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$) low as to be scorned without a sin,

CONTENTMENT-the highest Attain. Without offence to God, cast out of view.

ment. Wordsworth. | That happy state of mind, so rarely posCONTENT_Blessings of.

sessed, in which we can say, “I have enough,” He that troubles not himself with anxious is the highest attainment of philosophy. I thoughts for more than is necessary, lives little

Happiness consists, not in possessing much, less than the life of angels, whilst, by a mind

but in being content with what we possess. content with little, he imitates their want of

He who wants little always has enough.


CONTENTMENT–Benefits of. CONTENT-Quiet Enjoyment of.

Contentment produces, in some measure, all Doth the wild ass bray when he hath grass ? | those effects which the alchymist usually or loweth the ox over his fodder ?

Job. ascribes to what he calls the philosopher's

stone; and if it does not bring riches, it does CONTENT-Soothing Influence of.

the same thing, by banishing the desire of

them. If it cannot remove the disquietudes This is the charm, by sages often told,

arising from a man's mind, body, or fortune, it Converting all it touches into gold;

makes him easy under them, Addison. Content can soothe, where'er by fortune placed ; Can rear a garden in a desert waste.

CONTENTMENT-with God's Blessing.

Kirke White. CONTENT-in Poverty.

A little, with the blessing of God upon it, is

better than a great deal, with the incumbrance | Thrice happy they, the wise, contented poor,

of His curse; His blessing can multiply a From lust of wealth and dread of death secure;

mite into a talent, but His curse will shrink a They tempt no deserts, and no griefs they find;

talent into a mite; by Him the arms of the Peace rules the day when reason rules the mind.

wicked are broken, and by Him the righteous Collins.

are upholden; so that the great question is, CONTENT AND PAIN.

whether he be with or against us, and the But live content, which is the calmest life; great misfortune is, that this question is But pain is perfect misery, the worst

seldom asked. The favour of God is to them Of evils; and, excessive, overturns

that obtain it, a better and enduring substance, All patience.


which, like the widow's barrel of oil, wasted

not in the evil days of famine, nor will fail. I CONTENTION-Avoiding of.

Bishop Horne. Where two discourse, if the one's anger rise, CONTENTMENT-Characteristics of. The man who lets the contest fall is wise.


Contentment consisteth not in adding more CONTENTION-Evil of.

fuel, but in taking away some fire ; not in

multiplying of wealth, but in subtracting Contention, like a horse

men's desires. Worldly riches, like nuts, tear Full of high feeding, madly hath broke loose,

many clothes in getting them, but fill no belly And bears down all before him. Shakspeare.

with eating them, obstructing only the stomach CONTENTION-Religious.

with toughness, and filling the bowels with

windiness. Yea, your souls may sooner surfeit Religious contention is the devil's harvest. than be satisfied with earthly things. He

Fontaigne. that at first thought ten thousand pounds too CONTENTMENT-in old Age.

much for any one man, will afterwards think Ob! this contentment shown by a man,

ten millions too little for himself. Fuller. although the sunset clouds of life were gathering around him, inspires new life into the

CONTENTMENT-adapted to Circum.

stances. hypochondriacal spectator or listener, whose melancholy minor chords, usually in the pre

He is happy whose circumstances suit his sence of an old man, begin to vibrate tremen

| temper ; but he is more excellent who can dously, as if he were a signpost to the grave ! suit his temper to any circumstances. Hume. But in reality, a cheerful, vigorous old man, 1 discloses to us the immortality of his being :

CONTENTMENT_True Element of. too tough to be mown down even by death's Let us not repine, or so much as think the ksen scythe, and pointing to us the way into gifts of God unequally dealt, if we see another the second world.

Richter. | abound with riches; when, as God knows, the



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cares that are the keys that keep those riches, I feel no care of coin ;
hang often so heavily at the rich man's girdle Well-doing is my wealth :
that they clog him with weary days and rest. My mind to me an empire is,
less nights, even when others sleep quietly. While grace affordeth health.
We see but the outside of the rich man's
happiness ; few consider him to be like the I wrestle not with rage
silkworm, that, when she seems to play, is at While fury's flame doth burn;
the very same time spinning her own bowels, / It is in vain to stop the stream
and consuming herself. And this many rich

Until the tide doth turn.
men do ; loading themselves with corroding
cares to keep what they have already got.

| But when the flame is out, Let us, therefore, be thankful for healthened

And ebbing wrath doth end, competence, and above all for a quiet con- / I turn a late enraged foe science.

