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see, he had a lot of fancy men that told him every thing as mind that I was safer at my gun than anywhere else ; how. was done in the ship. No sooner did he know it than you ever, go I must. On gaining the main-deck, the scene of might as well have told a boatswain's mate to keep a secret carnage and devastation far exceeded what was on the lower as him, for aft it went to old Tom directly. Well, as we deck. Shortly before this, I had heard a dreadful crash, as were lying one night in the Bay of Antigua, a fine calm if the whole ship's side had been stove in, and I now learned night it was, the ports all up for the heat, and every one in that it was occasioned by two marble-shot of 120 pound their hammocks, Jack Gibson as was a messmate of mine weight each, striking the main-deck abreast of the mainhappened to go to the birth for a drink of water, his coppers batch way. They had knocked two ports into one, and being rather hot, when what did he see but an internal wounded five men, among whom was my dear messmate, black cat pitching into it a four pound piece of beef that had Morfiet; but this I did not know at the time. I saw Capbeen left from dinner. * Aha!' says Jack, have I catched tain Bathurst coming down the poop ladder, when the tail you at last? Go and take a swim after your meal,' said he, of his cocked hat was carried away by a splinter from the

for the good of your soul! As he pitched it out the port, bulwarks of the ship. He took off the hat, looked at it, and the cat made a hell of a splash in the water, and swam to- smiled; then coming down on the quarter-deck, which was wards the shore. Jack went to his hammock, but had the most imminently exposed part of the ship, issued his orscarcely turned in, when the whole ship was in an uproar. ders with the same calmness as if he had been exercising D_' me, there could not be more noise if the bloody ship guns at sea. There was something at once noble and ludihad been overboard! They beat to quarters, and every one crous in the appearance and situation of the old man, as he was there before you would say trap stick. The second cut- proudly walked the quarter-deck, with his drawn sword ters was called away to pursue the man as they thought was and shattered hat, amid showers of shot and splinters, inoverboard, Now, d’ye see, 'twas two of them superfine sensible apparently to the danger that surrounded him. My vagabonds that had been skulking in the forechains just over companion and I essayed with all our might to haul in the the port where Jack launched the cat, and they were try- slack of the main-sheet, but could not effect it, the rope being ing to hear what we were convarsing about as we lay in so heavy. The rigging of the ship

was torn in pieces, her our hammocks; well, d'ye see, shippies, they were just like yards topped up and down, and some of them fore and aft, these two elders you read about in what you call that 'ere the lifts shot away, and the quarter-deck so bestrewed with book in the Bible; no, it's not in the Bible either ; it's a splinters of wood, that it presented the appearance of a car kind of Pothecary I thinks they call it, right in midships penter's shop: The Captain came forward to us, and lookbetween the Bible and Testament. Now, d’ye see, them ing up, exclaimed, “ By G-, the Union Jack's shot away! two fellors went aft to old Tom himself

, and pitched him Go aft on the poop, and tell Davy, the signal man, to give the bloodiest twister as ever you heard, about as how they me another Union Jack.' I went aft, and found Davy heard two of the men convarsing together about delivering looking out with his glass at the Asia, which was about a up the ship to the French, and that they came to the con- cable’s length astern of us. The Admiral was standing on clusion that one was to jump over into the water; and, oh! the poop-netting, and, with a speaking trumpet, was hailI'm dd, if I can tell you the half they were going to ing our ship with • Genoa, ahoy!'- Sir Edward,' was the do! The Admiral ordered them to beat to quarters, and reply of the signal man. • Send a boat with a hawser to dispatched the cutter, manned and armed, after the cat. swing my ship's stern clear of a fire-ship that's drifting down When we was at our quarters we was called to muster on upon us.'-'Ay, ay, sir,' said Davy, and was going away, the quarter-deck. Old Tom then said he wouldn't muster when I told him what the Captain had sent me for. He till they brought the mutinous rascal aboard. We was all said he had a Union Jack in his breast, where he had stowed waiting, like a parcel of bumboat-men on a pay day. Old it at the beginning of the action, to be ready for any unTom's nephew was looking over the quarter through his lucky accident that might happen, and proceeded to the bring-em-near, and turning to old Tom, told him they had Captain. just picked up the rascal, and was bringing him aboard. “When I came forward to the place I had left, I saw

