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nefs. Of such an intellectual process the knowledge has very rarely been attainable ; but happily there remains the original copy of the Iliad, which, being obtained by Bolingbroke as a curiosity, descended from him to Mallet, and is now by the folicitation of the late Dr. Maty repofited in the Museum.
Between this manuscript, which is written upon accidental fragments of paper, and the printed edition, there inust have been an intermediate copy, that was perhaps destroyed as it returned from the press.
From the first copy I have procured a few transcripts, and shall exhibit first the printed lines; then, in a smaller print, those of the manuscripts, with
all their variations. Those words in the
small print which are given in Italicks, are cancelled in the copy, and the words placed under them, adopted in their fread.
The beginning of the first book stands thus :
The wrath of Peleus' son, the direful
spring Of all the Grecian woes, O Goddess, fing; That wrath which hurl'd to Pluto's
gloomy reign The fouls of mighty chiefs untimely flain.
The stern Pelides’ rage, O Goddcfs, fing,
Of all the wocs of Gocèce the fatal spring,
That frew'd with warriors dead the Phrygian plain,
heroes And peopled the dark he!l with heroes fais;
fill'd the thady hell with.chiefs untimely
Whose limbs, unburied on the naked
shore, Devouring dogs and hungry vulpures:
tore, Since great Achilles and Atrides ftrove; Such was the sovereign doom,, and such
the will of Jove.
Whare limbs, unburied on the hostile shore,
Declare, O Mufe, in what illfated hour Sprung the fierce strife,, from what offinded Power!
-Latona's fon, a dire contagion spread;
And for the King's offence the people
Declare, o Goddess, what offended Power
anger fatal, hapless
For Chryses sought with costly gifts to
gain His captive daughter from the Victor's
chain ; :
Suppliant the venerable Father stands,
Extends the sceptre and the laurel crown.
For Chryses fought by presents to regain
coftly gifts to gain