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translation and original design, which pleases when the thoughts are unex: pectedly applicable, and the parallels lucky. It seems to have been Pope's favourite amusement; for he has car-sied it further than any former poet.

He published likewise a revival, in smoother nunibers, of Dr. Donne's Sam tires, which was, recommended to him by the Duke of Shrewsbury and the Earl of Oxford. They made no great impression on the publick. Pope seems to have known their imbecillity, and therefore suppressed them while he was yet contending to rise in reputation, but ventured them when he thought their deficiencies more likely to be imputed to Donne than to himself.


The Epistle to Dr. Arbuthnot, which feems to be derived in its first design from Boileau's Address à fon Esprit, was publifhed in January 1735,about a month before the death of him to whom it is inscribed. It is to be regretted that cither honour or pleasure should have been misted by Arbuthnot; a man estimable for his learning, amiable for his life, and venerable for his piety.

Arbuthnot was a man of great com. prehenfion, ikilful in his profeffion, versed in the sciences, acquainted with ancient literature, and able to animate his mass of knowledge by a bright and active imagination ; a scholar with great brilliancy of wit; a wit, who, in the crowd


of life, retained and discovered a noble ardour of religious zeal.

In this poem Pope seems to reckon with the publick. He vindicates himself from censures; and with dignity, rather than arrogance, enforces his own claims to kindness and respect.

Into this poem are interwoven several paragraphs which had been before printed as a fragment, and among them the fatirical lines upon Addison, of which the last couplet has been twice corrected. It was at first,

Who would not smile if such a man

there be ?

Who would not laugh if Addison were



Who would not grieve if such a maiz

there be ? Who would not laugh if Addison were


At last it is,
Who but muft laugh if such a man

there be ? Who would not weep if Atticus were

he? He was at this time at open war wit's Lord Hervey, who had distinguifhed himself as a steady adherent to the Ministry, and, being offended with a contemptuous answer to one of his pamphlets, had summoned Pulteney to a duel. Whether he or Pope made the first attack, perhaps cannot now be calily known : 'he had written an invective against Pope, whom he calls, Hard as thy heart and as 'thy birth obscure; and hints that his father was a batter. To this Pope' wrote a reply in verse and prose: the verses are in this poem; and the prose, though it was never sent, is printed among his Letters, but to a cool reader of the present time exhibits nothing but tedious, malignity.

His last Satires, of the general kind, were two dialogues, named from the year in which they were published Seventcen kundred and Thirty-eight. . In these poems many are praised, and many are reproached. Pope was then entangled in the opposition; a follower of


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