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And stripes, and arbitrary punishment
Inflicted ? and what peace can we return, 335
But to our pow'r hostility and hate,
Untam'd reluctance, and revenge though flow,
Yet ever plotting how the conqu’ror least
May reap his conquest, and may least rejoice
In doing what we most in suffering feel?

340 Nor will occasion want, nor shall we need With dang’rous expedition to invade Heav'n, whose high walls fear no assault or siege, Or ambush from the deep. What if we find Some easier enterprise ? There is a place, 345 (If ancient and prophetic fame in Heaven


Menæchmi Prol. 9. Ei liberorum Per pice torrentes atraque voranisi divitiæ, niliil erat. Lambinus

gine ripas says this expression seems too unu Annuit, et totum nutu tremefecit sual, for the particle nifi can except Olympum. none but things like, or of a like kind. Richardjon.

To seal his facred vow, by Styx

he swore, 352. and by an oath, That look Head'ii's zuhole circum

The lake with liquid pitch, the ference, confirm'd.] He con

dreary thore, firm'd it by an 0.1th are the very

And Phlegethon's innavigable words of Si Paul, Heb. VI. 17. and

flood, this cath is faid to bake Heav'n's And the black regions of his wbole circumference in allufion to Ju

brother God: pier's oath in Virgil, Æn. IX: 104.

He said ; and shook the skies

with his imperial nod. Dixerat : idque ratum Stygii per

Dryden. flumina fratris,



Err not) another world, the happy feat
Of some new race call’d Man, about this time
To be created like to us, though less
In pow'r and excellence, but favor'd more
Of him who rules above ; so was his will
Pronounc'd among the Gods, and by an oath,
That shook Heav’n’s whole circumference, confirin'd.
Thither let us bend all our thoughts; to learn
What creatures there inhabit, of what mold

35$ Or substance, how indued, and what their

powers And where their weakness, how attempted best, By force or subtlety. Though Heav'n be Thut, And Heaven's high arbitrator fit secure

As Virgil had imitated Homer, High Heav'n with trembling the Iliad. I. 528.

dread fignal took, And all Olympus to the center fhook.

Pope. H, και κυανεηση

επ οφρυσι γεύσε Κρονίων" Αμβροσιαι δ' αρα χαιται επιρρωσανlo All the three poets, we fee, men

tion the shaking of Heaven, only arxx.c.

Milton attributes that effect to the Kpatos an' ab aratoto Musyon do the cath, which Homer and Virgil λιξυ Ολυμπον. .

ascribe to the nod of Jupiter : but.

the circumstance of the nod feeins He spoke, and awful bends his to be rightly omited in this place, fable brows;

because God is not here giving his Shakes his ambrosial carls, and assent to any one's petition, which gives the nod,

is the case in Homer and Virgil, The stamp of fate, and fanction but only pronouncing his will aof the God;

mong the Angels.


I z

In his own strength, this place may lic expos'd, 360
The utmost border of his kingdom, left
To their defense who hold it: here perhaps
Some advantageous act may

be achiev'd
By sudden onset, either with Hell fire
To waste his whole creation, or possess 365
All as our own, and drive, as we were driven,
The puny habitants, or if not drive,
Seduce them to our party, that their God
May prove their foe, and with repenting hand
Abolish his own works. This would surpass 370
Common revenge, and interrupt his joy
In our confusion, and our joy upraise
In his disturbance; when his darling sons,


360.--this place may lie expos’d, Of Angels watching round ? The utmost border of his kingdom,left

To their defense who hold it :] It How can this earth be said to lie has been objected, that there is a expos'd &c, and yet to be strictly contradiction between this part of guarded by station'd Angels? The Beëlzebub's speech, and what he objection is very ingenious: but it says afterwards, speaking of the is not faid, that the earth doth lie same thing and of a messenger pro- expos'd, but only that it may lie per to be sent in search of this new expos’d: and it may be consider'd, world, ver. 410.

that the design of Beelzebub is dif

ferent in these different speeches ; what strength, what art can then in the former, where he is encouSuffice, or what evasion bear him raging the assembly to undertake fafe

an expedition against this world, Through the stric fenteries and he says things to lessen the diffiitations thick culty and danger; but in the lat


Hurl'd headlong to partake with us, shall curse
Their frail original, and faded bliss,

Faded so foon. Advise if this be worth
Attempting, or to fit in darkness here
Hatching vain empires. Thus Beëlzebub
Pleaded his devilish counsel, first devis'd
By Satan, and in part propos'd : for whence, 380
But from the author of all ill, could spring
So deep a malace, to confound the race
Of mankind in one root, and Earth with Hell
To mingle and involve, done all to spite
The great Creator ? But their spite still serves 385
His glory to augment. The bold design
Pleas'd highly those infernal States, and joy


ter, when they have determin'd speakers when they are speaking; upon the expedition, and are con- but that time and that place, which sulting of a proper person to em- he or they are speaking of. ploy in it, then he says things to

Pearce. magnify the difficulty and danger, to make them more cautious in

367. The puny habitants,] It is their choice.

possible that the author by puny 362. - here perhaps] Dr. Bent- might mean no more than weak or ley says that Milton must have given little; but yet if we reflect how it'there perbaps : but I think not : frequently he uses words in their in ver. 360. it is this place, and proper and primary fignification, therefore Milton gave it here, that it seems probable that he might inis in the place which I am speak- clude likewise the sense of the ing of. Milton frequently uses now French (from whence it is deriv'd) and here, not meaning a time or puis nè, born since, created long place then present to him or his after us.

I 3

406.- the

ye are,

Sparkled in all their eyes; with full assent
They vote : whereat his speech he thus renews,

Well have ye judg’d, well ended long debate, 390
Synod of Gods, and like to what
Great things resolv’d, which froin the lowest deep,
Will once more lift us up, in spite of fate,
Nearer our ancient feat; perhaps in view
Ofthosebright confines,whence with neighb’ring arms
And if rtune excursion we may chance

399 Re-enter Heav'n; or else in some mild zone L'weil not unvisited of Heav’n’s fair light Secure, and at the brightning orient beam Purge off this gloum; the loft delicious air, 400 To heal the fear of these corrosive fires, Shall breath her balın. But urft whom shall we send In search of this new world? whom ihall we find Suthcient? who shall tempt with wand ring feet


406. -- the palpable ohfcure] It jective, as the oc an fream, I. 202, is remarkable in our author's itile, the builion drojs, I. 704. Milton ofthat he often uses ac:jectives as sub ten erriches his language in this ftantives, and fubitantives again as manner. adjectives. Here are two adjecives, 409.

ere he arrive the latter of which is used for a we happy ik?] The earth hangsubstantive, as again in ver. 409. ing in the sea of air, like a happy, the vast abrupt. And sometinis or fortunate iland, as the name is. there are

two sub antives, the And so Cicero de Nat. Deor. II. former of which is used for an ad- 66. calls the earth quafi magnam


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