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This Discourse relates to a dispute begun in the London Chronicle many months ago. The subject of it is of little importance to the generality of readers, and there are but few, we apprehend, who will have the curiosity to consult the Chronicle upon what has already beeri advanced concerning it. ;
Art. 20. A Letter to Mr. S. Fothergill, occasioned by his Re
marks on an Address and Sermon lately publised by Mr. Pifkington, 8vo. Is. Dodfley.
This defender of Mr. Pilkington, who signs himself T. J. ap. prehending that Mr. Fothergill had used Mr.
r ather uncivilly in his Remarks, takes up the cudgels in behalf of his friend, and lays about him with true polemical zeal. The chief point in dispute is the Doctrine of Water-baptism, for which Mr. T. J. con. tends, in opposition to the spiritual notion of baptism entertained by the Quakers.
Art. 21. Remarks upon a Letter to a Disenting Minister, cons
cerning the Expediency of stated Forms of Prayer for public - Worsip. By a Disenting Minister. The second Edition.
To which is now added, an Examination of the Preface to a new Plan of Christian Worship, called the Christian CommonPrayer-Book, or Univerfal Liturgy, lately publised; with a Defence of Water-Baptism. 8vo. Is. Waugh.
In this miscellaneous pamphlet are many sensible and weighty ar. guments in defence of Free Prayer, and in oppofition to stated forms. The Preface above-mentioned is, in particular, closely examined, and strictly animadverted upon. As the Remarker appears to be a man of found learning, solid understanding, and acute penetration, the Advocates for Liturgic and precomposed forms, will do well to actend impartially to what he has to offer on the other side of the queftion. It is a subject of great consequence to the peace and prosperity of the Christian Church ; and therefore, we thould be glad to see it thoroughly debated, with a spirit of candor, meekness, and charity, worthy so serious, so important an occasion.
Art. 22. The Ambassadars of Christ delineated; in divine Sketches
taken from real Life. Being a characteristic Dialogue, copied from an original Plan in the School of evangelical Experience, &c. By a Lover of Truth. 8vo. 6d. Keith.
Low, illiterate, methodistical cant and nonsense. It is written in what the Author imagines to be verse ; in such a strain as
Ye callous hearts, the gospel seek;
That bammer finty hearts will breakIt will be long, we doubt, ere any one will be able to hammer a little common sense into the heads of these ignorant and presumptuous
enthusiasts, enthusiasts, who are the bane and disgrace of the Christian Religion. Oh! Wh ! Oh!
W y ! ye original raisers of all this mystical duft, how much have ye to answer for! How many eyes have ye blinded, how many understandings have ye perverted, how many heads have ye turned !-However, it is hoped ye are not inten. tionally guilty of all this mischief, and that the following couplet from this your ingenious disciple, is not applicable to you, as it certainly was not designed for you,
Such hypocrites their fouls do cheat,
POETICA L. Art. 23. The Songs of Selma. From the Original of Offian,
the Son of Fingal. 4to. Is. Griffiths. The piece here versified is not one of the least affecting of Offian's poems; the subjects of them all being either tragical or warlike, which laft circumstance may be considered as more extensively tragical. It recounts the unhappy catastrophe of the loves of Salgar and Comla; the death of Morar, a very martial chief; and the pathetic lamentations of Armin for his only fon and his only daughter; with the death of her heroic lover Armar, arising from a succeflion of fatal, but natural mistakes. Oljan supposes these mournful songs to have been accompanied with the harp, by some former bards, at the feats of Fingal king of the Highlands, at his palace of Selma.
We imagine, whoever compares the beginning of the profe, but .not profaic translation of the Gallic original, with the following versification of it, will not think the latter unjust, nor without some merit. The invocation is addressed to the Evening Star, and is faid by Mr. Macpherson, in a note, to be very beautiful and harmonious in the original.
Fair light! that, breaking through the clouds of day,
· All the rest of the version is nearly as correspondent to the original and may even read more intelligibly and smoothly to many ears. But we acknowlege, for our own parts, that the poetical prose and vimagery of the first translation delighted us beyond this versification
of it, the execution of which is more to be commended than the de:fign. We think the second Transfuser might have reflected, that the antiquity of the subjects, whether fictitious or historical, and the novelty of the high metaphorical, and yet concife, manner of recounting them, must lole some part of that variety and change, that antique air and spirit we find, or suppose we find, in Mr. Macpherfon's tranflation, by its being reduced into modern rhyme and metre; notwithftanding both the long and be lyric English measure were introduced in different parts of the performance; which, indeçd, our prelent author has judiciously done, to preserve what variety he could. But still this is less various, more common, and appears to us more languid than its English prose. It seems like scowering the field of Scriblerus, or attempting to polish an Otho. When we imagine ourlelves engaged in remote antiquity, among chieftains of fimpler manners, and in scenes of less artificial life, we seem very naturally · to wish, that their manner of expreslion, although in our own language, should vary as much from the présent manner, as our notions of their situation and customs differ from what we experience of our *Own.
