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goal.

Which is as thin of substance as the air,

DRESS-Moral Effect of. And moi e inconstant than the wind.

Dress has a moral effect upon the conduct

Shakspeare. of mankind. Let any gentleman find himself DREAMS-Nature of.

with dirty boots, old surtout, soiled neckcloth, Dreams, where thought, in fancy's maze, runs and a general negligence of dress, he will, in mal

Young.

all probability, find a corresponding disposition

by negligence of address. DREAMS-not to be Regarded.

Sir Jonah Barrington. Regard not dreams, since they are but the DRESS-Gaudiness of. images of our hopes and fears.

Cato. Beauty gains little, and homeliness and de

formity lose much, by gaudy attire. Lysandei DREAMS-Repeaters of Thought. knew this was in part true, and refused the In sleep, when fancy is let loose to play,

rich garments that the tyrant Dionysius Our dreams repeat the wishes of the day.

proffered to his daughters, saying that they Tho' further toil his tired limbs refuse,

were fit only to make unhappy faces more The dreaming bunter still the chase pursues.

remarkable.

Zimmerman. The judge a-bed dispenses still the laws,

DRESS-Influence of.
And sleeps again o'er the unfinish'd cause.
The dozing racer hears his chariot roll,

I have no intention to argue against gold Smacks the rain whip, and shuns the fancied

chains, velvet caps, or sables, or anything of

this nature; but, granting this furniture may Me too tbe Muses, in the silent night,

be somewhat of a guard to authority, yet no With wonted chimes of jingling verse delight.

public person has any reason to value himself Claudius.

upon it; for the design of this sort of state

is only to comply with the weakness of the What studies please, what most delight,

multitude. It is an innocent stratagem to And fill men's thoughts, they dream them o'er

deceive them into their duty, and to awe at night.

Creech.

them into a just sense of obedience. A great

man will rather contemn this kind of finery, DRESS-Advice on.

| than think himself considerable by it. He will

rather be sorry that his authority needs the If you are a young lady, and employ a

support of so little an artifice, and depends, certain number of sempstresses for a given

in any measure, upon the use of such trifles. time, in making a given number of simple

To stoop to the vulgar notion of things, and and serviceable dresses-suppose seven, of

establish one's reputation by counterfeit signs which you can wear one yourself for half the

of worth, must be an uneasy task to a noble vinter, and give six away to poor girls who

mind. Besides, we are not to think the magisbave done-you are spending your money un

trate cannot support his office without tine seloshly. But if you employ the same number

clothes; for, if he is furnished with general of sem pstresses for the same number of days

prudence, with abilities particular to his busiin making four, or five, or six beautiful

ness, and has a competent share of power, he forces for your own ball dress-founces

needs not doubt his influence over the people. which will clothe no one but yourself, and

Jeremy Collier. which you yourself will be unable to wear at

DRESS-an Index of the Mind. more than one ball-you are employing your money selfishly. . . . I say further,

As the index tells us the contents of stories, that as long as there are cold and nakedness

and directs to the particular chapter, even so in the land around you, so long can there be

does the outward habit and superficial order Do question at all but that splendour of dress

of garments (in man or woman) give us a taste is a crime. In due time, when we have nothing

of the spirit, and demonstratively point (as it better to set people to work at, it may be right

were a manual note from the margin) all the to let them make lace and cut jewels; but, as

internal quality of the soul; and there cannot long as there are any who have no blankets for be a more evident, palpable, gross manifestatheir beds, and no rags for their bodies, so

tion of poor, degenerate, dunghilly blood and long it is blanket-making and tailoring we

breeding, than a rude, unpolished, disordered, must set people to work at—not lace. Ruskin.

and slovenly outside.

Massinger. DRESS-Evil Effects of.

DRESS-Rules for Regulating.
Dress drains our cellar dry,

Let women paint their eyes with tints of and keeps our larder lean.

Couper. I chastity, insert into their ears the word of God,

DRESB.

