amused this you will conceive without my description. And like- the multitude, be kept his dark eye on the juggler, but he wise, take it for granted, that the traveller who sets bis foot never smiled. Hundreds of horsemen were galloping to in the Turkish metropolis, is doomed to traverse the filth- and fro on the plain below, hurling the jereed at random; iest and most ill-constructed city in Europe.
now assailing the nearest to them, now in pursuit of the dis“ The population has been decreasing for many years; it armed. Their dexterity in avoiding the weapon was luckily now, probably, does not exceed eight hundred thousand very great, otherwise many lives must have been lost; as it souls, including the suburbs of Scutari, Pera, Galatea, &c. ; was, I saw one cavalier led off with his eye punched out, and to keep up this number, drained as the town is con- and another crushed under a horse. These accidents never stantly by the plague, the provinces are totally exhausted. interfered for a moment with the sports; one sort succeedYou may imagine what a tax it is upon the latter, when it | ed another. After the jereed came the wrestlers, naked to is considered that the plague of 1812 cut off three hundred the waist, and smeared with oil. They prostrated thenand twenty thousand people in the capital and the circum- selves several times before the Sultan, performed a number jacent villages along the Bosphorus, and that to supply the of very clumsy feats, and then set-to. Their address lay in seideticiency, the surrounding country was depopulated. The zing upon one another by the hips; and he who had the most city is of a triangular form, and lies upon a neck of land, strength listed his adversary off his legs, and then, flinging him rising, with a steep acclivity, into several mounts. These to the earth, tell with all his force upon him. Music relieved are intersected by narrow lanes, for there is no thorough- the tedium between the rounds, and several occurred before fare deserving the name of a street; and the whole town is any mischief was sustained. At last one poor devil was encompassed by crumbling walls and ancient turrets. The maimed for life, to make a Turkish holiday; he had his compass of the city is from tifteen to eighteen miles. The thigh-bone smashed, and was carried off the field with great two most imposing structures are the Seraglio of the Sultan, applause! Bear fighting was next attempted; but Bruin which forms an angle of the town, and is said to occupy a was not to be coaxed or frightened into pugnacity; the dogs large portion of the site of the ancient Byzantium, an im- growled at him in vain. During all these pastimes, the mense pile of incongruous buildings, huduled together with slaves were running backwards and forwards from the mulout taste or order; and, like the empire, is a colossal mass, titude to the Sultan, carrying bim innumerable petitions “composed of a strange mixture of heterogeneous and ir- from the former, which he cannot refuse to receive, and reconcilable parts;" and the Mosque of San Sophia, whose seldom can find leisure to read. The departure of the pasplendid dome dominates the city, and whose respect bas cific bear terminated these brutal sports; and every one, er. survived its degradation.
cept the friends of the dead man and the two wounded, ap“ Close to this ancient structure is the Hippodrome, the peared to go away delighted beyond measure.
All the horse-course of the Greeks, now converted into the Aimei- amusements of this people are of the same cruel character." dan, or cavalry ground of the Turks; in the centre are the -Vol. I. pp. 96-9. remains of an Egyptian Obelisk; and near this still exists Our extracts ought to stop here, but we cannot help the famed brazen pillar, consisting of three serpents, ascend making one more upon a different subject. When in ing in a spiral course, but deprived of their heads, which formerly looked on the three sides of the city. There are no
Alexandria, Mr Madden bad an opportunity of witnessother vestiges of the glorious city of Constantinople worth ing a visitation of the plague, and of paying particular mentioning. The Imperial Library, which was thought attention to all its phenomena. He has collected a mass to contain many of the treasures of ancient learning, bas of information upon the subject, which he will probably been examined by Dr Clarke and others, and no work of give to the world in a separate shape. In the meantime, value has been discovered. The place where stood the pa- as illustrative of the horrors of this dreadful disease, we lace of Constantine is now a receptacle for cattle! Heaven quote the following affecting narrative : knows into wbat some of our palaces may be converted in a dozen centuries, if, peradventure, a remnant of the lath and him with me, two days before his attack, to a Turkish
The Plague.- Alrrady I have lost one servant. I took plaster be then in existence! In every corner of the city, a house, where a man was said to have apoplexy. I found, on pack of hungry dogs are suffered to prowl, for the diversion examination, it was the plague. On my return I changed they afford in worrying all Frank passengers; and nothing can exceed the amusement of the Turks, when they behold my dress; I gave the clothes to my Maltese boy to hang up
on the terrace, and from them I have every reason to believe a Christian mangled by these ferocious animals. I can safely say, I have never yet passed through the bazars, bim staggering as he walked, his eyes bad the expression of
be took the disease. The second day after this I observed without having the dogs set on me by the men; without a drunken man's, his features were tumid, and yet he com; having stones pelted at me by boys ; or being spit upon by plained
uot. I asked him in the evening if he felt unwelt? the women, and being cursed as an intidel and a Caffre by He said he had a cold ; but I perceived he could hardly keep all! I was very near having a sword put through me, for his feet: his pulse was very frequent, but easily compressed, chastising a little rascal who tiung a stone at my head ; and, and not full; his tongue was of a whitish browu in the on another occasion, for only looking indignant at a fat lady centre, with the borders very red. who spat upon me, I was rather roughly handled by her and her companions. The streets, soon after dusk, are as
“ I saw the poor fellow had the plague. It was impossilent as death; not a word is heard, but the password of stay was an extension of courtesy on the part of Mr C.
sible to keep him in the house where I was, as my own the sentinel, or the occasional announcement of a contagra- that I could have hardly expected, subjected, as I daily was, tivn, with the warning cry of Vangenvar!' and few nights to the danger of contagion, I took him to the hospital, but, occur without the ravages of fire in some parts of the city. before he entered, he begged me to let him call on his bros I have
already witnessed three. In one of these contlagra- ther. I accompanied him to the brother ; he shook hands tions the whole of a street was burned down. The houses with bim not withstanding my caution, and left some mese are of wood, and once in a blaze, no effort, short of pulling sage to be given to his mother. When he arrived at the down the neighbouring houses, arrests the progress of the huspital I saw him shudder, (and well he might): he said may witness the splendour of the spectacle, without much health is above every thing ?' I never was more uncomfort prejudice to his humanity."-Vol. I. pp. 92-6.
able; I felt as if I was in some sort accessary to bis disease. To this we shall add the following graphic passage : Headach and nausea distressed him from the time he was
Turkish Sports.-" The only remnant of Saracen chi-put to bed ; he shivered frequently, but he said ' bis heart valry existing in Turkey is the Jereed tournament. I wit- was burning.' At night, two livid spots were discovered on nessed one in honour of the birth of a child in the imperial the forearm, with purple streaks, extending to the axilla, harein, and certainly never beheld so imposing a spectacle as and terminating in a bubo. His skin was parched and this immense assemblage of people exhibited: upwards of burning, his eye glaring on one object ; and, when his atten, 60,000 persons of either sex, in all the varieties
of Eastern tion was called off, he talked incoherently, and complained costume, and in which all the colours of the rainbow were of his tongue becoming swelled. His pulse at sunset was blended, were seated on the sloping sides of a natural am- an hundred and eighteen, small and obstructed. His feaphitheatre: the Sultan sat above, magnificently apparelled, tures swollen, and of a sallow crimson hue; but next mornsurrounded by his black and white slaves in glittering attire. ing his colour was of a darker purple, such as denoted con, He appeared about forty-four years of age ; his figure ma- gestion somewhere strangling the circulation. His regard