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4. I heard what he said at the City Hall.
I heard at the City Hall what he said. 5. I was told by my sister how he ran.
I was told how he ran by my sister. 6. The master discovered after recess what the boys did.
The master discovered what the boys did after recess. 7. If you see my cousin at the Fair, tell him to look me up.
If you see my cousin, tell him to look me up at the Fair. 8. Everybody was talking of his marriage on the train.
Everybody on the train was talking of his marriage. 9. The girl whom he loved was a friend of my sister.
The girl was a friend of my sister whom he loved.
LESSON 25. - THE ELLIPTICAL SENTENCE
An elliptical sentence is one that is correct but not complete. Some words are left out and are understood by the reader or the speaker as not being necessary to the sense. This shortening of a sentence by leaving out words is called ellipsis; it frequently adds strength to a sentence. Ellipsis means leaving out.
1. Love thy neighbor as thyself. (as thou lovest thyself.)
13. And Thine is the kingdom, and (Thine is) the power, and (Thine is) the glory.
Exercise 1. - In the following sentences supply all
1 words necessary to complete the grammatical structure of the sentence:
1. Either you are a fool or a knave.
Exercise 2. - A telegram is a good illustration of ellipsis. We leave out all the words we can. Supply the missing words in these telegrams:
1. Mother ill. Come at once. Notify others.
Exercise 3. — Reduce the following sentences to their shortest forms, omitting all words that can be left out without destroying the sense:
1. He staid as long as it was possible to stay. 2. I cannot stay longer than a week is long. 3. My brother is older than I am old. 4. We arrived before you arrived or before any others arrived.
5. A bird in the hand is worth as much as two birds that are in the bush.
6. He has gone no one knows where he has gone.
15. First came the king, then came the court, then came the crowd.
16. I want a horse ! I want a horse! I will give my kingdom for a horse!
(To illustrate the elliptical sentence) Write a short advertisement concerning each of the following matters:
1. You have a cow for sale. Describe the cow and the price you want for her.
2. You have lost a dog. Describe the dog and name the reward.
3. You have a farm for sale. Describe the farm and price.
4. You wish to rent a house. State your wants in a few words.
5. You have lost a watch. Advertise for it, describing it carefully.
6. You need a gardener. Advertise for one, telling the work to be done.
7. You have a second-hand piano for sale. Describe it, giving price.
골 8. Advertise a pair of horses for sale. Describe the horses, giving price, etc.
LESSON 26. — FINDING THE PARTS OF SPEECH
Exercise. - Name all the parts of speech in these sentences:
1. Evil communications corrupt good manners. 2. A thing of beauty is a joy forever. 3. Perseverance conquers all things. 4. The curfew tolls the knell of parting day. 5. A rolling stone gathers no moss. 6. A soft answer turneth away wrath. 7. Brutus was the noblest Roman of them all. 8. The vine clings to the moldering wall. 9. I slept and dreamed that life was beauty. 10. England expects every man to do his duty. 11. Tell him to come and take my sword. 12. All work and no play makes Jack a dull boy. 13. The melancholy days have come. 14. Time and tide wait for no man. 15. Adieu! Adieu! my native land ! 16. He is rich, wise, and generous. 17. In the beginning God made the heavens and the earth. 18. Upon what meat hath this our Cæsar fed ? 19. Farewell! long farewell to all my greatness. 20. Out of the abundance of the heart the mouth speaketh. 21. Hark! Hark! The dogs do bark. 22. A merry heart doeth good like a medicine. 23. The mountain and the squirrel had a quarrel. 24. Choose ye this day whom ye will serve. 25. Every man is his own best teacher. 26. A man's actions betray his character. 27. Agriculture is the most important of all industries. 28. Sugar is made from beets in France and Germany. 29. Our good deeds live after us. 30. Music hath charms to soothe the savage breast. 31. They love to see the flaming forge. 32. Corruption wins not more than honesty. 33. Of all the wonders that I yet have heard
It seems to me most strange that men should fear.
34. I heard the roar of the winds and the beat of the surf.
38. De Soto marched across the States of Georgia, Alabama, and Mississippi in 1540.
39. New Orleans is situated at the mouth of the Mississippi River, and at the entrance of the most productive valley in the United States.
LESSON 27.-GENERAL EXERCISES
Exercise 1. — Enlarge these sentences by adding words to both subject and predicate. Separate the complete subject and the complete predicate by a vertical line. Axes. cut. The winds blow.
The ship rocks. The sun sets. Miners dig
Artists paint. The moon rises. The farmer plows.
The river flows.
Exercise 2. — Make a list of adjectives that are derived from these nouns: beauty fierceness hope
happiness hardness goodness talents
brightness industry wisdom holiness sweetness study
laziness east bravery ugliness cheerfulness difficulty west
Exercise 3. – What nouns correspond to these adjectives?
high great able hot pretty