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His Letters are very explicit in the accounts they contain of Danish jurisprudence, and will give much satisfaction to those who are desirous of understanding the various constitutions of countries ; but with respect to che favourable opinion M. Roger so fondly entertains of absolute Monarchy, they only serve to Mew that Danish defpotism is felf-reduced to a legal method; being essentially velted in WILL, as much as that of the tyrants of Morocco, Turkey, or Indoitan.
" It is (says he) a gross mistake to imagine, that the revolution of 1660 de troyed the liberty of a kingdom, which had hitherto been free. Liberty, prope.ly speaking, was known only to the Nobility; the Clergy and Commons were of no sort of consequence in the Allembly of the States.” It does not appear, however, that when the Commons and Clergy chose to make a formal grant of unlimited hereditary power to their King, that it answered any better purpose to the people than to curb the Nobility who were compelled to accede to it. For when in his encomium on the Danish Laws, M. Roger remarks the small number of Law-suits, and the readiness with which they are decermined, he alligns the juttelt reason for it, and it exhibits at the cokens of being a true one. When he fought the cause, he says, " It appeared evident enough that the want of property in the Pea. sants was productive at least of this good confequence, that it pre. vented a multitude of difficulties which have arisen from the immenfe variety, that exists elsewhere, in the manner of holding eftates.” Cero. tainly not to have any estate at all, eases a person entirely of the difficulties incurred by the poffeffion of one, and secures him from the perplexities of Law-suits ; yet, though the Law in England should leave a man as pennyless as the Law in Denmark finds him, there is fome degree of satisfaction in having an estate to be perplexed about, and some degree of amusement in spending it in our own manner: all which, with many other arguments that might be produced, determine rather in favour of property.
It must nevertheless be acknowleged, that, if we attend rather to the information M. Roger has furnished concerning the State of Denmark, than to his theoretical Positions, Denmark is an improve ing kingdom; and the present King seems to consult the welfare of his people, by measures much to his honour. It is to be hoped that his example will be imitated by his successors, and that the Danes may never have reason to repent the power they have bequeathed to his posteriry.
RELIGIOU S. Art. 25. A compendious Descant of the Autogeneal and Theanthro
pos Glories of Christ, or the Crown of Crowns fet upon the Head of King Jejus. Wherein is displayed his Glory as 7ehovah by Nature, and his Mediatorial Glories as the Messiah and Saviour of his people. 8vo. Is. Lewis.
It was a shrewd remark of an ingenious and learned Preacher at St. James's, when very lately, fpcaking of the wild reveries of our mo
dern Fanatics, and the strange work which they make with Christianity, he said, a stranger to its genuine spirit might hence be apt to conclude, that instead of turning their hearts, it was rather deligned to turn their HEADS.
Art. 26. Letters on Religious Retirement, Melancholy, and En
thufiafm. By the Rev. Mr. John Langhorne. 8vo. Is. 60. Payne and Cropley.
These Letters are addressed to a Lady of natural good fense, and fine accomplishments; but, unhappily, a little tinctured with the modern Enthusiasm, and inclined to that sort of Melancholy, and aversion to the rational pleasures of society, which naturally arises from miftaken apprehensions of the Divine Being, and the absurd notion of Divine Impulses and Illuminations. The Letter-Writer endeavours 80 reclaim his fair correspondent, by a variety of striking arguments and observations, cloathed in elegant and pathetic language, not un. like the lowery style of Mr. Hervey, though applied to a very op pofite purpose. The Epiftles are generally short, and fome of them are more entertaining than the keader would be apt to conceive; from a mere perusal of their title-page.
Art. 27. A Letter of Advice from a Father to his Son, just enters
ing into Holy Orders. 8vo. 6d. Keith. A wretched attempt at Irony, in favour of Fanaticism. .
Art. 28. The Reformed Prodigal: Or the three most remarkable
Stages of a penitent Sinner's Life. 1. His Departure from God; 2. His Repentance; 3. God's Acceptance of him thereupon. Exemplified in thirteen Discourses on the Parable of the Prodigal Son. Dedicated to the Governors of the Magdalen Charity. By the Rev. James How, M. A. Rector of Milton, near Gravesend, Kent; and Minister of St. Margaret Lothbury, London. 8vo. 4s. Rivington, Whifton, &c.