Master-at-arms,” said he..get a pair of irons to clap the that the message I had been sent was the means of saving scoundrel in directly.' Jack Ketch, always glad of a job, my life, for, during my absence, the hammock netting had was off in a twinkling, and quickly brought up a pair of been torn completely to pieces with shot, and the poor felthe strongest irons in the ship. Laying them on the deck, low, Holmes, who came up with me, was stretched on the the precious rascal stood rubbing his hands, his fingers itch- deck. The Captain was at the gany way, looking into our ing to be putting the shackles round what he thought a opponent's vessel. Did you bring the Union Jack, Davy ?' man's legs. The boat neared the ship, and soon came along- said he. Yes, sir,' replied Davy; and at the same time side. The middy came on the quarter-deck, with a face told him what the Admiral wanted. The Captain snatched like a wet swab or methody parson. • Have you got him?' the flag out of Davy's hand, and, walking smartly forward, said old Tom. “Yes, sir,' was the reply, he is in the boat.' demanded, 'Who would go and nail the British Union Jack • Bring him bere,' said he, and get your irons ready, mas- to the fore-royal-mast-head ?' A good-looking man, of the ter-at-arms; clap him on the poop, and to-morrow morn- name of Neil, stept forward at once, and took it out of the ing, I'm d, if I don't see his back-bone!' • I very much Captain's hand, and, without speaking, began to make the doubt, sir,' said the middy,if you have got a pair of irons best of his way up the two or three tattered shrouds that in the ship that will fit the gentleman, for be is not very were left in the fore-rigging. The Captain then ordered thick about the ankle.' • Bring him up, bring him up.' half-a-dozen of the nearest men-among whom I was one said Tom; • I'll have him on the poop all night, if I should to man a boat and take a hawser for the Asia. Having got tie him with the mizen top-sail haul-yards myself; but over the side into the boat, we sat waiting, while two of the where is he?' • He is coming, sir,' said the middy, but men were occupied in coiling it in. I had here a fine view we will need to carry him up,' said he, for the poor fellor of the contending fleets, and could see that we had a galling is so weak that he can't come out of the boat.' 'Get a whip fire to sustain at this time from two line-of-battle ships, one on the mainyard,' said old Tom, and hoist the rascal in.' of which, although on tire, still kept up a constant cannona* He is here, sir,' said the middy, advancing on the quar- ding upon us. The Asia, which was astern of us, had at ter-deck, and showing the Admiral the black cat, which he this time only one large vessel, a liner, and a double-bank carried under his arm! Now, it you'll believe me, old Tom frigate, playing upon her. I trembled for the fate of our had not a word to throw to a dog, and the whole ship's ship, because I was sure, that if the game continued to be company was like to split their sides with laughing at him played so unequally, we would stand a chance of coming off and his spies, and the mutinous cat; but there never was second best. I looked aloft to see how Neil had got up with a word about mutiny all the time we was out after that, the Union Jack. I saw him clinging with his feet to the which was three years and eight months, and the spies and royal-mast, and hammering away with a serving mallet. Jack Ketch had 'the devil's own life of it till we came I watched till he got on deck in safety, and could not but home !"

admire the cool and determined manner in which he accom

plished what he had undertook. The hawser being coiled To this we shall add some more

in the stern sheets of the boat, we shoved off and proceeded

to the Asia. The face of the water was covered with pieces ANECDOTES OF THE BATTLE OF Navarino.-“ About of wreck; masts and yards drified about on the surface, to half past three o'clock, as pear as I could guess, the bight which clung hundreds of poor wretches whose vessels had of the main-sheet hung just down before our gun, and in- been blown up. Numbers of them imploringly cried upon commoded us in the pointing of it. I was ordered, along us, in the Turkish language, a small smattering of which with another, to go on deck, and baul in the slack, to keep the most of us had picked up at Smyrna. We kept paying it out of the road of the muzzle. I can't say I liked this out the bawser as we pulled along, but, just as we came job, for, during the action, a deep impression lay on my within six fathoms of the Asia, our hawser terminated, ani?


