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Erercises on the Derivation of the English Language ; to

tate," or cut around, and by cutting around, to cut off; to which is added, in a series of Ertracts, the History of

compute, -to calculate—to place the objects collectiveLanguage ; and a view of its general Principles, as

ly in your thought or mind, and so on. Thus, even in pointed out by the Etymologies of various Tongues. In-reference to classification, or that law by which we tie, tended for the use of the higher Classes in English and are ever endeavouring, for mutual convenience, to Schools

. By William Graham, of the Cupar Aca- tie up, our knowledge in bundles—this method, adopted demy. Cupar. R. Tullis. 1829.

by Mr Graham, is calculated to facilitate acquisition, and promote accuracy of arrangement.

Like things, SEATED, as we are, in our editorial capacity, on a Chim- though seemingly unlike, (as in the case of amputation borazo peak, “ with meteor standard to the winds un- and computation,) are arranged together; and the memofurled," and " looking from our throne of clouds o'er half ry, instead of recollecting every straw in the sheaf, bas the world," we might, perhaps, naturally enough be sup- only to remember the sheaf itself. But more-this exposed to overlook small as well as distant objects. But cellent plan of Mr Graham is calculated, not only to fait is not so ; and we can confidently assure our worship-cilitate recollection and classification, but to develope and pers, for such are the majority of our readers, (rejected strengthen the receiving faculties. It was long assumed contributors always excepted,) that, as kings have long that young persons cannot reason, or, at least, that they hands, good eyes, and fine ears, so we, Αναξ ανδρων,” see should not do so prematurely, and burdens have been as far, and observe as narrowly, as if we were actually placed on foals' backs, and weights laid upon the limbs of present and percipient throughout our vast domain. Be- childhood for the sake of analogy; but all this is exploded sides, we have as many elves at our command as ever doctrine now. Where there is an appetite for food, there Prospero had, who can assume any shape they please, and is a stomach to digest it; and our passions and faculties are ever on the alert to do us service. No sooner does never come into play till the season when they are caa rabbit perk up its ears, or a snipe flash from a spring, pable of being exercised. If a child, or very young perthan pop goes a gun, or wowf goes a terrier, by means of son, have an appetite for reasoning, as all children have, which noises we are immediately apprised of the occur- you are sure that it is not premature, unless you are a

No spider, in fact, sits more safe and central better judge than the Creator himself; and you may, with than we; our own sensitive heart forming the "aureum as much safety, supply the reasoning as the digestive humiliarium" from which all outward ramifications pro- mour with such food as both demand. To show how ceed, and in which all home-bound tendencies end. We truly this is the case, we need only refer to Mr Wood's are precisely in the situation described by the old Cove- school, to Mr Collet's at Abbotshall, or to Cupar Acananter in his prayer : “ Lord,” said he, after labouring demy. long for a simile to illustrate his notion of omniscience- The first principles, then, being granted, let us see how " Lord, thou art just like a wee mouse in a hole of the Mr Graham's Exercises on Derivation work. Take this wa'; thou seest a' body, and naebody sees thee.” So sentence, for example :-“ The consequence will be, that much, by way of playful introduction to rather a learned Mr Graham will become a man of consequence.” Now, article.

in Mr Graham's book, the student is told that con signi. We are well acquainted with Mr Graham's character fies togetherand sequence, I follow; and out of these two as a teacher and as a scholar ; and having occasionally elements the apparently distinct and separate meanings of been present at the examination of his pupils in Cupar “ consequence,” like those of computation and amputation, Academy, we can speak of him as an author under lights are to be conjoined ; and this can in no case be done withand illustrations of high import. It is our decided opi- out exercising the faculty of reason, and that, too, in a field nion, in which we shall probably be borne out by every rich with a harvest of the same produce. “ The conseone acquainted with Mr Graham, swith of Dundee, that quence will be,” that is, “ the thing that will follow, tohis method of teaching is original ; that his way of com- gether with the thing mentioned.” A tail of an animal is municating instruction is most successful; and that his a consequence to his body, and so is the tail of a paper mind is rich with useful and varied knowledge, and well | kite ;—in the same sense, and under the same analogy, fitted to strike out for itself pathways of improvement, that “the consequence” of an action ents the idea of which minds of less energy and compass would infallibly what follows after, and is joined with that action. What,

We shall establish the truth of these re- then, is a “ man of consequence ?” Ask a Highland laird marks, by a reference to the work now before us, which when his tail is on, and he will inform you.