DRUNKENNESS.

od

tie the yoke of Christ around their necks, and DRUNKARDS-when to be corrected. adorn their whole persons with the silk of |

Correct not your servants when they are sanctity and the damask of devotion : let them drunk, it shews as if you were drunk yourself. adopt that chaste and simple, that neat and

Cleobulats. elegant, style of dress, which so advantageously DRUNKARDS-Woe unto. displays the charms of real beauty, instead of those preposterous fashions and fantastical

Woe unto them that rise up early in the draperies of dress which, while they conceal

morning, that they may follow strong drink; some few defects of person, expose so many

that continue uutil night, til wine inflame

them! defects of mind, and sacrifice to ostentatious

Isaiak, finery all those mild, amiable, and modest DRUNKENNESS-a Dangerous Com. virtues, by which the female character is so

panion. pleasingly adorned.

Tertullian. Intemperance is a dangerous companion. It

throws people off their guard; betrays them to DRESS-no sign of Wealth.

a great many indecencies, to ruinous passions,

to disadvantages in fortune; makes them disThe person whose clothes are extremely

cover secrets, drive foolish bargains, engage in fine, I am too apt to consider as not being

| play, and often to stagger from the tavern to possessed of any superiority of fortune, but

the stews.

Jeremy Collier. resembling those Indians who are found to wear all the gold they bave in the world in a DRUNKENNESS-Effects of. bob at the nose,

Goldsmith.

Destruction lurks within the poisonous dose,

A fatal fever, or a purpled nose. Soane Jenyrus. DRINK-Excess in.

DRUNKENNESS-Evils of. Let no company or respect ever draw you to excess in drink, for be you well assured,

O, that men should put an enemy in their

mouths, to steal away their brains ! that we that if ever that possess you, you are instantly drunk to all the respects your friends will

should with joy, revel, pleasure, and applause, otherwise pay you, and shall by unequal

transform ourselves into beusts. Shakspeare. staggering paces go to your grave with confusion of face, as well in them that love you,

What fury of late has crept into our feasts! as in yourself: and therefore abhor all com

What honour given to the drunk'nest guests! pany that might entice you that way.

What reputation to bear one glass more,
Lord Strafford.
When oft the bearer is borne out of door ?

Johnson, Who bath woe? who hath sorrow? who hath contentions? who hath babbling? who hath

When fumes of wine do once the brain possess, wounds without cause? who hath redness of

Then follows straight an indisposedness eyes? They that tarry long at the wine; they Throughout the legs so fetter'd in that case. that go to seek mixed wine. Look not thou

ou | They cannot with their reeling trunk keep

The upon the wine when it is red, when it giveth

pace. his colour in the cup, when it moveth itself The tongue trips, mind droops, eyes stand full aright; at the last it biteth like a serpent,

of water, and stingeth like an adder.

Solomon. Noise, hiccough, brawls, and quarrels follow after.

Lucretius. DRUNKARD-the Slave of Drink. No man oppresses thee, O free and inde

de! A drunkard is one that will be a man topendent franchiser! but does not this stupid | morrow morning, but is now what you will ! porter-pot oppress thee? No son of Adam can make

No son of Adam can make him; for he is in the power of the next bid thee come or go; but this absurd pot of man; an

beurd not of man; and if & friend, the better. One that heavy wet, this can and does! Thou art the bath let go himself from the bold and stay of thrall, not of Cedric the Saxon, but of thy reason, and lies open to the mercy of all tempown brutal appetites, and this scoured dish of

| tations. . . He is the greatest enemy to liquor. And thou pratest of thy "liberty,”

himself, and the next to his friend, and then thou entire blockhead!

Carlyle.

most in the act of his kindness : for his kind

ness is but trying a mastery, who sball sink DRUNKARD-Unprofitable.

down first; and men come from him as a :

| battle, wounded and bound up. Nothing A drunkard is not profitable for any kind of takes a man off more from his credit, and good service.

Plato. I business, and makes him more recklessly cara

DRUNKENNESS.