Izaak Walton.

Into a quiet friend.

And taught with often proof, CONTENTMENT-in Moderation.

A temper'd calm I find . May I always have a heart superior, with | To be most solace to itself, economy suitable, to my fortune. Shenslone. | Best cure for angry mind.

Is that animal better that hath two or three | No change of fortune's calms mountains to graze on than a little bee that! Can cast my comforts down : feeds on dew or manna, and lives upon what / When Fortune smiles, I smile to think falls every morning from the storebouses of How quickly she will frown. Southwell. heaven, clouds, and Providence ? Can a man quench his thirst better out of a river than a CONTEN:

CONTENTMENT–Pleasures of. full urn, or drink better from the fountain

The king can drink the best of winewhich is finely paved with marble than when

So can I; it wells over the green turf ? Jeremy Taylor. And has enough when he would dine

So have I ; O grant me, Heav'n, a middle state,

And cannot order rain or shineNeither too humble, nor too great ;

Nor can I. More than enough for nature's ends,

Then where's the difference, let me see With something left to treat my friends. Betwixt my lord the king and me?


Do trusty friends surround his throne Happy the man who, void of care and strife,

Night and day? In silken or in leather purse retains

Or make his interest their own ? A good old shilling.


No, not they.

Mine love me for myself aloneCONTENTMENT-Moral Origin of.

Bless'd be they! My conscience is my crown;

And that's one difference which I see Contented thoughts my rest;

Betwixt my lord the king and me. My heart is happy in itself;

Do knaves around me lie in wait My bliss is in my breast.

To deceive,

Or fawn and flatter when they hate, Enough, I reckon wealth;

And would grieve ? A mean, the surest lot;

Or cruel pomps oppress my stateThat lies too high for base contempt,

By my leave ? Too low for envy's shot.

No! Heaven be thank'd! And here you see

More difference 'twixt the king and me!
My wishes are but few,
All easy to fulfil :

He has his fools, with jests and quips,
I make the limits of my power

When he'd play; The bounds unto my will.

He has his armies and his ships

Great are they; I have no hopes but one,

But not a child to kiss his lips, Which is of heavenly reign :

Well-a-day ! Effects attain'd, or not desired,

And that's a difference sad to see All lower hopes refrain.

Betwixt my lord the king and mo.




I wear the cap and he the crown

What of that?

As for a little more money and a little more I sleep on straw and he on down

time, why it's ten to one if either one or the What of that?

other would make you a whit happier. If And he's the king, and I'm the clown

you had more time, it would be sure to hang What of that?

heavily. It is the working man is the happy If happy I, and wretched he,

man. Man was made to be active, and he is Perhaps the king would change with me!

never so happy as when he is so. It is the Dr. Mackay. idle man is the miserable man. What comes

of holidays, and far too often of sight-seeing, Lord, who would live turmoild in the court, but evil? Half the harm that happens is on And may enjoy such quiet walks as these ? those days. And, as for money-Don't you This small inheritance my father left me remember the old saying, “Enough is as Contenteth me, and 's worth a monarchy. good as a feast ? Money never made a man I seek not to wax great by others' waping, happy yet, nor will it. There is nothing in its Or gather wealth, I care pot with what envy; nature to produce bappiness. The more a Subwuth that I have maintains my state, man has, the more he wants. Instead of its And sends the poor well pleased from my filling a vacuum, it makes one. If it satisfies

Shakspeare. one want, it doubles and trebles that want

another way. That was a true proverb of the

wise man, rely upon it : “ Better is little with Since all great souls still make their own

the fear of the Lord, than great treasure, and content,

trouble therewith."

Franklin. We to ourselves may all our wishes grant; Por, nothing coveting, we nothing want.

There is scarce any lot so low, but there is Dryden.

something in it to satisfy the man whom it

has befallen; Providence having so ordered Sweet are the thoughts that savour of con things, that in every man's cup, how bitter tent

soever, there are some cordial drops- some The quiet mind is richer than a crown;

good circumstances, which, if wisely extracted, Sweet are the nights in careless slumber are sufficient for the purpose he wants themspent

that is, to make him contented, and if not The poor estate scorns fortune's angry frown.

happy, at least resigned.

Sterne. Such sweet content, such minds, such sleep, such bliss,

CONTENTMENT-True. Peggars enjoy when princes oft do miss.

