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there is sure, also, to be enough of suffering : required to set up this profession, but only a poverty, sickness, and old age, are mighty rod and a ferula ; secondly, others who are tamers and chastisers. But with boys of the able, use it only as a passage to better pra richer classes, one sees nothing but plenty, ferment, to patch the rents in their present health, and youth; and these are really awful fortune till they can provide a new one, and to behold, when one must feel that they are betake themselves to some more gainful callunblessed. On the other hand, few ngs are ing; thirdly, they are disheartened fro doing more beautiful than when one does see all holy their best with the miserable reward which in and noble thoughts and principles, not the some places they receive, being masters to the forced growth of pain, or infirmity, or privation, children, and slaves to their parents; fourthly, but springing up as by God's immediate being grown rich, they grow negligent, and planting, in a sort of garden of all that is fresh scorn to touch the school but by the proxy of and beautiful, full of so much hope for this an usher.

Fuller. world as well as for heaven. Dr. Arnold.

SCHOOLMASTER-The Village. SCHOOLMASTER-Character of the.

Beside yon straggling fence that skirts the way, A good schoolmaster minces his precepts With blossom'd furze unprofitably gay, for children to swallow, hanging clogs on the There, in his noisy mansion, skill'd to rule, pimbleness of his own soul, that his scholars The master tau his little school; may go along with him.

Fuller. A man severe he was, and stern to view,

I knew him well, and every truant knew; SCHOOLMASTER-Duties of the. Well had the boding tremblers learn'd to trace

There is neither fortune nor fame to be The day's disasters in his morning face; acquired in fulfilling the laborious duties of a Full well they laugh'd with counterfeited glee village schoolmaster. Doomed to a life of At all his jokes,-for many a joke had be; monotonous labour, sometimes requited with Full well the busy whisper circling round, ingratitude and injustice by ignorance, he Convey'd the dismal tidings when he frown'd: will often be oppressed with melancholy, and Yet he was kind, or if severe in aught, perbaps sink under the weight of his thankless The love he bore to learning was in fault; toil, if he do pot seek strength and courage

The village all declared how much he knew,elsewhere than in the views of immediate and 'Twas certain he could write, and cipher too; personal interest. He must be sustained and Lands ho could measure, terms and tides preanimated by a profound sense of the moral sage, importance of his labours. He must learn to And e'en the story ran-that he could gauge : regard the austere pleasure of having served In arguing too, the parson own'd his skill, mankind, and secretly contributed to the For e'en though vanquish'd, he could argue public weal, as a price worthy of his exertion,

still; which his conscience pays him. It is his glory While words of learned length and thundering to aspire to nothing above his obscure and sound, laborious condition, to make unnumbered Amazed the gazing rustics ranged around; sacrificos for those who profit by bim, to And still they gazed, and still the wonder grew labour, in a word, for man, and wait for his That one small head could carry all he knew reward from God. Guizot.


SCHOOLMASTER-Occupation of the.

SCIENCE-Acquisition of. It is a glorious occupation, vivifying and No science is speedily learned by the poblest self-sustaining in its nature, to struggle with genius without tuition.

Walts. ignorance, and discover to the inquiring minds of the masses the clear cerulean blue of hea- SCIENCE-Catholicity of. venly truth.


The first six persons to whom certificates There is scarce any profession in the com- have been awarded at the Society of Arts monwealth more necessary, which is so slightly examination, are respectively, "a mechanie.' performed, as that of a schoolmaster. The “a bookkeeper," "an engineer," "3 shipreasons whereof I conceive to be these : first, wright," "a warehouseman," and ", gas young scholars make this calling their refuge engineer." Throughout the whole long list of ---yea, perchance before they have taken any certificated candidates similar occupations are degree in the university, commence school. to be read. It is remarkable that the three masters in the country, as if nothing else were first prizes--Arithmetic, Algebra, and Men SCIENCE.


suration-should be carried off by "a working To sum up all in one--can you support
engineer." The prize in chemistry is taken The scornful glances, the malignant joy,
by a “worker in a chemical laboratory," and Or more detested pity of a rival,-
the same candidate, although completely Of a triumphant rival !