A poor, contains “ Exercises on the Derivation of the English unnoticed, uninfluential individual is not, but a man of Language," together with “ a Series of Extracts,” illus consequence is, followed, though it is possible he may not trative of its history and general principles. Let us first be respected. Here again, respected comes in for explanaspeak of the “ Exercises,” and then of the “ Extracts,” | tion. It means, according to Graham, “ looked back -the subjects being separate and distinct.

upon,” When did Byron or Sir Walter Scott ever go We have talked, and are daily compelled to talk, (and, along the streets without their being "respected ?" What as Johnson says, such talk is not conversation,) with a set then do you make of “suspected ? That is a different of very wise ones, who question the utility of references thing ;-one looking upward from beneath his eyebrows, to the original languages, from which many words in our with a prying expression which he wishes to conceal, ine ewn are derived, where the languages referred to have timates want of confidence---suspicion. Examples of this not been previously, and to a respectable amount, acquired, sort might be multiplied ad infinitum ; and it is therefore by the scholar. of what use, say these flat crawlers evident, that, in this classification which Graham's system over the surface of argument,—of what use are such de- implies, there is fund for reasoning on subjects of daily rivations, when the word adduced in derivation is occurrence, and respecting which it is impossible that any equally in need of explanation with the word explained ? mind of ordinary reach and activity can avoid reasoning. In order that a distinct answer may be returned to this Let us now say a word or two on the “ Extracts," question, we shall adduce an example, ad aperturam, from which are meant to elucidate the history and principles Mr Graham's book. The word “ Puto” signifios, ori- of language. To these, learned as they are, and useful, ginally, to prune ; and hence, when applied to the mind, we make no doubt, we have nevertheless one objection. not to think, but to form an opinion,“ putando,” by It is not that they are ill calculated to open the mind and pruning off superfluous subjects. Now, there is a large set it a-thinking, but that they, in some cases, seem to confamily of derivatives from this same parent, all of which tradict each other, and thus tend, in so far, to perplex the coine either from the pruning, or secondary source, and general reader as well as the student. That we may not so soon as you have gone to the fountain-head, you pos- be supposed to proceed upon an assumption, we shall quote sess a key to their various significations. To * ampu- i two short passages under reference :

be blind to.

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“ The verbs, however, are not themselves the primitive some of them are, as usual, exceedingly beautiful. We words of our language. They are all in a state of compo- shall introduce a few of them to the acquaintance of our sition—they are like the secondary mountains of the earth. They have been formed posterior to the ancient cultivation readers. In “ Friendship's Offering," there are twelve of human speech, which are the nouns."-P. 153, Part II.

as pleasing specimens of the painter's power, and the en“ Nouns, or the names of objects, are derived from verbs.” graver's art, as one could wish to see. We wonder who -P. 166.

