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it makes it be believed, not the falsehood : it discipline, and useful labour, have been dissucceeded by its truth. A bastard kind of entangled in their habits; they might have Christianity, but a living kind, with a heart- ' escaped all the temptations to subsequent life in it; not dead, chopping, barren logic crimes, and passed their days in reparation merely! Out of all that rubbish of Arab and penitence; and detected they might all idolatries, argumentative tbeologies, traditions, have been, had the prosecutors been certain subtleties, rumours and hypotheses of Greeks their lives would have been spared. I believe and Jews, with their idle wire-drawings, this every thief will confess, that he has been more wild man of the desert, with his wild sincere than once seized and dismissed ; and that he heart, earnest as death and life, with his great has sometimes ventured upon capital crimes, flashing natural eyesight, had seen into the ; because he knew, that those whom he injured, kernel of the matter. Idolatry is nothing: would rather connive at his escape than cloud “ These wooden idols of yours, ye rub them their minds with the horrors of his death. with oil and wax, and the flies stick on them,

Jol nsor. these are wood I tell you! They can do CRITIC (the True and False)-Charac. ! nothing for you; they are an impotent blas

teristics of. phemous pretence: a horror and abomination, Fastidiousness, the discernment of defects, if ye knew them. God alone is; God alone and the propensity to seek them, in natural has power; He made us, He can kill us and beauty, are not the proofs of taste, but the keep us alive ; 'Allah akbar,' God is great.

evidences of its absence; it is, at least, an Understand that His will is the best for you; insensibility to beauty; it is worse than that, that howsoever sore to flesh and blood, you since it is a depravity, when pleasure is found will find it the wisest, best; you are bound to in the discovery of such defects, real or take it so; in this world and in the next, you imaginary. And he who affects this, because have no other thing that you can do !" And | he considers it an evidence of his taste, is, at now, if the wild idolatrous men did believe | least, pitiably ignorant; while not seldom this, and with their fiery hearts laid hold of punished by the conversion of that affectation it to do it, in what form soever it came to into a reality. And it is the same in criticism, them, I say it is well worthy of being as applied to works of literature. It is not

Carlyle. the eye for faults, but beauties, that consti.

tutes the real critic, in this, as in all else : he CRIME-engenders Crime.

who is most discerning in the beauties of Oh, how will crime engender crime! throw

poetry, is the man of taste, the true judge, guilt

the only critic. The critic, as he is currently Upon the soul, and, like a stone cast on

termed, who is discerning in nothing but The troubled waters of a lake,

faults, may care little to be told, that this is 'Twill form in circles round succeeding round,

the mark of upamiable dispositions or of bad Each wider than the first.

passions; but he might not feel equally easy, Colman the Younger.

were he convinced that he thus gives the most

absolute proofs of ignorance and want of CRIME-our worst Enemy.


Maccullock. Man's crimes are bis worst enemies, following

CRITICISM-a Malignant Deity.
Like shadows, till they drive his steps into
The pit he dug.


The malignant deity Criticism dwelt on the

top of a snowy mountain in Nova Zembla: CRIME-Misgiving for.

Momus found her extended in her den upon Every crime

the spoils of numberless volumes half-devoured.

At her right hand sat Ignorance, her father and ! Has, in the moment of its perpetration,

husband, blind with age; at her left, Pride, Its own avenging angel--dark misgiving,

her mother, dressing her up in the scraps of An ominous sinking at the inmost heart.


paper herself had torn. There was Opinion. CRIME-in Thought.

her sister, light of foot, hoodwinked, and

headstrong, yet giddy and perpetually turning. ! For he that but conceives a crime in thought,

About her played her children, Noise and Contracts the danger of an actual fault.

Impudence, Dulness and Vanity, Positiveness,


Pedantry, and Il Manners.

Seift. If those whom the wisdom of our laws hus CRITICISM-Severity of. condemned to die, had been detected in their The fangs of a bear, and the tusks of a wild rudiments of robbery, they might, by proper boar, do not bite worse, and make deeper

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masbes, than & goosequill sometimes : no, not CRITICS-Qualities of. even the badger himself, who is said to be so 'Tis necessary a writing critic should undertenacious of his bite, that he will not give stand how to write. And though every writer over his hold till he feels his teeth meet, and is not bound to show bimself in the capacity the bones crack.

