صور الصفحة
PDF
النشر الإلكتروني
[blocks in formation]

are letters, and words, and voices, vehicles, disturbed, and always much less refreshing and missionaries; but they need to be inter- than when enjoyed in a well-ventilated apartpreted in the right spirit. We must read and ment; it often happens, indeed, that such listen for them, and endeavour to understand repose, instead of being followed by renovated and profit by them. And when we look strength and activity, is 'succeeded by a around us upon earth, we must not forget to degree of heaviness and languor which is not look upward to heaven : “ Those who can see overcome till the person has been some time God in everything," writes a popular author, in a purer air. Nor is this the only evil "are sure to be good in everything." We arising from sleeping in ill-ventilated apartmay aid with truth, that they are also sure to ments. When it is known that the blood see beauty in everything and everywhere. undergoes most important changes in its cirWhen we are at peace with ourselves and the culation through the lungs, by means of the world, it is as though we gazed upon outward air which we breathe, and that these vital things through a golden-tinted glass, and saw changes can only be effected by the respiration a glory resting upon them all. We know that of pure air, it will be easily understood how it cannot be long thus : sin and sorrow, and the healthy functions of the lungs must be blinding tears, will dim the mirror of our impeded by inhalingfor many successive inmost thoughts; but we must pray and look hours, the vitiated air of our bed-rooms, and again, and by-and-by the cloud will pass how the health must be as effectually destroyed away. There is beauty everywhere ; but it by respiring impure air, as by living on unrequires to be sought, and the seeker after it wholesome or innutritious food. In the case is sure to find it : it may be in some out-of-| of children and young persons predisposed to the-way place, where no one else would think consumption, it is of still more urgent conof looking. Beauty is a fairy ; sometimes she sequence that they should breathe pure air by hides herself in a flower-cup, or under a leaf, night as well as by day, by securing a conor creeps into the old ivy, and plays hide-and. tinuous renewal of the air in their bed-rooms, seek with the sunbeams, or haunts some nurseries, schools, &c. Let a mother, who ruined spot, or laughs out of a bright young has been made anxious by the sickly looks of face. Sometimes she takes the form of a her children, go from pure air into their bed. white cloud, and goes dancing over the green room in the morning, before a door cr window fields, or the deep blue sea, where her misty has been opened, and remark the state of the form, marked out in a momentary darkness, atmosphere, the close, oppressive, and often looks like the passing shadow of an angel's fætid odour of the room, and she may cease wings. Beauty is a coquette, and weaves her. to wonder at the pale, sickly aspect of her self a robe of various hues, according to the children. Let her pay a similar visit, some season ; and it is hard to say which is the time after means have been taken, by the most becoming of all the attitudes and shades chimney ventilator or otherways, to secure a she is wont to assume, as she traces her linea full supply, and continual renewal, of the air ments on the broad canvass of nature. Sala, in the bed-rooms during the night, and she

will be able to account for the more healthy BED-CHAMBER-Requisites of the.

appearance of her children, which is sure to Sweet pillows, sweetest bed;

be the consequence of supplying them with A chamber deaf to noise, and blind to light; pure air to breathe.

Sir James Clark. A rosy gnrland, and a weary head.

Şir Philip Sidney.

BED-TIME-A Season of Rest.

In due season he betakes himself to his BED-CHAMBERS-Hints concerning. rest; he (the Christian] presumes not to alter

Their small size and their lowness render the ordinance of day and night, nor dare conthem very insalubrious; and the case is ren- found, where distinctions are made by his

ieke Maker. dered worse by close windows and thick Maker.

Bishop Hall. curtains and hangings, with which the beds! There should be hours for necessities, not are often so carefully surrounded as to prevent for delights: times to repair our nature with the possibility of the air being renewed. The

comforting repose, and not for us to waste consequence is, that we are breathing vitiated

these times.
these

Shakspeare. air during the greater part of the night; that is, during more than a third part of our lives : BEE-Description of the. and thus the period of repose, which is neces- Burly, dozing, humble bee ! sary for tbe renovation of our mental and Where thou art is clime for me. bolily vigour, becomes a source of disease. Let them sail for Porto Rique, Sleep, under such circumstances, is very often | Far-off heats through seas to seek,

[blocks in formation]

I will follow thee alone,

To the tent-royal of their emperor; Thou animated torrid zone !

Who, busied in his majesty, surveys Zigzag steerer, desert cheerer,

The singing masons building roofs of gold; Let me chase thy waving lines.

The civil citizens kneading up the honey; Keep me nearer, me thy hearer,

The poor mechanic porters crowding in Singing over shrubs and viues.

Their heavy burdens at his narrow gate;

The sad-eyed justice, with his surly bum, Insect lover of the sun,

Delivering o'er to executors pale Joy of thy dominion !

The lazy yawning drone.

