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May plight their vows by moonlight sweet,

May heart and hand entwine :-
No faithless foot this turf may tread,
For here they reign- The Sacred Dead !

tually marries and the Queen, There is no vraisemblance in the supposition, that he should prefer Miss Pincushion —we beg pardon—we mean Miss Pincott-to Miss Jarman. He is too tame—a thousand degrees too tame. It is but justice to mention, that Mr Hooper appears to greater advantage as the foppish courtier, Steinberg, than in any part in which we have yet seen him. His style of acting it is more subdued and less vulgar than it frequently is. He infuses, too, into the character, some of the vis comica ; and his costume is laudable.

Old Cerberus.

THOUGHTS ON VISITING THE GRAVE OF BURNS.

By Alexander Maclaggan. The loud voice of a stormy e'en Came raving to our cottage pane; The cottar bodies steek'd their een

In sleep, to shun Dreigh sights, that they a' day had seen

Deface the sun.

ORIGINAL POETRY.

ON VISITING THE GRAVES OF BESSY BELL AND

MARY GRAY.

Unmindfu' o' the raging blast,
(Though heaven to earth was fa'in' fast,)
O'er hill, an' beath, an' field I past

By eerie turns,
To view the dark--the lone—the last

Abode of Burns.

By W. M. Hetherington, Author ofDramatic Sketches,

founded on the Pastoral Poetry of Scotland.
'Tis hallow'd ground ! hush'd be my

breath!
Uncover'd be my head !
Let me the shadowy Court of Death

With softest footstep tread!
The spirit of the place I feel,
And on its sacred dust I kneel -

For here all lowly laid,
As ancient legends soothly say,
Rest Bessy Bell and Mary Gray.

The grave of Burns! a throne of state !
Revered, though mouldering desolate !
I envied poortith's hapless fate

And quick decay,
As musing on the “ furrows' weight"

That o'er bim lay.

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Wasting their breath to blow a fire

we noticed some time ago, is circulating proposals for publishing To burn like thine ;

mezzotinto engravings of Mr Jeffrey, Mr Brougham, and Sir Hum.

phrey Davy. Mr Jeffrey is from a portrait by that rising' artist, But black I see them all expire

Colville Smith ; Mr Brougham, from a portrait by Sir Thomas Before thy shrine.

Lawrence, generally acknowledged to be the best, if not indeed the

only happy likeness extant, of that distinguished author and states. Burns ! might I live again to see

man, A Bard among us like to thee,

Scottish ACADEMY.-We remarked lately that rumours had My heart's best thanks I glad would gie

reached our ears of dissensions in the Scottish Academy. They have To God the giver,

broken out sooner than we had anticipated, and in the form of an And then contented close my ee

ex parte statement of certain proceedings at a late meeting of the To sleep for ever!

body. We sincerely hope, however, that this will prove, like the premature explosion of a mine, the means to carry off the lurking

danger innocuously. The case (as a lawyer would say) is ably stated SONNET.-TO ISABEL.

in the document we allude to, but perhaps more eloquently than

correctly. We have ample materials in hand for a full, true, and Dearest and gentlest ! let me hold thee fast

impartial history of the whole transactions, but a press of matter Within my arms, and kiss thy Parian brow; obliges us to defer it till next week. And whilst this soften'd light is o'er us cast,

LITERARY AND SCIENTIFIC DEBATING SOCIETIES IN EDIN

BURGH.-Most of these Institutions have commenced their winter Breathe with me fondly an impassion d vow;

campaign. In a country like ours, where no one individual can say And let the murmurings of our joy be heard,

that he may not be called upon some time or other to express his Like rippling waves along the shining shore,

sentiments in public, the art of extemporaneous debate may be Not loud, but deep. Love is its own reward,

looked upon as a necessary part of education. It is in these SocieAnd hath of pleasures an exhaustless store.

ties, too, that a young man best learns to instruct himself by his I see the golden fancies of thy mind

own exertions, and for an object of his own proposing ; it is in them Dancing, like fairies, round thy lips and eyes ;

that he best learns to measure himself with his fellows. The Royal Or, like the small clouds, chased by summer wind,

Medical Society was instituted in 1737, and, as its name indicates,

confines itself exclusively to medical discussions. It was incorporaDissolving into sunlight as they rise :

ted by royal charter in 1778. It is in the habit of hearing what are A shower of blessings on thee, Isabel !

