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CHURCH-Peace of the. We live in the midst of blessings, till we are The way to preserve the peace of the church | utterly insensible of their greatness, and of the is to preserve the purity of it. Matthew Henry. source from which they flow. We speak of our civilization, our arts, our freedom, our laws, CHURCH-before the Reformation. and forget entirely how large a share of all is due to Christianity. Blot Christianity out of

"Where did your Church lurk, in what cave i the page of man's history, and what would his of the earth slept she, for so many hundreds laws have been 1-what his civilization! Chris

of years together, before the birth of Martin tinnits is mixed up with our very being and / Luther?” The reply is, that she lurked beour daily life, there is not a familiar object round neath the folds of that garment of many us which does not wear its mark, not a being

colours, which the hands of superstition had or a thing which does not wear a different aspect,

woven and embellished for her, and wherewith because the light of Christian hope is on it, not she was fantastically encumbered and disals which does not owe its truth and gentle guised. She slept in that cavern of enchantDess to Christianity, not a custom which can ment, where costly odours and intoxicating not be traced in all its holy and healthful | fumes were floating around, to overpower her parts to the Gospel.

Rose. sense, and to suspend her faculties; till, at

last, a voice was heard to cry, Sleep no more. CHRISTMAS - Pleasurable Associa

And then she started up, like a strong man tions of.

| refreshed, and shook herself from the dust of Amidst the general call to happiness, the

ages. Then did she cast aside the gorgeous bustle of the spirits, and stir of the affections,

“ leadings" which oppressed her, and stood wbich prevail at this period, what bosom can

before the world, a sacred form of brightness remain insensible? It is, indeed, the season of

and of purity.

Le Bas. regenerated feeling-the season for kindling, pot merely the fire of hospitality in the hall, CHURCH-Reverence in. but the genial flame of charity in the heart :

When once thy foot enters the church, beware the scene of early love again rises green to

God is more there than thou; for thou art there memory beyond the sterile waste of years; and the idea of home, fraught with the fra

Only by His permission. Then, beware ; grance of home-dwelling joys, reanimates the

And make thyself all reverence and fear. drooping spirit, as the Arabian breeze will

Kneeling ne'er spoil'd silk stocking : sometimes waft the freshness of the distant

Quit thy state : beids to the weary pilgrim of the desert.

All equal are within the church's gate.

Washington Irving. Resort to sermons, but to prayers most: CHRISTMAS-Day.

Praying's the end of preaching. O be drest ! I love to see this day well kept by rich and Stay not for the other pin ; why thou hast lost poor: it is a great thing to have one day in A joy for it worth worlds. Thus hell doth jest the year, at least, when you are sure of being Away thy blessings, and extremely flout thee, welcome wherever you go, and of having, as

Thy clothes being fast, but thy soul loose it were, the world all thrown open to you. Ibid. about thee. CHURCH-The old.

In time of service seal up both thine eyes,

And send them to thy heart, that, spying sin, How like an image of repose it looks,

They may weep out the stains by them did rise ; That ancient, holy, aud sequester'd pile!

Those doors being shut, all by the ear comes in. Sience abides in each tree-shaded aisle,

Who marks in church-time others' symmetry, And on the grey spire caw the hermit rooks : | Makes all their beauty his depravity. So absent is the stamp of modern days, That, in the quaint carved oak, and oriel stain'd Let vain or busy thought have there no part; With saintly legend, to Reflection's gaze Bring not thy plots, thy plough, thy pleasure The Star of Eld seems not yet to have waned. thither, At pensive eventide, when streams the west Christ purged His temple—so must thou thy On moss-green pediment and tombstone grey, heart. And spectral Silence pointeth to Decay, All worldly thoughts are but thieves met How preacheth Wisdom to the conscious breast, together Saying," Each foot that roameth here shall rest;" To cozen thee : look to thy actions well, To God and Heaven, Death is the only way. For churches either are our heaven or hell. Moir.



