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WHEN the number and variety of English Grammar published, and the ability with which some of them are are considered, little can be expected from a new com besides a careful selection of the most useful matter, degree of improyement in the mode of"adapting it i derstanding, and the gradual progress of learners. In spects something, perhaps, may yet be done, for the advantage of young persons.

In books designed for the instruction of youtlı, there dium to be observed, between treating the subject in sive and minute a manner, as to embarrass and conf minds, by offering too much at once for their compre "and, on the other hand, conducting it by such short a ral precepts and observations, as convey to them no o precis information. A distribution of the parts, wh ther defective or irregular, has also a tendency to per young understanding, and to retard its kuowledge of 1 ciples of literature. A distinct general view, or outli the essential parts of the study in which they are eng gradual and judicious supply of this outline ; and a due nient of the divisions, according b their natural order nexion, appear to be among the best means of enlighte minds of youth, and of facilitating their acquisition of kn The author of this work, at the same time that he ha voured to avoid a plan, which may be too concise or to sive, defective in its parts or irregular in their disposi studied to render his subject sufficiently easy, intellig comprehensive. He does not presume to have compl tained these objects. How far he has succeeded in the and wherein he has failed, must be referred to the de tion of the judicious and candid reader.

The method which he has adopted, of exhibiting formance in characters of different sizes, will, he trusts ducive to that gradual and regular procedure, which is so ple to the business of instruction. The more importa lefinitions, and observations, and which are tberefore proper to be committed to memory, are printed with type; whilst rules and remarks that are of less cons hat extend or diversify the general idea, or that Planations, are contained in the smaller letter

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BLIC LIBRARY
20403
ΕΙΣ ΣΕΞΥ AND

TEDARONS
1946 L

chief of them, will be perused by the student to the greatest advantage, if postponed till the general system be completed. The use of notes and observations, in the common and detached manner, at the bottom of the page, would not, it is imagined, be so likely to attract the perusal of youth, or admit of so ample and regular an illustration, as a continued and uniform order of the several subjects. Ių adopting this mode, care has been taken to adjust it so that the whole may be perused in a connected progress, or the part contained in the larger character read in order by itself. Many of the notes and observations are intended, not only to explain the subjects, and to illustrate them, by comparative views of the grammar of other languages, und of the various sentiments of English grammarians; but also tr invite the ingenious student to inquiry and reflection, and to prompt to a more enlarged, critical, and philosophical research.

With respect to the definitions and rules, it may not be improper more particularly to observe, that in selecting and forming them, it has been the author's aim to render them as exact and comprehensive, and, at the same time, as intelligible to young minds, as the nature of the subject, and the dif. ficulties attending it, would admit. He presumes that they are also calculated to be readily committed to memory, and easily retained. For this purpose, he has been solicitous to select terms that are smooth and voluble; to proportion the members of the sentences to one another; to avoid protracted periods; and to give the whole definition or rule, as much harmony of expression as he could deviser

From the sentiment generat admitted, that a proper selection of fanlty composition is more instructive to the young grammarian, than any rules and 'examples of propriety that can be given, the Compiler has been induced to pay peculiar attention to this part of the subject; and though the instances \of false grammar, under the rules of Syntax, are numerous, it is hoped they will not be found too many, when their variety and usefulness are considered.

In a work which professes itself to be a compilation, and which, from the nature and design of it, must consist chiefly of materials selected from the writings of others, it is scarcely necessary to apologize for the use which the Compiler has made of his predecessors' labours; or for omitting to insert their

From the alterations which have been frequently made in the sentiments and the language, to suit the connexion, and to adapt them to the particular purposes for which they are introduced ; and, in many instances, from the uncertainty to whonu the passages originally belonged, the insertion of names could seldom be made with propriety. But if this could have been generally done, a work of this nature would derive no advantage from it, equal to the inconvenience of crowding the pages with

names.

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