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graph, we have completed the expression of the thought.
A sentence is an arrangement of words completely expressing
A sentence begins with a capital letter.
Exercise 1. — In these words tell which are sentences
10. Cæsar crossed the Rubicon.
12. As I was going home.
13. Seeing he was angry. 5. The man has.
14. Eli Whitney invented. 6. Napoleon crossed.
15. The diamond cuts glass. 7. Birds build.
16. Paper is made of wood. 8. Hunting is fine.
17. Tennyson wrote. 9. Texas is.
18. Iron is found.
Exercise 2. Write a sentence about each of the fol-
4. An automobile. 7. A steamboat.
9. The Spanish war.
LESSON 3. — KINDS OF SENTENCES
1. God made the heavens and the earth.
A declarative sentence is one that states or declares a fact.
The second sentence asks a stion, and is called an interrogative sentence
An interrogative senten une that asks a question.
The third sentence expresses a command, and is called an imperative sentence.
An imperative sentence is one that gives a command or makes an entreaty.
The fourth sentence expresses a deep feeling or a sudden emotion, and is called an exclamatory sentence.
An exclamatory sentence is one that expresses a deep feeling or a sudden emotion.
A declarative, interrogative, or imperative sentence may at the same time be exclamatory, if uttered with deep feeling Declarative: Pan is dead! Great Pan is dead ! Interrogative: Where, oh where, are the visions of morning! Imperative: Ring out, wild bells, to the wild sky!
A declarative sentence usually ends with a period. (.)
An interrogative sentence usually ends with an interrogation mark. (?)
An imperative sentence usually ends with a period. (.)
An exclamatory sentence ends with an exclamation mark. (!)
These sentences are declarative because they state facts :
Regimen is better than physic. Every one should be his own physician. We ought to assist and not to force nature. Nothing is good for the body but what we can digest.”
These sentences are interrogative because they ask questions:
“ But when shall we be stronger? Will it be the next week, or the next year? Will it be when we are totally disarmed and when a British guard shall be stationed in every house ? Shall we gather strength by irresolution and inaction?”
EVANS'S ELE. ENG. GRAM. – 2
These sentences are exclamatory because they express emotion and deep feeling :
“What a charm there is connected with the great mountains ! How the mind is filled with their vast solitude! How the inward eye is fixed on their silent, their sublime, their everlasting peaks ! How our hearts bound to the music of their solitary cries, to the tinkling of their gushing rills, to the sound of their cataracts! How inspiring are the odors that breathe from the upland turfs, from the rock-hung flower, from the hoary and solemn pine!”
These sentences are imperative because they express command.
“ Abhor that which is evil; cleave to that which is good. Bless them which persecute you; bless, and curse not. Rejoice with them that rejoice, and weep with them that weep. Recompense no man evil for evil. Provide things honest in the sight of all men. Be not overcome of evil, but overcome evil with good.”
Exercise 1. – Name the kind of sentence:
1. How the wind blows!
Exercise 2. — Change each of these sentences into three other kinds: 1. The winter wind blows cold. 3. Sleep on, tired little fellow. 2. How loud the church bell rings! 4. Do the little stars twinkle ?
LESSON 4.- KINDS OF SENTENCES (continued) Exercise 1. — Change these declarative sentences to interrogative sentences:
1. The Mammoth Cave is in Kentucky.
Exercise 2. — Answer these interrogative sentences by
1. Who discovered America ?
Exercise 3. -— Change these declarative sentences to exclamatory sentences:
1. The night is beautiful.
7. I am glad to see you.
Exercise 4. — Answer these interrogative sentences by imperative sentences:
1. Shall I give you a knife or a top?
Exercise 5. — Make an interrogative sentence about each
5 of the following subjects: fish a baseball game
Charleston the circus Christmas
General Oglethorpe Atlanta
the Fourth of July cotton a steamboat the Indians
Exercise 6. — Make an exclamatory sentence about each of the following subjects: the stars
a great speech the snow
a brass band
uncertainty of life a tall mountain
a terrible accident
Exercise 7. — Make an imperative sentence, using each of the following words: give bring
eat shut take sing go
play stop do