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first barbarous attempts at representation and ornaments to its present degree of neatness and beauty..
It is imposible to produce any specimens from a book consisting only of brief references to Engravings of Coin, which were indeed very rude untill about the time of the reformation, when the types vifibly mended. The introduction of Roman Letters in the Le gends, instead of the Saxon; and the reverse being made to receive a more respectable stamp,' by the old cross and pellets being changed for the national arms quartered by the cross, first began to give our Money a more agreeable aspect. But the last improvement in tasto and execution, commenced under the protectorate of Oliver Cromwell, whose Coins are really handsome, and are the patterns now followed at present, with small deviations in the fancy of the armson the severle. . . . . Art. 18. The Musical Lady. A Farce. As it is acted at the
Theatre-Royal in Drury-Lane. 8vo. Is. Becket and Co. . · A humorous satire on the extravagant fondness shewn by some of our people of distinction, particularly the Ladies, for Italian Operas, Italian Music, and Italian Performers. This false taste is certainly a proper object of ridicule for the English Stage. Not that we are infenfible to the beauties of those compositions which the land of Music hath produced, many of which are undoubtedly excellent ; but it is the blind devotion of IGNORANCE and ApfecTATION, to what, like Miss Sophy, they neither understand, nor would admire, but for fashion's sake, that we think so juftly liable to the lash of the Satyrift. It is said we owe this fetit piece to the ingenious Author of the Jealous Wife.
Art. 19. Catalogus Librorum apud Paulum Vaillant, Bibliopolam,
Londini Venales prostantium. 8vo. 25. Vaillant, 1762.
It is not our custom to take notice (in the Review) of a Bookseller's Catalogue; but this before us contains fo large a Collection of foreign Literature, that we thought it might be no unwelcome information to our Readers, to learn that such an one is published. The titles of the Books are more amply copied than is usual; and the Date of every Edition is given, but we are sorry that the Prices are omitted. However, as it is, our Readers, especially those who live in the country, may be glad to consult it. They will here find that many a valuable book, supposed only to be had by sending abroad for it, may be met with in London.
RELIGIOUS. Art. 20. An Enquiry concerning the Sacrament of the Lord's
Supper. Wherein this Sacrament in general is first confidered, and afterwards the Manner in which it is administered in the Church of England. With an Appendix, containing fome Ob
fervations on a Book; entitled, “ A plain Account of the Na• ture and End of the Lord's Supper." By John Scrope, D. D.
Rector of Castle-Combe, and Vicar of Kington, $t. Michael's, in the County of Wilts, 12mo.is. 6 d. Ri
vington. .. .i n , Hindi, is i Dr. Scrope regards this divine institution with far more mysterious revirence, as Milton expresses himself on another oocasion, than the late learned and worthy Bishop Hoadly has done in his Plain Account. He is fomewbat, harsh in his Atrictures on that celebrated work, and on its Author ; of both which, he speaks in the following terms :'
" The Animadversions I have been making on the Plain Account cannot, by any means be supposed to proceed from any personal dislike, or ill will, to che Author'; for as he has not thought proper to put his name to his book, he must of course be supposed to be unknown to me I could heartily have wished he were no Clergyman of the Church of England, and am grieved that his Preface obliges me to consider him in that character. With regard then to his reflections on the offices of our Church, I cannot help taking notice of the insincerity of those who repeatedly subscribe to thefe offices in token of their approbation, and then publickly either raise objections againIt them, or explain thera in a sense which they must think in their consciences was never incended. Nor is it, I conceive, a sufficient justification of this pra&ice, to pretend, that your design is to adapt them to the use of fuch as attend upon them in our Churches, or to interpret such passages as may stand in need of interpretation, or to lead all persons concerned to make use of them in the most proper and Christian manner.' Every one is at liberty to examine the offices of the Church before he subscribes. There is fufficient time allowed, and supposed to be employed, in such previous examination. And it will be so employed by every man ot honesty and conscience, who will consider it as his indispensable duty. It is therefore unfair, false, and dishonest, either to deny that such liberty is given, or to write afterwards against those things, the truth of which, and your belief of them, you have before folemnly acknowleged by your subscriptions.”
Hard sayings ! who can bear them- We wish, however, that our Author had no foundation for some things which he has said in regard to subscriptions.
As to his Explanation of the Nature, Design, and Efficacy of the Sacramental Inftitution, and his notion of the Doctrine of Grace, which he greatly insists upon, in opposition to the Author of the Plain Account, (who disliked the very term)--they are such as might naturally be expected from a Writer who appears to be not a little attached to mystery, and averse to the free exercise of reason in matters of religion. But, however we may differ from him, in regard to this much controverted subject, candour obliges us to acknowlege, that he writes in a manner becoming a learned Divine, and in terms well adapted to the instruction and edification of such Readers, as are wil. ling to be guided by the sense and authority of the Church, in articles of faith, and modes of worship.
Art. 21, CONTROVERSIAL. Art: 21. King David vindicated from a late misrepresentation of - his Character, in a Letter to his Grace the Archbihop of Cana - terbury. By Thomas Patten, D.D. late Fellow of C.C.C.
now Rector of Childery, Berks. 8vo. 25. Rivington.