called medical news in the early part of its meetings-accounts of My soul is faint with loving thee too well.

interesting and uncommon cases, and reports of discoveries in mediH. G. B.

cine and the cognate sciences. An essay is afterwards read by one of the members on some medical subject, and its doctrine and general merits form the subject of the evening's debate. At the close

of each session the subjects of the dissertations, and the mernberg LITERARY CHIT-CHAT AND VARIETIES.

who are to read them during the ensuing one, are appointed by the

Society. Each mer gives in to the secretary two copies of his THERE is preparing for early publication a third volume of the dissertation three weeks before it comes to be discussed. During

the first week it is transcribed for preservation into a book kept for History of the University of Edinburgh, by Alexander Bower, comprehending the period from 1756 to the present time, and contain- that purpose under the secretary's inspection, and another copy is ing, besides the History as extracted from the records of the Univer. taken of it at the Society's expense. The three separate copies are sity and Town Counc 1, biographical accounts of the eminent men then sent in rotation during the remaining fortnight to the members now deceased who have filled professorial chairs. Among these whose names are upon the roll, to be perused by them beforehand. are, Robertson, Ferguson, Robison, Monro, both Gregorys, Dugald This practice is calculated to give a greater maturity to the critiStewart, Playfair, Finlayson, Christison, Duncan, Murray, Brown, cisms on the essay. This Society meets every Friday during the and several others.

winter session in its hall in Surgeon-Square: it possesses an extenRobert Handyside, Esq. advocate, is preparing for publication a sive and well-managed medical library, and a museum, which is work on the Law of Jurisdiction and Actions.

daily increasing.--The Royal Physical Society was instituted some A new Novel, from the pen of Mr Grattan, called the Heiress of few years after the Medical, and its chief object is the prosecution Bruges, is ia the press.

exclusively of the physical sciences. It possesses a very good hall Dr Seymour bas in the press a work on the Diseases of the Ova- in Richmond Strect, and a small library. It is not so numerously ria, including encysted dropsy and malignant diseases of those or- attended as the Medical Society ; but its proceedings are in general gans; to which are prefixed Physiological Observations on the Struc- interesting.- The Speculative Society was founded in 1764: and as ture and Functions of these parts in the human being and in animals. the arena on which some of our most noted political characters first

The first Number of a London Musical Gazette, to be continued tried their powers, is more generally known among young men of weekly, was published last Saturday.

literary habits than any other of our Edinburgh Societies. Its hisAn Historical and Topographical Atlas of England and Wales, ex

tory, from the date of its commencement, would be a curious chaphibiting their geographical features during the Roman, Saxon, Da

ter in the narrative of the march of intellect in Edinburgh. The nish, and Norman governments, is announced.

subjects for discussion are chiefly literary, moral, and political, Miss E. E. Kendrick has in the press a little work, to be entitled

It does not confine itself to any exclusive branch of science, but exConversations on Miniature Painting.

patiates over that field of polite literature which is necessary to every The Book rarities in the University of Cambridge, illustrated by gentleman, and indispensable to the finish of his character. It is a Original Letters and Notes, biographical, literary, and antiquarian, neutral ground, upon which men of all professions can meet with by the Rev. C. H. Hartshorne, M.A. is announced.

mutual advantage. The meetings are held every Tuesday, in the SoThe Conductors of the Library of Useful Knowledge propose pub ciety's hall, in the University buildings. It possesses a tolerable liblishing a series of Treatises on the different subjects connected with rary, and a fine portrait of the lamented Francis Horner, by Raebum. Domestic and Rural Economy, which they will denominate the -The Juridical Society was instituted in 1773. Beyond its own walls, Farmer's Series.

it is known as having published the most complete system of Scottish The Memoirs of Bolivar, announced for immediate publication, Conveyancing. It indulges occasionally in debates of general inteare reported not only to contain much new information relative to rest; but the main stock of its discussions are legal. Only such perthe private history of that extraordinary man, but will also comprise sons can become members as are either members of a legal profession, a complete history of the Colombian Revolution.

or studying with a view to enter one. The Society met for the first Major Leith Hay is about to publish a Memoir of the Peninsular time in its new and elegant hall in Charlotte Square on Wednesday War, compiled from the memoranda of six years' service.