J. Wood is, for three of the twelve are by him, and they Now we are quite aware that these two things are re- are all fine things. Imprimis, we have a lovely creature concilable, and that this is in some measure effected in with a bunch of wild roses in her hand, a smile upon her the extracts before us; but still we think that a view in lips, innocence in her eye, and " waving curls aboon her which such seeming discrepancies did not occur, would bree;" and all we regret is, that the title, “ Mine Own," have been preferable in an elementary volume. That is printed at the foot of the picture. It was a vulgar objects were originally named from qualities, whether thought ;-many a man may wish that such a créature these qualities were permanent or temporary, whether were his own, but why should every grocer's apprentice adjective or verbal, no one who understands the nature of be permitted to profane so much beauty by calling it the terms will deny; and that verbs, in a more advanced “ Mine Own" as soon as his gooseberry eyes rest upon state of any language, are again derived immediately and it ? Turn we the leaf, and behold another work of directly from nouns, whose original verbal or adjective Wood's,--the young “ Lyra," a child of surpassing lovesignification has ceased to be felt, is equally certain ; and liness, with a face full of animation beaming out from a there lies betwixt these two facts a connecting field, over cloud of gol len hair, and with black rocks and a dark which, in a second edition, Mr Graham may exercise his sky behind, to make the contrast stronger. The Honey talents carefully and successfully. An eye, to the ordi- | Moon” is Wood's third effort ; it is rich and voluptuous, nary speaker, is quite arbitrary; no one thinks of or feels but the lady's face is deficient in expression. The printhe derivation; and hence the verb to eye-hand the noun, cipal fault we have to this artist's countenances is, that he and hand the verb,-part the noun, and part the verb— does not seem exactly to understand the proper drawing head the noun, and head the verb, &c. are all “ in pari of the mouth, which is in general too much puckered up, casu ;" but that does not militate against the fact, that and the lips rather thick. He is evidently, however, a all those seemingly arbitrary sounds were originally de- painter of great ability. The fourth embellishment is a rived from some particular quality or use. The verbal landscape by Arnold of the Royal Academy, finely enor adjective expressions from which eye, hand, head, part, graved by Goodall. It is a pleasing and graceful com&c. were originally derived, have been lost sight of, the position, and the foreground in particular, with the trees general quality or use has superseded the particular, and on the right, is beautiful ;-the central hill in the dison this general use a new verb has been constructed. tance is perhaps a little too formal. “ The Masquerade," These are the primary and secondary parts of speech, in by Kidd, comes next. The execution of this picture spite of Hearne and Horne Tooke ; and hence, in all lan- greatly excels the conception. The principal figure reguages, original nouns are expressive of particular quali- presents a lady dressed for a masquerade ; but it is not ties, and the farther up you go, you have the more of every painter who can paint a lady, and if it was Kidd's them; witness :-Fud, a short tail, -rap, a smart stroke, intention to do so in the present instance, he has egregi---stour, moving dust, &c. The words tail, stroke, and ously failed. There is vulgarity not only in the chief dust, were all equally particular and derivative once, but figure, but in all the subordinate incidents. In a certain have now been generalized. One word has been built measure to atone for this, there is a great deal of elaborate upon another, and another again upon that, and so on work on the picture, very skilfully and cleverly managed. through an infinity of successive formations.

But how inferior as a whole is it to the succeeding piece, We conclude by earnestly recommending this valuable “ Reading the News," by David Wilkie! The quiet and volume to all teachers whose minds are open to convic- exquisite humour of this group might furnish a theme tion, and capable of benefiting by the well-directed la- for a day's talking. At present we can only say, that it bours and talents of its author.

is, in our mind, the gem of the “ Friendship's Offering."

“ The Spaewife,” by Stothard, is full of that artist's usual An Autumn in Italy. Being Constable's Miscellany, mannerism. We should know one of Stothard's faces Vol. XLVI. Edinburgh. 1829.

among a thousand,—there is little or no power in them.

Very delightful is the painting entitled “ Catherine of This is a very pleasantly written volume. The author Arragon,” by Leslie. The face and figure of Catherine is evidently a man of taste and good sense. We believe are replete with elegance and tranquil beauty, and all the it is the first work he has given to the public, but he is minor details of the picture are admirably finished. “Early not altogether unknown to the readers of the Literary Sorrow,” by Westall, is also a striking picture. The Journal, having contributed to its pages several integrief of the little girl on finding her favourite bird dead resting “ Letters from Rome,” which, we perceive, he is well and forcibly brought out. “ Vesuvius," by has incorporated with his book. He appears to have made | Turner, is one of those paintings to which comparatively A pretty extensive tour through the north of Italy and the no justice can be done by the engraver, because it is to States of the Church. He visited all the principal cities, its colouring that it mainly owes its effect. It is eviand describes them graphically and minutely. We do not dently a fine bold work, changed by the burine into little observe that his researches have led him to any very new better than a picture for a nursery-book. discoveries, or any very deep train of thought ; but he a spirited landscape, not very well engraved, by T. Jeapasses from subject to subject smoothly and agreeably; and vons. The twelfth embellishment is one of the most inhe will be read with pleasure, both by those who may teresting of the whole. It is from a painting by that wish to recall to their remembrance scenes which they truly elegant and gentlemanly artist Stephanoff" Mary, themselves have seen, and by those who are content to Queen of Scots, presenting her son to the Church Comsit by the fireside, and listen to what other men have to missioners.” The arrangement of the figures is excellent; say of foreign lands.

the delightful contrast between the acute severe faces of

the Presbyterian ministers and elders, softened down into FINE ARTS-The Annuals for 1830.- Friendship's temporary placidity by the presence in which they stand,

Offering.-The Amulet.---The Winter's Wreath. The and the lovely features and high-bred mien and gait of Juvenile Forget-me-Not.