It is now become a common complaint that we are overstocked with Sermons; but surely if the spiritual food which we daily receive from the Press, is good, it is no less absurd to complain of the plenty of it, than it would be to grumble at the great quantity of corn which God sends in a plentcous harveit. The truth is, we happily live in a fruitful country, in regard both to mental and corporeal provision; and, according to the old proverb, our great plenty makes us dainty. However, if the Reader's palase be not extremely nice or squeamish, the present Discourses may relish very well with it. They have a plain nateral flavour, which will not fail to please a taste, not vitiated with the high sauce of Enthusain on the one hand, or palled by the mawkish water-gruel of our dull D:vines, who cook up their contant Sunday mess from the orthodox lader of Patrick, Lowth, and Whitby.
In dire&t terms, (to drop the figure) these pious and sensible Difcourses are well calculated for the plain understandings of those, who form the bulk of most Christian congregations. The Author very properly enforces the doctrines of Repentance and Reformation, from the parable of the Prodigal Son; which is admirably adapted to this great purpose, and tends to inspire us with the most amiable conceptions of the Almighty, and All beneficent Being !
CONTROVERSIAL, Art. 29. A Letter to the Rev. Mr. Kennicott, in which his De
fence of the Samaritan Pentateuch is examined, and his second Dissertation on the State of the printed Hebrew Text of the Old Testament, is mewn to be in many instances injudicious and inaccurate. With a Postscript, occasioned by his advertising, before this Letter was printed, that he had an Answer to it in the Press. By T. Rutherforth, D. D. F. R. S. the King's Professor of Divinity in Cambridge, and Chaplain to ber Royal Highness, the Princess Dowager of Wales. 8vo. 2s. 6d. Richardson, Beecroft, &c.
Dr. Rutherforth, in this Letter, has taken a great deal of learned. pains in order to fhew, that Dr. Kennicott's second Differtation is, in many instances, injudicious and inaccurate ; but what he has advanced in support of this charge is, in general, extremely frivolous. A few inaccuracies, it must be acknowleged, he has pointed out ; (and what. work can be named, that is entirely free from them ?) but they are of so trilling a nature, that we think them not worth mentioning. There is one point, however, which he has proved in a very clear and fatisfactory manner, and that is, his own want of judgment and accuracy; and not only so, but his want of candor, and of that liberal turrr of mind, which ought to be diligently cultivated by all those who apply themselves to liberal studies, and without which learning only expose's him who is possessed of it to contempt and ridicule.
D. D. &c. By Benjamin Kennicott, D. D. Fellow of
We have here, in 65 pages, a clear, distinct, and, in our opinion, satisfactory Answer to what Dr. Rutherforth has advanced in his Leta ter of 124 pages. Dr. Kennicott, without entering into a minute examination of what his Adversary has urged against him, (which was not indeed neceffary) has, with grea: spirit and perspicuiry, considered the principal apd material parts of the charge, as far as it relates to inaccuracy, and given them fair and sufficient answers,
He desires his Readers to consider his book as divided into two parts; one, as containing MATTERS OF HIS OWN OPINION ; the prher, as containing MATTERS OF FACT. As to the former, he readily allows himlelf fallible; and with his opinions he has given his
reasons rcarons, which he submits :o the judgment of the Public. “ Whatever I hive offerid, (says hc) which contains matters of my own opinion, I readily submit to the judgment of all those, who are properly qualified to determine thereupon.—After long experience of my fallibility, I make no fcruple to grant, that I may have given my opinion inişroperly, in several parts of my last Difertation, and I am very ready to own myself wrong, when I am fairly proved fo. I need not, however, trouble you, Sir, with many acknowlegements upon this head ; and I thall only add, that wherever an opinion may prevail in favour of your judiment, there I defire it may be remembered, - that I have been pronourced by you fingularly laracious, and every uay equal to the uniertaking a critical Edition of the Hebrew Bible,"
Having thus dismiiled the whole charge of injudiciuvfriss, our Author proceeds to that of inuccuracy; buc for what he has advanced under this head, we must refer our Readers to the Pamphlet itielt. We shall conclude this article with our sincere withes that, as Dr. Kennicott is, even by the confession of Dr, Rutherforth himself, every way equal to the great undertaking he is engaged in, he may cieet with nothing to interrupt him in the prosecutio.1 of it, but will continue to receive all the encouragement, of every hind, to which he is so jusly entitled.
