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Courage, by keeping the senses quiet and particular friends, that he has no more time the understanding clear, puts us in a condition to follow their advice.

Sidney Smith, to receive true intelligence, to make computations upon danger, and pronounce rightly COURAGE-Nobility of. upon that which threatens us.

Make thy demands to those that own thy Innocence of life, consciousness of worth,

power! and great expectations, are the best founda- Know, I am still beyond thee: and though tions of courage.

fortune These ingredients make a richer cordial Has stripp'd me of this train, this pomp of than youth can prepare. They warm the

greatness, heart at eighty, and seldom fail in operation. This outside of a king, yet still my soul,

Elmes. Fix'd high, and of herself alone dependent,

Is ever free and loyal ! and even now, Courage mounteth with occasion. Shakspeare. As at the head of battle, does defy thee!

I know what power the chance of war has Courage consists not in blindly overlooking and dare thee to the use on't.

given, danger, but in seeing it, and conquering it.

Rowe. Richter. COURAGE-Perseverance of COURAGE-Deeds of. All desp’rate hazards courage do create,

God has given thee, thou sayest, an abidingAs he plays frankly who has least estate :

place in the midst of pestilential swamps. If Presence of mind, and courage in distress,

thou hast courage to banish by persevering Are more than armies to procure success.

toil the putrid waters, the swamps will change Dryden.

into fertile and beautiful fields, the deadly COURAGE-Moral.

fever will depart, and thou wilt rejoice as a We should neither court neglect, nor dread strong man in thy health. But, moreover,

the curtain of vapours which was ever around to bear it.

Byron. thee will be rent asunder, and night after

night thy eye will be gladdened and taught Yet it may be more lofty courage dwells

Carlyle. In one weak heart which braves an adverse by the glory of the stars. fate,

COURAGE-Personal.
Than his whose ardent soul indignant swells,
Warm'd by the fight, or cheer'd through high I do not think a braver gentleman,
debate.

Hon. Mrs. Norton. More active-valiant, or more valiant-young,

More daring, or more bold, is now alive, COURAGE (Moral)-Necessity of. To grace this latter age with noble deeds. A great deal of talent is lost in the world COURAGE-Promptness in.

Shakspeare. for the want of a little courage. Every day sends to their graves a number of obscure Be great in act, as you have been in thought; men, who bave only remained in obscurity Be stirring at the time; be fire with fire; because their timidity has prevented them Threaten the threatener, and outface the from making a first effort ; and who, if they Of bragging horror; so shall inferior eyes,

brow could have been induced to begin, would in all probability have gone great lengths in the That borrow their behaviours from the great, career of fame. The fact is, that to do any.

Grow great by your example, and put on thing in this world worth doing, we must not

The dauntless spirit of resolution. Ibid. stand back shivering and thinking of the cold

COURAGE-Qualities of. and danger, but jump in and scramble through as well as we can. It will not do to be per- He's truly valiant that can wisely suffer petually calculating risks and adjusting nice The worst that man can breathe, and make chances; it did very well before the Flood,

his wrongs when a man could consult his friends upon an His outsides; to wear them like his raiment, intended publication for a hundred and fifty carelessly; years, and then live to see its success after- And ne'er prefer his injuries to his heart, wards; but at present a man waits, and To bring it into danger.

Ibid. doubts, and consults his brother and his particular friends, till one fine day he finds that COURAGE-Requisites of. he is sixty years of age; that he has lost so An intrepid courage is at best but a holiday much time in consulting his first cousins and kind of virtue, to be seldom exercised, and

1

COURAGE.

COURTESY.

Detur but in cases of necessity: affability, COURIER-The. mildness, tenderness, and a word which I And helter-skelter have I rode to thee; Fould fain bring back to its original signifi. And tidings do I bring, and lucky joys, cation of virtue, -I mean good-nature, are of And golden times, and happy news of price. daily use; they are the bread of mankind,

Shakspeare. and staff of life.

Dryden.

COURTESY-Nlustrious Example of. COURAGE-True.

I would that you would all read, ladies, and True courage but from opposition grows;

consider well, the traits of an opposite chaAnd what are fifty, what a thousand slaves,

racter which have just come to light (to me, I Match'd to the sinew of a single arm

am ashamed to say, for the first time) in the That strikes for liberty?