Mary herself and her female attendants, is particularly

deserving of attention. We have seen no production of We have seen the greater part of the embellishments Stephanoff which pleases us so much ; the subject was a of these pretty presents for the ensuing Christinas, and fiue one, and it is finely handled. With such attractions,

Spoletto," is

Mr Pringle, the able and amiable editor of the “ Friend- enable him to avoid an error very frequently committed, ship's Offering,” need not doubt that the work will be ex- - the introductiou of the idiomatic phraseology of our tensively sought after.

own into a foreign tongue. The volume contains a seWe find the plates of “ The Amulet” arranged in the ries of idiomatic phrases and sentences, in French and following order :-1. A picture of a girl, (a beautiful English, upon the following subjects --Literature, the creature, whether of fancy or reality,) splendidly painted Drama, the Arts, Manners, Morals, Health, Time, and splendidly engraved, but neither the painter's nor en- Weather, Exercises, Dress, Amusements, the Table, graver's name is yet attached. II. “ The first interview Horses, Travelling, Trade, Law, Property, Politics, Dibetween the Spaniards and Peruvians," from a painting plomacy, the Army, and the Navy. by H. P. Briggs, an interesting and well-managed work. III. “ The Gleaner," by J. Holmes, engraved by Finden ; and we do not know whether to give the painter Observations on a late Pamphlet by Mr Stone on the

Phreor the engraver greater praise, both have acquitted them

nological Developement of Burke, Hare, &c. By W. R. selves, in their separate department, so admirably. This

Greg, Esq. Edinburgh. John Anderson. 1829. embellishment alone must put “ The Amulet" on a par Mr Greg must have an extraordinary desire to see with any of its rivals. IV. “ The Irishman's Children,” himself in print, else he would never have thought of giby W. Collins, a simple and noble sea-piece, well engra- | ving these fourteen pages to the public, after all that has ved by Charles Rolls. V. “ The Crucifixion," by Mar- been said and written against Mr Stone, by Mr Combe tin, wild and gloomy, but not true to nature, and a good himself, and other persons of some intellectual and pbredeal too much in the melo-dramatic, or Bombastes Fu- nological vigour. The bump science is at a low pass riose style, like all the other productions of that much-wben Mr Greg has to come forward as its champion. He be-puffed and self-imitating artist. It is adınirably en- writes as if he were hugely angry with Mr Stone; but graved by Le Kruix. VI. “ The Dorty Bairn,” by there is not a fact, argument, statement, inference, or Wilkie, representing a girning little girl taking a peep at conclusion, worth a farthing in the whole of his pamphlet. the reflection of her discontented face in a looking-glass, which is beld up to her by her mother, and pointed out to her by ber brother, a gutsy young rascal, munching Oliver & Boyd's CATECHISMS.—A Catechism of Geograhis bread and butter with the utmost self-complacency.

phy. Second Edition, Revised and Improved. By The group is, of course, cleverly executed, but is by 'no Hugh Murray, Esq., F.R.S. E. 12mo. Pp. 90.means one of Wilkie's best things. VII. This plate still

A Catechism on the Works of Creation. By Peter wants a title ; but it appears to represent a Neapolitan

Smith, A.M. Second Edition, Revised and Enlarged. fisherman playing on the guitar, and singing to a conta- Edinburgh. 1829. 12mo. Pp. 72. dina. It is well executed. VIII. A pretty painting by Penry Williams, cleverly engraved by Henry Rolls,

