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lence, commonly spend life in one pursuit; for excellence is not often gained upon easier terms.

But to the particular species of excellence men are directed, not by an ascendant planet or predominating humour, but by the first book which they read, fome early conversation which they heard, or fome accident which excited ardour and


It must be at least allowed that this ruling Pasion, antecedent to reason and obfervation, must have an object independent on human contrivance; for 'there can be no natural desire of artificial good. No man therefore can be born, in the strict acceptation, a lover of money; for he may be born where mo


ney does not exist;, nor can he be born, in a moral sense, a lover of his country; for fociety, politically regulated, is a state contradistinguished from a state of nature; and any attention to that coalition of interests which makes the happiness of a country, is possible only to those wirom enquiry and reflection have enabled to coinprehend it. :

This doctrine is in itself pernicious as well as false :-its tendency is to produce the belief of a kind of moral predestination, or over-ruling principle which cannot be resisted; he that admits it, is prepared to comply with every desire that caprice or opportunity fhali excite, and to flatter himself that he subunits only to the lawful dominion of Nature, in obeying the refiftless authority of his ruling Paffion.

Pope has forined his theory with "so little skill, that, in the examples by which he illustrates and confirms it, he has confounded passions, appetites, and habits.

To the Charaéters of Men he added soon after, in an Epiftle supposed to have been addressed to Martha Blount, but which the last edition has taken from her, the Characters of Women. This poem, which was laboured with great diligence, and in the author's opinion with great success, was neglected at its first publication, as the commentator supposes, because the publick was ina formed by an advertisement, that it contained no Character drawn from the life; an assertion which Pope probably did not expect or wish to have been believed, and which he foon gave his readers sufficient reafon to distruít, by telling them in a note, that the work was iinperfect, because part of his subject was Vice too high to be yet exposed.


The time however foon came, in which it was fafe to display the Dutchess of Marlborough under the name of Atosu; and her character was inserted with no great honour to the writer's gratitude.

He published from time to time (be. tween 1730 and 1740) Imitations of different poenis of Horace, generally with his name, and once as was suspected


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without it. What he was upon mora) principles ashamed to own, he ought to have fuppressed. Of these pieces it is useless to settle the dates, as they had seldom much relation to the times, and perhaps had been long in his hands.

This mode of imitation, in which the ancients are familiarised, : by adapting their sentiments to modern topicks, by making Horace say of Shakspeare what he originally said of Ennius, and accommodating his satires on Pantolabus and Nomentanus to the flatterers and prodigals of our own time, was first practised in the reign of Charles the Second by Oldham and Rochester, at least I remember no instances more ancient. It is a kind of middle composition between


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