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to subdue the disease, and many vernal intermittents cease spontaneously after a few fits, particularly in persons who have beforc undergone an intermittent of long duration, we shall be apt to attribute some cures thereto that are performed wholly by the powers of the body. Fixed alcaline salt, such as that of tartar or wormwood, diluted with cold spring-water, is nearly of like cfficacy with the abovefaid spirit against vernal intermittents, as I have in some cases experienced.”
With regard to the epidemical fore-throat and miliary fever, as it appeared in Cleveland, in 1760, we thall briefly observe, that it differed materially from the fore-throat of a former epidemy in London, and another in Plymouth; with the account and treatment of which doctors Fothergill and Huxham obliged the public. The cure of this at Cleveland is correspondently different, and is very diftin&tly reguPated, in a kind of appendix to the preceding description of it. His observations on the Bastard black hellebore highly recom, mend it, as the most potent vermifuge our auchor has experienced, having expelled worms after the most celebrated othcinal compofitions had failed. It contains some good practical directions, with regard to different medicines appropriated to the killing and expelling different fpecies of worms.
Mr. Billct modestly apologizes for his style, of which we have given a specimen, saying, “ he aimed rather at conciseness and perfpicuity than elegance." Upon this foundation, however, we think there are a few expreslions in this work, which fie inay, for the greater perspicuity, avoid in any fublequent one. For instance, to impair ihe diaphoresis, we imagine, may be commuted into the more usual medical phrase—to lejjen the perfpiration. To incur a great degree of one or more of the nonnaturals, means, we suppofe, to commit an intemperance or excess in any of them. An infiuent herpetic humour was probably designed to fignify the determination of such a humour rather to the internal than external parts, or a firiking in, as it is vulg: rly called. We may conje&iure the same of an influent land-fcurvy, when the peccant humour is supposed to be employed rather in exciting a final fever in the mass of blood, than in discharging itself upon the folids. But a little influent fever is rather less intelligible, as all fevers seem to be inter'nal, or flowing within, if they are not confined to some external inflammation, as in a carbuncle, phlegmon, Paronychin, &c.
even an ague having been sometimes fuppofed by the vulgar • to be confined tw the face. Perhaps, an el'llicut antiscorbutic,
p. 133, ineans such an antiscorbutic medicine as operates chiefly
fit ejects it equally
the term is not as treems much less, if
by sweat, thus expelling or lessening the scorbutic humour: but if it ejects it equally by urine, will that make is less effluent ? which ambiguiiy inters, ihe term is not as Itrictly ascertained as the author intended it. Bibulary (pores) seems much less, if at all, in use, than bibulous, and is derived less analogically : nor can we perceive any improvement in substituting morbius fumetimes for morbid. Pollibly the former may be critically fupposed to fignify a greater combination, or load of diseases; but this distinction did not seem intended, where we met with it. It is confessed, some of these differences are trivial; but all innovations in speuch, to be commendable, Mould be improvements; and signify their subjects more clearly and exactly than the terms or phrales already appropriated to them.
A Dissertation on Miracles : Containing an Examination of the
Principles advanced by David Hume, Esq; in an Essay on Miracles. By George Campbell, D. D. Principal of the Marischal College, and one of the Ministers, of Aberdeen. 8vo. 45. Millar, c. .
T HE main design of this candid, spirited, and sensible
I performance is, not to refute the reasoning and objections of Mr. Hume, but to set the principal argument for Christianity in its proper light. On a subject that has been so often treated, it is imposible to avoid saying many things which have been said before. Accordingly, such readers as are conversant with subjects of this kind will find few observations in the Differtation now before us, that are not to be met with in Dr. Adams's ingenious answer to Mr. Hume, the Criterion, Butler's Analogy, &c. Our author's principal merit consists in treating his subject in a more regular and methodical manner than those who have gone before him ; and, as he justly observes, the evidi nce of any complex argument depends very much on the order into which the material circumstances are digested, and the manner in which they are displayed. He treats his ingenious adversary with candor, but without ceremony or reserve, and answers the arguments contained in his famous Efay on Miracles in a clear and rational manner.
- The Ejay on Miracles, says he, deserves to be considered as one of the most dangerous attacks that have been made on our religion. The danger results not solely from the Kk2
of the piece; it results much more from that of the author. The piece itself, like every other work of Mr. Hume, is ingenious; but its merit is more of the oratorial kind than of the philosophical. The merit of the author, I acknowledge, is great. The many useful Volumes he hath published of History, Criticism, Politics, and Trade, have justly procured him, with all persons of taste and discernment, the highest reputation as a writer. What pity is it that this reputation should have been sullied by attempts to undermine the foundations both of natural religion and of revealed.
« For my own part, I think it a piece of justice in me, to acknowledge the obligations I owe the author, before I enter on the proposed examination. I have not only been much entertained and instructed by his works, but if I am poflefled of any talent in abstract reafoning, I am not a little indebted to what he hath written on human nature, for the improvement of that talent. If therefore, in this tract, I have refuted Mr. Hume's Eljazy', the greater share of the merit is perhaps to be ascribed to Mr. Hume himself. The compliment which the Russian monarch, after the famous barile of Poltowa, paid the Swedish generals, when he gave them the honourable appellation of his masters in the art of war, I may, with great sincerity, pay my acute and ingenious adver: sary.”