Thomson. self-educated, gains the first prize in botany. The best of the candidates, the person who

SCORN-Dread of. gets the three first prizes, has not been at school for the last four years. The two first Oh! what a thing, ye gods, is scorn or pity! prizes in Descriptive and Physical Geography Heap on me, Heaven, the heat of all mankind, are awarded to a draper. The first prize in Load me with envy, malice, detestation ; English Literature, in which the head master Let me be horrid to all apprehension; of Rugby examined, is taken by a bank cashier, Let the world shun me, so I 'scape but scorn. the second by a timber merchant, and the

Lee. third by a grocer.

But the prizes in Latin SCORN-Grievousness of. are perhaps the most astonishing of all : the Scorn is more grievous than the pains of death ; first prize and first certificate being carried off Reproach more piercing than the pointed by a butcher! This classical butcher, however,


Home. does not stand alone. Another butcher offered himself for examination in English and French literature, and selected Shakspeare, Spenser, SCOTCHMAN-Characteristics of a. Racine, and Molière as the authors in which His Minerva is born in panoply. You are be desired to be tested. Prof. Creasy, the

never admitted to see his ideas in their growth examiner in English History, gives his first -if, indeed, they do grow, and are not rather prize to a bookkeeper, and awards certificates put together upon principles of clock-work. to a printer, a cabinet-maker, a mason, a porter, You never catch his mind in an undress. He a spinner, a wool-carder.

W. Dilke.

never hints or suggests anything, but unlades SCIENCE-Honour associated with.

his stock of ideas in perfect order and com

pleteness. He brings his total wealth into To me there never has been a higher source

company, and gravely unpacks it. His riches of earthly honour or distinction than that

are always about him. He never stoops to connected with advances in science. I have catch a glittering something in your presence, not possessed enough of the eagle in my

to share it with you before he quite knows character to make a direct flight to the loftiest | whether it be true touch or not. You cannot altitudes in the social world; and I certainly cry halves to anything that he finds : he does Dever endeavoured to reach those heights by not find, but bring. You never witness his using the creeping powers of the reptile, who, first apprehension of a thing; his underin ascending, generally chooses the dirtiest standing is always at its meridian-you path, because it is the easiest.

never see the first dawn, the early streaks.

Sir Humphrey Davy. He has no faltering of self-suspicion. Surmises, SCIENCE-the Safeguard of Religion.

guesses, misgivings, half-intuitions, semi-con

sciousnesses, partial illuminations, dim in- | Science ever bas been, and ever must be, stincts, embryo conceptions, have no place in the safeguard of religion. Sir David Brewster. his brain or vocabulary. The twilight of

dubiety never falls upon him. Is he orthodox SCIENCES-Strength of the.

-he has no doubts. Is he an infidel- he has The strength of all sciences, which consisteth

none either. Between the affirmative and the in their barmony, each supporting the other, negative there is no border-land with him. is as the strength of the old man's fagot in the You cannot hover with him upon the confines band; for were it not better for a man in a of truth, or wander in the maze of a probable | fair room to set up one great light, or branch- argument. He always keeps the path : you ing candlestick of lights, than to go about cannot make excursions with him, for he sets with a small watch-candle into every corner ?

you right. His taste never fluctuates, his

Bacon. morality never abates. He cannot compromise SCORN-Detestation of.

or understand middle actions : there can be Ah! can you bear contempt; the venom'd but a right and a wrong. His conversation is tongue

as a book; his affirmations have the sanctity Of those whom ruin pleases, the keen sneer, of an oath. You must speak upon the square The lewd reproaches of the rascal herd ; with him. Above all, you must beware of Who for the self-same actions, if successful, indirect expressions before a Caledonian. Would be as grossly lavish in your praise ?


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SCOTS-Poverty of the.

