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have the best opportunities of being acquainted with the real circumstances and exigencies of their Clergy; and who, if such a measure shall appear to them, at any time, to be proper and desirable, are eminently qualified to contrive and accomplish the best scheme for so benevolent a purpose.
What our Author has in view, is to contrive a scheme for the support of the indigent Widows, and helpless Orphans, of such of the Protestant Clergy in England, Scotland, and Ireland, as are without the pale of these establishments. And this is, undoubtedly, a very charitable design ; for though these gentlemen are tolerated and protected by the laws of their country, yet they labour under many, and grievous disadvantages.' Their appointments, in general, are very small; and, from the nature of things, must be somewhat precarious. · The Protestant Diffenting Ministers in England, our Author observes, are too numerous a body of men, and too distant from one another 'in their situation, ever to be brought to concur in one scheme, or contribute to one fund, for the Relief of their Widows and Orphans. But it does not appear to be very difficult, he thinks, for thirty, forty, or fifty of them, who are contiguous, to form themselves into a fociety for this purpose.
Ministers of the episcopal persuasion in Scotland, who are duly qualified for the public exercise of their office, not being very many, might without much difficulty be formed into one society for the same end. The Presbyterian Ministers in Ireland, especially in the northern parts of that kingdom, might also form themselves into two or three bodies, as should to them appear most convenient, for the like purpose. :
For the benefit of these, and of any other societies, who may think fit to make use of it, our Author has contrived and published a scheme, the out-lines of which are as follow :
Each Congregation, who pay yearly to their Minister 201. and upwards, but under 40 l. Thall pay il. per annum to this fund. Each Congregation, who pay yearly to their Minister 40 l. and upwards, but under 60l. thall pay il. 10 s. per annum to this fund, and so on, in the same proportion. Each Minister shall pay ycarly to this fund, a sum equal to that paid by the Congregation of which he is Minister. – Each Minister and his Congregation shall be jointly and severally liable for the whole fum paid by him and his Congregation to Observations on the Provision made for Clergmen's Widows,&c. 129. this fund.-Those yearly rates, both from Ministers and Con gregations, Ihall be payable at the term of Candlemas each year, and shall bear interest from that term to the time of their actual payment, at the rate of four per cent. per ann.
If any Minister shall be removed from a Congregation paying a lower, to a Congregation paying a higher yearly rate. to this fund, the said Minister shall pay into this fund, within a year after his admission into the latter Congregation, a fum of money equal to the difference between the rate paid by him and his former Congregation and that paid by him and his present Congregation, for the whole time he had been Minister in his former Congregation, with interest thereon from the respective terms that the annual rates fell due; in consideration of which his Widow and Children shall receive out of this fund, according to the rate paid by him and his last Congregation.
If any Minister Thall remove from a Congregation interested in this fund, to one not interested in it, or Thall voluntarily demit, or by any means be diverted of the Charge of a Congregation interested in this fund, fuch Minister Ahall continue to pay yearly, 'during his life, to this fund, a sum of money equal to what he and his Congregation had been in use to pay into it; in consideration of which his Widow and Children shall be intitled to the fame benefits and advantages from this fund, as if he had died in the actual possession of his Charge in the said Congregation. ,
Each Congregation, in the time of a vacancy, shall pay the double of their own usual rate. -No Congregation fhall be allowed to make any alteration in the yearly sum paid by thein and their Minister to this fund, during the incumbency of any Minister ; but, in the time of a vacancy, a change may be made, in this particular, by any Congregation, according to the change of their circumstances, provided timely notice be given of the intended change to the Trustees for the management of this fund. - Each Congregation shall require from each Minister, at his admiflion to the Ministry in the said Congregation, a written Obligation, that he will regularly and duly pay his part of the annual rate for the support of this fund; and at the same time shall deliver to the said Minister, a like Obligation, signed by the Trustees for the Congregation, that they will regularly and duly pay their part of the said annual rates. Both which Obligations shall be lodged in the hands of the Clerk to the " Rev. Feb. 17617
Trustees for the management of this fund-All the annual rätes, payable by Ministers and Congregations to this fund, shall be paid per advance for the year to come.
Our Author now proceeds to lay before his Readers the purposes for which this fund is to be raised, and the manner in which it is to be applied to these purposes, with regulations and directions for the management of it; but the bounds assigned to this Article will not allow us to enlarge any farther. The scheme, as far as appears to us, if pursued with zeal and unanimity, may be put into execution with little difficulty; and as the design is certainly a benevolent one, we sincerely wish it may meet with succefs.
Fingal. An ancient Epic Poem, &c. concluded. T oward the conclusion of the former part of this Article,
Tin our last Month's Review, page 56, we introduced the first battle in Fingal, to our Reader's attention ; and we now resume the consideration of that part of the work, in order to proceed regularly through the whole. The engagement is described as very long and bloody; night coming on, however, it appears to be indecisive, the heroes parting by. consent. Cuchullin is indeedfo extremely gallant and polite, as to invite Swaran to supper, being unwilling “ the feast fhould be spread for himself alone, while the King of Lochlin was on Ullin's shore, far from the deer of his hills and founding halls of his feasts.". · This might, it is true, be a very good reason for Swaran to accept the invitation, were it not more natural for him to suspect some treachery under such appearance of civility, than for Cuchullin to be in reality so obliging to the hostile invader of his country. Had such an invitation been made out of insult or mockery, it would have been agreeable enough to the dispositions and manners of such a people, who might be supposed to have done it with a view to fhew their superior advantage over a foreign enemy, or to express their contempt of the invading power : but, as it ftands here represented, it savours more of the affected ceremony, and unmeaning politeness of modern times, than of that simplicity, which ever prevailed in rude and uncivilized nations, always animated, as Tacitus observes, with the fame fincerity and zeal both in their friendships and enmities.
