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ticular; but the Christian cousists of every kindred, tongue, and people ; and offers unto the name of God in every place, from the rising of the sun unto the going down of the same, incense and a pure offering. The Catholic Church then is the Universal Church, spread through the world; and the catholic faith is the universal faith; that form of doctrine, which the apostles delivered to the whole Church, and it received. What that faith was, we may learn from their writings contained in the New Testament ; aud, at so great a distance of time, we can learn it with certainty nowhere else. Every Church or Society of Christians, that preserves this catholic or universal faith, accompanied with true charity, is a part of the Catholic or Universal Church. And in this sense, churches, that differ widely in several notivns

customs, may, notwithstanding, each of them be truly Catholic Churches *.”

Dissenters froin the Church of England, and froin the Church of Scotland, “as by law established,” are, therefore, included in this History of the Church in Britain : as they hold the catholic, the apostolic faith : and while they appeal exclusively to the Scriptures as the divine warrant for their faith and practice, their piety, charity, and intelligence, demonstrate that their Societies are true Churches of Christ.

General History, how carefully soever and impartially written, cannot be expected to be satisfactory to all parties. Church History also, how faithful soever its details may be, is not likely to give perfect satisfaction, except to the candid among the different denominations of Christians. Selfish sectarianism, which exists more or less in every communion, makes its advocates blind to all the excellencies which do not shine among their own friends, and requires the entire omnis. sion of their commendation from the records of public in. struction. Sacred truth, however, deinands that the Christian history should record the divine virtues, and the benevolent labours, of all who profess the faith and bear the image of God our Saviour.

* Lectures on the Church Catechism, Lect. XIV.

The Author of this Volume has endeavoured to prosecute his work as one that must give account,” agreeably to his profession as a minister of Jesus Christ. His chief design in this labour has been to serve the interests of pure Scriptural Christianity among his countrymen : but while fidelity to truth required the record of some things which may offend the fastidious, and he is not unconscious of many imperfections, he is not aware of any of its statements or representations on which he cannot continue to implore the blessing of God.

Reflecting upon the encouraging manner in which the public have received his “ Church History through all Ages,” the Author offers his most grateful acknowledgements. And, laying the present volume at the feet of Him, whose name is “ IMMANUEL,' the triumphs of whose gospel and grace, in the British Churches, it briefly records, he commends it to his respected Brethren in “the ministry of reconciliation,” in the hope of it being, through the influence of the Holy Spirit, instrumental in promoting the edification of our inquisitive youth, and of advancing the saving doctrine of Protestant, Scriptural Christianity.

CONTENTS.

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291

II. Scotland during the Commonwealth

297

III. England under Charles II

299

IV. Scotland under Charles II

312

V. England under James II

320

VI. Scotland under James İl ....

327

VII. Ireland under the Commonwealth, Charles 11 and James II 333

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