the 18th of November. It is, we understand, making application for TALES OF AN INDIAN CAMP.-This work, which is now announced a crown charter, and has it in contemplation to found a complete law for immediale publication, is from the pen of J. A. Jones, Esq. whose library. “ Caparisons," Mrs Malaprop tells us, “are odoriferous :" yet long residence among the Indian Tribes of North America has en- were we inclined to distingui h between the two last-mentioned so. abled him to collect most of the traditions current among all the na

cieties, both of which stand high at present, we should say that the Spetions of the Red Men dispersed over three millions of square miles culative is perhaps more remarkable for extensive general knowledge in that vast continent. They will exhibit, we understand, their no- and polished taste,-the Juridical for sound, practical, business-like tions respecting the Supreme Being, the creation, the origin of their habits of debate.—The Plinian Society restricts its attention for the Tribes, and will comprise an account of their manners, habits, modes most part to subjects connected with natural history and antiquities. of life, marriage-ceremonies, &c.

Papers are read at each meeting on some topic of this kind, and the FINE ARTS.Mr Walker, engravor, whose print of Lord Moncrieff opinions they contain are afterwards criticised. The Society is patron

1

ised, we understand, by Professors Jameson and Graham, and pos- There are some very fine paintings here of the Venetian school. sesses a cabinet of natural history, which is on the increase, including Leonardo da Vinci's Fresco of the Last Supper, would of itself reward a very extensive herbarium. - We have noticed these societies, be- a journey this length.-Padua-I am delighted with many of the pic cause their members are generally such as have completed, or are on tures here ; butchiefly with the frescoes by Giotto, Titian, and others the eve of completing, their studies ; and we therefore incline to view - a style of painting which I never before had an opportunity of exa. them as a transition state between the apprentice and master in lite- mining. I can now understand the raptures with which I have heard rature. Societies of a more juvenile character are so numerous, that artists and amateurs speak of the works of Giotto, and which till we must decline even attempting a catalogue of them. Does the now always appeared to me overstrained.-Venice-After anxiously Academic Society still exist ?-it was the nursery of our youthful examining and studying almost all the best works of the Venetian genius.

school, I find the manner of all of them approach more or less to that The Six Feet CLUB.-We understand that, among others, Sir of fresco. Among the splendid Works by Titian, Paul Veronese, and Walter Scott, Professor Wilson, and the Ettrick Shepherd, are to be Tintonette, in the possession of the Academy of the Fine Arts, there present at the Annual Dinner of this Club, which takes place on the is one—the Miracle of St Mark— by the latter, which, for effect, power 28th instant. The meeting cannot fail to be an interesting and de- of light and shadow, composition and character, baffles all descriplightful one.

tion. It appears to me to have been painted first in water colours, The CATHOLIC Chapel.-This place of worship, the interior of and afterwards glazed in oil, which method never fails to produce a which has just undergone a complete renewal, re-opens tomorrow. transparency of colour, and quality of texture, impossible to get The manner in which the decorations have been executed reflects the otherwise. The colouring is gorgeous-of a deep rich tone. The greatest credit on Mr Hay, and cannot fail to add to his already de- greater part of the figures are in shadow, for apparently so, from be servedly high reputation as an ornamental house-painter. The altering opposed to a broad light in the back.ground. This is a general ation that falls most in the eye is the introduction of what may be practice of the Venetian painters, and makes their figures tall at a termed a hanging tracery under the roof-principals. Betwixt the distance. The ex-Ducal Palace contains a large picture by Titian, chief ties, ribs have been judiciously represented, the intersections of called, if I remember rightly, · Faith, St Mark,' &c. Although very which are covered by rich bosses. New architraves ve been traced large, it is not long enough to fill up the space between the two doors round the windows, with a bold and masterly pencil, and add consi- of the hall where it is placed ; and to make it fit, two pieces of canderable breadth and relief to their original effect. Around, and on vass are joined to it, and painted in oil by some artist of a later date either side of the altar-piece, similar architraves have been most hap

than Titian. The figures, colour, and composition, are extremely pily introduced. In the form of the altar-piece itself no change has

well imitated, yet not so well as to deceive the eye of a painter." been made. It is painted in imitation of Sienna marble ; and the Theatrical Gossip.–Drury Lane having been left half deserted in centre canopy is skilfully projected by the introduction of a piece of

order that Covent Garden might be filled, has got into serious arrears. sky behind it. The altar itself is painted in imitation of lapis-lazuli.