Beroe (Cydippe pileus) resembles a little The Scots are poor, cries surly English pride. sphere of the purest ice, about the size of a True is the charge, nor by themselves denied. nutmeg. It is furnished with two long, Are they not, then, in strictest reason clear, slender, curving tentacles, each of which bears! Who wisely come to mend their fortunes here? a number of filaments, twisted in a spiral i

Churchill. form along one of its sides. Eight bands are SCROLL-Description of a.

seen to traverse the surface of this animated Old scroll ! the smoke hath thickly crusted orb, running from pole to pole lıke lines of o'er thee,

longitude on a terrestrial globe. To these So long this glimmering lamp hath burn's bands are attached a number of little plates, before thee;

which serve the purpose of paddles ; for the Far better had it been, if I

creature can work them so as to propel itself Had spent the little was my owo,

through the waters, and either proceed in a Than with its weight oppress'd to lie

straight lino, or, like a steam-boat, turn in Beneath it still to sweat and groan.

any direction; or, unlike that vessel, whirl That which thy sires to thee have handed

round on its axis and shoot downwards with down,

infinite grace and facility. But, not to dwell By thine own labour make again thine own;

upon the beauty of the mechanism, is there Whate'er it is thou dost not use, will be not something fascinating in the idea of A heavy burden and a load to thee;

crystalline creatures ? Dr. Robert Vaughan Only from what the present moment springs, Created in the present, profit brings. Goethe.

SEA-a Bridegroom.

The bridegroom sea SCULPTURE-Grecian.

Is toying with the shore, his wedded bride; The chiselled marble is itself the echo of And in the fulness of his marriage joy poetic thought. Of some of these utterances He decorates her tawny brow with shells,

-these bodiless emanations, that bang, rain- Retires a pace to see how fair she looks, bow-like, about the marble, or breathe, like Then, proud, runs up to kiss her. Memnon's voice, at solemn minglings of light

Alexander Saith. and darkness, to ears that listen—these heart- SEA-a large Cemetery. speakings, that make us feel, through the The sea is the largest of all cemeteries, and waste of years, how God has, indeed, “ made its slumberers sleep without monuments. All of one blood all nations of the earth," I could other graveyards, in all other lands, show some have adventured a few words. But it is need symbol of distinction between the great and less. It is the grossest possible mistake to small, the rich and poor; but in that ocean call these things mere exhibitions of material cemetery the king and the clown, the prince beauty. It is too true that the Greek knew and the peasant, are alike distinguished. The nothing of our Christian heaven, nor of the same waves roll over all, the same requiem by narrow way of self-renouncing faith that leads the minstrelsy of the ocean is sung to their to it. Does it follow that we are to renounce, honour. Over their remains the same storm for the above incongruities, his marvellous beats, and the same sun shines; and there, grasp of all that art can give us of grandeur, unmarked, the weak and the powerful

, the grace, power, and energy ?-—of serene enjoy- plumed and the unhonoured, will sleep on ment, silent grief, lightning vigour, or ma- until awakened by the same trump, when the jestic thought ? E. Young. sea shall give up its dead.

Mantill. SEA-Beauty of the.

SEA-named by God. If mere beauty of appearance is in question, And the gathering together of the waters the waters need not yield the palm of love called He seas.

Moses liness to the laud. The deep has its butterflies as well as the air. Fire-flies flit through SEA-Eternal Grandeur of the. its billows, as their terrestrial representatives There is a pleasure in the pathless woods, dance and gleam amidst the foliage of a There is a rapture on the lonely shore, tropical forest. Little living lamps are huug There is society, where none intrudes, in the waves, and pour out their silvery By the deep sea, and music in its roar: radiance from vital urns, which are replenished I love not man the less, but Nature more. as fast as exhausted. The transparency of Roll on, thou deep and dark-blue ocean, roll! some of the inhabitants of the waters gives Ten thousand fleets sweep over thee in vain; them an appearance of fairy workmanship Man marks the earth with ruin-his control which is perfectly enchanting. The Globe Stops with the shore ;-upon the watery plain

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The wrecks are all thy deed, nor doth remain Sunk friend and foe, with all their wealth and A shadow of man's ravage, save his own,

war ; When, for a moment, like a drop of rain, And on thy shores, men of a thousand tribes, He sinks into thy depths with bubbling groan, Polite and barbarous, trembling stood, amazed, Without a grave, unknell'd, uncoffin'd, and Confounded, terrified, and thought vast thoughts unknown.