SINGLE SERMON S. 1. T HE peaceful End of the perfect upright Man, recommended to • Confideration. On the death of that learned Divine, Dr. John Guyse. Nov. 29, 1761. By John Conder. Buckland, &c, . 2. Before the Mayor and Corporation of Chester. Oct 26, 1961, being the anniversary of his Majesty's accession. By Ed. Mainwaring, A. M. Prebendary of Chester. Longman.
3. The Hope of Immortality, a most powerful Motive to fervent Charity. At Barbican, Dec. 6, 1761. On the death of the late Rev. and learned Mr. Joseph Burroughs. By Daniel Noble. Henderson.
4. On the Origin of Faith. Before the University of Oxford. At St. Peter's, O&t. 28, 1761. By John Rotheram, M. A. Fellow of University College. Sandby.,
5. At St. Laurence Jury, near Guildhall, Nov. 18, 1761, before the society for promoting religious knowlege among the poor. By Thomas Jones, M. A. chaplain of St. Saviour's, Southwark. Field.
6. Jejus the King of Kings. At Liverpool, on the day of their Majesties coronation. By John Johnson. Printed for Johnson near the Monument.
7. At the Temple Church, Nov. 15, 1761. On the death of Dr. Thomas Sherlock, late Lord Bishop of London, who departed this life July 18, in the 845h year of his age. By Samuel Nicolls, LL. D. master of the Temple, rector of St. James's, Westminster, and chaplain in ordinary to his Majesty. Whilton, &c. . 8. In Lambeth Chapel, at the confecration of the right reverend fathers in God; John lord bishop of Lincoln, and Thomas lord bishop of Bristol, Dec. 28, 1761. By Peirfon Lloyd, M. A. fecond mala ter of Westminster school. B. Dod.
The History of England, froin the invasion of Julius Cæfar, to
the Accession of Henry VII. Vol. II. Containing the reigns of Henry III. Édward I. Edward II. Edward III. Richard IÍ. Henry IV. Henry V. Henry VI. Edward IV. Edward V. and Richard III. By David Hume, Esq; 4to. Millar.
TTAVING, in our account of the preceeding volume *,
1 delivered our sentiments concerning the manner of Mr. Hume's treating this early part of our History, we now with pleasure proceed to the confideration of the second volume, which opens with the reign of Henry III.
To the speculative and intelligent, the history of the reigns included in this volume, will prove extremely curious and interesting; though perhaps to the generality of readers it may appear dry and un-entertaining, in comparison with the reigns of the Tudors and the Stuarts, which, as they approach nearer to the present manners and customs, are more generally understood, and consequently more agreeable.
-To enter into the rude policy of the feudal reigns, and to discover the principles which influenced the civil and military operations of our brave and unpolished ancestors, requires a deeper insight into antiquity, and a closer degree of application, than falis to the lot of our modern students, who delight in the Aimsy productions of prostituted genius, constrained by neceffity, or seduced by vanity, to flatter the prevailing depravity of taste, which seems to forebode the decline of literature.
If however, the admirers of modish ease and elegance, can, for once bend their attention to subjects which require
• See Rev. Dec. 2;61. Vol. XXVI.
strength and solidity of judgment, they will find their labour amply repaid in the perutal of this history, wherein Mr, Hume has given a very clear and accurate account of the religion, laws, manners, and customs of those early times, with the state of trade and commerce, the value of money, and price of commodities, with such Ihrewd and suitable re. flections upon the whole, at the end of each reign, as may enable the attentive reader to trace the gradual advances, by which we rose from a condition of hospitable * barbarism, to our present imperfect state of modern refinement.
The wars which Henry III. waged against his Barons, and the consequences they produced, are well known. The King being defeated, was obliged to confirm the Great Charter, the corner stone of our liberties. The contest however between the King and his Nobles, feems to have been merely whether there should be one or many tyrants ; for the people were alike oppressed by both; and though it is true, that the Great Charter contained fome provisions in their favour, yet in those days, when power was the measure of right, they were not in a condition to render those provisions effectual. In short, this reign is almost a continued scene of tyranny, rapine, and violence : even the courtiers of the King's household, and men of title, were public robbers, and being convicted, said in their excuse, that “ they received no wages from the King, and were obliged to rob for a maintenance." But no people were more cruelly oppressed at this time than the unhappy Jews.
“ Interest,” says our Historian, “ had in that age mounted to an enormous height, as might be expected from the barbarism of the times and mens ignorance of commerce. There are instances of fifty per cent. paid for money. Such profits tempted the Jews to remain in England, notwithstanding the grievous oppressions to which they were continually exposed from the prevalent bigotry and rapine of the age. It is easy to imagine how precarious their state must be under an indigent prince, somewhat restrained in his tyranny over his native subjects, but who possessed an unlimited authority over them, the sole proprietors of money in the kingdom, and hated on account of their riches, their religion, and their ufury: Yet will our ideas scarce come up to the ex
* We say hospitable, because in those early times the doors of the nobility were in a manner open to all comers; and the nnmber of abeir retainers, &c. is incredible. But this hospitality proves the dependance of the people, who in return for their subüftence, were in the most abject fubjetion to their lords.