Howell. of critic, every writing critic is bound to show

himself capable of being a writer; for, if he be CRITICISM-Impartial Spirit of.

apparently impotent in this latter kind, he is A perfect judge will read each work of wit to be denied all title or character in the other. With the same spirit that its author writ;

Shaftesbury. Survey the whole, nor seek slight faults to find, CRITICS–Cynical Spirit of. Where nature moves, and rapture warms the He whose first emotion, on the view of an mind;

excellent production, is to undervalue it, will Nor lose, for that malignant dull delight, never have oue of his own to show. Aikin. The generous pleasure to be charm'd with wit; But in such lays as neither ebb nor flow, CROWDS. Correctly cold, and regularly low, That, shunning faults, one quiet tenour keep,

A crowd is not company, and faces are but We cannot blame indeed—but we may sleep.

a gallery of pictures, and talk but a tinkling Pope.

cymbal, where there is no love. Bacon. CRITICISM-Standard of.

CROWDS-Gaiety and Folly of. Criticism, as it was first instituted by Aristotle, was meant as a standard of judging It was that gay and splendid confusion, in well.

Johnson. which the eye of youth sees all that is brave

and brilliant, and that of experience much CRITICISM-Utility of.

that is doubtful, deceitful, false, and hollow; Get your enemies to read your works in

hopes that will never be gratified, promises order to mend them, for your friend is so much

that will never be fulfilled, pride in the dis

guise of humility, and insolence in that of your second self that he will judge too like


frank and generous bounty. Sir Walter Scott. CRITICS-Character of.

CROWN-Golden in Show. A poet, that fails in writing, becomes often

A crown, , a morose critic. The weak and insipid white Golden in show, is but a wreath of thorns ; vine makes at length excellent vinegar. Brings dangers, troubles, cares, and sleepless

Shenstone. nights

To him who wears the regal diadem, Critics are like a kind of flies, that breed When on his shoulders each man's burden lies; In wild fig-trees, and, when they're grown up, For therein stands the office of a king, feed

His honour, virtue, merit, and chief praise, Upon the raw fruit of the nobler kind, That for the public all this weight he bears. Aid by their nibbling on the outward rind,

Milton. Open the pores, and make way for the sun

CRUELTY-True Character of. To ripen it sooner than he would have done.

Cruelty to dumb animals is one of the dis

Butler. CRITICS-Qualities of.

tinguishing vices of the lowest and basest of

the people. Wherever it is found, it is a Critics have done nearly the same in taste, certain mark of ignorance and meanness; an as casuists have in morals; both having | intrinsic mark, which all the external advanattempted to direct by rules, and limit by tages of wealth, splendour, and nobility can

definitions, matters which depend entirely on not obliterate. It will consist neither with I feeling and sentiment; and which are there true learning nor true civility; and religion | fore so various and extensive, and diversified

fied disclaims and detests it as an insult upon the by such nice and infinitely graduated shades majesty and the goodness of God, who having of difference, that they elude all the subtleties made the instincts of brute beasts minister to of logic, and the intricacies of calculation. the improvement of the mind, as well as to Rules can never be made so general, as to the convenience of the body, bath furnished us comprehend every possible case, nor defini with a motive to mercy and compassion toward tions so multifarious and exact, as to include them very strong and powerful, but too refined every possible circumstance or contingency. to have any influence on the illiterate or R. P. Knight. | irreligious.

Jones of Nayland.

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CRUELTY-not to be Indulged.

goes boldly forward by the nearest way; he We ought never to sport with pain and dis

sees that where the path is straight and even, tress in any of our amusements, or treat even

he may proceed in security, and where it is the meanest insect with wanton cruelty. Blair.

rough and crooked, he easily complies with

the turns, and avoids the obstructions. But I would not enter on my list of friends

the traveller in the dusk, fears more as he sees (Though graced with polish'd manners and fine

less; he knows there may be danger, and

therefore suspects that he is never safe ; tries sense, Yet wanting sensibility) the man

every step before he fixes his foot, and shrinks Who needlessly sets foot upon a worm.

at every noise, lest violence should approach An inadvertent step may crush the snail

him. Wisdom comprehends at once the end That crawls at evening in the public path;

and the means, estimates easiness or difficulty, But he that has humanity forewarn'd,

and is cautious, or confident, in due proportion. Will tread aside and let the reptile live.

Cunning discovers little at a time, and has no

other means of certainty, than multiplication

Couper. CUNNING.

of stratagems and superfluity of suspicion. Cunning pays no regard to virtue, and is

The man of cunning always considers that he but the low mimic of wisdom.

can never be too safe, and, therefore, always Bolingbroke.

keeps himself enveloped in a mist, impenetrable, CUNNING-Contempt of.

as he hopes, to the eye of rivalry or curiosity. All my own experience of life teaches me

Jok asort the contempt of cunning, not the fear. CURIOSITY-Characteristics of.