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CHURCH-True Riches of the.

We seek not snowy-folded angel's wings The gifts of poverty are the richest gifts to Amid the summer skies — the churches. I refer not now to the widow's For visions come not to polluted eyes! mites, richer though they be than all the gifts of wealth ; but to gists richer even than the

Yet blessed quiet fanes ! . widow's mite. A few years ago, on a wintry

Still piety, still poetry remains, morning, a boy in the habiliments of poverty

And shall remain, whilst ever on the air entered an old school-house among our Wes

One chapel-bell calls bigh and low to prayertern mountains, and avowed to the master his

Whilst ever green and sunny churchyards desire for an education. There was poverty

keep laying one of her richest gifts on the altar of,

The dust of our beloved, and tears are shed religion; for that boy was Jonas King. On

On From founts which in the human heart lie bis humble shoemaker's bench Carey laid the

deep! foundation of British Baptist Missions. John

Something in these aspiring days we need Newton found in his congregation an un

To keep our spirits lowly, friended Scotch boy, whose soul was then

To set within our hearts sweets thoughts and glowing with new-born love to Christ. He

holy! took him to John Thornton, one of those

And 'tis for this they stand, noble merchants whose wealth, whose piety, The

The old grey churches of our native land ! and whose beneficence increase together.

And even in the gold-corrupted mart, They educated him; and that boy became

In the great city's heart, Claudius Buchanan, whose name India will

They stand; and chantry dim, and organ bless, when the names of Clive and Hastings

sound, are forgotten. John Bunyan was a gift of

And stated services of prayer and praise, poverty to the church. Zwingle came forth from an Alpine shepherd's cabin ; Melancthon

Like to the righteous ten which were not

found from an armourer's workshop; Luther from

For the polluted city, shall upraise a miner's cottage, the Apostles, some of

Meek faith and love sincerethem, from fishermen's huts. These are the

he Better in time of need than shield and spear!

Better in ti gifts of poverty to the church.

L. E. Landon. Dr. Harris. CHURCH-The Term.

CHURCHMAN-Duties of a. Under the name of Church I understand a

| You should, my lord, be like the robes you body or collection of human persons, pro wear, fessing faith in Christ, gathered together in Pure as the dye, and, like that reverend shape. several places of the world, for the worship of

oria, for the worship of Nurse thoughts as full of honour, zeal, and the same God, and united into the same purity; corporation.

Bishop Pearson.

You should be the cour-dial, and direct CHURCHES-Holy Witnesses.

The king with constant motion; be ever

beating, How beautiful they stand,

Like to clock-hammers, on his iron heart, Those ancient altars of our native land! To make it sound clear; and to feel remorse, Amid the pasture field and dark green woods, You should unlock his soul, wake his dead Amid the mountain's cloudy solitudes;

conscience, By rivers broad that rush into the sea; Which, like a drowsy sentinel, gives leave

By little brooks that, with a lapsing sound, For sin's vast army to beleaguer him : Like playful children, run by copse and lea! His ruin will be ask'd for at your hands. Each in its little plot of holy ground,

Roxley. How beautiful they stand,

CHURCH MUSIC-Object of. Those old grey churches of our native land !

The end of church music is to reliere the Our lives are all turmoil ;

weariness of a long attention, to make the Our souls are in a weary strife and toil, mind more cheerful and composed, and to enGrasping and straining-tasking nerve and dear the offices of religion. There must be no brain,

voluntary maggots, no military taitoos, no light Both day and night, for gain !

and galliardizing notes; nothing that may We have grown worldly-have made gold our make the fancy trifling, or raise an improper god

thought; which would be to profane the serHave turned our hearts away from lowly vice and to bring the playhouse into the church. things;

| Religious harmony must be moving, but noble We seek not now the wild flower on the sod; withal,--grave, solemn, and seraphic ; fit for a



martyr to play and an angel to hear. It should Or blossoms; and indulgent to the strong be contrived so as to warm the best blood And natural dread of man's last home, the grave. within us, and to take hold of the finest part Its frost and silence-they disposed around, of the affections; to transport us with the To soothe the melancholy spirit that dwelt beauty of holiness, to raise us above the satis- Too sadly on life's close, the forms and hues factions of life, and make us ambitious of the Of vegetable beauty.-There the yew giories of heaven.

