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never but in cases of necessity: affability, COURIER-The. ļ mildness, tenderness, and a word which I And helter-skelter have I rode to thee; · would fain bring back to its original signifi- | And tidings do I bring, and lucky joys,

eation of virtue, -I mean good-nature, are of And golden times, and happy news of price. daily use; they are the bread of mankind,

Shakspeare. and staff of life.

Dryden. | COURTESY-Nlustrious Example of. COURAGE-True.

I would that you would all read, ladies, and True courage but from opposition grows;

consider well, the traits of an opposite chaAnd what are fifty, what a thousand slaves,

racter which have just come to light (to me, I Match'd to the sinew of a single arm

am ashamed to say, for the first time) in the That strikes for liberty ?


biography of Sidney Smith. The love and

admiration which that truly brave and loving True courage is not the brutal force

man won from every one, rich or poor, with Of vulgar heroes, but the firm resolve

whom he came in contact, seems to me to 0virtue and of reason. He who thinks

have arisen from the one fact that, without Without their aid to shine in deeds of arms, perhaps having any such conscious intention, Builds on a sandy basis his renown;

he treated rich and poor, his own servants and A dream, a vapour, or an ague-fit,

the noblemen his guests, alike, and alike May make a coward of him. Whitehead. courteously, considerately, cheerfully, affec

tionately; so leaving a blessing, and reaping True courage bas so little to do with anger,

a blessing, wheresoever be went. Kingsley. that there lies always the strongest suspicion

COURTESY-in Courtly Halls. winst it, where this passion is highest. True I courage is cool and calm. The bravest of

Of court it seemes men courtesie doe call, men have the least of a brutal bullying inso.

For that it there most useth to abound; lence; and in the very time of danger are

And well beseemeth that in princes hall found the most serene, pleasant, and free.

That vertue should be plentifully found, Raze, we know, can make a coward forget

Which of all goodly manners is the ground, himself and fight. But what is done in fury And roote of civill conversation; or anger can never be placed to the account of Right so in Faery Court it did redound, courage.

Shaftesbury. Where courteous knights and ladies most did

won He holds no parley with unmanly fears; Of all on earth, and made a matchlesse paragon. Where duty bids, he confidently steers,

But mongst them all was none more courteous Faces a thousand dangers at her call,

knight Åod, trusting in his God, surmounts them all.

Then Calidore, beloved over all,

In whom it seemes that gentlenesse of spright

And manners mylde were planted naturall; I dare do all that may become a man;

To which he adding comely guize withall, Who dares do more, is none. Shakspeare. 1

And gracious speach, did steale mens hearts

away; True courage is not moved by breath of words, Nathlesse thereto he was full stout and tall, While the rash bravery of boiling blood And well approved in batteilous affray, Impetuous, knows no settled principle. That him did much renowme, and far his fame A fer'rish tide, it has its ebbs and flows,

display. As spirits rise or fall, as wine inflames, (Ir circumstances change ; but inborn courage, Ne was there knight, ne was there lady found. The gen'rous child of Fortitude and Faith,

In Faery Court, but him did deare embrace Hoins its firm empire in the constant soul,

For his faire usage and conditions sound, And like the steadfast pole-star, never once

The wbich in all mens liking gayned place, From the same fix'd and faithful point

And with the greatest purchast greatest grace! declines.

Hannah More.

Which he could wisely use and well apply,

To please the best, and th' evill to embase; COURAGE_Truest.

For he loathd leasing and base flattery, The truest courage is always mixed with And loved simple truth and steadfast honesty, circumspection ; this being the quality which

Spenser. distinguishes the courage of the wise from the

COURTESY-to Inferiors. Lardiness of the rash and foolish.

As the sword of the best-tempered metal is Jones of Nayland. I most flexible; so the truly generous are most

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pliant and courteous in their behaviour to Domestics to you, serve your will, as't please their inferiors.

Fuller. | Yourself pronounce their office. Shakspeare. COURTESY-in Humble Life.

COURTIERS-the Curse of Kings. Shepherd, I take thy word,

They are the moths and scarabs of a state, And trust thy honest offer'd courtesy,

The bane of empires, and the dregs of courts, Which oft is sooner found in lowly sheds, Who, to endear themselves to an employment, With smoky rafters, than in tap'stry balls, Care not whose fame they blast, whose life And courts of princes, where it first was named, endanger, And yet is most pretended in a place

And, under a disguised and cobweb mask Less warranted than this, or less secure, Of love unto their sovereign, vomit forth It cannot be that I should fear to change it. Their own prodigious malice; a pretending

Milton. To be the props and columns of their safety, COURTIERS-Contempt for.