These are exceedingly nice little books, and cannot fail representing a girl decking the hair of her female friend

to be found most useful auxiliaries to parents and tutors, with wild-flowers, IX. A girl playing on the Man in conveying to the youthful mind a general knowledge dolin, painted by Pickersgill, a good picture, but we

of a variety of subjects. We are glad to understand that wish the girl's face had been prettier. X. A humorous it is the intention of Messrs Oliver and Boyd to publish scene by Smirke, containing some very clever comic a series of these Catechisms on various branches of science, figures, particularly smirkish. XI. “ The Anxious Wife,” literature, and art. The respectability of the gentlemen by Mulready, represents the interior of an English cot.

whom they have engaged to act as editors, is a sufficient tage, and the light let in by the window is managed with guarantee that they will be well executed. great softness and beauty. But why has not the wife a more interesting face? She seems a nice enough sort of creature, but she is not one whom an uninterested spec- MISCELLANEOUS LITERATURE. tator can care very much about whether she be anxious or not. We venture, however, to say, that not one of

RECOLLECTIONS OF A PARSONAGE. the Annuals will be much superior to “ The Amulet,” in point of embellishments.

We have seen only four of the plates for the “ Win- Or all the errors which the worldly wisdom of Papacy ter's Wreath,” and of these the “ City of Dordt, from the has generated and fostered, the celibacy of her clergy apHarbour," painted by Austin, and engraved by our clever pears to me to be the most pernicious. True, by this townsman, William Miller, pleases us most. “ The device the affections and interests of the clergy are kept Hunters of the Tyrol,” and “ The Mandolin,” by How-clear of local attachments. The vast tree of Papal doard, are also interesting pictures.--Of Mrs Hall's “ Ju- minion overshadows the earth, and its boughs stoop to, venile Forget-me- Not,” we have seen five plates,— Ist, without rooting in, the soil. A unity of interest, feel“ The Favourite of the Flock," a lamb caressed by two ing, and purpose, is everywhere preserved ; and all that little girls ; 2d, “ Hugh Littlejohn, Esq.," an acute-look- concerns the man is brought into subordination to what ing young gentleman in a tartan dress ; 3d, “ The Blind merely interests the priest. Still, however, the cone is Sailor," a pleasingly grouped rustic scene ; 4th, “ Bob inverted—the minor is preferred to the major—the less Cherry," three beautiful children, very cleverly painted to the more important, and the fancy-wrought sympaby Miss Ross; and “ Holiday Time," an engraving from thies of art are substituted for the genial interweavings Henry Richter's admirable interior of a village-school.-- and connectings of nature. All this is true, apart from We cannot help being pleased with almost all these spe. considerations of a more revolting character—consideracimens of art, and shall be glad to know that they who tions which involve those outgoings of feelings and pas. so ingeniously cater for the public amusement, are wellsions, which are only nominally, and not really suppresscompensated for their labour.

ed, into all the wilds and wildernesses of hypocrisy and

vice. The waters, which might have run clear and peace French Phraseology, or Travellers' Manual. Being a Com- ful in their natural channel, when thus dammed out into

pendium of such Phrases as most frequently occur in Con- the sandy desert, bear along with them nothing but turversation. In French and English. By Charles C. bulence and impurity. Hamilton. London. Whittaker, Treacher, and Co. Let every clergyman, therefore, so soon as his con. 1829. 12mo. Pp. 247.

venience máy suit, enter upon the married state. I This will be found a useful pocket-companion by the talk not in newspaper slang, of sacred bonds, and inFrench student, whether at home or abroad. It will dissoluble ties, and all the et ceteru of verbiage. I find,


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in Johnson's Dictionary, that the word “ marry” sig- never comes to the point with any, but so soon as a smile nifies, “ to take for husband or wife," and tbat is quite or two extra is wared upon him, he takes the alarm, and sufficient for my purpose. And yet I would have wish is off at a hand-gallop. He has made more bair-breadth ed there had been a variety of expression, such as was escapes than an old sailor who has been half a century at customary with the Roman bridegroom, who “ led," sea, and continues to thank his stars that he is, in fact, and the bride, who “ veiled” — terms sufficiently ex- the most useless and contemptible of God's creatures. pressive of support and direction on the one hand, and of Alas! my people Israel ! what a protector in danger, maidenly modesty on the other. But this by the by. —adviser in doubt,-comforter in troubleand admoLook at our clerical bachelors. I enter not into the cause nisher in the hour of dissolution! May God pity and