Southey. Green even amid the snows of winter, told

| Of immortality and gracefully CHURCH OF ENGLAND-Ritual of the. The willow, a perpetual mourner, drooped; The ritual of England breathes a divine

And there the gadding woodbine crept about, calm. You think of people walking through

And there the ancient ivy. From the spot ripening fields on a mild day to their church

Where the sweet maiden, in her blossoming years door. It is the work of a nation sitting in

Cut off, was laid with streaming eyes, and hands peace, possessing their land. It is the work of

That trembled as they placed her there, the rose a wealthy nation, that, by dedicating a part of

Sprung modest, on bow'd stalk, and better spoke its wealth, consecrates the remainder-that

Her graces, than the proudest monument. acknowledges the fountain from which all flows.

There children set about their playmate's grave The prayers are devout, humble, fervent. They

The pansy. On the infant's little bed are not impassioned. A wonderful temperance

Wet at its planting with maternal tears, and sobriety of discretion, that which in

Emblem of early sweetness, early death, worldly things would be called good sense, pre

Nestled the lowly primrose. Childless dames, vails in them; but you must Dame it better in

And maids that would not raise the redden'd things spiritual. The framers evidently bore in

eyemind the continual consciousness of waiting

Orphans, from whose young lids the light of joy for all. Nor must it be forgotten that the

Fled early,--silent lovers, who had given received version and the book of common

All that they lived for to the arms of earth, prayer-observe the word “common," express

Came often, o'er the recent graves to strew ing exactly what I affirm-are beautiful by the

Their offerings, rue, and rosemary, and flowers. | words-that there is no other such English

Bryant. simple, touching, apt, venerable, hued as the CHURCHYARD-Reflection on the. thoughts are-musical—the most English that is known-of a Hebraic strength and antiquity,

The distant village clock struck midnight, yet lucid and gracious as if of and for to-day.

mingling, as it were, with the ever-pealing tone Carlyle.

of ancient Eternity. The limbs of my buried

ones touched cold on my soul; I walked CHURCE OF ENGLAND-The True.

silently through little hamlets, and close by We often hear that the church is in danger; their outer churchyards, where crumbled upcast and truly so it is,-in a danger it seems not to coffin-boards were glimmering, while the once know of: for, with its tithes in the most per- bright eyes that had lain in themwere mouldered fect safety, its functions are becoming more into grey ashes. Cold thought! clutch not like and more superseded. The true Church of a cold spectre at my heart. I look up to the England, at this moment, lies in the editors of starry sky, and an everlasting chain stretches its newspapers. These preach to the people thither, and over, and below; and all is life, daily, Weekly; admonishing kings themselves; and warmth, and light, and all is godlike, or audrising peace or war with an authority which | God.

Richter, only the first Reformers and a long-past class of popes were possessed of; inflicting moral CHURCHYARD AND CEMETERYcensure ; imparting moral encouragement, con

Contrasted. solation, edification; in all ways diligently Oh! bury me not in the full churchyard, where “administering the discipline of the church."

rank weeds reeking grow, It may be said, too, that in private disposition And the poisonous earth, with its thrice-filled the new preachers somewhat resemble the graves, lies festering below; Mendicant Friars of old times; outwardly, full Where the grave ne'er wakes a thought of of holy zeal ; inwardly, not without stratagem, death from the careless passers-by, and hunger for terrestrial things. Ibid. And the sexton only speaks of it as a busy

trade to ply; CHURCHYARD-Adornment of the.