DUELLING.

less what becomes of all. Indeed, he dares DRUNKENNESS-an Incurable Vice. Dot enter on a serious thought, or if he do, it! When this vice has taken fast hold of a man, is but such melancholy that it sends him to be farewell industry, farewell emulation, farewell drunk again.

Bishop Earle. attention to things worthy of attention, fare

well love of virtuous society, farewell decency DRUNKENNESS-Madness of.

of manners, and farewell, too, even an attenA drunken man is like a drowned man, a tion to person : everything is sunk by this fool, ani a madman: one draught above heat predominant and brutal appetite. In how mikes him a fool; the second mads him; and many instances do we see men who have begun the third drowns him.

Shakspeare. life with the brightest prospects before them,

and who have closed it without one ray of

comfort and consolation. Young men, with Troops of furies march in the drunkard's

good fortunes, good talents, good tempers, triumph.

Zimmerman.

good hearts, and sound constitutions, only by DRUNKENNESS-Mischiefs of.

being drawn into the vortex of the drunkard,

have become by degrees the most loathsome I drank; I liked it not; 'twas rago, 'twas and despicable of mankind. In the house of noise,

the drunkard there is no happiness for any An airy scene of transitory joys.

one. All is uncertainty and anxiety. He is not In vain I trusted that the flowing bowl

the same man for any one day at a time. No Wou'd banish sorrow, and enlarge the soul; one knows of his outgoings or his incomings. To the late revel, and protracted feast,

When he will rise, or when he will lie down to Wild dreams succeeded, and disorder'd rest.

rest, is wholly a matter of chance. That which

Prior. | he swallows for what he calls pleasure brings DRUNKENNESS-Reasons for.

pain, as hourly as the night brings the mornIn the bottle, discontent seeks for comfort, ing. Poverty and misery are in the train. To

nlice for courage, and bashfulness for avoid those results, we are called upon to make onfidence.

Johnson, no sacrifice. Abstinence requires no aid to

accomplish it. Our own will is all that is DRUNKENNESS-Sinfulness of.

requisite; and if we have not the will to avoid Drunkenness is a flattering devil, a sweet contempt, disgrace, and misery, we deserve presón, a pleasant sin, which whosoever hath, neither relief nor compassion, Cobbeit. bath not himself; which whosoever doth com

DUELLING-Absurdity of. mit, doth not commit sin, but he himself is wholly sin.

Augustine,

Duelling, as a punishment, is absurd, because it is an equal chance whether the punishment

falls upon the offender or the person offended ; Not only has Solomon, in his wisdom, pointed

nor is it much better as a reparation, it being out the evils which attend those who tarry long difficult to explain in what the satisfaction conat the wine, but all the precepts and denuncia- sists, or how it tends to undo injury, or to tipps against drunkenness, all the details of the afford a compensation for the damage already Hagitious arts penetrated under its influence, sustained.

Paley. which are recorded in the Bible, from Genesis to Revelation, are directed against the inordi DUELLING-Anecdote of. Date drinkers of wine. It is needless to say

I have heard a story of a general officer in more respecting them, but refer them to that

our service which pleased me much. On reSacred Volume, with the hope that it may guide

ceiving a challenge, he went to the challenger, there to salutary contrition and penitential

and told him he supposed they were to fight on Sorrow.

Hodgkin.

equal terms; “but as things now stand," said DRUNKENNESS-Suicidal Spirit of.

he, “the terms are very unequal : I have a

wife and five children, who have nothing to Those men who destroy a healthful constitu- 'subsist on but my appointments; you have a tre of body by intemperance and an irregulor considerable fortune, and no family. To place ife, do as manifestly kill themselves, as those us, therefore, un an equality, I desire you will who hang, or poison, or drown themselves.

go with me to a conveyancer, and settle upon

Sherlock. my wife and children, if I should fall, the DBUNKENNESS-Vice of.

| value of my appointments. When you have The sight of a drunkard is a better sermon ' signed such a conveyance, if you insist upon ainst that vice than the best that was ever it, I will then fight you." The deliberate pesacted upon that subject.

