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With wheels yet hovering o'er the ocean brim, 140
Shot parallel to the earth his dewy ray,
Discovering in wide landskip all the east
Of Paradise and Eden's happy plains,
Lowly they bow'd adoring, and began
Their orisons, each morning duly paid

In various stile ; for neither various stile
Nor holy rapture wanted they to praise
Their Maker, in fit strains pronounc'd or sung
Unmeditated, such prompt eloquence
Flow'd from their lips, in prose or numerous verse,
More tuneable than needed lute or harp 151


145.each morning duly paid God's works, and awaken that din

In various ftile ;] As it is very vine enthusiasın, which is so natuwell known that our author was no ral to devotion. But if this calling friend to set forms of prayer, it is upon the dead parts of nature is at no wonder that he ascribes exten- all times a proper kind of worporary effufions to our first parents ; hip, it was in a particular manner but even while he attributes sirains suitable to our first parents, who unmeditated to then he himself imi. had the creation frelh upon their tates the Psalmiit.

minds, and had not seen the va153. These are thy glorious qu'orks, rious dispensations of Providence, &c.j The morning hymn is written nor confequently could be acquaintin imitation of one of those Psalms, ed with those many topics of praise, where in the overflowings of gra- which might afford matter to the titude and praise the Pfalmift calls devotions of their pofterity. I need not only upon the Angels, but not remark the beautiful spirit of up n the most conspicuous parts of poetry, which runs thro’ this whole the inanimate creation, to join with hymn, nor the holiness of that rehim in extolling their common solution with which it concludes. Maker Invocations of this nature

Aadifon, fill the mind with glorious ideas of


To add more sweetness; and they thus began.

These are thy glorious works, Parent of good, Almighty, thine this universal frame, Thus wondrous fair ; thyself how wondrous then! Unspeakable, who sitst above these Heavens 156 To us inviGble, or dimly seen In these thy lowest works; yet these declare Thy goodness beyond thought, and pow'r divine. Speak ye who best can tell, ye sons of light 160 Angels; for


behold him, and with songs And choral symphonies, day without night, Circle his throne rejoicing; ye in Heaven,


The author has raised our expec- ' the first author of beauty harh created tation by commending the various them But if they were astonished file, and boly rapture, and prompt at their power and virtue, let inim eloquence of our first parents; and understand by them how much migh. indeed the hymn is truly divine, tier he is that made them. For by and will fully answer all that we the greainess and beauty of the creaexpected. It is an imitation, or tures, proportionably the maker of rather a sort of paraphrafe of the them is jeen. 148th Pfalm, and (of what is a paraphrase upon that) the Canticle

160. Speck ye who beli cantell, &c. placed after Te Deum in the Li- He is unspeakabli, ver. 156. no turgy, O all ye works of the Lord, creature can speak worthily of him bels ze the Lord, &c. which is the

as he is; but speak ye who are best

able song of the three children in the

ye Angels, ye in Heaven ; on Apocrypha.

Earth join all ye Creatures, &c.

362.-day without night, ] Ac155.—thyself how wondrous then!] cording to Milton there was grateWild xiii. 3. 4. 5. With whoje ful viciffitude like day and night in beaury, if they being delighted, took Heaven, VI. 8 and we presume them to ch! Gods; let them know how that he took the notion from Scripmuch better ike Lord of them is : for ture, Rev. VII. 15. They are before

On Earth join all ye

Creatures to extol Him first, him last, him midst, and without end. 165 Fairest of stars, last in the train of night, If better thou belong not to the dawn, Sure pledge of day, that crown'st the siniling morn With thy bright circlet, praise him in thy sphere, While day arises, that sweet hour of prime. 170 Thou Sun, of this great world both eye and soul,


the throne of God, and serve him Lucifer, et cæli statione noviflidwy and night in his temple. But

mus exit. fill it was day without night, that is without such night as ours, for The stars were fled, for Lucifer the darkness there is no more than had chas'd grateful twilight. Night comes not The stars away, and fled himself Iberê in darker veil. See ver. 645.

at latt.

Addison. of this book.