Brooke. biography of Sidney Smith. The love and

admiration which that truly brave and loving Tre courage is not the brutal force

man won from every one, rich or poor, with Of vulgar heroes, but the firm resolve

whom he came in contact, seems to me to Of virtue and of reason. He who thinks have arisen from the one fact that, without Without their aid to shine in deeds of arms, perhaps having any such conscious intention, Builds on a sandy basis his renown;

he treated rich and poor, his own servants and A dream, a vapour, or an ague-fit,

the noblemen his guests, alike, and alike May make a coward of him. Whitehead. courteously, considerately, cheerfully, affec

tionately; so leaving a blessing, and reaping

a blessing, wheresoever be went. Kingsley. True courage has so little to do with anger, that there lies always the strongest suspicion COURTESY-in Courtly Halls. against it, where this passion is highest. True courage is cool and calm. The bravest of Of court it seemes men courtesie doe call, men have the least of a brutal bullying inso

For that it there most useth to abound; lence; and in the very time of danger are

And well beseemeth that in princes hall found the most serene, pleasant, and free. That vertue should be plentifully found, Rage

, we know, can make a coward forget Which of all goodly manners is the ground, bimself and fight. But what is done in fury And roote of civill conversation ; or anger can never be placed to the account of Right so in Faery Court it did redound, cotirage.

Shaftesbury.

Where courteous knights and ladies most did He holds no parley with unmanly fears ;

Of all on earth, and made a matchlesse paragon. Where duty bids, he confidently steers,

But mongst them all was none more courteous Faces a thousand dangers at her call,

knight And, trusting in his God, surmounts them all.

Then Calidore, beloved over all,
Corper.

In whom it seemes that gentlenesse of spright

And manners mylde were planted naturall; I dare do all that may become a man;

To which he adding comely guize withall, Who dares do more, is none. Shakspeare.

And gracious speach, did steale mens hearts

away; True courage is not moved by breath of words, Nathlesse thereto he was full stout and tall, While the rash bravery of boiling blood And well approved in batteilous affray, Impetuous, knows no settled principle. That him did much renowme, and far his fame A fev'rish tide, it has its ebbs and hows,

display. As spirits rise or fall, as wine inflames, Or circumstances change; but inborn courage,

Ne was there knight, ne was there lady found, The gen rous child of Fortitude and Faith,

In Faery Court, but him did deare embrace Holds its firm empire in the constant soul, For his faire usage and conditions sound, And like the steadfast pole-star, never once

The wbich in all mens liking gayned place, From the same

fixa and faithful point And with the greatest purchast greatest grace, declines.

Hannah More. Which he could wisely use and well apply,

To please the best, and th' evill to embase; COURAGE-Truest.

For he loathd leasing and base flattery, The truest courage is always mixed with And loved simple truth and steadfast honesty. circumspection; this being the quality which

Spenser. distinguishes the courage of the wise from the

COURTESY-to Inferiors. hardiness of the rash and foolish.

As the sword of the best-tempered metal is Jones of Nayland. I most flexible; so the truly generous are most

won

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pliant and courteous in their behaviour to Domestics to you, serve your will, as't please their inferiors.

Fuller. Yourself pronounce their office. Shakspeare. COURTESY-in Humble Life.

COURTIERS-the Curse of Kings. Shepherd, I take thy word,

They are the moths and scarabs of a state, And trust thy honest offer'd courtesy,

The bane of empires, and the dregs of courts, Which oft is sooner found in lowly sheds, Who, to endear themselves to an employment, With smoky rafters, than in tap'stry halls, Care not whose fame they blast, whose life And courts of princes, where it first was named, endanger, And yet is most pretended in a place

And, under a disguised and cobweb mask Less warranted than this, or less secure, Of love unto their sovereign, vomit forth It cannot be that I should fear to change it. Their own prodigious malice; a pretending

Milton. To be the props and columns of their safety, COURTIERS-Contempt for.

The guards unto his person and his peace, I am no courtier, no fawning dog of state,

Disturb it most, with their false, lapwing cries. To lick and kiss the band that buffets me;

Princes, that will but hear, or give access Nor can I smile upon my guest, and praise

To such officious spies, can ne'er be safe ; His stomach, when I know he feeds on poison, They take in poison with an open ear,

And free from danger, become slaves to fear. And death disguised sits grinning at my table. Sewel.

Ben Jonson. COURTIERS-Description of.

It is the curse of kings, to be attended
Live loath'd and long,

By slaves, that take their humours for a warrant
You smiling, smooth, detested parasites; To break within the bloody house of life;
Courteous destroyers, affable wolves, meek And, on the winking of authority,
bears,

To understand a law.

Shakspeare. You fools of fortune, trencher friends, time-flies, Cap-and-knee slaves, vapours, and minute-jacks : COURTIERS-Objects of. Of man and beast the infinite malady Crust you quite o'er.

Shakspeare.

