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LESSON 5. - SUBJECT AND PREDICATE
In the following sentences tell the things about which something is said. Tell what is said about them:
We see that every sentence has at least two parts. One of these parts is the name of the person, place, or thing about which something is said. This part is called the subject. The other part is that which tells what is said about the subject and is called the predicate.
The subject of a sentence names that of which something is said. The predicate of a sentence tells what is said about the subject.
A sentence that contains but one subject and one predicate and expresses but one thought is called a simple sentence,
In the ordinary declarative sentence the subject is the first part of the statement and can be found by asking the question, "What are we talking about?"
In the ordinary declarative sentence the predicate is the latter part of the statement and can be found by asking the question, “What is said about the subject ?”
Exercise 1. — Name the subject and the predicate in these sentences:
1. Fire burns.
7. Rain falls.
13. Mary sings.
22 COMPLETE SUBJECT AND COMPLETE PREDICATE
Exercise 2. — Use these words as subjects of sentences:
2 stars goats
Jamestown cotton San Francisco eagles school William iron Gibraltar wheels · Paris Susan
grass Chicago oats
Exercise 3. — Use these words as predicates of sentences : burns sailed a boat
grows in Texas grows went to Europe
is a good book bloom
is king of England behaves badly is hot was lost at sea
rises early tastes sweet is made of iron
is a noble boy
LESSON 6. — COMPLETE SUBJECT AND COMPLETE PREDICATE
The subject of a sentence without any words that modify or describe it is called the simple subject.
The predicate of a sentence without any words that modify it is called the simple predicate.
The simple subject with all the words that belong to it is called the complete subject.
The simple predicate with all the words that belong to it is called the complete predicate.
We can generally separate the complete. subject and the complete predicate by a line thus:
The cold winds | blow fiercely.
Exercise 1. - Write the following sentences, separating the complete subject from the complete predicate by a line. Underscore the simple subject and the simple predicate:
1. The long day, ended at last,
danced around the fire.
Exercise 2. Write a sentence about each of the following subjects, divide the subject from the predicate by a vertical line, and underscore the simple subject and the simple predicate: 1. A bird 6. A volcano
11. The island of St. Helena 2. A lesson 7. Thomas Jefferson
12. A baseball game 3. A shotgun 8. Desert of Sahara 13. A Sunday-school picnic 4. A circus 9. An automobile 14. The Gulf of Mexico 5. Skating 10. The first railroad 15. Robinson Crusoe
LESSON 7. – THE OBJECT
Birds build nests.
In this sentence we know that Birds is the subject because it is the thing we are talking about. We know that build is the simple predicate because it tells what che birds do. The word nests, which tells what is done or acted upon by the predicate, is called the object.
The object of a sentence is that which is acted upon by the subject and predicate.
In ordinary sentences the object follows the predicate. The object also forms a part of the complete predicate.
Exercise 1. —Name the object in each of these sentences:
1. Boys fly kites.
Exercise 2. — Copy these sentences and separate the subject, predicate, and object by vertical lines; as,
Edison | invented the phonograph. 1. The Indian built a fire. 5. He commands the army. 2. The fire burned the home. 6. The snow covered the earth. 3. The stick beat the dog. 7. The procession passed the street. 4. We ate our dinner.
8. The waves tossed the boat.
Exercise 3. — Write sentences about each of these subjects, each sentence containing an object. Separate the
ORDER OF SUBJECT, PREDICATE, AND OBJECT
subject, predicate, and object by vertical lines and underscore the object, as,
Grammar | teaches | correct speech.
LESSON 8. – THE ORDER OF SUBJECT, PREDICATE, AND
OBJECT The subject of a verb does not always come first in a sentence. It may come anywhere. We have to search for the words that tell what we are speaking of and they make the subject. It is the same with the predicate and the object. By changing the natural order of arrangement, which is called transposing it, we make the sentence more emphatic or more poetical.
Exercise 1. – Find the subject and the predicate in the
1. Flashed all their sabers bare.