At a recent meeting of the Company, the principal performers agreed What deficiencies we could urge have their origin chiefly in the ori- to lend the management 25 per cent of their salaries for ten weeks. ginal construction of the chapel, and cannot properly be reckoned to It is hoped that things may thus go on till Christmas, when the PanMr Hay's charge. He is, however, responsible for a slight error in tomime will probably replenish the treasury. There has been little not making the ribs more decidedly of an oaken colour, which would novelty at either of the Theatres-Royal. A new piece by Mr Planche have given unity of character to the roof; and also for the glaring introduced at Vienna, a series of living tableaux will be represented,

is in rehearsal at Drury Lane, in which, after a practic: recently colour of the drapery above Vandyke's Entombment of Christ. The bright red curtain and yellow fringes quite kill the colour of that

from celebrated paintings.-In an amusing trifle lately produced at

the Adelphi, there is a mock-heroic incantation scene, in which the scientific and finely-felt painting, which has suffered enough already from the unfavourable light in which it is placed. But, on the whole, ingredients thrown into the cauldron are as follows:-1. The knee

buckle of a blackleg. 2. One of the balls of a pawnbroker's sig. 1 the decorations are such as to accord with the church's ritual, the splendour of which they are destined to enhance by their presence.

A bad sixpence taken at the gallery-door. 4. A lady's complexion En passant-is it not rather an anomaly that the altar should stand

Jost in the heat of a ball-room. 5. The under-crust of a baker's at the west end of the chapel ?

“dead-man.” 6. The conscience of an attorney.- The West LosSTATE OF CRIME IN FRANCE.-A report on the administration of

don Theatre is about to be opened in considerable force by Mr Alescriminal justice in France has been published in the Moniteur. A

ander Lee, Mr Percy Farren, and Mr Melrose.-The officers of the condensed statement of the results may have an interest for some of

70th Regiment stationed at Tipperary, have fitted up a Private our readers. The total number of persons accused before the courts

Theatre, and are performing plays to all their friends. -De Begnis

has now, we believe, decided on visiting Edinburgh this season with of assize, in the year 1828, is 8172; being an increase upon the total,

an Italian company; he is at present at Liverpool, and Signora during the year 1827, of 467. This increase is confined to crimes

Blasis is the prima donna of his corps.- Macready will make his s} affecting property; crimes against the person have diminished by 67.

pearance here next week.-We also hear that we are to hare a visit of the persons accused, 7396 have been tried; 776 did not appear.

from Miss Smithson.-A Christmas pantomime, we are informed, is Among those who were brought to trial, the proportion of males to

in preparation, in which Taylor, the celebrated clown, will appear. females was as 19 to 100. It is estimated, that the proportion of

-The name of the young gentleman who has performed Shabet those criminals who were totally destitute of education was three

twice with good approbation, is Hedderwick;-his father is a respect fifths of the whole: the proportion of uneducated females is some- able printer in Glasgow. what greater than that of uneducated males. By dividing the ac

WEEKLY List of PerroRMANCES. cused into classes, according to the education they had received, it was found that, among such as could neither read nor write, 37 out

Nov, 14.-Nov. 20. of every hundred were acquitted ; among such as had a middling Sat.

Marriage of Figaro, f The Youthful Queen. education, 44 out of every hundred, and among such as had received Mon. Barber of Seville, & The Robber's Wif. a superior education, 65 out of every hundred. The number of per

TUES.

Merchant of Venice, & The Youthful Queen. sons tried before the tribunals of correctional police in 1828 was

WED. The Maid of the Mill, f Do. 172,300. This is an increase upon the number in 1827 of 1154. The THURS. The Haunted Tower, & Do. increase is chiefly among the thieves; 116 prosecutions were at

FRI.

Mary, Queen of Scots, William Thompson, The Rather's the instance of the Crown for transgressions of the laws of the

Wife. press. There does not appear from these statements to be any increase of crime in France from the year 1827 to the year 1828, greater

TO OUR CORRESPONDENTS. than may be satisfactorily accounted for by the oscillation in the ex*

A NUMBER of interesting articles are still unavoidably postponell

. act quantity of crime in a nation from year to year, or by the greater

" Letters from Paris, No. II.” and “ A Song about Love," by the activity of the legal authorities. By far the most important part of

Ettrick Shepherd, in our next. the document, in our estimation, is that which establishes the dimi

The “ Celtic Legend" shall have an early place. We have do de nution of crime as we rise in the scale of education.