These statesmen nothing woo, but gold and

power;

I'm a bold advocate for other love, COURTIERS-Flattery of.

Though at their bar indicted for a fool ! There, like a statue, thou hast stood besieged,

Young. By sycophants and tools, the growth of courts : COURTS-Coxcombry of. Where thy gulld eyes, in all the gaudy round, Met nothing but a lie in every face;

Courts are the places where best manners And the gross flattery of a gaping crowd,

flourish, Envious who first should catch and first applaud Where the deserving ought to rise, and fools The stuff or royal nonsense : when I spoke,

Make show. Why should I vex and chafe my My honest homely words were carp'd and

spleen, censured,

To see a gaudy coxcomb shine, when I For want of courtly style: related actions,

Have sense enough too soothe him in his follies, Though modestly reported, pass'd for boasts.

And ride him to advantage as I please?
Dryden.

Otway.
COURTS-Dangers of.
Give me flattery,

Bred in camps,
Flattery, the food of courts, that I may rock him, Train'd in the gallant openness of truth,
And lull him in the down of his desires. That best becomes a soldier; thou, my friend,

Beaumont.

Art happily a stranger to the baseness, COURTIERS-Hypocrisy of.

The infamy of courts.

Nallet. You are meek and humble

mouth'd ; You sign your place and calling, in full seeming, The court's a golden, but a fatal circle, With meekness and humility ; but your heart Upon whose magic skirts a thousand devils Is cramm'd with arrogancy, spleen, and pride. In crystal forms sit tempting innocence, You have, by fortune, and his highness' favours, And beckon early virtue from its contre. Lee. Gone slightly o'er low steps; and now are mounted

COURTS-Unhappiness of. Where powers are your retainers : and your words,

Uuhappy lot of all that shine in courts;

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For forced compliance, or for zealous virtue, more in doing good, than merely in having it. Still odious to the monarch, or the people. They should not reserve their benevolence for

Johnson. purposes after they are dead; for those who COURTSHIP-Definition of.

give not till they die, show that they would

not then, if they could keep it any longer. Courtship consists in a number of quiet

Bishop Hall. attentions, not so pointed as to alarm, nor so rigue as not to be understood.

COVETOUSNESS-Idolatry of.
Sterne.

Covetousness, which is idolatry. St. Paul. COURTSHIP-Happiness of.

COVETOUSNESS-Injunction against. Oh! then the longest summer's day Seem'd too, too much in haste; still the full

Take heed and beware of covetousness : for heart

a man's life consisteth not in the abundance of Had not imparted half; 'twas happiness the things which he possesseth. St. Luke. Too exquisite to last.

Blair.

COVETOUSNESS-Rapacity of. COURTSHIP-Pleasures of.

He that visits the sick in hopes of a legacy,

let him be never so friendly in all other cases, The pleasantest part of a man's life is gene. I look upon him in this to be no better than a rally that which passes in courtship, provided

raven, that watches a weak sheep only to peck bis passion be sincere, and the party beloved

out its eyes.

Seneca. kind with discretion. Love, desire, hope, all the pleasing emotions of the soul, rise in the COVETOUSNESS-Reward of. poursuit.

Addison.

He deservedly loses his own property who 1 COURTSHIP-Pluck in.

covets that of another.

Phædrus. Great or good, or kind or fair,

COVETOUSNESS-Servitude of. I will de'er the more despair :

The covetous man is a downright servant, a If she love me, this believe,

man condemned to work in mines, which is the I will die ere she shall griove :

lowest and hardest condition of servitude ; and, If she slight me when I woo,

to increase his misery, a worker there for he I can scorn and let her go :

knows not whom: “He beapeth up riches, aud If she be not fit for me,

knows not who shall enjoy them;" it is only What care I for whom she be? Wither.

sure that he himself neither shall nor can COVETOUSNESS.

enjoy them. He is an indigent, needy slave;

he will hardly allow himself clothes and boardSome men are so covetous, as if they were wages; he defrauds not only other men, but to live for ever; and others so profuse, as if his own genius; he cheats himself for money. they were to die the next moment. Aristotle. But the servile and miserable condition of this

wretch is so apparent, that I leave it, as The covetous person lives as if the world evident to every man's sight as well as judgTere made altogether for him, and not be for ment.

Cowley. the world; to take in everything, and part with nothing.

South. COWARD-Character of the.

Bold at the council-board ; The covetous man heaps up riches, not to But cautious in the field, he sbunn'd the sword. enjoy them, but to have them; and starves

Dryden. birself in the midst of plenty, and most unnaturally cheats and robs himself of that A coward; a most devout coward : religious which is his own; and makes a hard shift to in it.