we could not proceed any farther. The crew of the Asia, 80 very pretty a book coming out of Liverpool. Many at the gunroom port, seeing our dilemma, hailed us, and people wonder why no Annual is published either in Dubhove a rope's end to make fast to our hawser ; but this we could not manage. A man, then, of the name of George it would be extremely difficult, in either of these towns,

lin or Edinburgh; but we believe the reason to be, that Finney, captain of our main-top, seeing there could be no other way of getting it done, jumped into the water and to get up the embellishments so elegantly as is done in swam the distance between the boat and the flag-ship; the the metropolis. The example of Liverpool does not disend of a hawser was then put out of the port, and Finney, prove the truth of this ; for, though the Illustrations of the Catching hold of it, swam back to the boat, bearing the end Winter's Wreath be highly meritorious, it will scarcely of the heavy rope in one hand, and swimming with the do to compare them with those of the principal London other. We soon made what sailors call a Carrick bend of Annuals. It is also evident, that the great mass of the the two ends, and began to pull back for the Genoa. The Admiral appeared on the poop, in a plain blue surtout, and reading public will buy the handsomest book they can get signed, with a bandkerchief, for us to make all speed.

at the price; and though local associations may secure the Scarcely had we gained half-way between the Asia and our Winter's Wreath a better sale in Liverpool and its neighown ship, when the former ship's mizen went over the bourhood than any of its compeers, we are afraid that it quarter with a crash. We thought the Admiral was in- will elsewhere enter the market under disadvantages. volved in the wreck, as we saw him standing at the place Of its twelve embellishments, the three which are ennot a minute before the mast went over ; but we were relieved from this apprehension by his re-appearance on a

graved by Edinburgh artists appear to us the best. These conspicuous situation. We picked up, on our way back, ten

“ Sunset on the Welsh Coast," and “ Dordt from of the poor drowning wretches who were drifting about du- the Harbour,” both engraved by William Miller, and ring the storm of fire and thunder, that made the ancient “ The Peasant's Grace," by W. H. Lizars, after Jan Island of Sphalactria tremble again. Several of them were Stein. We do not say that these paintings could not bare Arabs, quite black, but all were Mahometans, as we saw by been better engraved by London artists, but this we say, the lock of hair left on the crown of their heads, by which Ma- that they are exceedingly well engraved, and that there homet, according to their own belief, lifts them to Paradise. “ Not a shot had struck the boat since we left our own

are not many artists, either in London or any where else, ship, although several pieces of burning wood and showers

who could have done them more justice. The frontisof burned rice and olives, from the Turkish ships, rained piece to the Winter's Wreath, which, according to the down upon us in plentiful profusion; but as one of our

rule usually observed in Annuals, ought to have been one men, called Buckley, was bauling a tall, stout young Mos- of the best things in the volume, disappoints us greatly. lem out of the water, a shot blew the head of the Turk to It is so wretchedly engraved, that it is impossible to say pieces, upon which Buckley, turning coolly, about, said, whether the original painting be an interesting one or not

. D-me, did ever you see the like of that?” Cool, however, as a British sailor is in danger, nothing in fur-whom the editor is pleased to designate" The

It represents a female figure a young lady half buried can approach the Turk in this respect. George Finneymentioned before—had hauled one into the boat, a fine-look-Idol of Memory;" but we beg leave to say, that if this ing fellow, and elegantly dressed. He was no sooner seated be his idol, he is rather ill off, for she looks so very uninin the bow of the boat, than, taking out a portable appara- teresting, that we should be inclined to set her down as a tus, he began to fill his pipe, which having done, he struck false idol. a light from the same conveniency, and commenced sending As to the letter-press of the Winter's Wreath, it is, on forth, with inconceivable apathy, volumes of smoke from the whole, very respectable ; but the truth is, we are at his mouth. • Do you see that Tarkish rascal,' said Finney, this moment so satiated with all the little tid-bits and who was provoked at this singular instance of indifference. • Well, since he cares so little for being hauled out of his

delicacies of the Annuals, that we have no stomach for Botanic Majesty's clutches, we'll soon send him where he swallowing any more of them with a healthy appetite. came from.