sire to continue any farther correspondence with “F. H." FINE ARTS IN ITALY.-We make the following extracts from a

The Verses by " Andrew Mercer," of Inverkeithing, are much to letter lately received from an Edinburgh artist of eminence, now in

our liking, and shall have a place at our best convenience. The Italy." Milan-Went to the opera, and saw the Gazza Ladra. It is

Lines by “W." of Gainsborough, Yorkshire, are a little too redutdelightful, after being sickened with the melo-dramas of England, to

dant, but are highly poetical, and after some abridgments shall be inwitness the performance of an opera in a country where it is regard-serted." A Bachelor's Consolation" is clever, and shall appear ed as a work of art, and where the arrangements of the musical dra

Our two fair Correspondents, “ Laura" and " Anna," are very de ma dare no more transgress the rules of harmony and melody, than | lightful creatures, but they do not write quite such good poetry a painting dare sin against those of perspective. Visited the exhi- we could wish.– The Verses by "J. H.” though pretty, hardly come bition of modern paintings in the Palace of Arts. It contains a few up to our standard.—We are afraid we must say the same to " Alpha” good historical subjects; well composed, drawn, and coloured, but of Glasgow." J. C. A.” of Paisley is not equal to "Lorma” in his painted like all the modern pictures out of England -very deficient Frenchification. To " A Winter's Song" we can gire only a cold in richness and texture sadly in want of Asphaltum and Megi?p.

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LITERARY CRITICISM.

ance to all, our readers will scarcely object to our entering into a pretty detailed analysis of the contents of this

book. A Treatise on Poisons, in relation to Medical Jurisprudence, Physiology, and the Practice of Physic. By the body to which it is applied, and sometimes it extends

The action of poison is sometimes confined to the part of Robert Christison, M.D. Professor of Medical Jurisprudence and Police in the University of Edinburgh. local, sometimes remote.

to distant organs; in other words, it is sometimes merely One volume, 8vo, pp. 698. Edinburgh: Printed for of three kinds. Sometimes they decompose chemically, or

The local effects of poisons are Adam Black. 1829.

corrode the part to which they are applied; sometimes MEDICAL JURISPRUDENCE has hitherto made slight they inflame or irritate the part to which they are applied ; progress in this country. There has been little encou- and sometimes they merely produce a peculiar impression ragement held out to men of talent to devote themselves on the sentient extremities of the nerves, unaccompanied to its study. There is a proud, wilful, obstinate pride of by any visible change of structure. The manner in which common sense in the English character, that looks with the influence of poisons is conveyed from one organ to resentment on the superior pretensions of science, and another, seems to be, in some instances, sympathetic, in repulses, as insulting, its offers of assistance. No more others, by absorption. The discoveries of Majendie on deadly offence can be given to John Bull than to lay venous absorption, and the frequent disappearance of claim to better information than he possesses. The su- poisons during life from the shut cavities in which they percilious neglect with which he has hitherto listened to have been enclosed, have rendered it a favourite doctrine the arguments of the medical jurist in favour of the in- that most of them act through the blood. Dr Christison troduction of a more strict and satisfactory mode of col- holds it to be an erroneous opinion, that poisons affect relecting medical evidence, and in behalf of an efficient me- motely the general system. He admits that a few of dical police, is quite in character. We are daily accus- them, and, in particular, arsenic and mercury, appear to tomed to hear it gravely impressed upon the minds of affect most of the organs in the body, but maintains that juries from the bench, " that this new thing called medi- by far the greater proportion seem to act on one or more cal jurisprudence is no part of the law of the land ;" we organs only. Some of them act chiefly, if not solely, on have almost daily instances that lawyers successfully re- the heart; others on the lungs; a great number on the sort to the trick of bringing forward some ignorant dolt brain, and a few on the spinal cord. whom good luck has furnished with the title of surgeon, The action of poisons may be modified, both in degree to swear in the teeth of a scientific and widely-expe- and kind, from a variety of circumstances. Dr Christirienced investigator, and thus neutralize, to the satisfaction son enumerates as the principal :-1. Quantity.