Skakspeare. bess poor and miserable with a great estate, as any man can be without it. Tillotson.

I know him a notorious liar,

Think him a great way fool, solely a coward; COVETOUSNESS-Fruitlessness of. Yet these fix'd evils sit so fit in him,

Rich people who are covetous are like the That they take place, when virtue's steely bones Cypress tree: they may appear well, but are Look bleak in the cold wind.

Ibid. fruitless ; so rich persons have the means to be golerons, yet some are not so; but they should COWARD-Contempt for the. consider they are only trustees for what they

In ilk-liver'd man, possess, and should show their wealth to be That bear'st a cheek for blows, a head for wrong,

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Vibo hast not in thy brows an eye discerning | May I not also say, that this beauty has been Thine honour from thy suffering. Shakspeare. conferred, in wisdom, as in beneficence? It is i

one of the revelations which the Creator has | COWARD-Culpability of the.

made of Himself to man. He was to be

admired and loved : it was through the demonCowards die many times before their death;

strations of His character that we could alone The valiant never taste of death but once. Of all the wonders that I yet have heard,

see Him and judge of Him: and in thus inIt seems to me most strange that man should ducing or compelling us to admire and love the

visible works of His hand, He has tanght as fear;

to love and adore Himself. This is the great Seeing that death, a necessary end, Will come when it will come.

Ibid.

lesson which the beauty of creation teaches,

in addition to the pleasure which it affords; COWARD-Kindness of the.

but, for this, we must cultivate that simpie,

and surely amiable piety, which learns to view A coward is the kindest animal;

the Father of the Universe in all the works of "Tis the most forgiving creature in a fight. that universe. Such is the lesson taught by

Dryden. that certainly reasonable philosophy which CREATION-Beauties of.

desires to unite what men bave too much Doth not the pleasantness of this place laboured to dissever; a state of mind which is carry in itself sufficient reward for any time easily attainable, demands no effort of feeling lost in it? Do you not see how all things beyond that of a simple and good heart, and conspire together to make the country a

needs not diverge into a weak and censurable heavenly dwelling? Do you not see the blades enthusiasm. Much therefore is he to be pitied of grass, how in colour they excel the emerald,

or condemned, who has not cultivated this every one striving to pass his fellow, and yet faculty in this manner: who is not for ever they are all kept of an equal height! And see

looking round on creation, in feeling and in you not the rest of those beautiful flowers, search of those beauties; that he may thus each of which would require a man's wit to bend in gratitude and love before the Author know, and his life to express! Do not these

of all Beauty

Maccullock. stately trees seem to maintain their flourishing

CREATION-Diversity of. old age, with the only happiness of their being clothed with a continued spring, because no The ever-varying brilliancy and grandeur of beauty here should ever fade? Doth not the the landscape, and the magnificence of the air breathe health, which the birds, delightful sky, sun, moon, and stars, enter more both to ear and eye, do daily solemnize with tensively into the enjoyment of mankind thao the sweet concert of their voices? Is not every we, perhaps, ever think, or can possibly echo thereof a perfect music? and those fresh apprehend, without frequent and extensive and delightful brooks, how slowly they slide investigation. This beauty and splendour of away, as loth to leave the company of so many the objects around us, it is ever to be rememthings united in perfection, and with how bered, is not necessary to their existence, por sweet a murmur they lament their forced to what we commonly intend by their usefuldeparture !

Drake, 1629.

It it therefore to be regarded

source of pleasure, gratuitously superinduced We cannot look around us, without being upon the general nature of the objects them. struck by the surprising variety and multi- selves, and in this light, as a testimony of the plicity of the sources of Beauty of Creation, divine goodness, peculiarly affecting. Dwight. produced by form, or by colour, or by both united. It is scarcely too much to say, that CREATION—the Work of God. every object in nature, animate or inanimate, The heavens are a point from the pen of His is in some manner beautiful, so largely has perfection; the Creator provided for our pleasures through The world is a rosebud from the bower of His the sense of sight. It is rare to see anything beauty ; which is in itself distasteful, or disagreeable The sun is a spark from the light of His to the eye, or repulsive : while on this, how. wisdom; ever, they are alone entitled to pronounce who And the sky a bubble on the sea of His power. have cultivated the faculty in question ; since, His beauty is free from stain of sin, like every other quality of mind as of body, it Hidden in a veil of thick darkness. is left to ourselves to improve that, of which He formed mirrors of the atoms of the world, the basis has been given to us, as the means of And He cast a reflection from His own face ou cultivating it have been placed in our power.

ness.

as

every atom!

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