There are thousands so extravagant in their Tbe borely house that harbours quiet rest,

ideas of contentment, as to imagine that it The cottage that affords no prido por care,

must consist in having every thing in this The mean, that'grees with country music best,

world turn out the way they wish--that they The sweet consort of Mirth's and Music's fare.

are to sit down in happiness, and feel themObscured life sits down a type of bliss ;

selves so at ease on all points, as to desire A mind content both crown and kingdom is.

nothing better and nothing more. I own Greene.

there are instances of some who seem to pass

through the world as if all their paths had He that from dust of worldly tumult flies, been strewed with rosebuds of delight ;- but May boldly open his undazzled eyes,

a little experience will convince us, 'tis a fatal To read wise nature's books, and with delight expectation to go upon. We are born to Survey the plants by day, the stars by night. trouble ; and we may depend upon it whilst We need not travel, seeking ways to bliss; we live in this world we shall have it, though He that desires contentment, cannot miss : | with intermissions ;-that is, in whatever Nogarden-walls this precious flower embrace state we are, we shall find a mixture of good It common grows in ev'ry desert place. and evil; and therefore the true way to con

Beaumont. tentment is to know how to receive these

certain vicissitudes of life,—the returns of CONTENTMENT-a Pearl of great Price.

good and evil, so as neither to be exalted by

the one, por overthrown by the other, but to Contentment is a pearl of great price, and bear ourselves towards every thing which whoever procures it at the expense of ten happens with such ease and indifference of thousand desires makes a wise and a happy mind, as to hazard as little as may be. This purchase.

Balguy. I is the true temperate climate fitted for us by CONTENTMENT.


nature, and in which every wise man would CONVERSATION-Conduct during. wish to live.

Sterne. The progress of a private conversation be

twixt two persons of different sexes is often CONTRAST.

decisive of their fate, and gives it a turn very Look here, upon this picture and on this,

distinct perhaps from what they themselves The counterfeit presentment of two brothers.

anticipated. Gallantry becomes mingled with Shakspeare.

conversation, and affection and passion come CONTROL-Mental.

gradually to mix with gallantry. Nobles, as

well as shepherd swains, will, in such a trying When we turn our serious attention to the moment, say more than they intended; and economy of the mind, we perceive that it is queens, like village maidens, will listen longer capable of a variety of processes of the most than they should.

Sir Walter Scott, remarkable and most important nature. We find, also, that we can exert a voluntary power CONVERSATION-Deficiency in. over these processes, by which we control, | Some men are very entertaining for a first! direct, and regulate them at our will; and | interview, but after that they are exhausted. that, when we do not exert this power, the

and run out; on a second meeting, we shall mind is left to the influence of external im

find them very flat and monotonous : like hand pressions, or casual trains of association, often

organs, we have heard all their tunes. Collox. unprofitable and frivolous. We thus discover that the mind is the subject of culture and

CONVERSATION-Delights of. discipline, which, when duly exercised, must

There is nothing so delightful as the hearing produce the most important results on our condition as rational and moral beings; and

or the speaking of truth. For this reason that the exercise of them involves a respon

there is no conversation so agreeable as that sibility of the most solemn kind, which no

of the man of integrity, who hears without

any intention to betray, and speaks without man can possibly put away from him.

any intention to deceive.

Plato. Dr. Abercrombie. CONTROVERSY-Benefits of.


But conversation, choose what theme we may, There is no learned man but will confess he

And chiefly when religion leads the way, hath much profited by reading controversies, —

Should flow, like waters after summer show'rs, his senses awakened, his judgment sharpened,

Not as if raised by mere mechanic powers. and the truth which he holds more firmly established. If then it be profitable for him

Corper. to read, why should it not at least be tolerable

CONVERSATION-Offensive Manner

of. and free for his adversary to write? In logic, they teach that contraries laid together more

I know of no mander of speaking so offenevidently appear: it follows, then, that all con- sive as that of giving praise, and closing it troversy being permitted, falsehood will appear with an exception. more false, and truth the more true; which

CONVERSATION-Pith of. must needs conduce much to the general confirmation of an implicit truth. Milton. The pith of conversation does not consist in

exhibiting your own superior knowledge on CONTROVERSY-best Kinds of. matters of small importance, but in enlarging, As those wines which flow from the first

improving, and correcting the information you treading of the grape are sweeter and better

possess, by the authority of others. than those forced out by the press, which gives

Sir Walter Scott. them the roughness of the husk and the stone, CONVERSATION-Requisites of. so are those doctrines best and sweetest which

Conversation should be pleasant without flow from a gentle crush of the Scriptures, and

scurrility, witty without affectation, free with. ; are not wrung into controversies and common

out indecency, learned without conceitedness, places.

novel without falsehood.