Not of an ignorant jury, the evidence of the latter ; we cannot only are the effects of a poison administered in large doses walk through a street of any city in the kingdom without more rapid ; they are frequently quite altered in kind. having our eyes insulted by placards headed, “ Medical 2. State of Aggregation. Poisons act more energetically Aid," and promising “ the strictest honour and secrecy," the more they are subdivided,—and hence, most energeti-glaring proofs of the inefficiency of a police which als cally in solution, or when reduced to a state of vapour. lows ignorant men, and of immoral character, to practise Differences in aggregation have been known to affect the upon the shame, fears, and credulity of the lower orders, kind, as well as degree, of action. 3. State of chemical and commit murder by wholesale with impunity. combination. “ Poisons which only act locally, have their

Among other inestimable blessings which we owe to action much impaired, or even neutralised, in their chethis dignified apathy, not the least striking to one at all mical combinations : the action of poisons which operate acquainted with Continental literature, is the miserably by entering the blood, although it may be somewhat lesssmall share contributed by the experimentalists of Greatened, cannot be destroyed or altered in their chemical Britain to the daily increasing stores of forensic media combinations.” 4. Miature. The effect of mixture decine, when compared with what bas been done in France pends partly on the poisons being diluted ; partly on the and Germany. Hitherto we have been unable to reckon mere mechanical impediment thrown between the poison more than a stray pamphlet, an occasional article in a and the animal membranes. 5. Difference of tissue in medical journal, and one or two institutional works, the parts to which the poison is applied. The variations which are only adapted to teach the first rudiments of having their origin in this source, depend chiefly on the the science, not to diffuse an extended and practical know- relative quickness with which the absorption goes on, ledge. Dr Christison's volume is almost the first attempt but not always. Some poisons which cause death when amoug us to discuss the science independently, and in applied to a wound in small quantities, may be swallowed that detail which is requisite to exhaust the subject. The in large doses with impunity. Others are merely dimiauthor has been long known in the Justiciary Court as a nished in activity; and in some, it matters little to what clear-headed and well-informed medical jurist ; and he is textures they are applied. It is worthy of notice, that still more widely known by his excellent and numerous mineral poisons are the least, and animal poisons the contributions to the Edinburgh Medical and Surgical most, affected by difference of tissue ; while vegetable poi. Journal. The work which we have now in hands fully sons hold a middle place. 6. Difference of Organ. The equals what our previous knowledge of his talents had differences hence arising may in general be referred to led us to expect.

As the subject is of such vital import- difference of tissue, but not always. 7. Habit and Idiocyn.

crasy. The tendency of the latter is to increase the his testimony must be judged of by the rules recognised activity of poisons, and even to render some substances by the court. The office of a medical police is, to superdeleterious, which to the greater number of persons are intend the cleanliness of cities—the character of the food harmless. Such an idiosyncrasy may even be acquired. exposed in the markets—the supplies of water—the loOn the contrary, the tendency of habit is, with a few cality and structure of manufactories, which, in their exceptions, to lessen the energy of poisons.

process, evolve noxious exhalations—and the qualifications The classification of poisons is rather a difficult sub- of medical practitioners. All these matters are left in ject. Dr Christison has preferred classing them accord- this country to chance; and we believe it is now the only ing to the symptoms they induce on man. He allows country in Europe where this is the case. A medical this method to be unsatisfactory, and only adopts it as officer, such as we have suggested in the case of the sheriff the least deficient. According to him, all poisons may courts, might extend bis activity with great benefit in this be arranged under one of three great divisions :-Ist, The direction. This is sufficiently established by a number Irritants, including all whose sole or predominating of interesting facts stated in the course of Dr Christison's symptoms are those of irritation or inflammation ; 2d, book, for which we refer the reader (among other passThe Narcotics, which produce stupor, delirium, and other ages) to the chapter on “ Lead," and that on “ Decayed affections of the brain and nervous system ; 3d, The Nar- and Diseased Animal Matter." cotico-Acrids, which produce sometimes irritation, some- It only remains that we address a few suggestions to tiines narcotism, sometimes both together. The first class Dr Christison. His book is professedly practical, and comprehends the mineral acids, the fixed alkalies, the he, on this account, declines treating of any but the more poisonous metallic compounds, some of the earths, the common poisons. We are inclined to think, that a satisvegetable acrids, cantharides, the venom of serpents, factory work upon toxicology can only be produced upon poisonous fish, and diseased and decayed animal matter: the exhaustive plan, and that much light, even in what The second, opium, hyoscyamus, lactuca, salanum, hydro- regards the practice of this country, may be obtained from cyanic acid, and the poisonous gases : The third, night- comparative views of the working of foreign poisons, or shade, thorn-apple, and tobacco ; hemlock, and some other of those known here under the influence of a different umbelliferous plants; monkshood ; cocculus indicus, poi- climate. We could also bave wished that Dr Christison sonous grain, and poisonous fungi.

