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had not oppressed his imagination, nor clouded his perspicacity. To every work he brought a memory full frauglit with a fancy fertile of original combinations, and at once exerted the powers of the scholar, the reasoner, and the wit. But his knowledge was too multifarious to be always exact, and his pursuits were too eager to be always cautious. His abilities gave him an haughty confidence, which be disdained to conceal or mollify; and his iinpatience of opposition disposed him to treat his adversaries with such contemptuous superiority as made his readers commonly his enemies, and excited against him the wishes of some who favoured his cause. He seems to have adopted the L 3

Roman

Koman Emperor's determination, oderint dum mctuant; he used no allurements of gentle language, but withed to compel rather than persuade.

His style is copious without selection, and forcible without neatness; he took the words that presented themselves.: his diction is coarse and impure, and his fentences are unmeasured.

He had, in the carly part of his life, pleased himself with the notice of inferior wits, and corresponded with the eneinies of Pope. A Letter was produced, when he had perhaps himself forgotten it, in which he tells Concanen, that Milton borrowed by affectation, Dry'e den by idleness, and Pope by necesitza And when Theobald published Skake

Speare,

speare, in opposition to Pope, the best notes were supplied by Warburton.

But the time was now come when Warburton was to change his opinion; and Pope was to find a defender in him who had contributed so much to the exaltation of his rival.

The arrogance of Warburton excited against him every artifice of offence, and therefore it may be supposed that his union with Pope was: censured as hypocritical inconftancy ; but surely to think differently, at different times, of poetical merit, may be easily allowed.. Such opinions are often admitted, and disniffed, without nice examination. Who is there that has not found reason

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for changing his mind about questions of greater importance ?

Warburton, whatever was his motive, undertook, without solicitation, to rescue Pope from the talons of Crousaz, by freeing him from the imputation of favouring fatality, or rejecting revelation; and from month to month continued a vindication of the Elay on Man, in the literary journal of that time called the Republick of Letters.

Pope, who probably began to doubt the tendency of his own work, was glad that the positions, of which he perceived himself not to know the full meaning, could by any mode of interpretation be made to mean well. How much he was pleased with his gratuitous de

fender, fender, the following Letter evidently shews : "SIR,

March 24, 1743. “ I have just received from Mr. R.. “ two more of your Letters. It is in “ the greatest hurry imaginable that I “ write this; but I cannot help thank“sing you in particular for your third “ Letter, which is so extremely clear, " short, and full, that I think Mr. “ Crousaz ought never to have another “ answer, and deserved not so good an

I can only say, you do him too « much honour, and me too much right, « so odd as the expression secms; for

you have made my system as clear as " I ought to have done, and could not. " It is indeed the same fyftem as minc,

one.

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