Shakspeare. CONVERSATION-Art of.

CONVERSATION-Rudeness in. Not only to say the right thing in the right Never hold any one by the button or the place, but far more difficult still, to leave unhand, in order to be heard out; for if people 201!the wrong thing at the tempting moment. are unwilling to hear you, you had better hold Sala. | your tongue than them.






was the model of poetry. Chaucer's silence One of the best rules in conversation is, was more agreeable than his conversation. never to say a thing which any of the com Dryden's conversation was slow and dull, his pady can reasonably wish we had rather left humour saturnine and reserved. Corneille in unsaid: nor can there anything be well more conversation was so insipid that he never

contrary to the ends for which people meet failed in wearying : he did not even speak | together, than to part unsatisfied with each correctly that language of which he was such other or themselves.

Swift. a master. Ben Jonson used to sit silent in

company and suck his wine and their humours. The first ingredient in conversation is truth,

Southey was stiff, sedate, and wrapped up in the next good sense, the third good humour,

asceticism. Addison was good company with

his intimate friends, but in mixed company he and the fourth wit.

Sir W. Temple.

preserved his dignity by a stiff and reserved CONVERSATION-Sparing in.

silence. Fox, in conversation, never flagged ;

his animation and variety were inexhaustible. Amongst such as out of cinping hear all | Dr. Bentley was loquacious. Grotius was and talk little, be sure to talk less; or if you talkative. Goldsmith wrote like an angel, and must tall, say little.

La Bruyère.

talked like poor Poll. Burke was eminently

entertaining, enthusiastic, and interesting in CONVERSATION-Styles of.

conversation. Curran was a convivial deity; He that would please in company must be he soared into every region, and was at home ! atteative to what style is most proper. The in all. Dr. Birch dreaded a pen as he did a scholastic should never be used but in a select torpedo; but he could talk like running water. company of learned men. The didactic should Dr. Johnson wrote monotonously and ponseldom be used, and then only by judicious derously, but in conversation his words were · aged persons, or those who are eminent for close and sinewy; and if his pistol missed piety or wisdom. No style is more extensively fire, he knocked down his antagonist with the acceptable than the narrative, because this does | butt of it. Coleridge, in his conversation, was not carry an air of superiority over the rest | full of acuteness and originality. Leigh Hunt of the company, and therefore is most likely

| has been well termed the philosopher of hope, | to please them: for this purpose we should store and likened to a pleasant stream in conversaour memory with short anecdotes and entertain tion. Carlyle doubts, objects, and constantly ing pieces of history. Almost every one listens demurs. Fisher Ames was a powerful and with eagerness to extemporary history. Vanity effective orator, and not the less distinguished often co-operates with curiosity, for he that is in the social circle. He possessed a fluent a bearer in one place, wishes to qualify himself

language, a vivid fancy, and a well-stored to be a principal speaker in some inferior com


Ciambers. pany, and therefore more attention is given to narrations than anything else in conversation. | CONVERSATION-Useful. It is true, indeed, that sallies of wit and quick

Let no corrupt communication proceed out replies are very pleasing in conversation, but

of your mouth, but that which is good to the they frequently tend to raise envy in some of

use of edifying, that it may minister grace i the company; but the narrative way neither . raises this, nor any other evil passion, but

unto the hearers.

St. Paul. keeps all the company nearly upon an equality,

CONVERSION-Mystery of. and if judiciously managed, will at once enter tain and improve them all.

Johnson. In what way, or by what manner of working,

God changes a soul from evil to good, how Ho

impregnates the barren rock—the priceless Tasso's conversation was neither gay nor

gems and gold, -is to the human mind an brilliant. Dante was either taciturn or satirical.

impenetrable mystery, in all cases alike. Butler was sullen or biting. Gray seldom talked or smiled. Hogarth and Swift were CONVERSIONS_Value of.

Coleridge. very absent-minded in company. Milton was unsociable, and even irritable, when pressed As to the value of conversions, God alone into conversation. Kirwan, though copious and can judge. God alone can know how wide are eloquent in public addresses, was meagre and the steps which the soul has to take before it doll in colloquial discourse. Virgil was heavy can approach to a community with Him, to in conversation. La Fontaine appeared heavy, the dwelling of the perfect, or to the interCoarse, and stupid; he could not speak and course and friendship of higher natures. describe what he had just seen ; but then he |


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