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contrasted and replete with imagery, and is amongst the strongest of those instances, where the orator addresses himself to the senses and paffions of his hearers : But let the difciple tread this path with caution ; let him wait the call, and be sure he has an occafion worthy of his efforts before he makes them.

Allegory, personification and metaphor will press upon his imagination at certain times, but let him soberly consult his judgment in those moments, and weigh their fitness before he admits them into his ftile. As for allegory, it is at best but a kind of fairy form; it is hard to naturalize it and it will rarely fill a graceful part in any manly composition. With respect to personification, as I am speaking of profe only, it is but an exotic ornament, and may be confidered rather as the loan of the muses than as the property of profe; let our student therefore beware how he borrows the feathers of the jay, left his unnatural finery should only serve to make him pointed at and despised. Metaphor, on the other hand, is common property, and he may take his share of it, provided he has discretion not to abufe his privilege, and neither surfeits the appetite with repletion, nor confounds the palate with too much variety : Let his metaphor be



apposite, single and unconfused, and it will serve him as a kind of rhetorical lever to lift and elevate his stile above the pitch of ordinary difcourse; let him also so apply this machine, as to make it touch in as many points as possible; otherwise it can never so poise the weight above. it, as to keep it firm and steady on its proper center. .

To give an example of the right use and application of this figure I again apply to a learned author already quoted—“ Our first parents have « ing fallen from their native state of innocence, « the tincture of evil, like an hereditary disease « infected all their pofterity; and the leaven of « fin having once corrupted the whole mass of « mankind, all the species ever after would be « soured and tainted with it; the vitious fer“ ment perpetually diffusing and propagating « itself through all generations.” —(Bentley, Comm. Sermon).

There will be found also in certain writers a profusion of words, ramifying indeed from the fame root, yet rising into climax by their power and importance, which seems to burst forth from the overflow and impetuosity of the imagination; resembling at first fight what Quintilian characterises as the Abundantia Juvenilis, but

which, when tempered by the hand of a master, will upon closer examination be found to bear the stamp of judgment under the appearance of precipitancy. I need only turn to the famous Commencement Sermon before quoted, and my meaning will be fully illustrated "Let them o tell us then what is the chain, the cement, the « magnetism, what they will call it, the invisi, « ble tie of that union, whereby matter and an « incorporeal mind, things that have no fimili« tude or alliance to each other, can so fympa« thize by a mutual league of motion and senfa« tion. No; they will not pretend to that, " for they can frame no conceptions of it: « They are sure there is such an union from the « operations and effects, but the cause and the u manner of it are too subtle and secret to be 6 discovered by the eye of reason; 'tis mystery, hf 'tis divine magic, 'tis natural miracle."

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'Αληθόμυθον χρή είναι, και πολύλογον.

Remember only that your words be true,
« No matter then how many or how few.

T. THE OBSERVER. T HAVE a habit of dealing in the marvel. 1 laus, which I cannot overcome : Some people, who seem to take a pleasure in magnifying the little Aaws to be found in all characters, call this by a name, which no gentleman ought to use, or likes to hear : The fact is, I have fo much tender consideration for Truth in her state of nakedness, that, till I have put her into decent cloathing, I cannot think of bringing her into company; and if her appearance is fometimes so much altered by dress, that her best friends cannot find her out, am I to blame for that?

There is a matter-of-fact man of my acquaintance, who haunts me in all places and is the very torment of my life; he sticks to me as the thresher does to the whale, and is the perfect night-mare of my imagination ; this fellow never lets one of my stories pass without docking it like an attorney's bill before a master in chancery: He cut forty miles out of a journey of one hundred, which but for him Į had performed in one day upon the same horse; in which I confess I had stretched a point for the pleasure of out-riding a fat fellow in company, who by the malicious veracity of my aforesaid Damper threw me at least ten miles distance behind him.

This provoking animal cut up my success in so many intrigues and adventures, that I was determined to lay my plan out of his reach in ą spot, which I had provided for an evil day, and accordingly Iled him a dance into Corsica, where I was sure he could not follow me: Here I had certainly been, and knew my ground well enough to prance over it at a very handsome rate : I noticed a kind of fly leer in some of thé company, which was pointed towards a gentleman present, who was a stranger to me, and so far from joining in the titter was very politely attentive to what I was relating. I was at this moment warm in the cause of freedom, and had performed such prodigies of valour in its defence, that before my story was well ended I had

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