صور الصفحة
PDF
النشر الإلكتروني

lent little Tract cannot bue be deemed peculiarly seasonable. We therefore heartily recommend it to the perusal of our younger Readers especially, as a fit monitor to the unexperienced, who more peculiarly fland in need of cautionary advice in regard to prudential concerns, as they are most apt to be caught with the glare of exterior shew, moit liable to fall into the dissipations of pleasure, and most apt to be infected with the contagion of evil example. The Author confiders his subject under the three principal heads of Forecast, Order, Prudence; and constantly strengthens his judicious hints and remarks by apt citations from the Holy Scriptures: from which he has made an admirable collection of moral and prudential apophthegms.

Art. 15. The Complete Annuitant. Consisting of Tables of Interest,

Simple and Compound; confiructed on a new and familiar Plan, viz. 1. An Universal Table of Simple Interest, fnewing the Interest of any Sum of Money from 90,000,000l. to i Penny, and from 1 to 365 Days absolute, &c. II. Tables of Compound Interest, at 3, 4, and 51. per Cent. per Ann. fhewing the Amount and present Worth of any Sum, likewise the Amount and present Worth of any yearly Sum, Rent, Annuity, or Pension, at the fame Rates of interes, from 1 Year to 100 Years; with their Application in Reversions, and renewing and purchasing of Leases. III. A Table of Reversions. IV. A Table of Annuities, Jewing how many Years Purchase any Annuity or Lease of any Land or House is worth, and likewise for the Renewing of any Number of Years lapsed in any Leale for any Term of Year's. V. A Table shewing the Value of any Estate in Fee Simple, with Tables of Fines for renewing College Leafes, &c. VI. Tables for the Valuation of Life Annuities at 3, 3', 4, 5, and 6 per Cent. with their Logarithmical and Arithmetical Application in solving several curious Problems. VII. A new Set of Tables contrived for Quarterly and Half Yearly Payments, adapted to the above Tables, &c. By Benjamin Webb. 12mo. 6s. bound. Henderson and Keith.

Mr. Webb’s Tables for buying and filling Stocks, which we mentioned in the twenty-second Volume of our Review, p. 71, gave 10 much fatisfaction to the Public, that he has now extended his arith. metical labours to another equally interetting subject; and, we believe, with equal accuracy and merit. The utility and plan of this work are thus briefly explained in the Author's Preface:

“ The number of books of Simple and Compound Interest which are already extant, should, one would imagine, (iays Mr. Webb) have fo exhausted the subject as to leave scarce any room for improvement; and notwithstanding many ingenious duthors have produced so many valuable performances, yet, as their calculations have been confined to certain liated rates, and most of them made for too short a time to render them of general use, even to a nice Calculator, much leis to persons rot versed in figures, none of them have fully answered the enu, and in many cases will not, nor from the nature of them can, without much labour, produce an exact answer.

persons

“ This being the cale in regard to Simple Intereit, I was induced to attempt such a set of Tables, as might in all cases, with the greateft exactness and ease, answer all the purposes of more extensive and voluminous ones; and this I hope I may without vanity venture to fay, the foilowing concise fet, adapted to the size of a Imall pocketbook, though calculated for every day in the year, will perform to satisfact on, if not beyond expectatio. : for in order to render them univerfal, nothing more is required than to multiply your fum by the number of half pounds contained in the given rate of Interest, and you have the answer in pence and the decimal parts of a penny, which there are few but can casily reduce into thillings and pounds.

“ And farther, as in molt Tables of Simple Interest which are constructed on a decimal plan, the calculation is made only for one pound, and therefore to solve que lions in common, recourse must be had to multiplication, these are already calculated for any sum that can happen, without multiplying by the given sum; and the numbers are so contrived, that the true answer may be obtained with the atmost certitude, from one penny to 900,000,000 pounds. And to prevent any manner of trouble or confusion in computing the number of places to be taken out, I have distinguished each article with its proper numerical character, being thole of the common numeration table inverted, viz. U X CTXc, which I fatter myself will not only be deemed a very agreeable improvement, but an useful discovery in the application of decimal numbers to the purposes of business in general.