Shakspeare. Sailor of the atmosphere, Swimmer through the waves of air,

Many-coloured, sunshine-loving, spring-beta Voyager of light and noon,

kening bee! Epicurean of June,

Yellow bee, so mad for love of early-blooming Wait, I prithee, till I come

flowers ! Within ear-shot of thy hum

Till thy waxen cells be full, fair fall thy work All without is martyrdom.

and thee,

Buzzing round the sweetly-smelling gardenHot midsummer's petty crone,

plots and flowers. Professor Wilson. Sweet to me thy drowsy tone, Telling of countless sunny hours,

O beautiful Bee-Home-Stead! with many a Long days and solid banks of flowers,

waxen cell Of gulfs of sweetness without bound

Self-built-for hanging so it seems—that airy In Indian wildernesses found,

citadel! Of Syrian peace, immortal leisure,

An unbought blessing to man's life, which Firmest cheer, and bird-like pleasure.

neither any hoe,

Nor axe, nor crooked sickle is needed to Wiser far than human seer,

bestow; Yellow-breech'd philosopher!

A tiny vessel—and no more—wherein the busy

bee Seeing only what is fair, Sipping only what is sweet,

From its small body liquid sweets distilleth Thou dost mock at fate and care,

lavishly ! Leave the chaff and take the wheat.

Rejoice, ye blessed creatures ! regaling while When the fierce north-western blast

ye rove, Cools sea and land so far and fast,

Winged workers of nectareous food! on all Thou already slumberest deep;

the flowers you love !

Ibid. Woe and want thou canst out-sleepWant and woe, which torture us,

BEES-Instinct of. Thy sleep makes ridiculous.

Emerson. Even bees, the little alms-men of spring

bowers, BEES-Industry of.

Know there is richest juice in poison-flowers. Here their delicious task the fervent bees

Keats. In swarming millions tend; around, athwart, Through the soft air the busy nations fly, Tell me, ye studious, who pretend to see Cling to the bud, and with inserted tube Far into Nature's bosom, whence the bee Suck its pure essence, its ethereal soul; Was first inform'd her vent'rous flight to steer, And oft, with bolder wing, they soaring dare Through trackless paths and an abyss of air ? The purple heath, or where the wild-thyme Whence she avoids the slimy marsh, and grows,

knows And yellow load them with the luscious spoil. The fertile hills where sweeter herbage grows,

Thomson. And honey-making flowers their opening buds

disclose ? They have a king, and officers of sorts : How from the thicken'd nist and setting sun, Where some, like magistrates, correct at Finds she the labour of her day is done? home;

Who taught her against winds and rains to Others, like merchants, venture trade abroad; I strive, Others, like soldiers, armed in their stings, To bring her burden to the certain hive, Make boot upon the summer's velvet buds; And through the liquid fields again to pass Which pillage they with merry march bring Duteous and heark'ning to the sounding home

brass ?

Prior.

[blocks in formation]

BEES-Skill of.

fore, the expressed conviction of the English Ah! sweet spontaneous effluence of the bee, nation that it was better for a man not to live Air-form'd! Ah! cells of hands unlabour'd, ye! | at all, than to live a profitless and worthless Free boon to man ! no need hast thou of hoe, life. The vagabond was a sore spot upon the The plough's slow tilth, or sickle's reaping

commonwealth, to be healed by wholesome bow:

discipline, if the gangrene was not incurable ; Thine a small hire, in which their luscious to be cut away with the knife, if the milder juice

treatment of the cart-whip failed to be of

Froude. From tiny forms the teeming bees produce. profit. Gay creatures, bail! and o'er the flowery

BEGGARY-Reproaches of. mead, Of æther's nectar, light-wing'd artists, speed !

Art thou a man, and sham'st thou not to beg,Wrangham.

To practise such a servile kind of life? BEGGAR-Freedom of the.

Why, were thy education ne'er so mean, Beggar! the only freeman of your common

Having thy limbs, a thousand fairer courses i wealth;

Offer themselves to thy election. : Free above scot-free, that observe no laws, Either the wars might still supply thy wants, | Obey do governor, use no religion,

Or service of some virtuous gentleman, But what they draw from their own ancient

Or honest labour ; nay what can I name custom,

But would become thee better than to beg ? Or constitute themselves; yet they are no

But men of thy condition feed on sloth, rebels.

Broome.

As doth the beetle on the dung she breeds in ;

Not caring how the metal of your minds
BEGGAR-Miseries of the.

Is eaten with the rust of idlenoss.
A tatter'd apron hides,

Now, after me, whate'er he be, that should
Worn as a cloak, and hardly hides, a gown Believe a person of thy quality,
More tatter'd still ; and bcth but ill conceal While thou insists in this loose desp'rate course,
A bosom heaved with never-ceasing sighs. I would esteem the sin not thine, but his.
Couper.