The guards unto his person and his peace,

Disturb it most, with their false, lapwing cries. I am no courtier, no fawning dog of state,

Princes, that will but hear, or give access
To lick and kiss the hand that buffets me;
Nor can I smile upon my guest, and praise

To such officious spies, can ne'er be safe ;

They take in poison with an open ear,
His stomach, when I know he feeds on poison,
And death disguised sits grinning at my table.

| And free from danger, become slaves to fear. Sercel.

Ben Jonson. COURTIERS-Description of.

It is the curse of kings, to be attended
Live loath'd and long,

By slaves, that take their humours for a warrant
You smiling, smooth, detested parasites; To break within the bloody house of life;
Courteous destroyers, affable wolves, meek And, on the winking of authority,

To understand a law.

Shakspeare. You fools of fortune, trencher friends, time-flies, Cap-and-knee slaves, vapours, and minute-jacks: | COURTIERS-Objects of. Of man and beast the infinite malady Crust you quite o'er.


These statesmen nothing woo, but gold and


I'm a bold advocate for other love, COURTIERS-Flattery of.

Though at their bar indicted for a fool! There, like a statue, thou hast stood besieged,

Yourg. By sycophants and tools, the growth of courts : COURTS-Coxcombry of. Where thy gulld eyes, in all the gaudy round, Met nothing but a lie in every face;

Courts are the places where best manners And the gross flattery of a gaping crowd,

flourish, Envious who first should catch and first applaud

Where the deserving ought to rise, and fools The stuff or royal nonsense : when I spoke,

Make show. Why should I vex and chafe my My honest homely words were carp'd and spleen, censured,

To see a gaudy coxcomb shine, when I For want of courtly style : related actions,

Have sense enough too soothe him in his follies, Though modestly reported, pass'd for boasts.

And ride him to advantage as I please?

Otway. I
COURTS-Dangers of.
Give me flattery,

Bred in camps,
Flattery, the food of courts, that I may rock him,

Train'd in the gallant openness of truth, And lull him in the down of his desires.

That best becomes a soldier; thou, my friend,

Beaumont. Art happily a stranger to the baseness, COURTIERS-Hypocrisy of.

The infamy of courts.

Mallet. You are meek and humble-mouth'd ; You sign your place and calling, in full seeming,

iing, The court's a golden, but a fatal circle, With meekness and humility; but your heart

Upon whose magic skirts a thousand derils Is cramm'd with arrogancy, spleen, and pride.

e. In crystal forms sit tempting innocence, You have, by fortune, and his highness' favours,

And beckon early virtue from its centre. Lee. Gone slightly o'er low steps; and now are mounted

COURTS-Unhappiness of. Where powers are your retainers : and your words,

| Unhappy lot of all that shine in courts;

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For forced compliance, or for zealous virtue, more in doing good, than merely in having it. Still odious to the monarch, or the people. They should not reserve their benevolence for

Johnson. | purposes after they are dead; for those who COURTSHIP-Definition of.

give not till they die, show that they would

not then, if they could keep it any longer. Courtship consists in a number of quiet

Bishop Hall. attentions, not so pointed as to alarm, nor so

COVETOUSNESS-Idolatry of. rague as not to be understood. Sterne.

Covetousness, which is idolatry. St. Paul. COURTSHIP-Happiness of.

COVETOUSNESS-Injunction against. Oh! then the longest summer's day Seem'd too, too much in baste; still the full Take heed and beware of covetousness : for heart

a man's life consisteth not in the abundance of Had not imparted half; 'twas happiness the things which he possesseth. St. Luke. Too exquisite to last.


COVETOUSNESS-Rapacity of. COURTSHIP-Pleasures of.

He that visits the sick in hopes of a legacy,

let him be never so friendly in all other cases, The pleasantest part of a man's life is gene

I look upon him in this to be no better than a rally that which passes in courtship, provided

raven, that watches a weak sheep only to peck his passion be sincere, and the party beloved

out its eyes.

Seneca. kind with discretion. Love, desire, hope, all the pleasing emotions of the soul, rise in the COVETOUSNESS-Reward of. pursuit.


He deservedly loses his own property who COURTSHIP-Pluck in.

covets that of another.