So saying, he made a spring forward, and A single apricot or orange is eat with delight; but spread seizing the Turk, who could not understand how he had out a bonquet of rich fruit, and in a very short time the offended, tumbled him overboard before any one could pre- palate becomes cloyed, and the eye looks upon the whole vent him. The Turk soon recovered, and got upon a piece with indifference. This is to be regretted, but such is of the wreck of one of his own ships, where he was picked human nature ; and the feeling is of course stronger with up by the Albion's boat. Another instance of Turkish coolness I may mention, which, although it did not happen us, who, within the last ten days, have had fifteen or sis. in our ship, was told me under well-authenticated circum- teen Annuals through our hands, than it can be with

Some of the crew of the French frigate Alcyone those who as yet have had only a peep or two at a stray had picked up a Turk, who, by his dress, appeared to be a copy. We think we could now write a receipt for an person of rank in their navy, When he was brought | Annual which would, in no single instance, fail to proaboard, he found his arm so shattered, that it would need duce the thing wanted, and by which the whole process to undergo amputation; so be made his way down the cockpit ladder with as much ease as if he had not been burt: Take twelve paintings, and get these engraved as well as

would be rendered simple and certain. Let us try ;and as much dignity as if he had made a prize of the frigate. He pointed to his shattered arm, and made signs to possible ; take from three to four hundred pages of tha the surgeon that he wanted it off. The surgeon obliged him best wire-wove paper, gilt at the edges ; print a title-page, so far, and having bound up the stump and bandaged it pro- with a pretty motto in the middle of it; write a preface perly, the Turk made his way to the deck, and, planging of three or four pages, in which you return your most into the water, swam to his own vessel that was opposed, grateful thanks to all the artists and all the contributors, along with another, to the very frigate he had been aboard and declare the book to be the most splendid that ever of. He was seen climbing the side with his one arm, but issued from the press ; put in several poems by Mrs Hehad not been aboard many minutes when it blew up, and he, among others of the crew, in all probability, perished in mans, some verses “ written in an album " by James the explosion.”

Montgomery, a great quantity of “Stanzas" and " SonMany little volumes, far less entitled to success than

” and a few prose tales by the "authors of this, have been successful. We shall be glad to know that &c. &c. &c."; have the whole bound in red silk; and the author of “ Life on Board a Man-of-War” does not you may then safely send your Annual to all the editors, go unrewarded for his lively descriptions and interesting who will be sure to say, that it is one of the most delightanecdotes.

ful books for a Christmas present they have ever seen.

More seriously, the Winter's Wreath is "enriched by The Winter's Wreath, for 1830. A Collection of Ori- from Mrs Hemans, Mary Howitt, Miss Mitford, Miss

contributions”-that, we believe, is an approved phrase ginal Contributions in Prose and Verse. London. Jewsbury, Dr Bowring, Derwent Conway, J. H. WifWhittaker, Treacher, and Co. Liverpool. George fen, w. Roscoe-to whom the

work is dedicated_HartSmith. 12mo. Pp. 381.

ley Coleridge, William Howitt, and others. The selecTuis is a Liverpool Annual, and we are pleased to see tion of anonymous contributions reflects credit on the


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taste of the Editor ; and, according to the usual style, The Bridge of Sighs—Bologna- Ponte Sisto, Romewe suppose we too must conclude by declaring, that the Fish Market, Rome. We reserve our more detailed revolume will make an excellent Christmas present, which, marks upon the work till we have an opportunity of after all, is our candid opinion.

perusing the letter-press; but in the mean time we have no hesitation in saying, that, considering there are to be

300 pages of printed matter in addition to twenty-six The Golden Lyre. Specimens of the Poets of England, highly-finished line engravings, and that, in as far as exFrance, Germany, Italy, and Spain. Edited by John ternals are concerned, the work is to be brought out in a Macray. London. J. D. Haas. Edinburgh. Con- style equal to the Keepsake, and is yet to be sold at no stable & Co. 1830.

higher price than one guinea, it is certainly the cheapest The Golden Lyre, we are informed, was undertaken of all the Annuals. as well from a wish to show the progress of a new and beautiful art, as to supply a volume of agreeable and di-National Portrait Gallery of Illustrious and Eminent versified reading for the student of foreign literature. Both designs are laudable. The contents are beautifully

