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Over mount Sion, and, though that were large, 530
Over the Promis'd Land to God so dear,
By which, to visit oft those happy tribes,
On high behests his Angels to and fro
Pass'd frequent, and his eye with choice regard
From Paneas the fount of Jordan's flood 535
To Beërsaba, where the Holy Land
Borders on Egypt and th’Arabian Thore ;
So wide the opening seem'd, where bounds were set
To darkness, such as bound the ocean wave,
Satan from hence, now on the lower stair

540 That scald by steps of gold to Heaven gate, Looks down with wonder at the sudden view


ereĉting such an Academy to the fheba, that is the whole extent of late Lord Treasures Oxford at the the Promis'd Land from Paneas in latter end of the reign of Qacen the north to Beersaba in the south, Anne; and it is a pity they were where the Holy Land is bounded never carried into execution. by Egypt and Arabia. The limits 534. and his eye with choice of the Holy Land are thus ex

regard] Dr. Pearce thinks preis’d in Scripture, from Dan even that after regard a verse seems to unio Beersheta, Dan at the northern be wanting to describe what his eye and Beersheba at the southern exdid with choice regard: but it may tremity; and the city that was calbe understood thus, his eye pass'd led Dan was afterwards named frequent, as well as his Angels to Paneas. So wide the opening seem'd, and fro on high behests or com

that is so wide as I have repremands, and survey'd from Paneas, sented it, wider than the passage a city at the foot of a mountain over mount Sion and the Promis'd of the same name, part of mount Land ; So wide the opening seem'd, Libanus where the river Jordan where the same divine power fixed has its source, to l'eërjaba or Beer- the limits of darkness, that said to


Of all this world at once.

As when a scout Through dark and desert ways with peril gone All night, at last by break of chearful dawn

545 Obtains the brow of some high-climbing hill, Which to his


discovers unaware The goodly prospect of some foreign land First seen, or some renown'd metropolis With glist'ring spires and pinnacles adorn'd, 550 Which now the rising sun gilds with his beams : Such wonder seis'd, though after Heaven seen, The Spi'rit malign, but much more envy seis’d, At sight of all this world beheld so fair.

554 Round he surveys (and well might, where he stood


the proud ocean, Hitherto sealt thou prising and glorious an idea as any come and no farther.

that arises in the whole poem. He 540. Satan from bence, &c.] Sa- looks down into that valt hollow tan after having long wanderd of the universe, with the eye, or upon the surface, or outmost wall (as Milton calls it) with the ken of of the universe, discovers at last an Angel. He surveys all the a wide gap in it, which led into wonders in this immense amphithe creation, and is described as theatre that lie between both the the opening through which the poles of Heaven, and takes in at Angels pass to and fro into the one view the whole round of the lower world upon their errands to creation. Addison. mankind His fitting upon the 555. Round he surveys &c.] Satan brink of this paffage, and taking a is here represented as taking a view furvey of the whole face of nature of the whole creation from east to that appeared to him new and fresh west, and then from north to south; in all its beauties, with the fimile but poetry delights to say the most illustrating this circumstance, fills common things in an uncommon the inind of the reader with as sur- manner. Round he surveys as well le

So high above the circling canopy
Of night's extended shade) from eastern point
Of Libra to the fleecy star that bears
Andromeda far off Atlantic seas
Beyond th' horizon; then from pole to pole 560
He views in breadth, and without longer pause
Down right into the world's first region throws


might in his present situation, so high much greater journey one way than above the circling canopy of night's the other, one was called length extended fhade. Dr. Bentley objects or longitude, the other breadth or to the expression of circling canopy, latitude. It is fine, as it is natural, when the shade of night must needs to represent Satan as taking a view be a cone : but as Ďr. Pearce re. of the world before he threw himplies, to Satan who look'd down self into it. upon it from such an highth, it ap 562. Down right into the world's pear’d not a cone as it really was, &c ] Satan after having survey'd but a circle. In this situation then the whole creation, immediately be surveys from eastern point of Libra, without longer pause throws himself one of the twelve signs exactly op- into it, and is describ'd as making pofit to Arics, to the fleecy far, two different motions. At first he Aries or the Ram, that is from east drops down perpendicularly some to west, for when Libra rises in the way into it, down right into the ealt, Aries sets full west; and Aries world's first region throws his flight is said to bear Indromeda, because precipitant, and afterwards winds bis that constellation represented as a oblique way, turns and winds this way woman is placed jalt over Aries, and that, if he might any where espy and therefore when Aries sets he the seat of Man; for tho' in ver. seems to bear Andromeda far off 527 it is said that the passage was Atlantic feas, the great western just over Paradise, yet it is evident ocean, beyond th' horizon; then from that Satan did not know it, and pole to pole be views in breadth, that therefore as it was natural for him is from north to fouth, and that is to do, winds about in search of it faid to be in breadth, because the through the pure marble air. The Ancients knowing more of the first epithet pure determins the sense earth from east to west than from of the second, and shows why the north to south, and so having a air is compared to marble, namely