Phædrus. Great or good, or kind or fair,

COVETOUSNESS-Servitude of. I will ne'er the more despair :

The covetous man is a downright servant, a If she love me, this believe,

man condemned to work in mines, which is the I will die ere she shall griove :

lowest and hardest condition of servitude; and, If she alight me when I woo,

to increase his misery, a worker there for he I can scorn and let her go :

knows not whom: “He beapetb up riches, aud If she be not fit for me,

knows not who shall enjoy them;" it is only What care I for whom she be? Wither.

sure that he himself neither shall nor can

enjoy them. He is an indigent, needy slave; COVETOUSNESS.

he will hardly allow himself clothes and boardSome men are so covetous, as if they were | wages; he defrauds not only other men, but to live for ever; and others so profuse, as if his own genius; he cheats himself for money. they were to die the next moment. Aristotle. But the servile and miserable condition of this

wretch is so apparent, that I leave it, as The covetous person lives as if the world evident to every man's sight as well as judg. Tere made altogether for him, and not be for ment.

Cowley. the world; to take in everything, and part wib Dothing.

COWARD-Character of the.

Bold at the council-board ; The covetous man heaps up riches, not to | But cautious in the field, he sbunn'd the sword. enjoy them, but to have them; and starves

Dryden. bir elf in the midst of plenty, and most unnaturally cheats and robs himself of that A coward; a most devout coward : religious which is his own; and makes a hard shift to in it.

Shakspeare. be as poor and miserable with a great estate, as any man can be without it. Tillotson. I know him a notorious liar,

| Think him a great way fool, solely a coward; COVETOUSNESS-Fruitlessness of. Yet these fix'd evils sit so fit in him,

Rich people who are covetous are like the That they take place, when virtue's steely bones cypress tree: they may appear well, but are | Look bleak in the cold wind.

Ibid. fruitless ; so rich persons have the means to be generons, yet some are not so; but they should

COWARD-Contempt for the. consider they are only trustees for what they

Milk-liver'd man, possess, and should show their wealth to be That bear'st a cheek for blows, a head for wrong,

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Vbo bast not in thy brows an eye discerning | May I not also say, that this beauty has been Thine honour from thy suffering. Shakspeare. conferred, in wisdom, as in beneficence? It is

one of the revelations which the Creator has COWARD-Culpability of the.

made of Himself to man. He was to be Cowards die many times before their death;

admired and loved : it was through the demon

strations of His character that we could alone The valiant never taste of death but once. Of all the wonders that I yet have heard,

see Him and judge of Him: and in thus inIt seems to me most strange that man should

ducing or compelling us to admire and love the

visible works of His hand, He has tanght us fear;

to love and adore Himself. Seeing that death, a necessary end,

This is the great Will come when it will come.


lesson which the beauty of creation teaches,

in addition to the pleasure which it affords; COWARD-Kindness of the.

but, for this, we must cultivate that simpie,

and surely amiable piety, which learns to view A coward is the kindest animal ;

the Father of the Universe in all the works of "Tis the most forgiving creature in a fight. that universe. Such is the lesson taught by

Dryden. | that certainly reasonable philosophy which CREATION-Beauties of.

desires to unite what men bave too much Doth not the pleasantness of this place

| laboured to dissever; a state of mind which is carry in itself sufficient reward for any time easily attainable, demands bo effort of feeling lost in it? Do you not see how all things

beyond that of a simple and good heart, and conspire together to make the country a

needs not diverge into a weak and censurable heavenly dwelling? Do you not see the blades enthusiasm. Much therefore is he to be pitied of grass, how in colour they excel the emerald, or condemned, who has not cultivated this every one striving to pass his fellow, and yet faculty in this manner: who is not for ever they are all kept of an equal height! And see looking round on creation, in feeling and in you not the rest of those beautiful flowers,

search of those beauties; that he may thus each of which would require a man's wit to bend in gratitude and love before the Author know, and his life to express! Do not these

of all Beauty.

Maccullock. stately trees seem to maintain their flourishing

CREATION-Diversity of. old age, with the only happiness of their being clothed with a continued spring, because no The ever-varying brilliancy and grandeur of beauty here should ever fade? Doth not the the landscape, and the magnificence of the air breathe health, which the birds, delightful sky, sun, moon, and stars, enter more exboth to ear and eye, do daily solemnize with tensively into the enjoyment of mankind than the sweet concert of their voices ? Is not every we, perhaps, ever think, or can possibly echo thereof a perfect music? and those fresh apprehend, without frequent and extensive and delightful brooks, how slowly they slide investigation. This beauty and splendour of away, as loth to leave the company of so many the objects around us, it is ever to be rememthings united in perfection, and with how bered, is not necessary to their existence, nor sweet a murmur they lament their forced to what we commonly intend by their usefuldeparture !