Ben Jonsona BEGGARS - Ancient English Law BEGINNING-Difficulties of a against.

Nothing so difficult as a beginning For an able-bodied man to be caught a third

In poesy, unless, perhaps, the end; · time berging, was held a crime deserving

ing For oftentimes, when Pegasus seems winning

The death, and the sentence was intended on fit | The race, he sprains a wing, and down we tend, occasions to be executed. The poor man s | Like Lucifer. when hurl'd from heaven for sinadrantages which I have estimated at so high

ning ; a rate, were not purchased without drawbacks.

Our sin the same, and hard as his to mend, He might not change his master at his will, vrp

Being pride, which leads the mind to soar too wander from place to place. He might not

far, keep his children at home, unless he could

Till our own weakness shows us what we are. answer for their time. If out of employment,

Byron. preferring to be idle, he might be demanded BEHAVIOUR-Levity of. for work by any master of the “craft" to

Levity of behaviour is the bane of all that is which he belonged, and compelled to work

good and virtuous.

Seneca. whether he would or do. If caught hegging olce, being neither aged nor infirm, he was BEHAVIOUR-Oddities of. whipped at the cart's tail. If caught a second Oddities and singularities of behaviour may time, his ear was slit or bored through with a ' attend genius ; when they do, they are its hot iron. If caught a third time, being misfortunes and its blemishes. The man of thereby proved to be of no use upon this true genius will be ashamed of them ; at least earth, but to live upon it only to his own hurt, he will never affect to distinguish himself by and to that of others, he suffered death as a

whimsical peculiarities. Sir W. Temple. felon. So the law of England remained for sixty years. First drawn by Henry, it con

BEHAVIOUR-Proper. tinued unrepealed through the reigns of what is becoming is honourable, and what Erward and Mary ; subsisting, therefore, with is honourable is becoming.

Tully. the deliberate approval of both the great parties between whom the country was divided. | BEHAVIOUR--Rules for. De considered under Elizabeth, the same law When you come into any fresh company,– was again formally passed ; and it was, there. 1. Observe their humours. 2. Suit your own

[ocr errors]
[blocks in formation]

carriage thereto; by which insinuation you When angry, count ten before you speak; will make their converse more free and open. ¡ if very angry, a hundred.

Jefferson 3. Let your discourse be more in queries and

| BELIEF-Differences in. doubtings than peremptory assertions or dis. 'B putings, it being the designe of travellers to 'Tis with our judgments as our watches ; uone learnc, not to teach. Besides, it will persuade Are just alike, yet each believes his own. your acquaintance that you have the greater

Pope. esteem of them, and soe make them more

make them more BELIEF-Efficacy of. ready to communicate what they know to When, in your last hour (think of this), all you ; whereas nothing sooner occasions dis- faculty in the broken spirit sball fade away, respect and quarrels than peremptorinesse. and sink into inanity-imagination, thought, You will find little or no advantage in seeming effort, enjoyment-then will the flower of wiser, or much more ignorant than your com- belief, which blossoms even in the night, repany. 4. Seldom discommend anything though main to refresh you with its fragrance in the never so bad, or doe it but moderately, lest last darkn

Richter. you bee unexpectedly forced to an unhansom retraction. It is safer to commend anything BELIEF-a Religious. more than it deserves, than to discommend a I envy not quality of the mind or intellect thing soe much as it deserves; for commenda- in others ; not genius, power, wit, or fancy : tions meet not soe often with oppositions, or, but if I could choose what would be most at least, are not usually soe ill-resented by delightful, and I believe most useful to me, I men that think otherwise, as discommenda- , should prefer a firm religious belief to every tions; and you will insinuate into men's favour other blessing ; for it makes life a discipline by nothing sooner than seeming to approve of goodness,-creates new hopes, when all and commend what they like; but beware of earthly hopes vanish; and throws over the doing it by a comparison. 5. If you bee decay, the destruction of existence, the most affronted, it is better, in a forraine country, to gorgeous of all lights ; awakens life even in pass it by in silence, and with a jest, though death, and from corruption and decay calls up with some dishonour, than to endeavour re- beauty and divinity: makes an instrument of venge ; for in the first case, your credit's ne'er torture and of shame the ladder of ascent to the worse when you return into England, or paradise ; and far above all combinations of come into other company that have not heard earthly hopes, calls up the most delightful of the quarrell. But, in the second case, you visions of plains and amaranths, the gardens may beare the marks of the quarrell while of the blest, the security of everlasting joys, you live, if you outlive it at all. But, if you where the sensualist and the sceptic view only find yourself unavoidably engaged, 'tis best, I gloom, decay, annihilation, and despair. think, if you can command your passion and

Sir Humphry Davy. language, to keep them pretty eavenly at some BELIEF-a Willing. certain moderate pitch, not much bightning

Men willingly believe what they wish to be them to exasperate your adversary or provoke i true.