• After the same manner I have proceeded with the Tables of Compound Interest, which are calculated for any sum at the more common Rates of Intereit, viz. 3, 4, and 5 1. per cent. yearly payments ;-but in the Tables for other Rates of Interest, the calculation is made for one pound only, shewing their application in making Tables of Fines, &c. the renewing and purchasing of Leases: and in order to render thele Tables more extensive and useful, the:e is added a new set of Tables calculated on the above plan for Quarterly and Half-yearly Payments, and likewise for thewing the value of One Quarter, One Half, and Three Quarters of a Year's Annuity, Rent, Penfion, &c. To make this part of the performance more complete, are added Tables for finding the superficial Content of any piece of ground, building, &c. in square feet, yards, and acres

“ As to the Tables of Life Annuities, these are calculated on the same principles as those done by mott other Authors, only with this difference, that these are deduced from thirty years observations on the bills of mortality, from the year 1731 10 the year 1761, consequently a more exact medium is thereby obtained than from a shorter time. And in the calculation of them I have endeavoured to make them the more exact, having carried them to three places of decimals, thewing the method of calculating the same for one life, two, three or more joint lives, &c. and in che application of them have laid down

the

CC3

the most easy and familiar rules I could meet with; so that nothing more than the knowlege of common Arithmetic is required in the solution of moft of the problems: and in those where a Logarithmical solution has been necessary to shorten the work, I have endeavoured to express myself as clearly as possible.

« Lastly, for the Reader's farther satisfaction I have re-calculated those excellent Tables of Mr. Abraham de Moivre, with the advantage of having carried them to three places of decimals, and not only corrected the few errors I met with, but for the Computist's convenience have annexed a Table of Logarithms adapted to his Tables, with the common and hyperbolical Logarithms to the Rates of 3, 3i, 4, 5, and 61. per cent and for the accommodation of those unacquainted with the use of the Logarithmical canon, I have contrived a method to construct new Universal Monomial Theorems, whereby the amount of any fum, or Annuity for Yearly, Half-yearly, and Quarterly Payments, may be calculated for any Rate of Interest.”

Art. 16. A Defence of the united Company of Merchants of Eng

land, trading to the East Indies, and their Servants (particularly these at Bungal) against the Complaints of the Dutch East India Company; being a Memorial from the English Company to his Majesty on that Subject. 4to. 2 s. 6d. Brotherton.

This is the Answer to the Dutch account of the hoftilities between their countrymen and ours at Bengal, mentioned in the Review for Januar; lai, p. 76. The evidence on both sides of the question being now laid before the Public, we refer the curious Reader to those original Documents, for farther satisfaction, in regard to a transaction which we hope will be amicably teuiled, as soon as the merits of the cause are clearly explained to both parties; which, we apprehend, they undoubtedly are, in the present Publication. The Dutch appear to be equally unfortunate in this dispute, both in the field and upon paper In the Indies they met with knock-down blows, and here seem to be some knock-down arguments; which we lufpe&t they will hardly be able to arriver.

Art. 17. Moral and Philosophical Essays on several Subjects, viz.

A View of the buman Freuitics; a svort Account of the World; two Discourses on Decency; an Ejay on Self-love. 12mo. 35, Longman.

In the fort and second part: of this Collection the matter is disposed in the fono: Dialogues. This, however, is merely formal, the style and r. anner being much the same throughout. The language indeed is not the most elegant, but there is much good sense and some inhances of a delicacy of sentiment to be found in these little perform

If the Author also doch not appear cither the profound Philofopher or the fine Writer, he hath had the art to throw together a a number of ingenious, though sometimes fuperficial, reflections, in aa agreeable and entertaining manner.

From

2nces.

From the face of this publication, the Reader might be led to conceive it a new book, as no intimation is given of its having been before printed. We are well informcd, however, that these little Tracts made their appearance in Public about twenty years ago, which is one reason for our taking only this cursory notice of the present Edition

K-n-k Art. 18. An Historical and Critical Review of the Paintings,

Sculptures, Models, Drawings, &c. now exhibiting at the Great Room of the Society instituted for the Encouragement of Arts, Manufactures, and Commerce. 4to. 1s. Bathoe.