Drake, 1629. ness. It it therefore to be regarded as a

source of pleasure, gratuitously superinduced We cannot look around us, without being upon the general nature of the objects therstruck by the surprising variety and multi- selves, and in this light, as a testimony of the plicity of the sources of Beauty of Creation, divine goodness, peculiarly affecting. Dariyd. produced by form, or by colour, or by both united. It is scarcely too much to say, that

CREATION-the Work of God. every object in nature, animate or inanimate, The heavens are a point from the pen of His is in some manner beautiful, so largely has perfection ; the Creator provided for our pleasures through The world is a rosebud from the bower of His the sense of sight. It is rare to see anything beauty ; which is in itself distasteful, or disagreeable The sun is a spark from the light of His to the eye, or repulsive : while on this, how wisdom; ever, they are alone entitled to pronounce who And the sky a bubble on the sen of His power, have cultivated the faculty in question; since, His beauty is free from stain of sin, like every other quality of mind as of body, it Hidden in a veil of thick darkness. is left to ourselves to improve that, of wbich He formed mirrors of the atoms of the world, the basis has been given to us, as the means of And He cast a reflection from His own face ou cultivating it have been placed in our power. | every atom!

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To Thy clearseeing eye whatsoever is fair Of His unrivallid pencil. He inspires Then thou regardest it aright, is a reflection Their balmy odours, and imparts their hues, from His face. Sir William Jones. And bathes their eyes with nectar, and in

cludes, CREATION-Wisdom displayed in the. In grains, as countless as the seaside sanda,

The forms with which He sprinkles all the We are raised by science to an under

earth: standing of the infinite wisdom and goodness

Happy who walks with Him! whom what he which the Creator has displayed in all His

finds works. Not a step can we take in any direction without perceiving the most extraordinary

Of flavour or of scent, in fruit or flower,

Of what he views of beautiful or grand traces of design; and the skill everywhere | In nature, from the broad majestic oak conspicuous 18 calculated in so vast a propor. To the green blade that twinkles in the sun, tion of instances to promote the happiness of

Prompts with remembrance of a present God. i living creatures, and especially of ourselves,

Cowper. that we feel no hesitation in concluding, that if we knew the whole scheme of Providence, every part would appear to be in barmony

God is a worker: He has thickly strewn | with a plan of absolute benevolence. Inde

Infinity with grandeur. God is love: peodently, however, of this most consoling in

He shall wipe away creation's tears, ference, the delight is inexpressible of being

And all the worlds shall summer in His smile. able to follow the marvellous works of the

Smith. Great Author of nature, and to trace the unbounded power and exquisite skill which are

The heavens declare the glory of God, and eshibited by the most minute, as well as the

the firmament showeth His handywork. Day mightiest parts of His system. Brougham. | unto day uttereth speech, and night unto

night showeth knowledge. There is no speech CREATOR-Infinite Wisdom of the.

nor language where their voice is not heard.

David. Researches into the springs of natural

CREDITOR-Independence of the. bodies and their motions, should awaken us to admiration at the wondrous wisdom of our

The creditor whose appearance gladdens Creator, in all the works of nature. Watts. the heart of a debtor, may hold his head in

sunbeams and his foot on storms. Lavater. Wonderful indeed are all His works.

CREDITORS-Memories of. Pleasant to know, and worthiest to be all Had in remembrance always with delight; Creditors have better memories than debtors;

But what created mind can comprehend and creditors are a superstitious sect, great | Their number, or the wisdora infinite

observers of set days and times. Franklin. That brought them forth, but hid their causes deep

CREDULITY-Dangers of. | I saw when at His word the formless mass,

O Credulity, The world's material mould, came to a heap; Thou hast as many ears as Fame has tongues, i Coafusion heard His voice, and wild uproar Open to every sound of truth as falsehood. | Stood ruled, stood vast infinitude confined;

Havard. Til at His second bidding darkness fled, Light shone, and order from disorder sprung: Should we, by too much confidence betray'd, Sift to their several quarters hasted then Fall a defenceless prey to villany, The cumbrous elements, earth, flood, air, fire; What could be said for us? 'Tis wrong to And this ethereal quintessence of heaven

trust Flex upward, spirited with various forms, Those whom their very priests instruct to That roli'd orbicular, and turn'd to stars

keep Numberless, as thou seest, and how they No faith with us. more;

When wicked men make promises of truth, Each had his place appointed, each his course ; / 'Tis weakness to believe thein.

Ibid. The rest in circuit walls this universe. Milton.

CREEDS—succeed according to Truth. Not a flower

Mahomet's creed we call a kind of Chris| Bat shows some touch, in freckle, streak, or tianity. The truth of it is imbedded in porstain,

tentous error and falsehood ; but the truth of

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