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short time, never was appeased. Pope seems, at first, to have attacked him wantonly; but though he always professed to despise him, he discovers, by mentioning him often, that he felt his force or his venom.
Of this Effay Pope declared that he did not expect the sale to be quick, because not one gentleman in fixty, even of liberal education, could understand it. The gentlemen, and the education of that time, seem to have been of a lower cha. racter than they are of this. He mentions a thousand copies as a numerous impression.
Dennis was not his only censurer; the zealous papists thought the monks treated with too much contempt, and Eras
mus too studiously praised; but to these objections he had not much regard.
The Elay has been translated into French by Hamilton, author of the Comte de Grammont, whose verfion was never printed, by Robothan, secretary to the King for Hanover, and by Refnel; and commented by Dr. Warburton, who has discovered in it such order and connection as was not perceived by Addison, nor, as is said, intended by the author. Almost every poem, consisting of
precepts, is so far arbitrary and immethodical, that many of the paragraphs may change places with no apparent inconvenience; for of two or more positions, depending upon some remote and ge
ο Ρ Ε. neral principle, there is seldom any cogent reason why one hould precede the other. But for the order in which they stand, whatever it be, a little ingenuity may easily give a reason. It is possible, says Hooker, that by long circumduction, from any one truth all truth may be inferred. Of all homogeneous truths at least, of all truths respecting the same general end, in whatever series they may be produced, a concatenation by intermediate ideas may be formed, such as when, it is once shewn, shall appear natural; but if this order be reversed, another mode of connection equally specious may be found or made. Aristotle is praised for naming Fortitude first of the cardinal virtues, as that without which no other virtue can steadily be practised; but he might, with equal propriety, have placed Prudence and Justice before it, since without Prudence Fortitude is mad; without Justice, it is mischievous.
As the end of method is perspicuity, that series is sufficiently regular that avoids obscurity; and where there is no obscurity it will not be difficult to discover method.
In the Spectator was published the Mefiah, which he first submitted to the perusal of Steele, and corrected in conpliance with his criticisms.
It is reasonable to infer, from his Letters, that the verses on the Unfortunate Lady were written about the time
when his Ejay was published. The Lady's name and adventures I have sought with fruitless enquiry.
I can therefore tell no more than I have learned froin Mr. Ruffhead, who writes with the confidence of one who could trust his information. She was a woman of eminent rank and large fortune, the ward of an unkle, who, having given her a proper education, expected like other guardians that she should inake at least an equal match, and such he proposed to her, but found it rejected in favour of a young gentleman of inferior condition.
Having discovered the correspondence between the two lovers, and finding the young lady determined to abide by her