Addison. Inquisitive people are the funnels of conver CUNNING-Knavery of.

sation ; they do not take in anything for their Cunning leads to knavery ; it is but a step own use, but merely to pass it to another. from one to the other, and that very slippery :

Steele. lying only makes the difference; add that to cunning, and it is knavery. La Bruyère. The over curious are not over wise. Massinger. CUNNING AND DISCRETION. Cunning bas only private, selfish aims, and

I loathe that low vice curiosity. Вутоп. sticks at nothing which may make them succeed : discretion has large and extended

| CURIOSITY-Dangers of. views, and, like a well-formed eye, commands | Curiosity is a kernel of the forbidden fruit, a whole horizon. Cunning is a kind of short- which still sticketh in the throat of a natural sightedness, that discovers the minutest objects man, sometimes to the danger of his choking. which are near at hand, but is not able to dis

Fullir. ! cern things at a distance. Discretion, the more it is discovered, gives a greater authority A person who is too nice an observer of the to the person who possesses it: cunning, when business of the crowd, like one who is too it is once detected, loses its force, and makes curious in observing the labour of the bees, a man incapable of bringing about even those will often be stung for his curiosity. Pope. events which he might have done had he passed only for a plain man. Discretion is the per CURIOSITY-Definition of. fection of reason, and a guide to us in all the Curiosity is a languid principle, where access duties of life: cunning is a kind of instinct, is easy and gratification is immediate : remotethat only looks out after ourimmediate interests ness and difficulty are powerful incentives to and welfare. Discretion is only found in men its vigorous and lasting operations. Monro. of strong sense and good understanding ; cunning is often to be met with in brutes CURIOSITY-Impertinence of. themselves, and in persons who are but the The curious, questioning eye, fewest removes from them. In short, cunning That plucks the heart of every mystery. is only the mimic of discretion, and may pass

Meller. upon weak men in the same manner as vivacity

CURIOSITY! is often taken for wit, and gravity for wisdom. True, lady, by the roses on those lips,

Ibid. Both man and woman would find life a waste CUNNING AND WISDOM-Difference But for the cunning of-CURIOSITY ! between.

She's the world's witch, and through the world Cunding differs from wisdom as twilight' she runs, from open day. He that walks in the sunshine The merriest masker underneath the moon !

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To beauties, languid from the last night's rout, | CUSTOM-without Truth.
She comes with tresses loose, and shoulders

Custom, though never so ancient, without wrapt

truth, is but an old error. In morning shawls ; and by their pillow sits

Cyprian. Telling delicious tales of-lovers lost, Fair rivals jilted, scanılals, smuggled lace! CUSTOM-Tyranny of. And then they smile, and turn their eyes, and yawn,

Of all tyrants, custom is that which to And wonder what's o'clock, then sink again ;

sustain itself stands most in need of the And thus she sends the pretty fools to sleep.

opinion which is entertained of its power; its only strength lies in that which is attributed

to it. A single attempt to break the yoke She comes to ancient dames-and stiff as steel,

soon shows us its fragility. But the chief Io hood and stomacher, with snuff in hand,

property of custom is to contract our ideas, She makes their rigid muscles gay with news

like our movements, within the circle it has Of Doctors' Commons, matches broken off,

traced for us; it governs us by the terror it Bine-stocking frailties, cards and ratafia ;

inspires for any new and untried condition. And thus she gives them prattle for the day.

It shows us the walls of the prison within

which we are inclosed, as the boundary of the The sits by ancient politicians, bowed

world ; beyond that, all is undefined, confusion, As if a hundred years were on her back; chaos; it almost seems as though we should

Then peering through her spectacles, she reads not have air to breathe. Women especially, ' A seeming journal stuff d with monstrous tales liable to that fear which springs from ignoOf Turks and Tartars ; deep conspiracies rance, rather than from knowledge of what (Born in the writer's brain); of spots in the sun, one has to fear, easily allow themselves to be Pregnant with fearful wars. And so they sbake, governed by custom ; but wben once broken, And bope they'll find the world all safe by morn.

they also as easily forget it. A man has less And thus we make the world, both young and trouble in making up his mind to a change of old,

condition ; a woman has less in supporting it; Bor down to sovereign-CURIOSITY! Croly. she accustoms herself to it for the same reason

that she has hitherto done so, and will still CURRENT–Stayed in its Course.

continue to do so. The current, that with gentle murmur glides,

In the total overthrow which has produced Thou know'st, being stopp'd, impatiently doth

so many changes of fortune among us, we

have seen men extricate themselves by their But wben his fair course is not hinder'd, courage and industry; and some, by unreHe makes sweet music with the enamell’d

mitting exertion, have been able to return to stones,

nearly their former position; but nearly all Giving a gentle kiss to every sedge

the women, almost without exception, accomHe overtaketh in his pilgrimage ;

modated themselves to their new situation, and so by many winding nooks he strays,

and they have been quite astonished to learn With willing sport, to the wild ocean,

so quickly and so easily, that what one woman

Shakspeare. has done, another is able to do also. Guizot. CURSE-Likeness of a. A curse is like a cloud, it passes. Byron. CUSTOM-Usurpation of.

