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In billows, leave i'th' midst a horrid vale.
Then with expanded wings he steers his flight 225
Aloft, incumbent on the dusky air
That felt unusual weight, till on dry land
He lights, if it were land that ever burn'd
With solid, as the lake with liquid fire ;
And such appear’d in hue, as when the force 230
Of subterranean wind transports a hill
Torn from Pelorus, or the shatter'd side
Of thund’ring Ætna, whose combustible
And fuel'd entrails thence conceiving fire,
Sublim'd with mineral fury, aid the winds, 235
And leave a singed bottom all involv'd



VI. 33.

He above the rest

Her fitting parts, and element In Mape and gesture proudly emi unsound,

To bear so great a weight. Stood like a tow'r, &c. Addison.

Thyer. 226. incumbent on the dusky air

229 liquid fire ;] Virg. Ed. That felt unusual weight,] This conceit of the air's feiling unusual

Et liquidi fimul ignis. weight is borrowed from Spencer.

231. Of fubterranean wind) who speaking of the old dragon has Dr. Pearce conjectures that it should trele lines, B. 1. Cant. Il St. 18.

be read Jubterranean winds, because Then with his waving wings dif- and the conjecture seems probable

it is said aid the winds afterwards, played wide,

and ingenious: the fuel'd entrails, Hintelf up high he lifted from sublim'd with mineral fury, aid and the ground,

increase the winds which firit blew And with strong flight did forci


the fire. bly divide The yieluing air, which nigh too

232. Pelorus] A promontory of feeble found

Sicily, now Cape di Faro, about a

With stench and smoke: Such resting found the sole
Of unblest feet. Him follow'd his next mate,
Both glorying to have 'scap'd the Stygian flood
As Gods, and by their own recover'd strength, 240
Not by the sufferance of supernal Power.

Is this the region, this the soil, the clime,
Said then the lost Arch-Angel, this the feat
That we must change for Heav'n, this mournfulgloom
For that celestial light? Be' it so, since he 245


mile and a half from Italy, whence 248. Whom reas'on bath equal'd,]
Virgil angufta à fede Pelori, Æn. Reason is to be pronounced here as
IIL 687.

one syllable, or too short ones, as

it is likewise in VIII. 591. and IX. 238. Of unbleft feet.] Dr. Bent- 559. See the note on ver.

39. ley to make the accent smoother reads of feet unbleft; but Milton

250.—Hail horrors, bail &c.] could have done the same thing,

His sentiments are every way anif he thought proper : On the con- swerable to his character, and suittrary he chooses almost always to able to a created being of the most put' the epithet before the substan- exalted and most depraved nature. tive (excepting at the end of a Such is that in which he takes polverse) even tho' the verse be the leflion of his place of torments, rougher for it. A plain sign that

Hail horrors, hail &c. he thought it poetical to do so.

Pearce. And afterwards,

Here at least 246. Souran] So Milton spells it

We shall be free ; &c. after the Italian Sovrano. It is not easy to account for the formation Amidft those impieties which this of our word Sovereign.

enraged Spirit utters in other places

of the poem, the author has taken 247:--farthest from him is beft.] care to introduce none that is not This is express'd' from the Greek big with absurdity, and incapable proverb σορρυ Διος τε και κεραυνε, of hocking a religious reader; his Far from Jupiter, but far too from words, as the poet himself describes thunder. 'Bentley.

them, bearing only a semblance of


Who now is Sovran can dispose and bid
What shall be right : farthest from him is bests
Whom reas’on hath equal’d, force hath made supreme
Above his equals. Farewell happy fields,
Where joy for ever dwells : Hail horrors, hail 250
Infernal world, and thou profoundest Hell
Receive thy new poffeffor ; one who brings
A mind not to be chang'd by place or time:

. The mind is its own place, and in itself


Έλεσθε με.

worth, not substance. He is like

Έλεσθ' ελε σ9' οίκητορα, wife with great art described as owning his adversary to be almighty. Whatever perverse interpretation he puts on the justice, is excellent in placing his words:

