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317

73

LOUIS XV. Life and Gallanıries - - full Exposition

of,

318 of,

1 383

LYCIDAS,

154 -

on the prelent
Lyle's hort-hand,

State of Clergymen's Widows

Lyric Epistles, two,

and Orphans,

127

Does, two, to Indolence and

M.

Imoudence,

473

TA NAGHTON, authentic Par. Ogden's British Lion roused,

IV. ticulars of the Life of, 76

: 316

MALAGUIDA, Father, Proceed. ORATORS,

475
ings against,

22 ORNAMENTS of Churches con-

NiAliET's Poems,

360 sidered, Postscript to, 75

MATRONS,

con Orr's Theory of Religion, 442

MECKLENBURGH, History oi,

P.

475
Modical Constitution of Great.

DAPERS relative to the Rup-

Britain, Efy on, 494 I ture with pain, 228

MEMOIS of Mrs. Catherine - Oblervations on ditto,

· Jemmat,

476

230

MIDAS, Jongs in the Burletta

Apswer to the Ob.

of,

- 232 servasions,

Militia Bill, Observations on,

Remarks on the Pa-

148 pers, -

318

Motives for purfuing a Spanish PARALLEL,

74 PATTEN's Vindication of King
Muller's Rustian Voyages, 420 David,
Muse's Recreation, 15! PLAKE's Brown Beer, a Poem,
MUSICAL Lads,
238

150

Mystery of the Cock Lane PERSII Saturæ, cum notis, 512

Gholt, ievealed,

157 PINDARIC Ode on Beauty, 320

157 PINDARICO

PLAIN and easy Road to the

N.

Land of Bliss,

236

Ature, de la 143, 3:6 Poetry, Art of, on a new Plan,
I NAVAL Evolutions, ex-

319
tracted from L'Hulie, by ()'

, Webb's Remarks on
Bryen,
275 the Beauties of,

282
NEWTONT Arithmetica Univers PORTAL's Innocence, a Poem,
Jal's plan of an intended new

149
euition of,

68 PRESBYTERS and Deacons, not
Nice Lady,

387 commissioned to preach without
NUNERY, an Elegy, 358 - the Billiop's Allowance, 77
NUPTIALS,

65 PRIESTLY's English Grammar, 27

PROCEEDINGS of the States of
0.

Holland, relating to the Dil-
'Bryan's naval Evolutions, putes in Bengal,

76
275 -

against Father

OBSERVATIONS on the new Mi 'Malagrida,

litia Bill,

148 PROGRESS of Lying, 385

On 'the Papers PRPER Object of the prelent
relative to the Rupture with War,

73

Spain,

230

PROPERTY,

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22

386

PROPERTY, plain Argument to Single Sermons, 80, 159, 399

Thew that we have no Law for Sketch of the present Times,

the Security of, : 237

149

PRUSIJA, King of, military In- , SLACK'S Address to , 154

structions by, 58, 15 SOBIESKI, John, King of Po.
PRUSSIAN Laws, Body of,

Jand, Coyer's History of, 161

SOLYMAN and Imena, 254

Q.
Songs in the Burletta of Midas,

232
Uack Doctor,

of Selma, verfified, from
Offian,

79

R.

SPAIN, New, Account of the

Inhabitants and Trade of, 75

D ECRUITÉR for Germany, - Papers relative to the

320 Rupture with,

228

REMARKS on a Letter to a dis. - Causes of the War be.

senting Minister,

78 tween Great Britain and, 382

REMISSION, Scripture Doctrine SPANISH War, Arguments a-

· of,

114 gainit,

74

Remontranies au Parliment de

Motives for, ibid.
Paris contre les Jefuits, 63 SPEAKING, Art of, 199
RESIGNATION,

462 STACKHOUSE's Greek Grammar,
Review of the Hillory of the

74
Man after God's own Heart, STUDENTS,

475
20; SUPERSTITION, House of, a
of the Paintings exhi Poem,
bited in the Strand, 391 SWAINE and Simms's Short-hand,

RIDICULOUS Stories, Collection

of, .

318 SYDENHAM's Plato, the Ban-

Rocer's present State of Den- quet,
mark,

392

ROSCIAD of Covent-Garden,

T.

ROUSSEAU on the Inequality TAles from Fontaine, &c.

among Mankind, 331

- 384

RutherFORTH's Letter to Ken- TAYLOR's Scripture Account of

nicott,

395 Prayer, second Edition, 343

Kennicoti's

Chevalier John, Tra-

Answer to,

ibid. vels of,

112

THEORY of Religion, by Orr,

4.42

THOMSON's Works, new Edi-

Chool for Lovers,

tion,

298

SCRIPTURE Doctrine of Thoughts on the Times, 159

Remission,

on ancient and mo.

SCROPE on the Lord's Supper, dern Travel.

