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Dawning through Heav'n: forth ruth'd with whirl
wind found The chariot of paternal Deity,
and rifing again from the grave: And I looked, and behold, a whirland thus as St. Paul says Rom. I. wind came out of the north, a great 4. He was declared to be the Son of cloud, and a fire infolding itself, I. 4. God with power, according to the Or perhaps the author here drew Spirit of holiness, by the resurrection laiah likewise to his assistance, Isa. from the dead. Greenwood. LXVI. 15. For behold the Lord will
come awith fire, and with his cbaricts 749.- ferth rush'd with whirl like a whirlwind.
wind jound &c.] Milton has raised his defcription in this book
--wheel within wheel undrawn, with many images taken out of
Itself instinct with Spirit, but conthe poctical parts of Scripture.
voy'd The Meffiah's chariot is formed
By four Cherubic shapes; upon a vision of Ezekiel, who, as Grotius observes, has very much Also out of the midħ therenf came the in him of Homer's spirit' in the likeness of four living creatures, and poetical parts of his prophecy.
their appearance was as it were a Adulifon.
Wheel in the middle of a wheel; and
quhen the living creatures Vint, the The whole description indeed is zubecls avent by them, for the fpirit drawn almost word for word from of the living creature was in the Ezekiel, as the reader will see by wheels. I. 5, 16, 19, 20. comparing them together.
-- four faces each -forth rush'd with whirlwind Had wondrous; as with stars their found
bedies all The chariot of paternal Deity, And wings were set with eyes with Flashing thick flames,
eyes the wheels
Of beril, and carreering fires between;
And every one had four faces. I. 6. fal, firetched forth over their beads And their whole body, and their above: And above the firmament that wings, and the wheels were full of was over their heads was the likeeyes round about, X. 12.
ness of a throne, as the appearance
of a saphir fione: And I saw as tle -the wheels
color of amber, as the appearance of Of beril, and carreering fires be- the bow that is in the cloud in the tween ;
day of rain. I. 22, 26, 27, 28. The beril is a precious stone of a
760. He in celisial panepły all
arm'd sea-green color, and carreering fires
Of radiant Urim,] All arm'd in are lightnings darting out by fits, complete heavenly armour of raa metaphor taken from the run- diant light. Celeftial panoply is in ning in tilts ; The appearance of the allusion to St. Paul's expreffion, wheels and their work was like unto
Eph. VI. 11.
Put on the panoply, the color of a beril; and the fire was
the whole armour of God. The word bright, and out of the fire went forth
was used before, ver. 527: Urim lightning, I. 18, 13.
and Thummim were something in Over their heads a crystal firma- Aaron's breastplate; what they
were critics and commentators are ment, Whereon a faphir throne, inlaid by no means agreed; but the word
Urim fignifies light and Thummin
perfection; and therefore Milton Amber, and colors of the show'ry very properly gives the epithet of arch.
radiant to Urim. It is most pro
bable that Urim and Thummim were And the likeness of the firmament up- only names given to signify the on the heads of the living creatures clearne's and certainty of the diwas as the color of the terrible cry- vine answers, which were obtain’d
And quiver with three bolted thunder stor’d,
by the high-pricft consulting God 767. Attended with ten thousand with his breast-plate on, in contra
thousand Saints, distinction to the obscure, enigma He onward come, &c.] Jude 14. tical, uncertain and imperfect an Behold the Lord cometh with ten túsäswers of the Heathen oracles. sands of his Saints.
And twenty thousand (I their 765. And from abcut him fierce nuinber heard) efirfion roll'd
Chariots of God, Of smoke and bickering flame ard
Sparkles dire:] A furious The chariots of God are twenty tbautempeft pouring forth smoke and land. Pfal. LXVIII. 17. i beard fighting Hame round about him. the number of them. Rev. VII. 4: Bickering, fighting and thence de- Let it be remark'd how much of Nroying, of the Welsh Bicre a
his fublimity, even in the sublimet combai. There went up a looke part of his works, Milton owes to cut of his nofirils, and fire out of Scripture, his mouth devoured. Plal. XVIII. 8. ai fire fhol devour before him, and 771. He on the wings of Cherub it jhall te try remifluous round &c.] Pfal. XVIII. 10. Hé rode upex about him. Pial. L. 3: Hume, a Cherub &c. Greenwood.
Under whose conduct Michael soon reduc'd
circumfus'd on either wing,
776.-his fign] The sign of the goodness, to renew the cuonted face cross probably. Greenwood. of Heaven. Greenwood.
779. Under obeir Head-] Rom. 787.-hope conceiving from XI. 5. We being many are one
despair.] Imitated from body in Chrift. Col. I. i 8. He is Virgil. the lead of the body. Greenwood.
Una falus vi&tis nullam fperare sa
lutem. En, 11. 354. 791. At bis command &c.] We frequently read in the Scriptures of Or rather from Quintus Curtius. the hills and mountains trembling Lib. 5. cap. 4. lgnaviam quoque and moving at the preience or the necesitas acuit, ei Jäpe desperatio command of the Lord: but it is spei caufa eft. generally, if not always, mentioned
738. In hea-v'nly Spirits could such as the effect or proof of his high
perverfenes a well ?]
Or wonders move th' obdurate to relent?
790 They harden’d more by what might most re
clame, Grieving to see his glory, at the sight Took envy; and aspiring to his hight, Stood reimbatteľ'd fierce, by force or fraud Weening to prosper, and at length prevail 795 Against God and Messiah, or to fall In universal ruin last; and now To final battel drew, disdaining flight, Or faint retreat; when the great Son of God To all his host on either hand thus spake. 800
Stand still in bright array, ye Saints, here stand Ye Angels arm’d, this day from battel rest; Faithful hath been your warfare, and of God Accepted, fearless in his righteous cause, have receiv’d, so have
done Invincibly; but of this cursed crew The punishment to other hand belongs;
And as ye
797. In univerfal ruin loft;] So in Dr. Bentley's edition, but withit is in Milton's iwo first editions ; out any note upon it, or any thing and if he wrote last, it must be to distinguish the alteration, as if understood the same as at loft: it had been so printed in all the but I was thinking whether it former editions. would not be better to read In uni 808. Vengeance is his, or whes versal rnin 147, when I found it so be jole appoints :) To mete