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ORDER OF SUBJECT, PREDICATE, AND OBJECT
17. On leaf and twig hung the dewy diamonds.
Exercise 2. - Change these sentences to the natural order:
1. High in the air his cap threw he.
Exercise 3. — Change these sentences to the transposed order:
1. Brave Horatius then spake out.
Exercise 4. Write these sentences in as many ways as you can, always preserving the sense.
Which way do they seem best?
1. The plowman homeward plods his weary way.
3. The fierce gladiators with net, trident, and sword fought over the bloody sand.
4. Far out at sea the tireless gull dips his wing into the ocean
5. Over the mountain tops the rising sun peeps cheerfully at the awakening world.
6. Into the court the great judge walked with stately tread.
Tell or write in your own language what you think each of these sentences means:
1. One man's meat is another man's poison.
Longfellow lived in a house in Cambridge. In this sentence what word is the name of a person ? What word is the name of a place? What word is the name of a thing ? How many name words have we in this sentence? What are they ?
We see that some words are names. They may be names of persons, as George, Mary, Cæsar, Victoria. They may be names of places, as Boston, New York, Chicago. They may be names of things, as love, hate, boy, girl, desk, chair.
Name three men whom you know. Name three boys. Name three girls. Name three places you have visited. . Name three things you like. Name five heroes of history. Name five books that you have read. Name five cities in the United States. Name five things in this room.
All the words you have used are nouns because they are names of persons, of places, or of things.
A noun is a word used as a name of any person, place, or thing.
Exercise 1.- Find the nouns in these sentences:
1. Victoria was queen of England.
LESSON 11. - PRONOUNS
As a man sows, so shall he
Soldiers do their duty at all times.
A pronoun is a word used in place of a noun.
The following words are pronouns:
I, my, mine, me, we, our; ours, us, thou, thy, thine, thee, you, your, yours, ye, he, his, him, she, her, hers, it, its, they, their, theirs, them, who, whose, whom, which, that, what.
Exercise 1. — Name the pronouns in these sentences, and tell what nouns they stand for:
1. John, you must bring your book to me. 2. Whither thou goest, I will go. 3. If Mary wants a new hat, let her have it. 4. The boys hunted for their hats, but could not find them. 5. I saw an old man who had lost his way and could not find it. 6. Give us this day our daily bread. 7. The bird eats its seed from her hand. 8. Keep thy shop, and it will keep thee. 9. The Lord is my shepherd, I shall not want. 10. You and I are invited to his house.
2. — Write a sentence containing I, my, and me. Write one containing we, our, and us. Write one containing they, their, and them. Write one containing she, her, and it. Write one containing you and yours.
Exercise 3. Copy and correct these sentences by using pronouns:
1. John loves John's mother because John's mother is good to John.
2. Mary milks Mary's cow and brings the milk to Mary's mother.
3. Patrick Henry made a great speech, in which Patrick Henry said, “Give Patrick Henry liberty or give Patrick Henry death.”
4. William wrote a letter to William's father and asked William's father to send William some money.
5. When Henry Clay was told that Henry Clay must lose Henry Clay's chance to be President, Henry Clay answered, “ Henry Clay would rather be right than be president.” Exercise 4. - Fill the blanks with pronouns:
1. promised not to tell what told about 2. said that were going to see
to lend some of
books. 3. John said that heard that said that had taken
pencil. 4. first, but
climbed a tree,
right behind but did not get
LESSON 12. - ADJECTIVES
In the first sentence what does the word red describe ? What does the word beautiful describe? In the second sentence what word points out a particular hat ? What word tells how many dollars? Words used to describe nouns or to limit their meaning are called adjectives.
An adjective is a word used to describe or limit the meaning of a noun or a pronoun.
Exercise 1. — Name as many suitable adjectives as you can, that can be applied to each of the following nouns: