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mently disclaims the malignity of meaning imputed to the first expression.

Aaron Hill, who was represented as diving for the prize, expoftulated with Pope in a manner so much fuperior to all mean solicitation, that Pope was reduced to sneak and shutile, sometimes to deny, and sometimes to apologise ; he first endeavours to wound, and is then afraid to own that he meant a blow.

The Dunciad, in the complete edition, is addressed to Dr. Swift: of the notes, part was written by Dr. Arbuthnot, and an apologetical Letter was prefixed, signed by Cieland, but fupposed to have been written by Pope.

After this general war upon dulness, he seems to have induigcá himself awhile

Ο Ρ

P . 141 in tranquillity; but his subsequent productions prove that he was not idle. He published (1731) a poem on Taste, in which he very particularly and fcverely criticises the house, the furniture, the gardens, and the entertainments of Timon, a man of great wealth and little taste. By Timon he was universally supposed, and by the Earl of Burlington, to whom the poem is addressed, was privately said, to mean the Duke of Chandos; a man perhaps too much delighted with pomp and thow, but of a temper kind and beneficent, and who had consequently the voice of the publick in his favour.

A violent outcry was therefore raised against the ingratitude and treachery of 3

Pope, Pope, who was said to have been indebted to the patronage of Chandos for a present of a thousand pounds, and who gained the opportunity of insulting him by the kindness of his invitation.

The receipt of the thousand pounds Pope publickly denied; but from the reproach which the attack on a character fo amiable brought upon him, he tried all means of escaping. The name of Cleland was again employed in an apology, by which no man was satisfied; and he was at last reduced to shelter his temerity behind diffimulation, and endeavour to make that: difbelieved which he never had confidence openly to deny. He wrote an exculpatory Letter to the Duke, which was answered with great magnanimity, as by a man who accepted his excuse without be. lieving his professions. He said, that to have ridiculed his taste, or his buildings, had been an indifferent action in another man; but that in Pope, after the reciprocal kindness that had been exchanged between them, it had been less eafily excused.

Pope, in one of his Letters, complaining of the treatment which his poem had found, owns that such criticks can intimidate him, nay almost persuade him to write no more, which is a compliment this age deserves. The man who threatens the world is always ridiculous; for the world can easily go on without him, and in a short time will

cease

cease to miss him. I have heard of an ideot, who used to revenge his vexations by lying all night upon the bridge. There is nothing, says Juvenal, that a man will not velicte in bis can favour. Pope had been flattered till he thought himself one of the moving powers in the syftem of life. When he talked of laying down his pen,

those who fat round him intreated and implored, and self-love did not suffer him to suspect that they went away and laughed.

The following year deprived him of Gay, a man whom he had known early, and whom he seemed to love with more tenderness than any other of his literary friends. Pope was now forty-four years

old;

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