Saville. I manner in which the general said this, and the

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apparent justice of the requisition, made his By the lamp's dismal twilight! So he lies,
antagonist reflect a little on the idea of Circled with evil, till his very soul
leaving a wife and five children to beggary; Unmoulds its essence, hopelessly deform'd
and as the affair could not well stand reflec- By sights of evermore deformity!
tion, it went off.

. Gilpin. With other ministrations thou, O Nature !

Healest thy wandering and distemper'd child: DUELLING-Folly of.

Thou pourest on him thy soft influences, With respect to duels, indeed, I have my Thy sunny hues, fair forms, and breathing own ideas. Few things, in this so surprising sweets; world, strike me with more surprise. Two Thy melodies of woods and winds, and waters ! little visual spectra of men, hovering with in- Till he relent, and can no more endure secure enough cohesion in the midst of the To be a jarring and a dissonant thing unfathoinable, and to dissolve therein, at any Amid this general dance and miostrelsy, rate, very soon, make pause at the distance of But, bursting into tears, wins back his way, twelve paces asunder, whirl around, and His angry spirit heal'd and harmonised simultaneously, by the cunningest mechanism, By the benignant touch of love and beauty. explode one another into dissolution; and,

Coleridge. off-hand, become air, and non-extant—the

DUNGEON-Horrors of a. little spitfires !

Carlyle.

There to lie,

Where never sunbeam pierced the solid gloom, DUELLIST-Perils of the.

Where rattling chains, and doors that grind Ah me! what perils do environ

the hinge,

| To let in new distress, make hideous concert. The man that meddles with cold iron. Butler.

Francis DULNESS-Qualities of. In eldest time, ere mortals writ or read,

Then to a dungeon's depth I sent both bound Ere Pallas issued from the Thund 'rer's head,

Where stow'd with snakes and adders, now Dulness o'er all possess'd her ancient right,

they lodge; Daughter of Chaos and eternal Night :

Two planks their bed, slipp'ry with ooze and Fates in their dotage this fair idiot gave,

slime, Gross as her sire, and as her mother grave,

The rats brush o'er their faces with their tails. Laborious, heavy, busy, bold, and blind,

And croaking paddocks crawl upon their She ruled, in native anarchy, the mind. Pope.

limbs.

Dryder. DULNESS-Relief in.

Thou subterranean sepulchre of peace! What a comfort a dull but kindly person is Thou home of horror! hideous nest of crimes! to be sure at times! A ground-glass shade

Guilt's first sad stage to he: dark road to hell; over a gas lamp does not bring more solace to olace to Ye thick-barr'd sunless passages for air,

! our dazzled eyes than such a one to our | To keep alive the wretch that longs to die ! minds.

Holmes.

Ye low-brow'd arches, through whose sullen

gloom DUNGEON-of the Middle Ages.

Resound the ceaseless groans of pale despair! And this place my forefathers made for man! Ye dreadful shambles, caked with human This is the process of our love and wisdom

blood! To each poor brother who offends against us

Receive a guest from far, far other scenes. Most innocent, perhaps ---and what if guilty ?

Young. Is this the only cure? Merciful God!

DUTIES-Christian. Each pore and natural outlet shrivell'd up | It is owing to the forbidden and unlovely By ignorance and parching poverty,

constraint with which men of low conceptions His energies roll back upon his heart, | act when they think they conform themselves And stagnate and corrupt, till, changed to to religion, as well as the more odious conduct poison,

of hypocrites, that the word Christian does not They break out on him, like a loathsome carry with it at first view all that is great, plague-spot.

worthy, friendly, generous, and heroic. The Then we call in our pamper'd mountebanks; man who suspends his hope of the reward of And this is their best cure! Uncomforted worthy actions till after death, who can bestor And friendless solitude, groaning, and tears, unseen, who can overlook hatred, do good to And savage faces, at the clanking hour, his slanderer, who can never be angry at his Seen through the steam and vapours of his friend, never revengeful to his onemy, is dungeon.