Art. 31. Two Letters to the Rev. Dr. Kennicott, vindicating the
Yerus from the Charge of Corrupting Deut. xxvii. 4. The first of which was publijfred in the Library for Faly, 1761.
The jecond is now first publijied, being an Anjwer to Dr. Ken: nicoti's Remarks, in the Library * jor August, 1761, and a
farther lilujiration of the Argument. 8vo. 6d. Waugh.
Dr. Kennicote is engaged in a laborious and arduous undertaking; an underiaking likely to lubject him to perpetual interruptions from The doubts and objeciions of numberlets Hebrew (ritics, who are continually puzzling tirem elves and others about such points as hap. pen to frike i heir im vinations. The present Letter writer is very uneasyçabout an altar which was built either on Mount Gerizim or Ebal, but on which of the two is doubtful; a corruption of the text is fupposed, and who were the corruptors, is the point of debate. Dr. Kennicots answered the firit Lefter, and the Letter-writer wants 10 continue the difpute ; but if objectors are troublesome, it will be prudent in the Door to decline resolving their scruples, and go quietly forward with his undertaking, which may be little profited by lucu conteits, : * Or, dioral and Critical Magazine --a Monthly Publication.
MEDICAL Art. 32. A Treatise on the King's Evil, fitting forth a new Theory • of that Disease; and a new Method of curing indurated and
uicerated Glands of the Neck. By T. Durant, Surgeon, London. To which are added, several Cafe's cured by the fiuthor. 8vo. is. Waller.
Long cxperience has taught us, it may often be as necessary to caution the purchasers of Books as of Noftrums, to beware of counter feits. Hence we cordially fubscribe to that moral tenience or aphorism, which a living medical Sage thinks it expedient to annex, in capitals, to the Advertisement of some of his many immortalizing Medicines, viz. There is more renfon for this caution than good men would e-fily believe. In the present Publication, for initance, a well-meaning purchaser might hope he had bought a full and true ac. count of a new and effectual method to cure this, sometimes, incurable disease. ? he latter end of this Pamphlet indeed will inform him, that the Author begins his cure with a vomit; but long before this the Preface, p. 2. will have instructed him, that Mr. “ has discovered some Medicines which have a specific virtue in this complaint ;" yet prudently adding, p. 3. “If any should find foule with me for not discovering the particulars of my practice, my conifort is in this reflection, that I Mall oblige many, by putting them in the way to be relieved." This means, in effect, that he lim.Il oblige maly to comfort him, by putting them in the way to Fetter-lane. Now it seems fully as equitable, that our Author should have been ac the fole expence of advertising his Wansion, according to the immemorial cultom of al laudable Noftrum-mongers, as to add this Shil. ling lamphlet to the expence of his future l'acients, or to expect our republithing this notice for him gratis. To convince his itrumous Readers it is in vain for them to apply elsewtere, he aisures them, that " What is laid by the Phvrical Writers concerning the Srnfula is unfati factory;"-and, he supposes, “the reason why Sydenham, Boerhaave, and Hoffman have made no mention of it, probably was, becau e they could not point out a rational and emelual method of cure." Our Author's superlative self-suficience then, to do what they could not, must have been his motive for writing on a subject, upon which he shrewdly remarks, “they chose to be silent.”
We must not be surprized, therefore, when his Preface afires us, that Proficients in Physic may also be the better for this 'Treatise;" though it seems incon Gitent that he should employ 36 pages out of 4.2, of which it conGifts, (exclufive of his Cales) to intorm his Readers of all sorts, only of what method and medicines will not cure the King's Evil, which every medical one, at leait, could have told him; and in concealing from them the only med cines, which he, and he only knows, will cure ir. Nor is it less unaccountable, that having pronounced "all the Writings of ancient and modern Physicians on this disease to be unsatisfactory,” he should rummage them over, so oftentatiously as he has, from Hippocrates and Avicenna down to Dr. Scott. However, as he has crudely intersperled a little of his own theory of the disease, we leave the Reader to conjecture his notion of the cause of it, from a few short citations. We are taught, p. 18, 19, that “ A state of viscidity, accompanied with acrimony, are the