Of ruin, boundlessness, omnipotence,

Infinitude, eternity; and thought Unchangeable, save to thy wild wave's play ; And wonder'd still, and grasp'd, and grasp'd, Time writes no wrinkle on thine azure brow,-- and grasp'd Such as creation's dawn beheld, thou rollest now. Again; beyond her reach, exerting all Thou glorious mirror, where th'Almighty's form The soul, to take thy great idea in, Glasses itself in tempests, in all time,

To comprehend incomprehensible; Calm or convulsed, in breeze, or gale, or storm, And wonder'd more, and felt their littleness. Icing the pole, or in the torrid clime,

Self-purifying, unpolluted Sea ! Dark-heaving :— boundless, endless, and sub- Lover unchangeable, thy faithful breast lime,

For ever heaving to the lovely moon. Th' image of eternity, the throne

That like a shy and holy virgin robed Of th' Invisible; even from out thy slime In saintly white, walk'd nightly in the heavens The monsters of the deep are made; each zone And to the everlasting serenade Obeys thee; thou goest forth, dread, fathom- Gave gracious audience, nor was woo'd in vain. less, alone.

Pollok. And I have loved thee, Ocean ! and my joy Of youthful sports was on thy breast to be

SEA-a Type of the Infinite. Borne, like thy bubbles, onward : from a boy Type of the Infinite. I look away I wanton'd with thy breakers ; they to me Over thy billows, and I cannot stay Were a delight; and if the fresh’ning sea My thought upon a resting-place, or make Made them a terror, 'twas a pleasing fear; A shore beyond my vision, where they break; For I was as it were a child of thee,

But on my spirit stretches, till 'tis pain And trusted to thy billows far and near, To think ; then rests, and then puts forth again. And laid my hand upon thy mane--as I do Thou hold'st me by a spell; and on thy beach bere.

Byron. I feel all soul; and thoughts unmeasured reach

Far back beyond all date. And, O! how old Great Ocean ! strongest of creation's sons,

Thou art to me. For countless years thou'st l'nconquerable, unreposed, untired,

roll'd; That rolld the wild, profound, eternal bass,

Before an ear did hear thee, thou didst mourn, In nature's anthem, and made music, such Prophet of sorrows, o'er a race unborn, As pleased the ear of God! original,

Waiting, thou mighty minister of death, Unmarr'd, unfaded work of Deity,

Lonely thy work, ere man had drawn his breath. And unburlesqued by mortal's puny skill,

At last thou didst it well! The dread command From age to age enduring and unchanged, Came, and thou swept'st to death the breathMajestical, inimitable, vast,

ing land; | Loud uttering satire day and night, on each And then once more unto the silent beaven Succeeding race, and little pompous work

Thy lone and melancholy voice was given, Of man !-unfallen, religious, holy sea,

Dana. | Thou bow'dst thy glorious head to none,

SEA-Sound of the.
feard'st none,
Heard'st none, to none did'st honour, but to God Thou art sounding on, thou mighty sea,
Thy Maker, only worthy to receive

For ever and the same!
Thy great obeisance! Undiscover'd Sea! The ancient rocks yet ring to thee,
Into thy dark, unknown, mysterious caves, Whose thunders nought can tame.
And secret haunts, unfathomably deep
Beneath all visible retired, none went

Oh! many a giorious voice is gone | And came again, to tell the wonders there. From the rich bowers of earth,

Tremendous Sea! what time thou lifted up And hush'd is many a lovely one
Tby waves op high, and with thy winds and Of mournfulness or mirth.

