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grounds for the report of her chamber being haunted. “I am as well persuaded as yourself c of that,” she replied; “I know 'tis only one of « Johnson's whims; but people you know will « have their whims, and it was great courtesy in 66

you to sacrifice a night's rest to his humour: my

servants have been spoilt by indulgence, " but it is to be hoped they will learn better « submission by your example.” There was a sarcastic tone in my aunt's manner of uttering this, which

gave it more the air of ridicule than compliment, and I blusht to the eyes with the consciousness of deserving it.

After breakfast she took me into her closet, and, desiring me to sit down to a writing table, " Nephew,” says she, “I know my brother $. Antony full well; he is a tyrant in his nature,

a bigot to his opinions, and a man of a most “ perverted understanding, but he is rich and

you have your fortune to make; he can insult, " but you can flatter; he has his weaknesses, us and you can avail yourself of them ; fuppose

you write him a penitential letter."-I now saw the opportunity present for exerting my new-made resolution, and felt a spirit rising within me, that prompted me to deliver myself as follows. “ No, madam, I will neither gra

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" tify my uncle's pride, nor lower my own felf

efteem, by making him any fubmission ; I

despise him for the infults he has put upon me, ** and myself for having in some fort deserved at them; but I will never fatter him or any 26 living creature more; and if I am to forfeit " your favour by rcfifting your commands, 1 We must meet the consequences, and will rather #trust to my own Jabour for support than de

pend upon the caprice of any person living ; " least of all on him.” “Heyday,” cried my sont, yon 'refuse to write !--you will not do as " I advise you?” “In this particular,” I replied, “ peronit me to say I neither can, nor will, u obey you." " And you are resolved to think " and act for yourself?” “In the present case " I am, and in all cases, let me add, where my “ honour and my conscience tell me I am right.”

Then,”'exclaimed' my aunt, “ I ackrowledge you for my nephew; I adopt you from this

hour ;” and with that the took me by the hand moit cordially; " I faw,” said she, “ or

thought I saw, the symptoms of an abject “ fpirit in you, and was resolved to put my “ fufpicions to the test; all that has past here “ fince your coming has been done in concert " and by way of trial; your haunted chamber,

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“ the pretended fears of my butler, his blunt « refusal, all have been experiments to found “ your character, and I fhould totally have de" spaired of you, had not this last instance of a “ manly spirit restored you to my esteem : you « have now only to persist in the same line of a conduct to confirm my good opinion of you, k and ensure your own prosperity and hap6 piness.”

Thus I have given my history, and if the example of my reformation shall warn others from the contemptible character, which I have fortunately escaped from, I shall be most happy, being truly anxious to approve myself the friend of mankind, and the : Observer's very sincere well-wisher.



Citò fcribendo non fit ut bene fcribatur ; bene

feribendo fit ut cità, (QUINTIL. LIB. X.)

HE celebrated author of the Rambler in This concluding paper says, I have laboured to refine our language to grammatical purity, and to clear. it from colloquial barbarisms, licentious idioms and irregular combinations : something perheps. I have added to the elegance of its construction, and fomething to the harmony of its cadence. I hope our language hath gained all the profit, 'which the labours of this méritorious writer were

exerted to produce: in file of a certain de- fçription he undoubtedly excels; but though I think there is much in his essays for a reader to admire, I should not recommend them as a model for a disciple to copy...

Simplicity, ease and perspicuity should be the first objects of a young writer : Addison and other authors of his class will furnish him with examples, and affist him in the attainment of these excellencies; but after all, the stile, in which a man shall write, will not be formed by imitation only ; it will be the stile of his mind; it will assimilate itself to his mode of thinking, and take its colour from the complexion of his ordinary discourse, and the company he conforts with. As for that distinguishing characteristic, which the ingenious essayist terms very properly the harmony of its cadence; that I take to be incommunicable and immediately dependant upon the car of him, who models it. This harmony of cadence is so strong a mark of discrimination


between authors of note in the world of letters, that we can depose to a stile, whose modulation we are familiar with, almost as confidently as to the hand-writing of a correspondent. But though I think there will be found in the periods of every established writer à certain peculiar tune, (whether harmonious or otherwise) which will depend rather upon the natural ear than upon the imitative powers, yet I would not be understood to say that the study of good models can fail to be of use in the first formation of it. When a subject presents itself to the mind, and thoughts arise, which are to be committed to writing, it is then for a man to chuse whether he will express himself in simple or in elaborate diction, whether he will compress his matter or dilate it, ornament it with epithets and robe it in metaphor, or whether he will deliver it plainly and naturally in such language as a well-bred person and a scholar would use, who affects no parade of speech, nor aims at any Aights of fancy. Let him decide as he will in all these cases he hath models in plenty to chule from, which may be said to court his imitation.

For instance ; if his ambition is to glitter and surprize with the figurative and metaphorical brilliancy of his period, let him tune his ear

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