His flight precipitant, and winds with ease
Through the


marble air his oblique way Amongst innumerable stars, that Thone

565 Stars distant, but nigh hand seem'd other worlds ; Or other worlds they seem'd, or happy iles, Like those Hesperian gardens fam'd of old, Fortunate fields, and groves, and flow'ry vales,


for its clearnefs and whiteness, (Waller) has said in his verses upon without any regard to its hardness: his mistress's passing through a and the word marmor, marble, is croud of people ; derived from a Greek word decep

The yielding marble of a snowy Le choow that fignifies to thine and

breast. glitter. And as Milton uses the expression of the marble air, fo Virgil And what is nearer to our purpose, does likewise of the marble jea, Othello in Shakespear is reprefentGeorg. I. 254

ed as swearing Act III. Et quando infidum remis impellere -Now by yond marble Heaven.

marmor Conveniat :

It is common with the Ancients,

and those who write in the spirit And Æn. VI. 729.

and manner of the Ancients, in Et quæ marmoreo fert monftra fub their metaphors and fimiles, if they

agree in the main circumstance, to æquore. pontus :

have no regard to lesser particulars. And elsewhere he calls Orpheus's 565.

that jhone neck marble, Georg. IV. 523. Stars distant, ] They appeared by Tum quoque marmorea caput a

their shining to be stars. 'Tis a cervice revulsum.

Greek expression as Plato in an

epigram on his friend Stella preAnd Ovid in like manner speaks served by Diogenes Laertius. You of Narcissus his marble hands, Met. jhone whilf living a morning star, III. 481..

but dead you now joine Hesperus among Nudaque marmoreis percußit pec

Richardson. the bades.

568, Like those Hesperian gardens] tora palmis.

So call'd of Hefperus, Vilper, beAnd a famous poet of our own cause placed in the west under the


Thrice happy iles, but who dwelt happy there 570
He stay'd not to inquire: above them all
The golden sun in splendor likest Heaven
Allur’d his eye: thither his course he bends
Through the calm firmament, (but up or down,
By center, or eccentric, hard to tell,

Or longitude,) where the great luminary
Aloof the vulgar constellations thick,
That from his lordly eye keep distance due,
Dispenses light from far; they as they move
Their starry dance in numbers that compute. 580


evening star. Those famous gar. trived, and the more adjusted to a dens were the iles about Cape Verd poetical probability, as it was a rein Africa, whose most weitern ceived doctrin among the most fapoint is still callid Hefperium cornu. mous philosophers, that every orb Others will have 'em the Canaries. had its Intelligence, and as an Apo

Hume. stle in facred Writ is said to have 573: - thither his course he bends seen such an Angel in the sun. &c.] His fight between the seve

Addison. ral worlds that shined on every side of him, with the particular de 574 -(but up or down, scription of the sun, are set forth By center, or ecceniric, hard to tell, in all the wantonness of a luxuriant Or longitude,)] These words (as imagination. His shape, speech, Dr. Pearce observes) should be inand behaviour upon his transform- cluded in a parenthesis, and then ing himself into an Angel of light, the conftruction of the rest will be are touch'd with exquisite beauty, plain and easy. Satan had now The poet's thought of directing passed the fix'd stars, and was diSatan to the sun, which in the recting his course towards the sun; vulgar opinion of mankind is the but it is hard to tell (says the poet) molt conspicuous part of the crea whether his course was up or down, tion, and the placing in it an An- that is north or fouth, for so up gel, is a circumstance finely con- and down fignifies in IX. 78. and

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