Custon, though but usher of the school CURSING-Folly of.

Where Nature breeds the body and the soul,

Usurps a greater pow'r and interest This por hurts him, nor profits you a jot:

O'er man, the heir of reason, than brute beast, Forbear it, therefore; give your cause to

That by two different instincts is led,


Born to the one, and to the other bred,

And trains him up with rudiments more false CUSTOM-Bigotry of.

Than Nature does her stupid animals; Be not so bigoted to any custom as to

And that's one reason why more caro's be

stow'd Forship it at the expense of truth.

Upon the body than the soul's allow'd,

That is not found to understand and know CUSTOM-Definition of.

So subtly as the body's found to grow. Castom is the law of fools. Vanburgh."





CUSTOM-HOUSE OFFICERS – Dif. , CUSTOMS—Reasons for. ferent Manners of.

There are not unfrequently substantial The custom-house officers of every nation I !

reasons underneath for customs that appear to have yet travelled through have a different

us absurd.

Charlotte Bronté. manner of examining your luggage. Your crusty phlegmatic Englishman turns over each CYNIC-a Beardless. article separately, but carefully; your stupid A beardless cynic is the shame of nature. Belgian rummages your trunk as if he were

Miltor.! trying to catch a lizard; your courteous French-CYNICS-Royal. man either lightly and gracefully turns up your / For sceptred cynics earth were far too wide fine linen, as though he were making a lobster a den.

BTUề. salad, or, much more frequently, if you tell him you have nothing to declare, and are polite to him, just peeps into one corner of your portmanteau, and says, “C'est assez.” Your sententious German ponders deeply over your trunk, pokes his fat fore-finger into the bosom of your dress-shirts, and motions you to shut it again. But none of these peculiarities had the Russians. They had a way of their DANCES–Rural. own. They twisted, they tousled, they turned

I love these rural dances,—from my heart I over, they held writing-cases open, bottom love them. This world, at best, is full of care upwards, and shook out the manuscript con

and sorrow; the life of a poor man is so tents like snow-flakes; they held up coats and

stained with the sweat of his brow, there is so shirts, and examined them like pawnbrokers;

much toil and struggling, and anguish and disthey fingered ladies' dresses like Jew clothes

appointment, here below, that I gaze with men; they punched hats, and looked into delight on a scene where all those are laid their linings : passed Cashmere shawls from

aside and forgotten; and the heart of the one to the other for inspection; opened

toil-worn peasant seems to throw off its load, letters, and tried to read their contents (up

and to leap to the sound of music, when side down); drew silk stockings over their

merrily, arms; held boots by the toes, and shook them; opened bottles, and closed them again with “Beneath soft eve's consenting star, wrong corks; left the impress of their dirty | Fandango twirls his jocund castanet." hands upon clean linen and virgin writing.

Longfellode. papers : crammed ladies' under-garments into | DANCING-Effects of. gentlemen's carpet-bags; forced a bootjack into

The gymnasium of running, walking on the little French actress's reticule; dropped stilts, climbing, &c., steels and inakes hardy things under-foot, trod on them, tore them, single powers and muscles; but dancing, like and laughed; spilt eau-de-Cologne, greased

de-Cologne, greased a corporeal poesy, embellishes, exercises, and silk with pomatum, forced hinges, sprained

equalizes all the muscles at once. Richter. locks, ruined springs, broke cigars, rumpled muslin, and raised a cloud of puti-powder and DANCING-a Lady. dentrifice.

Dickens. Her feet beneath her petticoat,

Like little mice, stole in and out,
New customs,

As if they feared the light.
Though they be never so ridiculous,

And oh ! she dances such a way, Nay, let them be unmanly, yet are followed. No sun upon an Easter day

Is balf so fine a sight.

Suckling. CUSTOMS-Old.

The good yeoman wears russet clothes, but DANCING-Proscription of. makes golden payment, having time in his Dancing is an amusement which has been buttons, but silver in his pocket. If he chance discouraged in our country by many of the to appear in clothes above his rank, it is to best people, and not without some reason. grace some great man with his service, and Dancing is associated in their minds with then he blusheth at his own bravery. Other- balls; and this is one of the worst forms of wise, he is the sweet landmark, whence social pleasure. The time consumed in preforeigners may take aim of the ancient En- paring for a ball, the waste of thought upon glish customs; the gentry more floating after it, the extravagance of dress, the late hours foreign fasbions.

Fuller. I the exhaustion of strength, the exposure of


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