I merely scan and weigh the consequences. One set- send his own comforter to support you ! tles down into a good fellow, hospitable even on Sabbath, As for a gun, a greybound, a license, a clerical sportsand strongly addicted to all manner of convivial potations. man of the bachelor breed,—the thing is a “lusus natuIt were hard and uncharitable indeed, to think or say ræ,” rare and disgusting: let it quickly pass into oblivion, ill of so excellent a person's open heart, open purse, open its only refuge from ignominy and contempt. Enough house, open cellar, open church-door too, and open seats of bachelorship ;-let us turn the leaf, and, according to -but rather empty,—here and there a sleeper, a yawner, our original proposal, follow out the pathway of clerical or a dotard. A sirocco has passed over the pews, and matrimony. Not that even this pathway, all hallowed the malaria breathes from every seat. The sermon is as it is by the most beautiful and delightful associations, well enough—cold, moral, argumentative—but it wants is without its sharp corners and rugged ascents. A smatthe power of arresting attention. Its very correctness is tery of children must have porridge and clothes, and edua fault—the taste displayed in its composition an error. cation, and £150 or £200 per annum is soon spent in a With one-half of the pains and the talent displayed, and family of 14 or 16 individuals. The world may come in an infusion of earnestness into the manner, its effects the shape of worldly cares and difficulties, and the “ Man would be quite different. peace be within our of God” be modified into the care-worn worm of earth. Zion's walls,” since prosperity, by this method, is not But even here there are relieving sights—the hand, the likely to reach her palaces.

heart, is open-it wells through every care—it gushes Another clerical bachelor—for they may truly say, with in unrestrained refreshment over the wide and widening the poet,

circle of parental affection. “ Life's cares are comforts;" “ Nos numerus sumus, et fruges consumere nati ;” —

and such assuredly are the parson's young family to him another bachelor stiffens up into the rigid folds of a

whose hope is in his God—whose trust is in his word

who looks at his little ones, and thinks how the young purse-mouth. Instead of the “ os rotundum et magna soniturum,” you have the puckered radii of wrinkles play- fore, to the more ordinary and sunny side of the picture

ravens and lilies are fed and clothed ! Turn we, thereing at each 'corner of his mouth. He becomes, first, careful, and addicted to augmentations ; then more careful

—to him who, with his first entrance upon his clerical still, and given to solitude ; latterly, the symptoms of the studies, has contracted an ardent affection for what is disease break out upon his moral frame, and his very lovely, and pure, and truthful, for the bright and beamclothes, as well as diet, indicate the miser. Woe unto the ing eye, and the bosom where love plays the hermit, and

lurks almost unseen. flock whose shepherd this man is! He bas no feeling in

Oh! against how many spares, common with their temporal or spiritual necessities, but and from what misery, is he not, as it were, ensured. regards his office as a possession, and his church as a li- | The rays of the sun are calculated to extinguish the ving. Had he but married the girl that loved him, and earthly flame, and the heart which is hallowed night and whose heart, in the progress of his ambition, he permitted day with the image or presence of one truly and deserto break, he bad been a different character, but the die vedly beloved, will never play the moth with the candleis cast, and

will never toy with sin. Woman-beautiful, sanctify.

ing, hallowing woman—how many hast thou not in the “ Quicquid delirant reges, plectuntur Achivi."

potency of thy innate purity, rescued from evil, from My heart bleeds for the poor flock !

degradation, and death-death of feeling — of heart Who comes next ?- What, my friend and early com- of hope-of all that makes man happy, useful; and if panion,—now lowered down, by little and little, into the thy sway is known and acknowledged in the wide circle very gulf of indolence ! Of all kinds of indolence, cleri- of human happiness, it is felt peculiarly in "the manse," cal is the most deep and reposing. From Sunday to Sab- in the bosom of him who, but for an early and virtuous bath, and from Sabbath to Sunday, nothing to arouse — attachment, might have howled curses in the desert, of nothing to excite-nothing to agitate-not a child to “ grunted with glutton swine" under the shambles of squall, nor a wife to admonish ;—his hands in his breech- perdition. And if the seed-time be beautiful, the harvest es’ pockets, and his waistcoat balf buttoned ;—his pathway is rich and luxurious, mellowed down by the richer tints round the corner of his manse and back again ;-his daily of accomplishment and fruition. The minister's family enquiry, a few glances at the sky on the score of weather, is an epitome of the minister's parish. They both consist and a query or two respecting dinner ;-his reading re- of the same elements of husband and wife