Casar. his friends, nor letting them grow overmuch dejected to make him insult. In a word, if BELIEVING-Means of. you can keep reason above passion, toat and There are three means of believing ; by inwatchfulness will be your best defendants. spiration, by reason, and by custom. Chris

Sir Isaac Newton. tianity, which is the only rational institution,

does yet admit none for its sons who do not Never put off till tomorrow what you can | believe by inspiration. Nor does it injure do to-day.

reason or custom, or debar them of their Never trouble another for what you can proper force : on the contrary, it directs us to do yourself.

open our minds by the proofs of the former, Never spend your money before you bave it. and to confirm our minds by the authority of

Never buy what you do not want because it the latter. But then it chiefly engages us to is cheap.

offer ourselves, with all humility, to the Pride costs us more than hunger, thirst succours of inspired grace, which alone can and cold.

produce the true and salutary effect. Pascal. We seldom repent of having eaten too little. Nothing is troublesome that we do willingly.

BELL-of the College Chapel How much pain the evils have cost us that Lo I, the man whom erst the Muse did ask have never happened.

Her deepest notes to swell the patriot's Take things always by the smooth handle.

meeds,

[blocks in formation]

Am now enforced a far unfitter task

Song sinks into silence, For can and gown to leave my minstrel's The story is told, weeds;

The windows are darken'd, For yon dull noise that tinkles on the air, The hearthstone is cold. Biis me lay by my lyre, and go to morning Door

Darker and darker
prayer.

The black shadows fall ;
O! how I love the sound ! it is the knell Sleep and oblivion
That still a requiem tolls to comfort's hour; / Reign over all.

Longfellow And loth am I, at SUPERSTITIOy's bell,

| BELL-Echoing Knell of the. To quit or Morpheus' or the Muse's bower : Better to lie and doze, than gape amain,

Slow o'cr the midnight wave it swung, Hearing still mumbled o'er the same infernal Northumbrian rocks in answer rung : strain.

To Warkworth cell the echoes rolla,

His beads the wakeful hermit told ; ! Thou tedious herald of more tedious prayers, The Barnborough’s peasant raised his head,

Sav, hast thou ever summoned from his rest But slept ere half a prayer he said ; Ove being, awaken'd to “religious awe?" So far was heard the mighty knell, Or roused one “pious transport" in the The stag sprung up on Cheviot Fell, breast !

Spread his broad nostril to the wind, Or rather, do not all reluctant creep

Listed before, aside, behind ; To linger out the hour in listlessness or sleep? Then couch'd him down beside the hind,

And quaked among the mountain ferp. Thou dull memorial of monastic gall !

Sir Walter Scott. Wbat fancy, sad or lightsome, hast thou BELL-The Passing. giren !

What meant that tongue of death, that Thy vision-scaring sounds alone recall

solemn knell, The prayer that trembles on a yawn to heaven; | At miduight thus, which cleaves the silent air! And this Dean's gape, and that Dean's nasal With mournful accents laden, how it wounds! tone,

Bursting the door that opens to our heart; AYD ROMAN RITES RETAIN'D, THOUGH ROMAN i It surely has a voice which wisdom hears, FAITH BE FLOWY !

Southey. A message to the living from the dead,

Its errand this to man-In time prepare ! BELLCurfew.

Hervey. Solemnly, mournfully,

BELLS-Music of. Dealing its dole,

The music nighest bordering upon heaven. The curfew bell

Lamb.

BELLS--Sabbath. Is beginning to toll:

The cheerful sabbath bells, wherever heard Cover the embers,

Strike pleasant on the sense, most like the voice And put out the light;

Of one, who from the far-off hills proclaims Toii comes with the morning,

Tidings of good to Zion : chiefly when And rest with the night.

Their piercing tones fall sudden on the ear Dark grow the windows,

Of the contemplant, solitary man, And quench'd is the fire ;

Whom thoughts abstruse or high have chanced Sound fades into silence,

to lure 1 All footsteps retire.

Forth from the walks of men, revolving oft,

And oft again, hard matter, which eludes | No voice in the chambers,

And baffles his pursait-thought-sick and tired No sound in the ball;

Of controversy, where no end appears, Sleep and oblivion

No clue to his research, the lonely man 1 Reigo over all !

Half-wishes for society again. The book is completed,

Him thus engaged, the sabbath bells salute Ard closed, like the day;

Sulden! his heart awakes, his ears drink in And the hand that has written it

The cheering music ; his relenting soul Lays it away.

Yearns after all the joys of social life,

And softens with the love of human kind. Disn grow its fancies;

Ibid. Porgotten they lie;

BELLS-The Village Music. Like coals in the asbes,

How soft the cadence of those village bells, They darken and die.

Falling at intervals upon the ear

« السابقةمتابعة »