had given a catalogue raisonné of the principal Continental The results yielded by the study of poisons, as tending works which he has quoted. This would have had the to throw light on physiology and the practice of physic, double advantage of introducing his reader to a branch of have bitherto been such as to encourage further research, medical literature which is too little cultivated among us, rather than such as can be said to have added materially and at the same time of enabling him to judge of the value to our knowledge in these two branches of study. Al- of any particular experiment, which must always be iothough they hold out fair hopes to the physician of the Auenced by the accuracy of the operator and the credibifuture discovery of new and more efficacious remedies and lity of the reporter. We make these suggestions for the modes of treatment, it would be worse than madness to benefit of Dr Christison's second edition, which, consiact as yet upon the immature researches of the toxicolo- dering the valuable nature of his work, we doubt not will gist. Their bearing upon the science of jurisprudence is soon be called for. more immediate and practical ; and to this subject, therefore, we must dedicate a few remarks, notwithstanding the length to which this article has already run.

Oliver Cromwell, a Poem, in Three Books. Edinburgh. Medical knowledge is important to the lawyer and to

Oliver and Boyd. 1829. the legislator, in two distinct points of view. To the former, it is chiefly necessary in discussing the evidence This work is, we believe, from the pen of Mr Dunlop for the commission or non-commission of a crime: to the of Greenock. On the whole, we look upon the preface latter, in enacting sound police regulations. With regard as the best part of it. The author is a much better prose to the former, we may remark, that in criminal cases of writer than a poet. The preface extends to twenty-two poisoning, the enquiry resolves itself (as in all criminal closely-printed pages, and contains an able and vigorous investigations) into two great questions :- First, the defence of Oliver Cromwell. We have no intention to reality of the death by poison ; and, second, whether it enter into the merits of the question ; but we profess ourhas happened through malicious intention or accidentally, selves to be “ neutral and candid,” and to such Mr Dunand by whose instrumentality. In the first question, the lop is of opinion that "it may be incontestably show, opinion of the medical man gives the law to the jury. that disinterested patriotism, in the most moderate degrer, His declaration, that death has been caused by poison, required decisive hostility to the King's measures ; that ought to preclude all further enquiry into the fact. It Cromwell

, as well as others, acted from honest principle stands in the same relation as the opinion of an architect, in this respect, and had but too cogent reasons to rouse to whom it has been remitted to report on the state of a them; that he fairly proceeded from one step of power to building. This view of the matter shows at once the another, by the natural progress of events, without being loose and unsatisfactory nature of the mode at present liable to the imputation of remarkable and criminal amadopted in taking this part of the medical evidence.bition ; that the chief magistracy of Great Britain was The crown counsel employ a medical man, and proceed entailed on him by motives of self-preservation, by the upon his opinion; the counsel for the prisoner bring regard which is due to the protection of inestimable reliforward another to contradict him ;-the bench and the gious privileges, and in general by the incidence of things

, jury, between this conflicting testimony, know not what which, perhaps, he himself could not in one sense counto think. It is the throw of a die whether the innocent teract; and that his reign, considering the untoward cirshall suffer or the guilty escape. Now it really seems to cumstances of it, presents nothing for which to load his us, that the remedy is as simple as the defect in our judi- memory with reproach.” With so much admiration of cial institutions is notorious. The precognitions, which, his hero, it was natural to expect that our author would in Scotland, always precede the judicial investigation, are have devoted the main body of his book to a clear elueitaken by the sheriff. Let a competent medical officer be dation of his character and actions; and the name of attached to each sheriff court for the purpose of conduct- “ Oliver Cromwell,” which he has prefixed to his poem, ing such preliminary investigations as the one alluded to, certainly led us to conclude that we should find it dedi. and let his report be final. In the second part of the en- cated to his service. This is not the case. The plan of quiry-the question, namely, of intentional or accidental the poem is as follows :—It is written in blank verse, death, and the ascertaining of the criminal—the medical and introduces us to Cromwell and his daughter, Mr witness descends, of course, to the level of any other

, and Claypole, between whom a poetical dialogue is sustained

Pp. 200.

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