of parents stricted to a weekly paper, sorely soiled, and an Edin

--children – brothers— sisters—relatives-inasters sefburgh Almanack. And yet my friend was a man, at col- vants. There cannot occur a demonstration of parish lege, active in the pursuit of knowledge ; but he was jilt- feeling which has not its counterpart in the manse. The ed in early life by a gipsy, and “ hinc illæ lacrymæ." father's love and care for his offspring—the mother's afHis hearers know his worth, yet despise him. They fectionate tenderness-the husband's reposing confidence nickname him “ Shelly Coat,” as if his indolence had -the wife's contented reliance, the children's claims, covered him all over with limpets.

and the master's and servant's interests all these are reBut some are bachelors from choice—some from ne- presented in the “ camera obscura” of the minister's firecessity. Amongst the former class my friend Will Dor-side. ricoat figures. Will is ever on the wing, and has been

“ Haud ignarus mali, miseris succurrere disco," twice fined at the Presbytery for attending clerical courts in a surtout. He rides a spruce horse, cracks a whip says the married clergyman, as he dives with a soothing with a silk lash, and wears gloves and overalls. He enquiry into the secret recesses of the bleeding heart. As never sallies forth from his own gate but his very ser- he comforts the widow or the widower, as he consoles vant-girls titter respecting his foible—the ladies. Yet, the fatherless, and aids the helpless and dependent, he is with all Will's address, and attention, and endeavour, he only acting the part for which he has been previously, and continues still, and is likely to continue, a bachelor. He is daily, schooled, in the exigences of a family. “ Such

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pity as a father hath unto his children dear,” like pity school of sculpture. I do not mean to insinuate that exercises he towards that larger family wb om Go dhas there is any want of talent, but it is wrong directed committed to his trust.

the system is bad. The Italians pay much attention to But clerical matrimony is twice blessed. It not only drawing, but they caricature ; of colour and effect they blesses the parish, but the priest. The farmer is a busy have little notion ; of execution, less. Either they are igman all day long; and his avocations withdraw him, in norant of the use of glazing; or entertain an idea that it heart and in spirit, as well as in person, from domestic is inconsistent with genius to employ mechanical aids enjoyments. The merchant and manufacturer are in si- which were unknown to the great masters. They try inilar circumstances ; and even the laird has legitimate to colour all at once ; nay, their prejudice against glazing avocations which in no degree identify him with his lady is so strong, that one of them replied to a gentleman, or family. But the clergyman is never so truly in the who, when he saw him endeavouring in vain to catch garb of his duty as when he is sitting in his easy chair, the colouring of a picture he was copying, remarked, that with a book on the table before him, and a child on either the original was glazed— I know it; but I will not knee. Oh God! what are the feelings of that minister glaze.' The consequence is, that old pictures, especially of God, who can reside from day to day undisturbed in Venetian and Flemish, suffer dreadfully in the hands of the centre of his family—whilst wife and children are en- Italian cleaners, who take off the glazing, considering it circling him like Saturn in a ring, or Jupiter in his sa- dirt. The beautiful Communion of St Jerome,' by tellites! and all the while permit no silent and rejoicing Domenichino, has been treated in this way, and the picoutgoings into the past—into the golden season of love ture has hence acquired (as Mr Wilkie expressed it) a and courtship—which has only been superseded by the leathery appearance.'-The French have an excellent still more engrossing and delighting period of matrimony? academy here, which produces good artists, especially ar

or into the future, it may be the vast and fathomless chitects. The French school is doing more at present future—where lie bands and gowns, and epaulets and civic than any other.-— Rome is inundated with moustached honours, for the little churchmen, warriors, and states- German artists. Their extraordinary appearance can men, who are now so seriously engaged at taw!

only be equalled by the extraordinary style of art they T. G.

have adopted. Some of them paint beautifully, and their pictures, except, perhaps, that they are more highly

finished, resemble the works of some of our own artists. FINE ARTS.