Strange pastime took, and shook thy mighty The Dorian flute that sigh'd of yore

Along thy wave is still; Indignantly,—the pride of navics fell ; The harp of Judah peals no more Beyond the arm of help, unheard, unseen,

On Zion's awful hill :

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And Memnon's, too, hath lost the chord SEAFARING-Advantages of.
That breathed the mystic tone;

To be at sea, withdrawn out of the reach of And the songs at Rome's high triumphs pour'd, innumerable temptations, with opportunity Are with her eagles flown :

and a turn of mind disposed to observe the And mute the Moorish horn, that rang

wonders of God in the great deep, and with

the two noblest objects of sight-tbe expanded O’er stream and mountain free,

heavens and the expande And the hymn the learn'd Crusaders sang

1- continually

in view, and where evident interpositions of Hath died in Galilee.

Divine Providence in answer to prayer occur But thou art swelling on, thou Deep,

almost every day: these are helps to quicken Through many an olden clime,

and confirm the life of faith, wbich, in a good The billowy anthem, ne'er to sleep

measure, supply to a religious sailor the want Until the close of time. Mrs. Hemans of those advantages which can only be enjoyed

upon the shore.

John Nector. SEA-Sublimity of the. Sea !--of Almightiness itself the immense

SEASHORE-adapted for Study. And glorious mirror !-how thy azure face

Is it upon the seashore that the student of Renews the heavens in their magnificence ! nature walks? Each rippling wave lays at his What awful grandeur rounds thy heavy space : feet some tribute from the deep, and tells of Thy surges two world eternal-warring sweeps, wonders indescribable ; brings corallines and And God's throne rests on thy majestic deeps. painted shells, and thousands of grotesque

Chenedolle. beings, samples left to show that in the sea

through all its spacious realms, life still is Thou paragon of elemental powers,

found ; that creatures there exist mora numeMystery of waters-never slumbering sea ! rously than on the earth itself, all perfect in Impassioned orator with lips sublime, their construction; and, although so diversified Whose waves are arguments which prove a God! in shape and attributes, alike subservient to Robert Montgomery. the general welfare.

Professor Jones

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Earth has not a plain

SEA-VOYAGE-Reflections on a So boundless or so beautiful as thine;

In travelling by land, there is a continuity The eagle's vision cannot take it in:

of scene, and a connected succession of persons The lightning's wing, too weak to sweep its and incidents, that carry on the story of life, space,

and lessen the effect of absence and separation. Sinks halfway o'er it, like a wearied bird. We drag, it is true, “a lengthening chain " at It is the mirror of the stars, where all

each remove of our pilgrimage ; but the chain Their hosts within the concave firmament. is unbroken; we can trace it back link by Gay marching to the music of the spheres, link; and we feel that the last of them still Can see themselves at once. Campbell. grapples us to home! But a wide sea-voyage

severs us at once. It makes us conscious of SEA--Treasures of the.

being cast loose from the secure anchorage What hidest thou in thy treasure-caves and world. It interposes a gulf, not merely ima

of settled life, and sent adrift upon a doubtful cells, Thou hollow-sounding and mysterious ginary, but real, between us and our homes, main

a gulf subject to tempest, and fear, and ur Pale glistening pearls, and rainbow-colour'a certainty, that makes distance palpable, and

return precarious. Washington Irving. shells, Bright things which beam unreck'd of and SEASONS-Hymn on the.

in vain. Keep, keep thy riches, melancholy sea!

These, as they change, Almighty Father, these We ask not such from thee.

Are but the varied God. The rolling year Mrs. Hemans.

Is full of Thee. Forth in the pleasing spring

Thy beauty walks, thy tenderness and love. SEA-Voice of the.

Wide flush the fields: the softening air is The ocean's surfy, slow, deep mellow voice,

balm; full of mystery and awe, moanin' over the Echo the mountains round; the forest smiles; dead it holds in its bosom, or lullin' them to And every sense, and every heart is joy. unbroken slumbers in the chambers of its vasty Then comes thy glory in the summer months, depths.

Haliburton, | With light and heat refulgent. Then thy sun

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