Personages of the 19th Century. With Memoirs by the

Rev. Henry Stebbing, M.A. Nos. V. and VI. Lonprinted in gold, and are very judiciously selected. In

don. 1829. English literature we have specimens from Byron, Campbell, Coleridge, Cowper, Mrs Hemans, and Rogers. In We have already had occasion to speak of this work in French, from Casimir Bonjour, Chateaubriand, Dela- terms of much commendation. The two last Numbers vigne, Delille, Ducis, and Voltaire. In German, from amply support its previous character. No. V. contains Goethe, Herder, Hermine v. Chezy, Bellstab, Schiller, portraits, very beautifully engraved on steel, of the Marand Uhland. In Italian, from Chiabrera, Dante, Della quis Wellesley-a splendid picture, exquisitely painted Casa, Filicaja, Monti, and Tasso. In Spanish, from by Sir Thomas Lawrence—of Sir Humphry Davy, and Garcilaso, Herrera, Lope de Vega, Maestro Leon, Rioja, Sir Henry Torrens; and No. VI. contains Lord Grantand Villegas. The scholar is thus presented with a very | bam, an amazingly fine-looking man, Bishop Heber, tasteful manual of the beauties of modern poetry. It has and the Duke of Beaufort. All these are accompanied occurred to us that the effect would be still more splendid by Memoirs, written with precision and elegance, by the were the gold letters to be impressed upon a dark ground, Rev. Mr Stebbing. And wben we consider that each instead of a white glazed paper. Would not dark green, Number thus comprises, in addition to the portraits, about or blue, or even rose colour, contrast well with the gold twenty pages of interesting letter-press, and yet sells so letter? Be this as it may, there can be little doubt but low as three shillings the large size, and two shillings the that, in the present-giving time of the year, this beautiful small, our readers will acknowledge that we are doing little volume will meet with numerous purchasers. them a service in again directing their attention to the

publication. The Landscape Annual, or the Tourist in Italy and Switz- The Scottish Laverock: Original Songs and Poems. erland. From Drawings by Samuel Prout, Esq. The Literary Department by T. Roscoe, Esq. London.

Humbly dedicated to the Noblemen and Gentlemen Mem

bers of the New Club, St Andrew Square, Edinburgh, Robert Jennings. Edinburgh. Constable & Co. 1830.

by their very humble and much-devoted servant G. The Editor of the Landscape Annual explains its na- Wilson. Edinburgh: Printed for the Author. 1829. ture and design in these words :-“While the galleries of

8vo. Pp. 216. the wealthy, and the cabinets of the curious, have been freely resorted to for the illustration of the various an- This is a title-page and dedication all in one. Hownual publications which, by their beauty and splendour, ever, on turning over the leaf, we find there is another have formed an era in modern art and literature, it is dedication, in which the author modestly remarks,-—" I singular that the more captivating and exquisite scenes presume not, my Lords and Gentlemen, to say that my which nature herself affords should have been overlooked feeble efforts should be put in competition with the works or neglected. With the view of supplying this deficiency, of those mighty masters in the art divine of fascinating the Landscape Annual has been projected, a publication song, my much-admired and much-honoured countrydesigned to exhibit a connected series of views, illustrative men, Burns, Campbell, Scott.” To this we sincerely of the most interesting scenery of Europe. The magni- say “ Amen!" Yet there is some coarse humour about ficent mountains and delightful' valleys of Switzerland, Mr G. Wilson, and his book is not altogether destitute of the banks of the noble Rhine, the rich plains of Lom- that kind of talent which will find admirers in the meribardy, and the splendid remains of Roman greatness, dian of the Lawnmarket. will furnish inexhaustible sources of graphic embellish

But it is not merely as a work of art that the Landscape Annual prefers its claim to public support. The Temporis Calendarium ; or an Almanack on a New Conviews will be accompanied with literary illustrations, in- struction, for Year of our Lord 1830. By William tended to present not only a vivid and accurate description Rogerson. London. John Stephens. 12mo. Pp. 48. of the scenes delineated by the artist, but likewise to recall the many interesting recollections which the pages of his

This is a useful little work upon correct and scientific tory, or the records of tradition, can supply.” We can- principles, and altogether free of that wretched superstinot help thinking that there is something very attractive tious stuff so frequently palmed upon the credulity of the in this view of the contents of the Landscape Annual, populace by London Almanack-makers. The compiler, and having now seen all the embellishments, which are