But the majority have followed Pietro Perrugione in all

his eccentricities. They have much talent, but surely NEWS FROM ROME.

this is a perversion of it. We have been much gratified with the letter, an ab- “ The private collections in Rome are of very different stract of which we now present to our readers. Rome is degrees of merit. The finest gallery, without doubt, is the capital of artists, whatever their country; and it is the the Borghese, the pictures of which are in tolerable precentre of activity in their profession. In it are stored servation. It makes one melancholy to walk through up, as in a treasury, the richest fragments of the art of some of the galleries, and see all around numbers of the the old world, and the noblest treasures of the new. In it finest pictures going to wreck and ruin, partly from want are to be found the delegates and representatives of every of care, and partly from the miserable avarice or poverty nation under heaven, catching inspiration from these of their proprietors. The Vatican itself is not exempt works, and endeavouring to rival them. It is in it, too, from this reproach ; the pictures there are many of them that not only the artist, but the mere lover of art, may in very bad condition. What they have been, may be ingain a high practical insight into its mysteries, which he ferred from the admiration with which they were regardmight elsewhere seek in vain. It is for this reason that ed when they were first painted, and from their beautywe snatch so gladly at every piece of news from Rome. notwithstanding the neglect they have suffered. You can But our friend's letter will, we trust, prove interesting form no idea of the sculpture galleries of the Vatican. both as containing matter of gratification for this laud- Superb halls, decorated with columns and pilasters of the able curiosity, and as affording a pleasing picture of the most rare and precious stones, paved with Mosaics, and aspirations, and progressive developement of the powers filled with fine statues,—'tis the realization of a fairy tale. of an ingenuous mind :

The Torso of the Belvedere is my favourite piece of sculp“ There are many English artists here. With the ture. When I look on this trunk, I can scarcely believe pictures of Eastlake and Severn you are probably ac- it the work of a mortal. With the frescoes of Michael quainted. They support the respectability of English | Angelo and Rafaelle, as far as prints can go, you must be art; which is lucky, for several unfortunate exhibitions of well acquainted, and have, no doubt, studied with attenpictures have been opened by our artists. Perhaps you tion the Sistini chapel. Bewick was for some time enhave already heard of Turner's turn-out. He exhibited gaged copying the prophets and sibyls. That he might three pictures, one of which was beautiful, but the other do it well, he had a high scaffolding erected in the chapel two were greatly inferior. There was a view of Or- which brought him within a short distance of the paint vieto, as yellow as crome could make it ; and a Medea, ings. I went, by a fortunate chance, to the chapel while finely conceived, but with little else to recommend it ;, the scaffolding was still standing. From the ground, the extravagant in the execution, badly drawn, the colours upper part of the Last Judgment looks a confused mass ; not blended, yellow, red, and white all in confusion. Poor but when raised, what a variety of expression is disco. Turner! he was much abused even by the English-to verable in the countenances and attitudes of the figures ! the Italians and Germans his works were incomprehen- | Hope, love, and joy in those of the blessed, contrasted sible. Andrew Wilson has made a great many views in with terror, despair, and death. Wilkie, on reaching the the neighbourhood of Rome. At present he is engaged top, and looking around, exclaimed, ' Good Lord deliver with a large picture, a view of Gensano, which is nearly us ! He could not find language to express his wonder finished. I think his restoration (if we may so call it) and admiration. to his beloved Italy has improved him much. The “ I have presumed to make my own observations on scenery around him is congenial to his feelings, and these specimens of the still unrivalled excellence of the seems to inspire his pencil. I may add, that the climate old masters, but I have also listened attentively to the is so suited to his constitution, that he enjoys excellent opinions of experienced judges; and sometimes I have health, which never was the case in Scotland.--I come found them coinciding with my own preconceptions ; now to the Italians. The subject is ungrateful. Art is often I have acquired new ideas. I wrote to you shortly in a miserable state. Camuccini has laid the foundation after my arrival in Rome, but I pray God you may never of a bad school of painting ; Canova of an equally bad have received that letter, The vanity of a young travel

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