Where the earth is opened every day, and the Erewbile, on England's pleasant shores, our sires mourners come and go Left not their churchyards unadorn'd with All through the busy, crowded streets, in a shades

mockery of woe;



Where the very ground & plague-spot seems, actions of wars and negotiations, which are that should be a Court of Peace,

nearly similar in all periods and in all counAnd nothing around has mark or sound to tell tries of the world.

Hume. of a soul's release.

CITIES–Social and Moral Influence of. But let me lie in a quiet spot, with the green If the history of cities and of their inturf o'er my head,

fluence on their respective territories be deFar from the city's busy hum, the worldling's ducted from the history of humanity, the heavy tread;

narrative remaining would be, as we suspect, Where the free winds blow, and the branches of no very attractive description. In such

wave, and the song-birds sweetly sing, case, the kind of picture which human society Till every mourner there exclaims, “O | must everywhere have presented would be Death! where is thy sting?".

such as we see in the condition, from the Where in nothing that blooms around, about, earliest time, of the wandering hordes of the living e'er can see

Mongolians and Tartars, spread over the rast That the grave that covers my earthly frame flats of Central Asia. In those regions scarcely has won a victory;

anything bas been “made" by man. But Where bright flowers bloom through summer this most happy circumstance, as it seems to time, to tell how all was given

be accounted--this total absence of anything To fade away from the eyes of men, and live reminding you of human skill and industryagain in heaven! - Carpenter. has never been found to realise our poetic

ideas of pastoral beauty and innocence. It CHURLISHNESS.

has called forth enough of the squalid and of My master is of churlish disposition,

the ferocious, but little of the refined, the And little recks to find the way to heaven powerful, or the generous. If anything be By doing deeds of hospitality. Shakspeare. certain, it would seem to be certain that man

is constituted to realise his destiny from his CIPHERS.

association with man, more than from any There are foure great cyphers in the world : contact with places. The great agency in hee that is lame among dancers, dumbe among calling forth his capabilities, whether for good lawyers, dull among schollers, and rude amongst or for evil, is that of his fellows. The piccourtiers.

Bishop Earle. turesque, accordingly, may be with the CIRCUMLOCUTION.

country, but the intellectual, speaking gene

rally, must be with the town. Agriculture He who goes round about in his requests, may possess its science, and the farmer, as wants commonly more than he chooses to well as the landowner, may not be devoid of appear to want.

Lavater. | intelligence; but in such connexions, the

science and intelligence, in common with the CIRCUMSPECTION-Necessity for. nourishment of the soil, must be derived, in

Persons who want experience should be ex- | the main, from the studies prosecuted in tremely cautious how they depart from those cities, and from the wealth realised in the principles which have been received generally,

traffic of cities. If pasturage is followed by because founded on solid reasons; and how tillage, and if tillage is made to partake of the they deviate from those customs which have nature of a study and a science, these signs of obtained long, because in their effect they improvement are peculiar to lands in which have proved good : thus circumspect should cities make their appearance, and they become all persons be, who cannot yet have acquired progressive only as cities become opulent and much practical knowledge of the world; lest, | powerful.

Dr. Robert Vaughant. instead of becoming what they anxiously wish to become, more beneficial to mankind than I bless God for cities. Cities have been as those who have preceded them, they should lamps of life along the pathway of humanity actually, though inadvertently, be instru- and religion. Within them science has given mental towards occasioning some of the worst birth to her noblest discoveries. Behind their evils that can befall human society.

walls freedom has fought her noblest battles. Bishop Huntingford. They have stood on the surface of the earth

like great breakwaters, rolling back or turning CIRCUMSTANCES (Trivial)-Design of.

aside the swelling tide of oppression. Cities, Trivial circumstances, which show the man- | indeed, have been the cradles of human ners of the age, are often more instructive, as liberty. They have been the active centres of well as entertaining, than the great trans- | almost all church and state reformation.

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| Having, therefore, no sympathy with those , the public executioner, who had the care of who, regarding them as the excrescences of a them.