235

238 Tragi-Comic Memoirs of the

Sharpe's second Argument in War,

148

Defence of Christianity, 305 Tristram Shandy, Vol. V,

SHEBBEARE's Hiftory of the Sun VI, i

- 30

• matrans,

· TUMULTS

477

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503

TUMULTS in Ireland considered, Walpole's Anecdotes of Paint. : 318 ing in England,

241 TURNER's Gauger's Infructor, War, Tragi-comic Memoirs of

118 TYRTÆUs, Elegies of, '52 Warner's Remarks on Fingal,

.157 V.

WATKINSON'S Esay on Economy,

- 387 TTAILLANT'S Catalogue of Webe's Remarks on the Beauties V foreign Books, 238 of Poetry,

282 VINDICATION, full, of the E

complete Annuitant, of

320 UNIVERSAL Restitution, a Scrip. Whitehead's Charge to the fure Doctrine, 181 Poets,

222 UNIVERSITY Education, De- ---- - School for Lo. fećts of,

234 vers,

Y. · W.

V EARLY Chronicle, 477 Alker's Introduction to Y Young's Resignation, a V Self-inow edge, 77 Poem,

388

157

462

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MONTHLY REVIEW,

For J A N U A R Y, 1762.

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The Frederician Code : Or, A Body of Law for the Dominions

of the King of Prusia. Founded on Reason, and the Conftitution of the Country. Translated from the French. - 8vo. 2 vols.' 12 s. boards. Edinburgh printed for Donaldson, and sold by Richardson in London....

TT was a saying of Solon's, that he had given the Athenians

I the best Laws they were able to bear : and it is possible that the Author of the present Code may, upon this principle, justify his institutions. But they who ignorantly commend them as a fit model for this Kingdom,' do not' deserve to enjoy the superior advantages, to which the Laws of England eñtitle them. Indeed the chief, if not only excellence for which the admirers of this Code have extolled it, is its suppofed brevity ;. and they inconsiderately express their wifhes to reduce the Laws of this kingdom within the narrow dimensions they would prescribe : without reflecting, that they would thereby at the same time; render their property and personal liberties more precarious and insecure. : Lim "Plo · In the days of Alfred, the English Laws were much more fhort and compendious than the Pruffian Body, now under consideration. But the Alfredian Code would ill suit the nation, now that it has happily extended the wide circle of trade and commerce, and enlarged the basis of public liberty. As focial and commercial intercourse expand, a van.. riety of cases daily revolve, which must either be provided for by a particular and express Law, or referred to discretionary decision. A people however, jealous of liberty, will be cautious to entrust as little as possible to wbitrary discre“. rion. In a free kingdom, the Judges are but the mouths af VOL. XXVI.

while

vere penaw of the couen prerogative of his Refcripts.

the Law, and the King, no more than the supreme minister to execute its decrees. In such a state, therefore, the Laws cannot be so simple and concise as in those governments, where much is left to the discretion of the judge without any other appeal, than to the absolute will of the Sovereign. It is true that, under a wise and good Monarch, little or no inconvenience may arise from such summary institutions; but it might be expected that a Prince who, like his Pruffian Majesty, is supposed to be no less a philosopher than a statelman, should have a juster sense of Legislation, than to institute, what is more properly a Government of Men, than of Laws.

This Code, which copies, and, in some points, improves the Roman Law, docs nevertheless retain, and even multiply, its most capital defects. The King prohibits, under severe penalties, any Commentaries to be made, either on the whole Law of the country, or on any part of it. In short, he reserves to himself the prerogative of being the ultimate and fole Commentator on the Laws; and his Refcripts; like those of the Roman Emperors, can make that legal, which is not to be justified under the sanction either of Law or Reason. The consequence of such unbounded authority must be, thắt when a weak or vicious Prince succeeds to the throne, Juftice will not only be partially distributed, but openly bought and sold, as it was once in this Kingdom, especially in the time of the Norman Princes, when every thing appertaining to Judicature was so avowedly venal, that our Kings accepted bribes from the suitors, which were called by the soft name of presents, and that with so little sense of honour or decorum, that these shameful items are transmitted on record, with the scandalous purposes for which they were received. · But true wisdom and unaffected philosophy would have dictated a more liberal and benévolent system, than this of the Frederician Code. They would have directed our Royal Legislator to have consulted the future and permanent good of his people, by, endeavouring to secure them against those abuses in his fucceffors, from which his own personal virtues may perhaps protect them during his reign. A Prince, who instead of labouring to confirm and to extend arbitrary prerogatives, has the courage to limit his own power, displays the noblest proofs of greatness. All the pomp which awaits absolute dominion, all the triumphs of heroism, are little, compared io luch a philosophical facrifice, made on the principles of general benevolence and philanthropy. This is the true.:

.. . Phi

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