The genteel and ingenuous manner in which our author speaks of his adversary, must give every impartial reader a favourable opinion of his candor ; and those who are qualified to judge of such subjects, will, we are persuaded, after an attentive perusal of his Dillertation, entertain as favourable an opinion of his abilities:
A regular abltract of a work of this kind will not be expected from us; we shall not therefore attempt it, but give the sum of what the author has advanced. It is briefly this:
That Mr. Hume's favourite argument, of which he boasts the discovery, is founded in error, is managed with fophiltry, and is at last abandoned by its inventor, as fit only for hew, not for use ; that he is not more successful in the collateral arguments he employs; particularly, that there is no peculiar presumption against religious miracles ; that, on the contrary, there is a p:culiar prélumption in their favour; that the general maxim whereby he would enable us to decide bewixt opposite miracles, when it is stript of the pompous diction that serves it at once for decoration and for diguile, is discovered to be no other than an identical propo
fition, which, as it conveys no knowledge, can be of no service to the cause of truth; that there is no presumption arising either from human nature, or from the history of mankind, against the miracles said to have been wrought in proof of Christianity; that the evidence of these is not subverted by those miracles, which historians of other religions have recorded ; that neither the Pagan nor the Popish miracl_s, on which he has expatiated, will bear to be compared with those of Holy Writ; that, abstracting from the evidence for para ticular facts, we have irrefragable evidence, that there have been miracles in former times; and, lastly, i hat his examination of the Pentateuch is both partial and imperfect, and consequently stands in need of a revisal.
Before we conclude this article we cannot helplimenting, with our author, that so excellent a writer as Mr. Hume should have treated religion in so illiberal a manner as he has done. The many ung nerous sneers, for so we must call them, that are to be met with in his works, in regard to Christianity and its profesi rs, must certainly, even in the opinion of his warmeft admirers, if they are men of candor, be looked upon as very injurious to his character. It is natural to imagine, that a person of such exalted sentiments and of such distinguished talents, must entertain exalted notions of religion ; but let the impartial reader judge of this matter from the following passage, taken from his natural History of Religion, Scil. xi. 410. È ilit. and which may have escaped the notice of many of his readers.
“ If we examine, says he, without prejudice, the ancient heathen mythology, as contained in the poets, we shall not discover in it any such monttrous absurdity, as we may be apt at first to apprehend. Where is the difficulty of conceive ing, that the same powers or principles, whatever they were, which formed this visible world, men and animals, produced also a species of intelligent creatures, of more refined substance and greater authority than the reft? That these creatures may be capricious, revengeful, passionate, voluptuous, is easily conceived ; nor is any circumstance more apt, amongst ourselves, to engender such vices, than the licence of absolute authority. And, in short, the whole mythological system is so natural, that, in the vast variety of planets and worlds, contained in this universe, it seems more than probable, that, somewhere or other, it is really carried into execution." K k 3
This passage stands in no need of any comment; we fhall therefore only beg leave to observe upon it, that if Mr. Hume laughs at those who believe in Christianity, he laughs with a very bad grace, and that there are few who need be ashamed of their Creed, when compared with his.
A Letter to the Authors of the Monthly Review : Or, a Reply to
their Animadversions on a Pamphlet lately published, intitule, the Reviewers Reviewed, relative to the Dofirine of Elittri
city. By R. Lovett, of Worcester, 8vo. 6 d. Sandby, VATE little thought to have heard from Mr. Lovett again
V on this subject, after what passed between us in a former Review ; much less that he thould complain of our severity, when he was himself, in fo great a degree, the aggreflor : but there are men, as well as arguments, that are unanswerable. Whether what we advanced may be ranked among the latter, it is the part of others to determine. It appears sufficiently plain to us, that our antagonist deierves a place among the former, Bad casuist as he is, he is a boli combatant; and, though reduced to his stumps, is determined not to give out. It is very justly remarked by a judicious French writer, « Tous ceux qui sont capable de faire des cbjections, ne font pas toujours en etat de comprendre tous les principes, dont depend la resolution de leurs objeétions.” This ieems to be the case with Mr. Love:t: indeed he frankly confetles, that our distinctions are too refined for the comprehension of electricians; and styles such reasonings, in the usual cant of ignorance and incapacity, the cobwebs of metodbyci. It does not, however, become a mere experiment-monger to talk so di respectfully of any science. And yet this our doughty opponent is very carnest with us to continue the controversy in our Review. But, fuppofing it consistent with our plan, as it is not, to what purpose should we diłputeIf Mr. Loveit cannot coinprehend us, we never can hope to convince him. And as to his ós strong defire of entering into a nearer and cloer engagement, that the matter in debate may be brought to a fair issue, and the public no longer remain in doubt, which of us is in the right,” we are willing to rest our cause, with the judicious reader, on the merits of what has been already said. Indeed we conceive, that thof, who have paid any attention to this little debate, remain in no doubt about the matter: at least, we shall think so t:!