Dr. Patten tells his Grace of Canterbury, that " Confeious of his want of talents, &e. he hath waited-long, in hopes that David's cause would have met with some better manager;"—but that “ the fidence of abler advocates hath devolved this task upon him." We are astonifhed to think how this gentleman could polibly be ignorant of the publication of Dr. Chandler's Treatise on this fubject, which came out fome considerable time before Dr. Patten's pamphlet, and which, to deal plainly and honestly with this laft-named Writer, is in every respect fo exceedingly fuperior to his production, that he might, we apprehend, with a very safe conscience, have held himself excused from intermeddling in a Controversy, wherein be appears but ill qualified to make a very distinguished figure ;- unless it be for the narrow, ancandid, uochristian, and unmanly spirit of perfecution, which breathes, or rather foams, through his whole performance. He talks much of answering such books as The History of the Max after God's erun Heart, by ccnsures of CONVOCATION, the resentment of AUTHORITY, and such like infallible modes of refutation and convi&tion; which, whatever be the occafion, we look upon as an high infringement of the sacred liberties of the republic of letters, which ought never to be forgiven, uncill the offerder has asked his country's pardon, for fo gross an infult upon one of her most valuable bleflings.
We would by no means be considered as advocates for the Hiftorian in question, ner for any licentious ar indecent abuse * of that noble freedom wherewith St. Paul has so warmly encouraged us to fearch the Scriptures : but when a Minister of the GOSPEL takes upon him to shut THE Book against his fellow Christian, and to call for the conftable, it is enough to rouse the relentment of every confiftent Protestant, of every Briton, who knows the value of that happy free dom of enquiry, to which, under God, we are indebted for the civil and religious libersies we enjoy. But enough concerning this virulent effufion of a bigotted atracbment to Civil AUTHORITY IN matters of CONSCIENCE,- which we are surprized to see addressed to the Archbishop of Canterbury, as that learned and worthy prelate is by no means an encourager of such illiberal and unchrilian principles.
Rouffeas, in his Eloisa, has an excellent remark on this subject ; which we shall here apply, and leave to Dr. Patren's mature reflection. ·mopoma My real opinion is, that no true believer can be a perfecutor, and an enemy to toleration. If I were a magistrate, and the law inflicted death on Atheilts, I would begin to put it in execution, by burning the firft man that frould come to accufe and profecude another.”
ELOISA, Vol. IV. p. 6. Note.
• Which ought always to be discountenanced by every method that may be found agreeable to the 1pirit of genuine CH'RISTIANITY; but God forbid that any other method should be thought of in a Protestant Country
Anecdotes of Painting in England, with some Account of the prin
cipal Artists, and incidental Notes on other Arts. Collected by the late Mr. George Vertue, and now digested and publishell from his original MŠS. By Mr. Horace Walpole.. 410. 2 Vols. Printed at Strawberry-Hill, Il. 14s. bound.
Bathoe. « THE Hiftory of kingdoms and states (says an elegant
Writer *) is that of the miseries of mankind.' The History of the sciences and the fine arts, is that of our fplendour and happiness; a confideration which, alone, is sufficient to render it interesting to every friend of humanity.” To trace the rise of these arts, therefore, and tô mark the feveral stages of their progress, with a view to facilitate their way to perfection, is a task as worthy the gentleman as the scholar or the virtuofo ; the laborious researches of the antiquarian being thus made conducive to the embellishments of life, and rendered both agreeable and useful to society. Next to the immediate cultivation of the polite aris, and spreading that happy contagion, which is to be caught only by living examples, is the merit of displaying the reputation, and pointing out the perfe&tion, of those mafters, whofe fame hath survived their persons, and not une frequently their works.
It were superfluous to mention here how much artists of more than one profeffion are indebted to the Editor (we might, indeed, rather say the Author t) of this work. Taste,
* Efai fur l'étude de la Litièrature; of which more particular mention was made in the XXVth Volume of oar Review, p. 224.
† Mr. Walpole acquaints us, in his Preface, that he was obliged 10 compose, a-new, every article collected by Mr. Vertue. Rev. April, 1762.
erudition, good-sense, and liberality, qualities not always united, have been attributed to many an ostentatious Mecænas; but if to these we add an assiduity in studying, and eagerness to place, every object of emulation in the point of view best calculated to inspire taste for the past, and awaken future efforts of genius, none can lay a juster claim to the title of Patron of Literature and the fine Arts, than the honourable Artist at Strawberry-Hill. Possessed of the happiest talents, for creating embellisiments out of the most simple materials, and striking entertainment out of the dryest and most barren subjects, he has favoured the world with a Catalogue of Authors *, not inferior itself, in point of literary merit, to most of the performances celebrated in it. Nor has he less happily succeeded in the work before us; which, had it come from any other hand, had probably afforded as little instruction or amusement, as the tittle-tattle stories of a tasteless biographer, a mere chronologer's list of dates and names, or an auctioneer's catalogue of pictures. • It is something remarkable that England has not produced, as Mr. Walpole observes, a single volume on the works of its Painters. It is true, this country has rarely given birth to a genius in that profession; Holland and Flanders having furnished us with the greatest artists we have to boast. Mean while, in Italy, where the art of Painting has been carried to an amazing degree of perfection, the lives of the Painters have been written in numerous valumes, almost sufficient of themselves to compose a library. Every picture of every considerable master has been minutely described ; their biographers treating of the works of Raphael and Corregio with as much importance as commentators speak of Homer and Virgil : while, indulging themselves in the infated style of their language, they talk of pictures as the works almost of a Divinity, though at the same time they lament them as perishing before their eyes, The French, neither possessed of such masters, nor so hyperbolic in their diction, contrive however to supply by vanity what is wanting in either. Poussin is their miracle of genius ; Le Brun disputes the preference with half the Roman school. A whole volume is written even on the life and works of Mignard; and Voltaire, who affects to understand almost every thing, and does not suspect that judgment in Painting is one of his deficiencies, speaks ridiculously in commendation of some of their artists.