Mr Rogerson, has been for some years in the employ of twenty-six in number, and each more beautiful than the Government, at the Royal Observatory, Greenwich, and other, we can answer for the manner in which this de- is evidently well qualified for his present task. We obpartment of the work will be executed. These embel-serve, by his book, that there are to be six eclipses in the lishments comprise a succession of the most interesting course of the ensuing year, but of these only one will be views which occur to the eye of the traveller on his route visible to us,—a total eclipse of the Moon, on Thursday, from Geneva to Rome. Among them we find,-Geneva the 2d of September, when the Moon will pass almost -Lausanne-Castle of Chillon-Martigny-Milan Ca- through the centre of the Earth's shadow, and the total thedral --Lake of Como_Verona – Vincenza --Padua obscuration will of course be of long continuance. Petrarch's House at Arqua- The Rialto at Venice




MISCELLANEOUS LITERATURE. why every county, or even every presbytery, should not

have its Mechanics' Institution or School of Arts, its LOCAL INSTITUTIONS FOR THE ENCOURAGEMENT

central library, and its itinerating branches.

We have been induced more especially to advert to OF USEFUL KNOWLEDGE.

this subject at present, by having had the Reports, ProsTHE DUNBAR MECHANICS' INSTITUTION-DUNBAR CHARITY pectuses, and Proceedings of several of these excellent so

cieties which now exist in East Lothian, recently laid before us.

We do not mean to go into the particulars

of their present condition or future prospects; but simply The exertions which the working classes are now uni

to express our satisfaction at the success and spirit with versally making throughout the country, to provide for which they seem to be carried on, and to recommend themselves facilities in acquiring scientific instruction, is the detail of their arrangements for general imitation a striking and important feature of the times in which in all counties where a similar laudable desire to adwe live. Exertions so truly laudable cannot fail to be

vance the best interests of the working-classes has not viewed with delight by all well-regulated minds, and yet so decidedly manifested itself. We cannot do bethave of course experienced, from the higher and better ter than add to these brief remarks the following obsereducated ranks, every encouragement and assistance. As vations on local institutions, of perhaps a more sacred chathe consequence of this generous co-operation, a Mechanics' racter, yet of a nature nearly allied to those to which we Institution, or School of Arts, has sprung up in almost refer, by the Right Hon. Charles Grant.

They have every considerable town in the kingdom,—the more popu

never before appeared in print, and we know them to lous villages have their book-clubs and reading-rooms, have been written out from the dictation of that gifted and some of them have also lectures, and, even in the and amiable man. Though naturally hurried and immost remote inland districts, we now frequently find cen- perfect, they are not unworthy the splendid imagination tral libraries, with detached village branches, upon the which produced the finest prize poem Cambridge ever itinerating plan—a plan which has been so successfully acted upon for the last twelve years, in the county of Haddington, in particular, under the superintendence of stitutions, because they furnish a practical refutation of

“ I am always glad to see the appointment of local ina single benevolent individual-Mr Samuel Brown. These the charge so often made against the supporters of incentral and itinerating libraries are peculiarly productive stitutions on a more large and general scale, that while of an intercourse among the working classes, though li- their benevolence is active in distant countries, and in reving at considerable distances from each other ; and they spect to foreign nations, they are apt to neglect the inteare admirably calculated, also, to pave the way for the

rests of those of their own countrymen nearer home. This formation of clubs for reading and conversation, as well charge is as unsound in argument as untrue in statement. as for Friendly Societies and Savings Banks, the utility I appeal to the fact, that Great Britain is at this moment of which, if conducted upon correct principles, cannot be covered with local institutions, which have sprung up disputed. The ball, having thus got its first impulse, since the formation of those great societies which extend continues to increase and to roll on rapidly. To a col

to the whole world. The remark of the poeta lection of well-chosen books, is added a reading-room, or hall, provided with maps, instruments, and some of the

Who that from Alpine heights, his labouring eye

Shoots round the wide horizon, to survey select periodicals of the day. Private classes in arithmetic, practical geometry, and sometimes geography, are

Nilus or Ganges rolling his bright wave, taught, in the leisure hours of the evening, to apprentices

will turn his gaze and others, by the better-educated journeymen mechanics,

To mark the windings of a scanty rill who, in their turn, marshal themselves under the super

That murmurs at his feet? intendence, gratuitous or otherwise, of a properly-quali- however just as to the prospects of nature, is not applified teacher, by whom they are instructed in elementary cable to the efforts of Christian benevolence, which, ingeometry, algebra, and probably a few of the easier branches spired throughout by the same motives, must in every of natural and mechanical philosophy.

