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English. Sanscr. Anglo-Saxon. old and New High flow plu (natare, vo- - fli : fliebon. float lare, flare) fleotan, fleowan ; nie fly id - - fliogan - fliugan; fliegen. first parama (summus) fyresta - furisto; Fürst, (princeps.) fire pávaka (ignis) fyr fiur; Fewer. (b.) English Finlaut and Sanscr. P. reave lup (rumpere) reafjan - raubon; rauben. over upari (super) ufa, of r - ubar; tıber. weave vap (texere) vefan . - weban; weben. nephew napvré (nepos) nefa . - nefo; neffe. (nefew)

after apara (alius) àfter . - aftar; after. (c.) English Fauslaut and Sanscr. P.

of apa (de, ab) . of - - aba, ab; ab. loaf srap—ayámi (facio hlaf . - hlaib ; Laib. ut coquatur) (d.) English F and some other letter. foam phena (spuma) foem - . feim; Feim (schaum.) fall chal (vacillare, feallan . . fallan; fallen. recedere) fair cháru (pulcher) feger, fegr . fagar. fruit* bhuj (edere, frui) n.frukt . . fruht; Frucht. fight jaj (pugnare) fihtan, feochtan fehtan; fechten. hoof japha (ungulo hôf . . . huof; Huf. equi.) stiff stabh, stambh stif . . . stif; steif. (fulcire) staff id stabdha (rigi- staf, staf . stab; stab. dus) wolf vrika (lupus) vulf - ... wolf; wolf. fish jhasha (piscis) fisc - ... fisc; fisk, Fisch. four chatur (quatuor) feover . . fior; vier. fare char (ire, ambu- faran - faran; fahren. lare)

"Graff, iii. 819, “Fruht, frukt, frucht, kannauch deutschemboden ensprungenseyn."

English. Sanscr. Anglo-Saxon. Old *ś foe bhí(timere, Cauf fian(odisse);fiend, fien (odisse) fiant, friend terrere) fiond . - Feind. fear idbhiru(timidus) ferht (timor) . forhta; Furcht. fist mushti (pugnus) fyst. - . füst; Faust. drive, v. draw ayāmi (facio drifan . . triban; treiben. ut aliquid currat, r. dru)

liver, s. yakrit (jeur) lifr, lifer . ... libara; Leber. leave, v. rich (relinquere) lifan, leofan, lae- liban, biliban; blei

fan . - ben. raven,s. kärava (cornix) hraefn, hraem hraban, hram ; Rabe. love, v. lubh (desiderare) lufjan, leofan liubjan; lieben. live, v. jív (vivere) . leofan, lifjan . liban; leben.

The following table shews the results of our comparisons. Eng. Fanlaut corresponding with Sanscr. P in 23 examples. --- --- ... Ph in 1 Bh in 3 M in 1 Ch in 41° j in 1 --- --- ... Jh in 1 F—inlaut (v.) --- ... P in 5 --- Bh in 1 V in 3 K in 1 --- --- ... Ch in 1 F—auslaut --- ... P in 2 Ph in 1 Bh in 1

According to Grimm's law, Gothic Fought to answer to Greek, Latin, and Sanscr. P. The majority of our examples proves this to be the fact also in respect to English and Sanscrit. General Rule: English F corresponds with Sanscr. P.

15 There will be about 130 words to indicate that there is a more intimate compared of the Labial Class, 13 of these organic connection between the Labials answer to Scr. Gutturals or Palatals, 3 and Gutturals or Palatals than between only to Linguals. These numbers seem the Labials and Linguals.

3. B, in English, frequent as Anlaut, much less so as Inlaut and Auslaut. In Gothic, it is of rare occurrence as Auslaut (Grimm, 1.55,) but regularly after liquids (e. gr. halb, dumb); preceded by a vowel, it changes into f, e. gr. geban, imp. gif. In A. S. it is of rare occurrence in both Inlaut and Auslaut

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Old High and New

English. Sanscr. Anglo-Saxon. High-German.

bite bhid (findere) bitan bizan ; beiben.

bitter id. ut supra biter bittar; bitter.

bill bhil (findere) bile bihal, bial; Beil.

be bhū (esse). beon bim; ich bin.

bower bhavana (domus) bur bur (habitatio); Bauer, (acage.)

bear” bhri, bhar(ferre) beran beran; bären (ge) bären.

bring id. bringan bringan; bringen

birth id. byrd, byrde Burt; Geburt.

burden id. byrdhen burdi; Bürde

bury id. - byrigan, birian bergan; bergen

brew bhri (frigere, brivan briuwan; branen.

affare) burn bhran (sonum birnan brinnan brennan. edere)

bright bhrāj (splendere) becrht berht(splendidus); Pracht.

blink bhlás" (id.) blican - blinchan; blinken (splendor.)

.*} id. blac, blaec, bleac bleih ; bleich.

brother bhrātri (frater) brodhor, bredher broeve, bruva

brow bhrá (superci

brodar ; Bruder. brawa ; Braue.

lium)

1° Graff, III. 191, gives “bringan, Th. brah” under the root Bar or Sanscr. bhri. But at the same time he leaves the choice between this and the following roots: bhaj (offerre, dare), if it does really exist. Or Sanscr, rah (relingere) with the praefix bi, which may change

the meaning to the contrary, brah (afferre.) Or Sanscr. rah, rauh (se movere.) Or “barh (dare), brih (admiti.) Or Sanscr. grah (capere, sumere,) causat. offerre. B changed into G, as in Sanscr. gavas, Lat. boves.

Old and New High

English. Sanscr. Anglo-Saxon. German. bow bhuj (flectere) becgan (flecte- bogo; Bogen. (arcus) re); boga, s. berry bhaksh (edere) beria (bacca) beri; Beere. break bhanj(frangere) breacan brechan; brechen.

by

both bake”

bread

birch

(a) bhi (ad, ad

versus) - be, bi - bi; bei.
(u) bha (ambo) bu, batva, butu beide; beide.
bhaj (coquere,

torrere) bacan - bachan; backen. bhraij s. bhrasj, bread, breod brót; Brot. (coquere, frigere) bhūrija (betula) bedrce bircha; Birke, Gf.

bhad (gaudere)

}: o: bet, better, baz, bezir; better.
felix, optimus)
(b.) English B inlaut and Sanscr. Bh.
(c.) English Banlaut and Sanscr. Bh.

better, best

grub grave } bleat bind beam, boom bathe bold bid

beer bee

jribh(aperire, os- grafan; Goth. graban, grubilon;
citare) graban graben, grübeln.
(d.) English B and some other Sanscr. letter.
balk, s. bark(ré- blatan - blazan ; blóken,
sonner, Eichh.) bölken.
band, bundh (li- bindan - bindan ; binden.
gare)
bah,bad(crescere) beam;Got.bagms; baum; Baum.
N. badmr
bad (lavare) bathian - badon; baden.
bala (robur) bald bald, baldi (strenu-
us, fortis.)
with (desiderare) biddan bitjan; bitten (pe-
tere.)
pi (bibere) beor . - bior; Bier.
id. beo . - bia; Biene.

* Graff, iri. 24. hesitates to decide be- pach, and German backen, to Sanscr. tween Sanser. pach (coquere); bhrij, bhrij, bhaj, cf. Sanscr-parasu (securis, bhāj (torrere, coquere), and bhá (lu- ascia), and Gr, rows, while Germ cere), yet “pach” seems to him the Beil (securis, ascia; Engli bill) is conless probable. Bopp s. v. “pach,” de- nected with another 5 root, bhil cidedly refers, Lat. coquo, to Sanscr. (findere)

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