Sharpe. tree, or the tumours of disease, would raze our cities to the ground, I bless God for CITIZENS-of London. cities.


There are some of these gay clerks who go CITIES–Paving of.

down to their offices with roses at their

button-holes and with cigars in their mouths; | Before the eleventh century pone of the

there are some who wear peg-top trowsers, great cities of the present day were paved,

chin-tufts, eye-glasses, and varnished boots. except Rome and Cordova. Paris did not

I observe-to return to the clerks who are enjoy this advantage, according to Rigord,

wending citywards—that the most luxuriant physician and historian to Philippe-Auguste,

whiskers belong to the Bank of England. 1 who relates that the king, being at the window

believe that there are even whisker clubs in of his palace which cominanded a view of the

that great national institution, where prizes Seine, perceived that the carriages passing in

are given for the best pair of favoris grown the mire diffused a most offensive odour,

without macassar. You may, as a general which induced him to issue an order for the

rule, distinguish government from commercial paving of the streets, notwithstanding the

| clerks by the stern repudiation of the razor, expense of it; the dread of incurring which,

as applied to the beard and moustaches, by be was aware, had hitherto deterred his pre

the former; and again, I may remark, that decessors. Since that period the city took

the prize for the thinnest and most dandythe name of Paris, instead of Lutetia, which

looking umbrellas must be awarded, as of originated in the number of its sloughs. Even

right, to the clerks in the East India HouseLoodod was not paved at that time; many of

mostly themselves slim, natty gentlemen, of ita principal streets were not thus improved

jaunty appearance, who are all supposed to till the fifteenth century. Holborn was done

have had tender affairs with the widows of in 1417.

East India colonels. You may know the Dijon commenced the paving of the streets

cashiers in the private banking houses by in 1391. In 1285 an order from Philippe-le

their white hats and buff waistcoats; you Hardi commanded the citizens of Paris to

may know the stockbrokers by their careering pare and sweep the street before their houses

up Ludgate-hill in dog-carts, and occasionally at their own expense; but this mandate was

taudems, and by the pervading sporting apso badly executed, that, in 1309, the city was

pearance of their costume; you may know rwept at the public cost, under the inspection

the Jewish commission agents by their Aashy of the police. Till the fourteenth century the

broughams, with lapdogs and ladies in crinoinhabitants of Paris were suffered to throw

line beside them; you may know the sugar every nuisance from their windows, provided

bakers and the soap boilers by the comfortable they cried out three times, “ Take care !

double-bodied carriages with fat horses in This license was interdicted in 1372; and still

which they roll along; you may know the more strictly in 1395. An order was also

Manchester warehousemen by their wearing issued to prevent pigs running through the

gaiters, always carrying their hands in their streets, in consequence of the accident which

pockets, and frequently slipping into recondito happened to the young king Philippe. That

city taverns up darksome alleys, on their way prince, returning from Rheims, where he went

to Cheapside, to make a quiet bet or so on to be crowned, while passing Saint Gervais, a

the Chester Cup or the Liverpool Steeplepig dashed between his horse's legs, and

chase ; you may know, finally, the men with a throw him down. The king fell backwards ;

million of money, or thereabouts, by their and, in a few days, died of the injuries he had

being ordinarily very shabby, and by their sustained in the fall.

wearing shocking bad hats, which have It is rather remarkable, that the monks of

seemingly never been brushed, on the back of the Abbaye de Saint Antoine, having pre

their heads.

Sala. tended that they could not-without failing in the respect due to their patron saint-keep

CITY-in Early Morn. their pigs from running about the streets, it mas decided that these animals should con- The city now doth like a garment wear tinue to wallow in the mire, provided they The beauty of the morning. ..... bad each a little bell round their necks!

Never did sun more beautifully steep It appears that cleansing the streets was In his first splendour, valley, rock, or hill. regarded as the most degrading occupation. | Ne'er saw I, never felt, a calm so deep; It was generally poor Jews, or attendants on The river glideth at its own sweet will.

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