place be equally operative. As to the effect of such Institutions upon the political If ever there was a period in which it became the character of their members, “it is not easy to conceive,” friends of religious education peculiarly to exert themin the words of the Reverend Mr Hall of Leicester, “in selves, this is the period. By the increasing knowledge what manner instructing men in their duties can prompt diffused among all ranks, and the rapid and progressive them to neglect those duties, or how that enlargement of facility of communication between all parts of the counreason, which enables them to comprehend the true try, a new order of things is opened-new wants_new grounds of authority and the obligations to obedience, impulses new desires-new arts new temptations should indispose them to obey.” “Nothing, in reality, and, I fear, new crimes. The increase of knowledge, and renders legitimate government so insecure as extreme the improvement of the people, cannot fail to be matters ignorance in the people. It is this which renders them of congratulation, because they cannot fail to conduce to an easy prey to seduction, makes them the victims of pre- the iness of the people and the benefit of the empire, judices and false alarms, and so ferocious withal, that provided only, that with all this secular knowledge is their interference, in a time of public commotion, is more united the knowledge that flows from a celestial source to be dreaded than the eruption of a volcano.” With re- —that amidst every other wisdom, heavenly wisdom gard to morality and religion, it is evident that these de- should not be forgotten. While this earthly, but not unpend for their very existence on the cultivation of the hallowed radiance, is streaming over the mass of the mind; and the argument, which was at one time attempted people, to be deduced from a perversion of the poet's aphorism, • Let heaven above its portals wide display, “ A little knowledge is a dangerous thing,"

And break upon them in a flood of day! is now universally exploded. The trouble which is sup

“ Most excellent are those institutions which administer posed to attend the undertaking is another reason which

to the wants and sufferings of our fellow-creatures. They prevents many people from engaging in forming these so

have their praise and their high reward. But institucieties. That there will be a little trouble at the outset

tions which extend to more than temporal necessities are must of course be allowed ; but, as soon as the simplicity clothed with a still higher character. "If, like them, they of the plan for giving practical effect to the Institution is

* It is proper to mention that, in the above remarks, we have properly understood, the rest is mere amusement, and of availed ourselves, to a considerable extent, of what has been commu. the most rational and agreeable kind. We do not see

nicated to us by Mr Robert Watson of Westbarns, who appears to take an active and liberal interest in this subject.

are built on the abasement of our condition, they are, un- nier next presented himself with the report on the works like them, built also on the loftiness of our hopes and the of the royal pensioners in the French Academy at Rome. splendour of our destinies. Whatever in the others is The report stated, that the painters had failed this year in good or attractive, is comprehended in these, and adorn- sending the requisite contributions; but apologized for ed and exalted by new and more finished excellencies. them, on the score that they had undertaken works too These meet man in every exigency of his condition, either arduous to admit of their being finished within the limitas the victim of sorrow or the child of hope—the slave of ed period, and promised ample compensation next year. death, or the heir of immortality. Those other institu- A study of Marius at Minturnæ, by Norblin, and antions are indeed excellent, as strengthening all the rela- other of the Soldier performing the Rites of Sepulture to tions and charities of life. Truly admirable are those Pompey, by Feron, were mentioned with approbation. relations which bind man to man; but still more admi- The department of sculpture afforded greater scope for rable are those relations which bind man to his Maker. commendation. Praises were lavished, in particular, upHowever interesting are the emotions which lead us to on a Mercury by Duret, which was said to be alike reheal the sick and relieve the distressed, much more affect- markable for truth and grace. But the great store of ing are the sympathies which soothe the troubled con- eulogiums was reserved for the school of architecture, science—which rescue guilt from the undying worm, and which indeed seems, by what I learn from Rome, to be speak peace to the departing spirit.”

the most distinguished department of the French Academy, and to produce the most promising architects of Eu

rope. The report being finished, M. Quatremère de LETTERS FROM PARIS.