I certainly formed for the benefit of society.

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Yet these are so far from heroic virtues, that DUTY-Firmness in. they are but the ordinary duties of a Christian. Stern duties need not speak sternly. He

Addison. who stood firm before the thunder worshipped DUTIES-Performance of.

the “still small voice."

Dobell. 1 Finalls, be ye all of one mind, having compassion one of another; love as brethren, be

DUTY-leads to Glory. pitiful, be courteous; not rendering evil for Not once or twice in our rough island-story eril, or railing for railing; but contrariwise, The path of duty was the way to glory : blessing; knowing that ye are thereunto called, He that walks it, only thirsting that ye should inherit a blessing. St. Peter. For the right, and learns to deaden

Love of self, before his journey closes, DUTIES of the Present.

He shall find the stubborn thistle bursting

Into glossy purples, which outredden What is our duty here? To tend

All voluptuous garden-roses. From good to better-thence to best :

Not once or twice in our fair island-story: Grateful to drink life's cup-then bend

The path of duty was the way to glory : Unmurmuring to our bed of rest;

He, that ever following her commands, To pluck the flowers that round us blow,

Op with toil of heart and knees and hands, Scattering our fragrance as we go.

Thro' the long gorge to the far light has won

His path upward, and prevail'd, And so to live, that when the sun ,

Shall find the toppling crags of duty scaled Of our existence sinks in night,

Are close upon the shining table-lands | Memorials sweet of mercies done

To which our God Himself is moon and sun. 1 May shrine our names in memory's light; | And the blest seeds we scatter'd, bloom

Tennyson.

DUTY-Knowledge of. | A hundred-fold in days to come. Bowring.

Knowledge of our duties is the most useful part of philosophy.

Whately. DUTY-Boldness in. I hate to see a thing done by halves; if it be

DUTY-Nature of. ' right, do it boldly: if it be wrong, leave it

Duty is far more than love. It is the idone.

Gilpin. | upholding law through which the weakest

become strong, without which all strength is DUTY-Consolation found in.

unstable as water. No character, however

harmoniously framed and gloriously gifted, There are a thousand things in life

can bo complete without this abiding principle : Which pass unbeeded in a life of joy,

it is the cement which binds the whole moral As thine hath been: till breezy sorrow comes edifice together, without which all power, goodTo ruifle it; and daily duties paid

ness, intellect, truth, happiness, love itself, can Hardly at first, at length will bring repose have no permanence; but all the fabric of To the sad mind that studies to perform them. existence crumbles away from under us, and

Talfourd. leaves us at last sitting in the midst of a ruin, DUTY-Conviction of.

-astonished at our own desolation. That we ought to do an action, is of itself a

Mrs. Jameson. mufficient and ultimate answer to the ques

DUTY-Performance of. tions, Why we should do it ?-how we are

The secret consciousness obliged to do it? The conviction of duty im- of duty well perform'd; the public voice plies the soundest reason, the strongest obli. Of praise that honours virtue, and rewards it ; gation, of which our nature is susceptible.

All these are yours.

Francis. Wherella DUTY-Eternal.

Conviction, were it never so excellent, is Powers depart, worthless till it convert itself into conduct. Possessions vanish, and opinions change, Nay, properly, conviction is not possible till And passions hold a fluctuating seat;

then; inasmuch as all speculation is by nature But by the storm of circumstance unshaken endless, formless, a vortex amid vortices : only And subject Deither to eclipse nor wane, by a felt indubitable certainty of experience Duty exists : immutably survives

does it find any centre to revolve round, and Por our support, the measures and the forms | so fashion itself into a system. Most true is Which an abstract intelligence supplies ; it, as a wise man teaches us, that “doubt of Whose kingdom is where time and space are any sort cannot be removed except by action." bot.

Wordsworth. 'On which ground, too, let him who gropes pain

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