A fort of catch-penny Catalogue, containing a few flimsy and some impertinent Remarks on the principal Paintings, &c. Had thisWriter, or any other person, better qualified, given a truly critical review of the pieces lately exhibited in the Strand, it would doubtless have been very acceptable to the Public; and might, to a great many persons, have proved an agreeable and useful supplement to the catalogue of those pieces. Art. 19. Fachin and Boaz: Or, an authentic Key to the Door of

Free-Masonry. By a Gentleman belonging to the Jerusalem Lodge. Svo: is. 6d. Nicoll. We do not believe one word this Gentleman says.

Art. 20. A Free-Mason's Answer to the fufpected Author of fa

chin and Boaz. 8vo. IS. Cooke, A Bookseller's jobb; a farce upon a farce.

Art. 21. The Book of Coach-Rates, or Hackney-Coach Directory.

Describing above 4000 Fares within the Cities of London and Westminster, and Bills of Mortality.According to an accurate Measurement. 12mo. Is. Owen.

Very useful within the London Bills of Mortality. Art. 22, The Adventures of Sir Lancelot Greaves. By the Au- .

thor of Roderick Random 12mo. 2 Vols. 6s. Coote.

Better than the common Novels, but unworthy the pen of Dr. Smoller.

Art. 23. An Historical and Gritical Account of the Lives and

IV ritings of the living Writers of Great-Britain and Ireland; wherein their respective Merits are discussed with the utmoji Candour. 8vo. is. No Publisher.

Compiled with the judgment of Giles Jacob, and written pretty much in Jacob's style. It gives very poor, imperfect and erroneous

accounts

Сс 4

[ocr errors]

accounts of the few persons whom the Compiler has taken the li-
berty to mention, the number of whom, we app:chend, scarce
amounts to an hundredth part of the present race of Authors; and
even among the few whose names are inserted, are several who by
no means deserve to be distinguished as Writers: people, of whom
we may say, with old Lintot*, that they have been suthors there
tuenty ycars to their Bookseller's knowlege, and no man's else.

Narrative of the deplorable Phrenzy of John Dennis.
Art. 24. The present State of Denmark, in relation to its Govern-

ment and Laws, its Trade and Manufactures, its Revenues and
Forces. Compiled from the public Archives, and other authentic
Materials. Being an exati Description of that Kingdom, as it
now exifls; and different from any Account hitherto published in
the English Language. In a Series of Letters mostly written by
Monsieur Roger. 8vo. 5s. Osborne.

The Editor of these Letters, in his Dedication to Farl Bothmer, the Danish Envoy at the British Court, considers them as a proper antidote against the misrepresentations in Lord Molesworth's Partial and mistaken account of Denmark, as it was supposed to have been in the year 1692.".

Monsieur Rcger, we are informed, was a man of independent fortune, a Republican of Geneva; who had travelled through most parts of Europe: and the sentiments of such a person, on a monarchic fare, will probably, as the Editor obferves, excite curiofily.

M. Roger, however, though a Republican by birth, seems to have entirely reconciled himself to monarchic principles during his travels, for he would not have engaged so warmly in defence of absolute monarchy, as it exists in Denmark; nor made such refined distinctions between despotism and despotism, as he has introduced in his firit

Letter.

:... We must be naturalized to absolute government, before the dirtinctions established by M. Roger can be allowed." If by despo. tisin, says he, is understood unlimited monarchy, the constitution of Denmark is certainly despotic." Wherein then does this despotism differ from that of the barbarous Powers of the East, who, according to him, are “ are accustomed to look upon their will 'as the only measure of right and wrong," more than what arises from the general difference in manners? A&ts of oppression will be as fenfibly felt by a people in some degree civilized, as the wanton cruelties of an Emperor of Morocco are, by favage Hords, as ferocious and unfeeling as their Lord; and however M, Roger, or others, may refine upon subtiliies calculated to quiet the natural antipathy which a small share of undertanding will excite againft subjection to unlimited power, if the adminiftration of one person, veited with fole autbority, is to Drild and reg lar as he represents that of Denmark to be, it is rather a compliment to the present administrator than to the coftitution.

His

« السابقةمتابعة »