Quincy proceeded to distribute the prizes; and this part No. 1.

of the ceremony was accompanied with repeated flourishes [We are happy to have it in our power to intimate, that we have of trumpets, and concluded (excuse the bull) with an made arrangements which enable us to promise our readers a conti- overture by Barbereau. The cantata by Prevost, which nuance of these letters from time to time. We make no doubt that had gained the musical prize, was then sung by Madame their contents will be found of general interest.–Ed. Lit. JOUR.] Dabadie with all her impassioned power. Thus termi

In the present political ferment, the still small voices nated one of the most pleasing public exhibitions at which of art and literature, to which alone of late years I have I ever remember to have been present. listened, are entirely overpowered. You in England must On Tuesday the 6th, mass was celebrated in all the think, when you peruse our journals, that the painter has colleges of Paris, preparatory to opening, with due solemthrown aside his brush, and the tailor his needle, to add nity, the University Session. I do not know whether their most sweet voices to the cry which has been raised you are aware that there is but one University in France, from one end of France to the other against the ministry. comprehending all the colleges and lyceums wherever You are mistaken. Beneath this brawling torrent the situated, and placed immediately under the direction of a ordinary current of life flows on unvexed. The literature minister, “le Grand-maitre de l'Université,” who manages of France, like that of all Europe, has, it is true, acquired its affairs, with the advice and assistance of a “ Conceil a tinge of politics more piquant than beautiful; but set- royal d'instruction publique.” This was an institution ting this apart, and a few Tom-fooleries of a timid and sus- of Bonaparte, who sought to give a kind of military orpicious administration, the artist and the man of letters ganization to every thing. At the return of the Bourgo on as before.

bons, the office of Grand-maitre was for a while abolishA good deal of attention has been excited by the exhi- ed, but it has since been restored, the council having been bition of the works of the young artists who have com- found not to work so well without its president. This peted this year for the prizes awarded by the Academy of idea, of uniting every institution for education throughout the Fine Arts in the Institute of France. The journals the kingdom into one great body, was praised at the time had discussed with considerable heat their respective me- as a master-stroke of genius; but the French are now berits; and it had been officially announced, that Madame la ginning to complain of it as a great monopoly, and fruitful Duchesse de Berri had left the Tuileries on the second | inlet to favouritism. A worse fault may be found with it. of October, at half past one o'clock precisely, in order to It has encouraged the establishment, in different districts, visit the exhibition. In short, what with the real inte- of academies for one branch of education only_here one rest of the occasion, what with the tickling of public cu- for law, there one for divinity or medicine. Now, perriosity by such small talk as above alluded to, and what haps the greatest benefit of spreading universities through with the natural love of the French for any public exhi- the country is, that they bring together a great number bition, the annual public session of the Academy, held on of young men, all engaged in scientific pursuits, who muSaturday the third of October, was most crowdedly at- tually kindle each other's ardour ; while, by constantly tended. The ceremonies of the day commenced with the coming in collision with others of different professions, performance of a musical overture, part of an opera com- they escape that pedantic partiality to one particular kind posed by M. Bailly, one of the royal pensioners, which of mental culture, which is so apt to warp him who dehe had produced at Venice with considerable success. It votes himself exclusively to one branch of study. There was extremely well executed by a band, consisting of the is also a fear at present, that the new ministry will enélite of the orchestras of the French and Italian opera. deavour to subordinate the University to priestly influThe piece was of itself well enough, although the author ence. And of all classes of the priesthood, the Jesuits are seems rather deficient in variety, and at times no ways watched with the most jealous eye. Every elevation of disinclined to substitute noise for harmony. Some con- a member of that body to an office in any academy or noisseurs near where I stood looked unutterable things at lyceum, is immediately caught up and retailed with the each other, and muttered (if I caught their meaning cor- most invidious comments. Nay, the motions of the order rectly) something about plagiarism. As soon as the mu- in foreign states are noted and recorded. And truly there sic ceased, a pompous-looking gentleman, with a portfolio do appear evidences of reviving bustle and energy among beneath his arm, claimed the attention of the assembly. the Reverend Fathers, that might at one time have given “ M. Quatremère de Quincy !" soliloquized a young avo- just cause for alarm. But their day is over. Their cat who stood beside me; “ l'inevitable secretaire perpe- union and organization is the same as ever, their spirit is tuel!" The secretary's present business was to deliver an unchanged, and the talents of many of the brethren are of historical sketch of the life and works of Houdon, a sta- the very highest order ; but society has changed. That tuary of some eminence, who died about a year ago at an social fabric, and those feelings, in and upon which their advanced age. I should gladly tell you something of this tactics were calculated to operate, have disappeared, and artist, but as the orator really gave us no information with these their power. Like Archimedes, they are unconcerning him, it is impossible to gratify you. M. Gar- able to move the world, from the want of a standing

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