253.- by place or time. 1 Milton mercy and other attributes of the invert them only, and say by time Supreme Being, he frequently confeffes his omnipotence, that being caf, he will perceive how much

or place, and if the reader has any low him, and the only considera- the pause falling upon place in the

the alteration is for the worse. For tion which could support his pride firit line by time or place, and again under the fhame of his defeat. Nor must I omit that beautiful cir: upon place in the next line The mind cumstance of his bursting out into is its own place, would offend the tears, upon his survey of those in- ear, and therefore is artfully varied. numerable Spirits whom he had involved in the same guilt and ruin

A mind not to be chang'd by with himself. Addison.

place or time.

The mind is its own place. 252. Receive thy nero polelor; ] This passage seems to be an im

254. The mind is its own place,] provement upon Sophocles, Ajax Thele are some of the extrava395. where Ajax, before he kills

gances of the Stoics, and could himself, cries out much in the same not be better ridiculed than they manner.

are here by being pui in the σκοτος, εμον φαος, εξεμβος

mouth of Satan in his present fia

tuation. Patron ws Efterly

Thyer. You, I.



Can make a Heav'n of Hell, a Hell of Heay'n. 255

What matter where, if I be still the same,
And what I should be, all but less than he
Whom thunder hath made greater ? Here at least
We shall be free; th’Almighty hath not built
Here for his envy, will not drive us hence : 260
Here we may reign secure, and in my

To reign is worth ambition though in Hell:
Better to reign in Hell, than serve in Heaven.
But wherefore let we then our faithful friends,
Th’affociates and copartners of our loss,
Lie thus astonish'd on th' oblivious pool,




257. all but] I have heard Σαφως επισασ, αν αλλαξαιμ' it propos'd to read albeit, that is

syw' although; but prefer the common Kρεισσον γαρ οιμαι τηδε λατρευειν reading.


Η πατρι φυναι Ζηνε σιεν αγγε259.-1Almighty bath not built

λον. Here for his envy,] This is not a place that God should envy us, or think it too good for us ; and in lius Cæfar, that he had rather be

It was a memorable saying of Juthis sense the word envy is used in several places of the poem, and

the first man in a country-village

than the second at Rome. The particularly in IV. 517. VIII. 494. reader will observe how properly

the saying is here applied and ac263. Better to reign in Hell, than commodated to the fpeaker. It is serve in Heaven.} This is a

here made a sentiment worthy of wonderfully fine improvement upon Satan, and of him only; Prometheus's answer to Mercury in Æschylus. Prom. Vinct. 965.

nam te nec fperent Tartara

regem, Της σης λατρείας της εμην δυσπρα Nec tibi regnandi veniat tam dira

• cupido. Virg. Georg. I. 36.

276.- on

and IX. 770.

And call them not to share with us their part
In this unhappy mansion, or once more
With rallied arms to try



yet Regain'd in Heav'n, or what more lost in Hell? 270

So Satan spake, and him Beëlzebub Thus answer’d. Leader of those armies bright, Which but th’Omnipotent none could have foild, If once they hear that voice, their liveliest pledge Of hope in fears and dangers, heard so oft 275 In worst extremes, and on the perilous edge Of battel when it rag'd, in all assaults Their surest signal, they will soon resume



276. — on the perilous edge As full of peril and adventrous

Of battel] Perhaps he had in spirit, mind Virgil, Æn. IX. 528. As to o'erwalk a current, roaring

loud, Et mecum ingentes oras evolvite On the unfted fast footing of a belli.


Hot. If he fall in, good night, It has been observ'd to me by a or sink or swim. person of very fine taste, that Shakespear has an expreffion very Or after all may not the edge of like this in 2 Hen. IV. Act. I.

battel be express'd from the Latin You knew he walk’d o'er perils, of a weapon, and also an army in

acies, which signifies both the edge on an edge More likely to fall in, than to would incline one to think so by

battel array? The author himself

his use of this metaphor in another and something like it in i Hen. IV. place, VI. 108. A&. I.

On the rough edge of battel ere I'll read you matter, deep and it join'd. dangerous ;

D 2


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