I don't know whether it is worth 155. Him forf, bixxlaft, him midt,] remarking that our author seems to Theccrit. Idyl. XVII 3.

have committed a mistake. The pla--ενη πρωτοισι λεγεσθω, ,

net Venus, when the rises before the Και τυματα, και μεσση.

fun, is called Phosporus, Luciser, And then how has Milton improv'd fers after the sun is callid Hefperus,

and the Morning Star; when the it by adding and without end! as he is celebrating God, and Theo. Vesper, and the Evening Star, but

The cannot rise before him, and fet critus only a man.

after him at the same time : arid 166. Fairest of fars,] So Homer thor makes her do fo; for describ


yet may be objected that our aucalls it, Iliad XXII, 318.

ing the last evening, he particularly Εσπερο», ός καλλισG BV opaswa mentions Hesperus that led the starry

bost, IV. 605. and the very next laft in the train of night, and Ovid morning lhe is address'd as laff in Speaks much in the iame manner,

the train of night. If this objection Met Il. 114

hould be admitted, all we can say

to it is, that a poet is not obliged Diffugiunt ftellæ, quarum ag to speak with the strictness and aemina cogit

curacy of a philosopher.

isata. asins:

Acknowledge him thy greater, sound his praise
In thy eternal course, both when thou climb'st,
And when high noon haft gain’d, and when thou fall'st.
Moon, that now meet'st the orient sun, now fly'st,
With the fix'd stars, fix'd in their orb that flies, 176

ye five other wand'ring fires that move
In mystic dance not without song, resound
His praise, who out of darkness call'd


up light.

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172. Acknowledge him thy greater, 1 Æternumque adytis effert penetraIt is not an improbable reading which Dr. Bentley proposes Arknouledge him Creator, or as Mr. and uses the adverb æternum in Thyer Acknowledge thy Creator : but the fame manner for continually. I suppose the author made use of Georg. II. 400. greater answering to great.

glebaque verfis Thou Sun, of this great world

Æternum frangenda bidentibus. both eye and soul, Acknowledge him thy greater.

175. Moon, that now meer'x the

orient fun, now AvA, &c.]

The constructionis, Thou Moon, that So Ovid calls the sun the eye of the

now mcetf and now fly't ib: orient world, Mundi oculus, Met. iv. 228. And Pliny the foul, Nat. Hift. and ye five other wand'ring fires &c.

fun, together with ibe fix'd stars, Lib. 1. c. 6. Hunc mundi esse to- He had before called upon the sur tius animum. And the expression who governs the day, and now he thy greater may be fitly parallel'd invokes the moon, and the fix'd with shy fiercent. IV. 927

and his greater in Paradise Regain’d I. 279. the night, to praise their Maker.

ftars, and the planets who govern

The moon sometimes meets and 173. In thy eternal course,] In sometimes flies the fun, approaches thy continual course. Thus Vir- to and recedes from him in her gil calls the sun, moon and ftars monthly course. With the fix'd eternal fires, Æn. II. 154. Vos, ftars, fix'd in their orb ibat flies; aterni ignes; and the sacred fire they are fix'd in their orb, but that was constantly kept burning their orb flies, that is moves round eternal fire, Æn. II. 297.

with the utmost rapidity; for Adam


Air, and ye Elements, the eldest birth

180 Of Nature's womb, that in quaternion run Perpetual circle, multiform; and mix And nourish all things; let your

ceaseless change Vary to our great Maker still new praise. Ye Mists and Exhalations that now rise 185 From hill or steaming lake, dusky or gray, Till the fun paint your fleecy skirts with gold, In honor to the world's great Author rise, Whether to deck with clouds th' uncolor'd sky,


is made to speak according to ap. cients and particularly to Pythagopearances, and he mentions in ano ras his notion of the music of the ther place, VIII. 19 and 21. their spheres by which no doubt he unrolling spaces incomprehensible, and derilocd the proportion, regularity, their swift return diurnul. And ye and harmony of their motions. farve other wandring fires. Dr. Bent- Shakespear speaks of it more fully ley reads feur, Venus and the Sun in his Merchant of Venice, A& V. and Moon being mention'd before, and only four mo:e remaining, -Look how the floor of Heaven 1^ cury and Mars and Jupiter and Is thick inlaid with patterns of Sin And we must ei her juga bright gold: pole i Milton did not consider There's not the smallest orb that the morning far as the planet Ve thou behold's, nus; or he matt be supposed to in But in his motion like an Angel clude the earth, to make up the fings, other five, besides those he had Still quiring to the young-ey'd menti n'd; and he calls it elle Cherubim, where VIII. 129. The planet carth; Such harmony is in immortal tho' this be not agreeable to the

souls ! system, according to which he is But whilst this muddy vesture of speaking at present. Wund'ring decay fires in opposition to fix'd stars. That Doth grossly close us in, we canmove in myftic dance not without song, not hear is. alluding to the doctrin of the An


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