But whether this be an error in the Poet, or that some such preposterous formality was in use among the people, and at the
imes represented, we do not take upon us absolutely to decide. However this be, Swaran, more naturally and very prudently, refuses to come ; fending the following fpirited and senfible answer back by Carril, who brought the message. 56 He answered like the sullen sound of Cromla before a storm.. Though all thy daughters, Inisfail ! should extend their arms of snow, raise high the heavings of their breasts, and softly, roll their eyes of love ; yet, fixed as Lochlin's thousand rocks, here Swaran shall remain ; till morn, with the young beams of the east, shall light me to the death of Cuchullin.”—This is noble and subliine ; nor is the short reply of Cuchullin to the messenger less striking and spirited. « Sad is the found of Swaran's voice, said Carril of other times :- Sad to himself alone, said the blue-ey'd son of Semo.”
. The Episode, immediately following, containing an account of Cairbar's killing Grudar, the lover of his sister Braffolis, is introduced, as the Translator observes, with great propriety; but, as it naturally calls to the Reader's mind the celebrated ftory of the Horatii, it will be impossible for him not to perceive how greatly the Poet might have improved on so interesting an incident. “ Take, Braffolis, Cairbar came and said, take, “Brassolis, this shield of blood. Fix it on high within my hall, the armour of my foe. Heç soft heart beat against her side. Distracted, pale, she flew. She found her youth in all his blood; she died on Cromla's heath.” And this is all. How justly might not the have upbraided her brother for killing her lover!' How pathetically lamented his end; and, mixing her lamentations with the keenest reproaches on his murderer, have fallen more naturally by his resentment, than "expired through mere affliction on the heath of Cromla.*
bitory of the Hore Poet might holis, Cairbari - on high wirint
* Some Critics may indeed object that the original cause of quarrel, between the brother and lover, was not important enough to authorize che Poet to carry the matter, so far as to make the former kill his fifter ; but, as the effect was to her the same, and she is said to have actually died, she might surely as well have had some visible way of dying, as to have gone off, no-body knows how, fighing and fobbing over the dead body of her lover: pure grief is feldom so fatal. Perhaps, on mature consideration also, the cause of quarrel will not be found altogether so triding. They fought indeed only for their property in a bull; bat, as the Reader will see hereafter the value they let in those times even on a grey hound, this bull, being by the bye a spotted one, might, for ought we know, be deemed an object as worthy contending for, as the honour of their country and patrician viscue among the ancient Romans. It is besides clear, from
The claffical Reader will recollect how greatly the Historian rises above the Poet, by comparing this passage in the work of Ollian with the following one in Livy. “ Princeps Horatius ibat, tergemina fpolia præ fe gerens : cui foror virgo, quæ desponsa uni ex Curatiis fuerat, obvia ante portam Capenam fuit : cognitoque super humeros fratris paludamento sponsi, quod ipsa confecerat, solvit crines, et flebiliter nomine sponfum mortuum appellat. Movet feroci juveni animum comploratio sororis in victoria sua, tantoque gaudio publico. Stricto itaque gladio, fimul verbis increpans, transfgit puellam. Abi hinc cum immaturo amore ad fponfum, inquit, oblita patrum mortuorum vivique.” The poetical incident of the ghost of Crugal appearing to Connal, at the opening of the second book, is introduced with great beauty and propriety. It comes to persuade him to avoid the battle and for Take the field; for that the sons of Erin shall fall. To communicate this information, Connal hastens, in the dead of night, to Cuchullin; who, waking out of his sleep, thus natyrally and heroically receives him, and replies to his tale : .“ The soft-voiced Connal role in the midst of his founding arms. He struck his field above Cuchullin. The fon of battle waked.
Why, said the ruler of the car, comes Connal through my night? My spear might turn against the found ; and Cuchullin mourn the death of his friend. Speak, Connal, fon of Colgar, speak, thy counsel is like the fun of heaven. .." Son of Semo, replied the chief, the ghost of Crugal came from the cave of his hill. The stars dim-twinkled through his form; and his voice was like the sound of a diftant stream.
the great character given of the combatants, and the pathetic man. ner in which the Poet laments the exiftence of their cause of strife, that it could be no common bull, “ Cairbar, first of men was there, and Grudar, stately youth. Long had they ftrove for the spotted bull, that lowed on Golbun's echoing heath. Each claimed him as their own, and death was often at the point of their steel ---Whose name was fairer on the hill than the name of Cairbar and Grudar! But ah! why ever lowed the bull on Golbun's echoing heath? They faw him leap like the snow. The wrath of the chiefs returned., On Lubr's grassy banks they fought, and Grudar like a fun-beam fell,“ You see, Reader, this bull was not only a fpotted one, but had a very peculiar way of leaping too : 'unless there be here some error in the transation, or of the press. Perhaps leaping like the snow, should have been through or over the snow. At least we cannot find the thadow of fimilitude in this fimile.